|Publication number||US3654796 A|
|Publication date||Apr 11, 1972|
|Filing date||Mar 17, 1970|
|Priority date||Mar 17, 1970|
|Also published as||DE2112881A1, DE2112881B2|
|Publication number||US 3654796 A, US 3654796A, US-A-3654796, US3654796 A, US3654796A|
|Inventors||Dunn Lloyd G|
|Original Assignee||Aluminum Co Of America|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (5), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Dunn 1 [151 3,654,796 [451 Apr. 11,1972
 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR STRIPPING CONTAINER BODIES FROM A RECIPROCAL MANDREL  Inventor: Lloyd G. Dunn, Lower Burrell, Pa.
 Assignee: Aluminum Company of America, Pittsburgh, Pa.
 Filed: Mar. 17, 1970  Appl. No.: 20,297
 US. Cl ..72/345  Int. Cl 1 ..B21d 45/00  Field of Search ..72/344, 345; 113/120 H  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,270,544 9/1966 Maeder et a1 ..72/346 2,983,366 5/1961 Perret ..72/344 3,406,554 10/1968 Frankenberg ..72/344 601,738 4/1898 Stampacchia ..113/120 Primary Examiner-Richard J Herbst Attorney-David W. Brownlee [5 7] ABSTRACT A method and apparatus are provided for stripping container bodies from a reciprocal mandrel in an ironing press at the completion of the ironing stroke, which includes a resilient pad which is positioned adjacent the exit end of the last ironing ring and aligned with the mandrel for abutment of a container body on the mandrel against the pad at the completion of the ironing stroke, and means for introducing compressed gas into the container body being ironed prior to completion of the ironing stroke. The compressed gas in the container will hold the container body against the resilient pad whereby the mandrel may be withdrawn from the container during its return stroke.
1 Claim, 2 Drawing Figures PATENTEDAPR 11 I972 3,654,796
ATMOSPHERE F IG. 2.
[NI/EN TOR. LLOYD G. DUNN Attorney CONTAINER BODIES FROM A RECIPROCAL MANDREL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In ironing or thinning the side wall of a container in an ironer or ironing press, it is necessary to provide a means for stripping the container body from the reciprocal mandrel at the completion of the ironing stroke. Heretofore, container bodies have been stripped from ironer mandrels by means of a mechanical stripper located adjacent the last ironing ring as shown in Frankenberg U.S. Pat. No. 3,406,554, by means of a mechanical stripper located in the mandrel as shown in Stolle et al., U.S. Pat. No. 3,423,985, or by means of a combination of a mechanical stripper and air stripper as shown in Maeder U.S. Pat. No. 3,402,591. However, use of such strippers has sometimes resulted in damage to the side wall of the ironed containers during stripping, particularly when the side wall of the continer is very thin. Accordingly, it is desirable to provide stripper means which will assure stripping of a container from the mandrel, but which will not damage the container during stripping.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention provides air stripping means for a container body ironing press which includes a resilient pad located adjacent the exit end of the last ironing ring in the press and aligned with the mandrel for abutment of a container body on the mandrel against the pad at the completion of the ironing stroke, and means for introducing pressure into the container body on the mandrel prior to completion of the ironing stroke. Upon completion of the ironing stroke, the pressure in the container holds it against the resilient pad as the mandrel is withdrawn from the container. The pressure means may include an air pump and a solenoid valve with communication lines to a passageway through the mandrel and into a container body on the end of the mandrel. The solenoid valve is timed to introduce air into the mandrel and container body prior to completion of the ironing stroke, and preferably during movement of the container body through the last ironing ring, so that sufficient air pressure is produced in the container body to hold it against the resilient pad for withdrawal of the mandrel form the container body during the return stroke of the mandrel. The valve may be further timed to shut off the supply of air into the container body prior to complete withdrawal of the mandrel from the body to avoid the formation of objectionable oil mist by the escaping air.
Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide improved means for stripping a container body from a mandrel in an ironing press.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved air stripper for an ironing press to minimize damage to container bodies as they are stripped from the mandrel.
A further object of the invention is to provide a resilient pad adjacent the exit end of the last ironing ring in an ironing press and means for introducing a fluid under pressure into a container body on the mandrel to hold it against the pad so that the mandrel can be withdrawn form the container body.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The above and other objects and advantages of the invention will be more fully understood and appreciated with reference to the following description and the attached drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a schematic drawing of an ironer tool pack assembly and mandrel showing a resilient pad adjacent the exit end of the tool pack, and an air vent and pressure supply system communicating with the mandrel; and
FIG. 2 is an elevational view in partial cross section showing withdrawal of the mandrel from a container which is supported against the resilient pad.
DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIG. 1, an ironer tool pack assembly 10 is illus trated which comprises two end caps 12 and a plurality of ironing rings and spacers 14 secured between the end caps, and a mandrel 16 for moving a drawn cup 18 through the tool pack assembly to thin and elongate the side wall of the cup and form a container body 20 as disclosed in my U.S. application Ser. No. 20,268, filed Mar. 17, 1970, entitled Drawn and Ironed Containers, and executed and filed concurrently herewith. Also shown in FIG. 1 is a stop member 22 adjacent the exit end of the tool pack assembly, and an air system for venting the interior of cup 18 as mandrel 16 is introduced into it, and for introducing compressed air into the container body to strip the body from the mandrel as is hereinafter described.
The stop member may take a variety of forms such as a pad 22 of rubber or other viscoelastic material, and preferably is slightly larger in diameter than is the container body and approximately one-half inch or more in thickness. Pad 22 is secured to the ironing press so that the end of the mandrel and a container body on the mandrel will abut against the pad at the completion of the ironing stroke. Inasmuch as mandrel 16 must move a container body completely through the tool pack assembly 10, the resilient pad 22 will be spaced from the exit end of the tool pack a distance not less than the length of the ironed container body. In practice, it has been found that a spacing of one or two inches in excess of the length of the container body works well. Accordingly, the ironing press will be set up so that the mandrel 16, upon completion of its ironing stroke, will project beyond the exit end of the tool pack assembly far enough to carry the ironed container body completely through the tool pack assembly and abut against the resilient pad 22.
The air system for the ironing press includes both an air pressure system and a vent system which can be connected alternatively to air line 28 and passageway 26 in mandrel 16 by means of a solenoid valve 24. The pressure system is designed to supply air at a pressure sufficient to produce the required stripping force and with sufficient volume flow to maintain that force during stripping. The pressure system comprises a pressure supply line 30 leading into the solenoid valve 24 and a compressor device 36, and may also include an accumulator tank 34, if desired, to maintain the volume flow of air for a longer period. The vent system is designed to facilitate introduction of the mandrel into a drawn cup and includes a vent line 32 which leads from the solenoid valve 24, a vacuum device 38 and a valve 40 which can be opened to ambient pressure conditions. The solenoid valve 24 is actuated by automatic controls which are timed with respect to the operation of the mandrel to vent the interior of cup 18 as mandrel 16 is moved into the cup, and then to introduce pressure into the container body 20 prior to completion of the ironing stroke. The solenoid valve 24 preferably has an off" position in which the passageway 26 in the mandrel 16 is connected with neither the vent system nor the pressure supply system so that the air can be completely shut off during a portion of the cycle to avoid forming of an oil fog as will be explained.
In operation of the ironing press, a drawn cup 18 is positioned at the entrance end of tool pack assembly 10 by means not shown, and the mandrel 16 is advanced into the drawn cup. During introduction of the mandrel 16 into the cup 18, solenoid valve 24 connects the air line 28 and the inside of the cup with the vent line 32. Vent line 32 can either be open to the atmosphere via valve 40 so that air in cup 18 can escape to the atmosphere, or be connected to the vacuum device 38 with valve 40 closed so that the air in the cup can rapidly escape to the vacuum system. The use of a vacuum system is desirable for higher operating speeds to ensure that the air in the cup can quickly escape, or be drawn, from the cup. Continued advancement of mandrel 16 moves cup 18 into and through tool pack 10 to thin and elongate the side wall of the cup to form a thin-walled container body 20.
To effect stripping of the ironed containerbody form the mandrel 16, the solenoid valve 24 s actuated to connected the supply line 28 and the interior of the cup with the pressure line 30 prior to completion of the ironing stroke. This connection will force compressed air into the mandrel 16 and the container body 20 on the end of the mandrel to produce the required stripping force against the end wall of the container. It is important that the stripping force be produced on the container before the mandrel commences its return stroke, but not so early in the cycle that the container would be blown off the mandrel prematurely. Accordingly, the factors which determine the pressure build up in the container such as the pressure and capacity of the supply system, timing of the actuation of the solenoid valve and speed or velocity of the mandrel, are carefully controlled and coordinated to produce'the stripping force at the prior time. For example, with a high air pressure and high rate of air flow, less times is required to produce a particular pressure in a container body, and with a high mandrel velocity less time is available for build up of the stripping pressure. Similarly, the pressure required fro stripping also depends on a number of factors such as temperature, lubrication, mandrel finish, and container length and diameter, among others. Accordingly, in order to produce the required stripping pressure at the optimum time these factors are all coordinated in the design of the system.
