|Publication number||US3655301 A|
|Publication date||Apr 11, 1972|
|Filing date||May 28, 1970|
|Priority date||May 28, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3655301 A, US 3655301A, US-A-3655301, US3655301 A, US3655301A|
|Inventors||Mcclung Clifford F|
|Original Assignee||Mcclung Clifford F|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (18), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent McClung 51 Apr. 11, 1972 [541 FLUID PUMP 2,871,072 1/1959 Parks et al. ..14/589  Inventor: Cm F. Mcchms 2761 East 45th 1,775,733 9/ 1930 Phipps ..74/589 Tulsa' Okla- 74105 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS [221 Filed: May 28,197 566,769 1/1945 Great Britain ..92/205  Appl. No.: 41,319
Primary ExaminerW illiam L. Freeh 52 us. c1. ..411/457, 92/205,92/60.5,
92/ 13.8 51 1111. c1 ..F0lb 31/04,F16j 1/06, F046 49 00  ABSTRACT  Field of Search ..74/589; 92/605, 118, 13.8, A fl id u p having a piston member reciprocally disposed l 19; 91/21 417/464 within a hollow cylinder utilizes the oscillating action of an external walking beam as a prime mover thereof. Tumbuckle  Refmnces cued means secure the cylinder of the compressor to a stationary surface and further provide a means for adjusting the com- UNITED STATES PATENTS pression ratio. The piston member possesses the ability to 2,259,020 10/1941 Wineman ..74/589 compensate for piston ring wear thereby maintaining the 3,499,387 1970 PI- "92/113 piston ring in sealing engagement with the inner wall of the 2,218,214 10/1940 OLeary... ..74/589 H d 2,243,117 5/ 1941 Patterson. ..74/589 1,591,226 7/1926 Mueller ..92/205 1 Claim, ZDrawing Figures PATENTEDAPR H I972 3.655301 sum 1 OF 2 INVENTOR.
CLIFFORD F. MCCLUNG X M fm ATTORNEYS PAIENITEDAPR 11 1972 3.655301 SHEET 2 OF 2 IJ-IMHIMT 30 yllllllllll i E 3-: M35: 68 \Q I 1 7/ c G) c K I 7/ 3 4 INVENTOR.
CLIFFORD F. MCCLUNG ATTORNEYS FLUID PUMP BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a pump and more particularly to a fluid pump for use in conjunction with gas and/or oil well equipment.
In many instances in oil and gas production, it is necessary to provide a relatively economical fluid pump to be used in the oil field. One such type of pump is the type utilizing an external prime mover. Present fluid pumps utilizing an external prime mover generally include a hollow cylinder secured at the lower end thereof to a stationary object and piston means disposed within the cylinder. The upper end of the piston means is interconnected to a prime mover which reciprocates the piston means within the cylinder to compress the gas. Such fluid pumps have a common shortcoming in the fact that due to the fluid pumps being articulated only at the attachment of the lower end of the cylinder, the direction of the driving force of the prime mover is not at all times along the axis of longitudinal reciprocation of the piston means thus requiring the expense of a crosshead or other device. A further shortcoming of such presently manufactured fluid pumps is the absence of means for operably compensating for piston ring wear. Thus upon deterioration of the piston ring seal the fluid pumps must be taken out of operation, dismantled and the worn piston replaced, all done at the expense of considerable maintenance time.
It is therefore an object of this invention to present a fluid pump which overcomes the aforementioned difficulties.
More particularly, it is an object of this invention to present a fluid pump having articulation at all points of interconnection with external objects and having means for operably adjusting the piston ring seal.
A still further object of this invention is to present a pump capable of a variety of applications in oil field production operations.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Generally the fluid pump comprises a elongated cylinder having therein a longitudinally reciprocatable piston means. The lower end of the cylinder is attached by means of an articulating joint through turnbuckle means to a stationary element and the piston is likewise interconnected to the rearward end of the walking beam of a pumping unit. External valving means control the ingress and egress of gas to and from the cylinder while the upward and downward movement of the walking beam recipr'ocates the piston means within the cylinder to pump the fluid. The piston means includes a pliable piston ring which is operably compressible to compensate for wear thereof.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side view of a typical well site showing the attachment of the pump of this invention to a typical well pumping unit.