Once a system has been designed with a particular air capacity, container size, lubricant, etc. changes in the exact timing for producing the required stripping force may be made by adjusting the timing of the actuation of the solenoid valve to change the time at which the compressed air is introduced into the container. If a change in the stripping force is required, this can be effected by changing the pressure in the supply system. However, these adjustments could be made in a variety of other ways which would be obvious to one skilled in the art.
Generally speaking, the solenoid valve is actuated some time after the mandrel has entered the last ironing ring, and before completion of ironing by such last ironing ring. With correctly timed actuation of the solenoid valve, the required air pressure for stripping the container body from the mandrel will have been produced in the container substantially simultaneously with contact or abutment of the end of the container body against the resilient bumper 22. Upon such abutment of the end of the container against pad 22, the mandrel 16 commences its return stroke and withdraws from container 20 as is illustrated in FIG. 2. The air pressure in container 20 holds the container against resilient pad 22 during such withdrawal of the mandrel 16. As for the amount of pressure employed for such stripping, a pressure of approximately 60 pounds per square inch gauge has been employed for one ironing press, but this may vary by -20 p.s.i.g., or more.
Another feature of the invention is the timing of the shut off of air into the mandrel so as to avoid the creation of an objectionable oil fog in the ironing press. The solenoid valve 24 is preferably actuated to shut off the supply of compressed air into the mandrel before the mandrel is completely withdrawn from the container body, but the mandrel is not vented until after it has been withdrawn through the tool pack assembly. When the air supply is shut off prior to withdrawal of the mandrel from the container body but not vented, the compressed air which is trapped in the container body has sufficient force to complete stripping of the body form the mandrel, and does effect such stripping. If the air pressure system were left open to the mandrel too long, the escaping compressed air might atomize some of the lubricant in the press and form an undesirable lubricant mist around the press. Such mist is objectionable for reasons of both possible impairment of the health of personnel in the area and the resulting film of lubricant which would settle on the surrounding area. This mist can be a serious problem if the can cleaning and coating area is adjacent to the ironing area.
As mandrel 16 makes its return stroke, it will be completely withdrawn from container 20, and the container will be free to fall or drop into a bin or conveyor, not shown, positioned below or around the container. Preferably such conveyor or bin will be positioned sufficiently close beneath the container so that it will fall only a short distance into such device and will not be damaged by the fall. Mechanical strippers 42 may also be provided in the tool pack assembly 10 to strip a container body from the mandrel in the event that the air pressure fails to effect such stripping. The mechanical strippers are a safety measure only, however, and it has been found that in an ironing press of the invention, it is usually not necessary to include the mechanical strippers in the press.
It is therefore seen that a unique air stripper is provided for an ironing press which effects removal or stripping of ironed container bodies from the reciprocal mandrel with little or no damage to the container bodies. While a particular embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described, it will be obvious to one skilled in the art that numerous variations and modifications can be made therein. For example, the stop member against which the end of the container body is run at the completion of the ironing stroke, may be a die which reforms the end wall of the container body. In this form of the invention, the pressure in the container body will hold the body against the die to effect stripping of the body from the mandrel. Running the end of the container against such an end forming die may assist in the stripping operation because refonning of the container will usually result in relative movement between the side wall of the container and the mandrel. This relative movement helps to free the container body from the mandrel to ensure that the force of the stripping pressure will hold the container body against the stop member.
l. A method of stripping a cup-shaped container body from a reciprocal mandrel in an ironing press comprising the steps of:
a. introducing air under pressure into the mandrel and into the container body on the mandrel as the container body is moved through the last ironing ring in an ironing press;
. at the completion of the ironing stroke, pressing the outer end of the container body against a resilient stop member to restrain the container body between the air pressure in the body and the stop member;
c. commencing withdrawal of the mandrel from the container body;
. shutting off the air supply to the container body prior to completing withdrawal of the mandrel from the container body with compressed air trapped therein; and
e. completing withdrawal of the mandrel from the container body as restrained against the resilient stop member by the trapped compressed air.
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|US4381657 *||May 19, 1980||May 3, 1983||Rockwell International Corporation||Method of removing formed parts from a die|
|US4502309 *||Apr 4, 1983||Mar 5, 1985||Rockwell International Corporation||Method of removing formed parts from a die|
|US4882924 *||Sep 22, 1987||Nov 28, 1989||Sanshin Industry Co., Ltd.||Method and apparatus for manufacturing hollow cylindrical guide roller for magnetic recording tape|
|US5056350 *||Aug 6, 1990||Oct 15, 1991||Coors Brewing Company||Apparatus and method for stripping a workpiece from a supporting device|
|International Classification||B21D45/00, B21D45/06|