FIG. 2 of the drawing shows the pump unit in partial cross section.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Turning now to FIG. 1 of the drawings, there is shown therein a typical well pumping unit to which the fluid pump of this invention is attached. The well pumping unit generally comprises a stationary base 12 and a walking beam 14 pivotally supported on struts 16 and having at the forward end thereof a horsehead 18. Horsehead 18 reciprocates, within the well casing (not shown), a polish rod and sucker rod 20 which passes through a stuffing box 22 within the well casing. A walking beam powering means such as a motor 24 and gearing 26 interconnected to the beam by a linkage arm 28 imparts oscillating action to the walking beam.
Although the subsequent discussion will decide the fluid pump of the invention in connection with a walking beam type well pumping unit as the prime thereof, it is to be understood the fluid pump will just as efficiently and easily operate with other oil field equipment as the prime mover thereof.
Looking now at FIG. 2, the fluid pump 10 includes an elongated enclosed cylinder 30, defining an internal chamber 32. The lower end of the cylinder 30 is attached to stationary base 12 of the pumping unit by means of a turnbuckle fitting 34 which includes a lower knuckle joint 36.
Longitudinally slidably received within chamber 32 is a piston member 38 which is interconnected to the rearward end of walking beam 14 which serves as a prime mover for reciprocating piston member 38 within the cylinder.
A yoke 40 suitable secured to the upper end of the cylinder 30 has therethrough a central aperture which receives a bearing 42 which serves to guide the piston member 38 during the reciprocation thereof.
Turning now to the specific construction and interconnections of piston member 38, a tubular piston rod 44 has at the lower end thereof a transverse horizontal upper flange 46 having a diameter slightly less than the diameter of cylinder 30. The upward end of the tubular piston rod 44 is secured to a bridge 48 which in turn is secured at the upper end thereof through an upper knuckle joint 50 to the rearward end of walking beam 14. Slidably received within the interior of tubular piston rod 44 is an inner piston rod 52 which controlling terminates at the lower end thereof with a transverse lower flange 54 also having a diameter less than the diameter of cylinder 30. The upper end of inner piston rod 52 projects upwardly into the interior gap of bridge 48 and has thereon male threads to which is threadably engaged a lower tension nut 56 which includes set screw means. Sleeved over the upper end of inner piston rod 52 and contingent with the upper surface .of lower tension nut 56 is a telescoping spring barrel 58 which is permanently affixed to bridge 48 and encompasses a tension spring 60. An upper tension nut 62 also threadably engaging the threads on the upper end of piston 52 provides means for controlling the compression of spring 60.
interposed between the upper flange 46 and lower flange 54 is a pliable piston ring 64 which is snugly fitted against the inner wall of cylinder 30 to form a leakproof piston seal and to divide chamber 32 into a lower reservoir 66 and upper reservoir 68. With piston ring 64 so interposed between the flanges 46 and 54 the piston seal can easily be maintained. As piston ring 64 deteriorates due to the normal wear during reciprocation of piston member 38 the inner piston rod 52 can be moved upwardly relative to tubular piston rod 44 thereby compressing pliable piston ring 64 to force the outer edges thereof into tight fitting engagement with the inner wall of cylinder 30. The upward movement of the inner piston rod 52 is accomplished by manipulation of tension nuts 56 and 62 which permits spring 60 to expand which in turn forces inner piston rod 52 upwardly to compress piston ring 64 into sealing engagement with the inner wall of cylinder 30. Multiple piston rings can be staked in series between spaces, not shown, as required by operating conditions.
External valve means 70 and 72 connect via conduits 71 to an inlet source (not shown) and outlet collecting system (not shown) and operatively control the ingress and egress of fluid into reservoir 66 through ports 74 in the lower end of cylinder 30. A safety relief valve conduit 76 is provided between valve 70 and ports 74. The locating of valves 70 and 72 externally of cylinder 30 rather than internally is particularly advantageous since such enables different type. valves and valve seats to be easily interchanged, thus one fluid pump can be used on different fluids with a minimum of changeover expense and time.
Lubricating oil 78 within reservoir 68 continuously bathes the inner wall of cylinder 30 to reduce friction and increase the life of the piston ring 64. To prevent escapage of the lubricating oil 78, a rod wiper 80 located at the upper end of cylinder 30 wipes the piston rod 44 clean during reciprocation.
Where the frequency of reciprocation is sufficiently large to excessively heat lubricating oil 78 an external heat exchanger 32 with associated fins 84 may be used to cool the oil and increase the life expectancy of the piston and valve seals. An air filter 86 may also be installed when operating conditions deem such appropriate.
As is evident from the above discussion this invention has produced an inexpensive, economical to operate fluid pump. The use of external valving 70 and 72 and associated flexible hoses eliminates the need for internal valves and simplifies the maintenance thereof. Also due to articulation of the knuckle joints 36 and 50 at both ends of the fluid pump, the direction of the driving force imparted to piston member 38 is at all times along the longitudinal axis thereof, thereby assuring optimum utilization of the driving force.
Since the use of an external prime mover results in a fixed piston travel once the compressor has been connected to the walking beam, the compression ration of the compressor is altered by means of operably adjusting turnbuckle 34.
In operation, the prime mover when actuated reciprocates the piston member 38 within the cylinder 30. During the upstroke fluid is forced into reservoir 66 through valve 70 and during the downstroke fluid is driven out of the chamber through valve 72 into fluid carrying conduits which carry the same to a transmission line or other carrying systems.
The fluid pump of this invention can be applied to a variety of applications. By way of example, on many low capacity gas wells, it is necessary to compress the gas at the well site before transporting the same onto a sales line or a gas plant. With proper gas seats inserted in valves '70 and 72, the economical fluid pump of this invention can pump the gas from the well basin to the transmission line; thereby making the gas well economically feasible to operate and further conserving small quantities of gas usually flared to the air, thus adding to the general supply of valuable fuel and simultaneously reducing pollution of the environment.
As a further example, by inserting water seats in valves 70 and 72, fluid pump 10 can become an injection pump for use in conjunction with a secondary water flood system. In this application, piston 38 is interconnected as previously discussed to walking beam 14 which becomes part of the recovery well pumping equipment, and valves 70 and 72 are: fluidly connected to an injection fluid source and the tubing of an injection well respectively. Upon energization of the recovery well equipment, walking beam 14 will pump oil and/or gas from the producing zone and simultaneously therewith fluid injection pump 10 will inject water into the well basin of the injection well. Likewise fluid pump 10 can be used to inject gas into an injection well.
As a still further example, the fluid pump with water seats in valves and 72 can be used to inject salt water into saltwater disposal wells while simultaneously therewith walking beam 14 pumps oil and/or gas from the production zone.
During the detailed description of the preferred embodiment specific language has been used for the sake of clarity. However, it is to be understood that such words used are not words of limitation and include all equivalents which operate in a similar manner to accomplish a similar purpose.
What is claimed:
1. A fluid pump for pumping gas at a well sit utilizing the well pumping unit as a prime mover comprising:
a tubular cylinder defining an elongated chamber;
piston means reciprocably disposed within said chamber;
said piston means comprising:
a. an elongated tubular piston rod having at the lower end thereof an upper transverse flange, said piston rod having the lower end thereof disposed within said cylinder and the upper end thereof articulatively interconnected to said prime mover;
b. an inner elongated piston rod having at the lower end thereof a lower transverse flange; said inner piston rod being slidably received within said tubular piston and having the upper end thereof extending beyond the upper end of said tubular piston rod; c. a pliable non-metallic donut shaped piston ring interposed between said upper and lower flanges, and in sealing engagement with the inner wall of said chamber; and d. means interconnecting the upper ends of said piston rods and adapted to operably slide said inner piston rod relative to said tubular piston rod whereby said pliable piston ring is compressed radially outward to maintain said sealing engagement with the inner wall of said chamber; turnbuckle means articulatively attaching said cylinder to a stationary surface whereby adjustment of said turnbuckle varies the compression ratio of said apparatus; and external valving means interconnected to said housing for adjustably controlling the ingress and egress of fluid into and from said chamber whereby reciprocation of said piston means compresses said gas.
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|U.S. Classification||417/437, 92/205, 92/13.8, 92/60.5|
|International Classification||F04B39/02, F04B39/04|
|Cooperative Classification||F04B39/042, F04B39/02|
|European Classification||F04B39/02, F04B39/04B2|