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Publication numberUS3656183 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 11, 1972
Filing dateFeb 3, 1970
Priority dateFeb 3, 1970
Publication numberUS 3656183 A, US 3656183A, US-A-3656183, US3656183 A, US3656183A
InventorsWalterscheid Ted B
Original AssigneeAcs Ind Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Connector assembly
US 3656183 A
Abstract
Apparatus for enabling the rapid installation of dual-in-line type integrated circuit modules in an electronic system, including a male connector frame which fits into a female frame to hold a set of circuit modules between them, the female frame being easily connected to the electronic system. The male and female frames each have many corresponding recesses, and have resilient conductive elements in the recesses. The circuit modules are first installed on the male frame with their leads lying over the elements in the male frame recesses. When the male frame is inserted into the female frame, the module leads are trapped between the elements on the male and female frames. The male frame is constructed of plastic material, and the bodies of the circuit modules are held thereon between an elongated heat sink that lies close to the male frame and a retainer member on a side of the modules opposite the heat sink.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Walterscheid [52] US. Cl. ..339/17 CF, 339/19, 339/92 M,

339/112 R, 339/174, 339/176 MP [51] Int. Cl ..H01r 13/00, HOlr 13/54 [58] Field ofSearch ..339/l7C,l7CF,17F,17L,

339/17 LC, 17 LM, 19 R, 22 B, 75 M, 75 MP, 91 R, 91 L, 92, 95, 112 R,174, 176 M, 176 MF, 176 MP; 317/100, 101 A, 101 C, 101 CC, 101 OE; l74/DlG.

[151 3,656,183 [451 Apr. 11,1972

3,380,016 4/1968 Samsonetal ..339/l74 Primary Examiner-Marvin A. Champion Assistant Examiner-Lawrence J. Staab Att0rneyLindenberg, Freilich & Wasserman [57] ABSTRACT Apparatus for enabling the rapid installation of dual-in-line type integrated circuit modules in an electronic system, including a male connector frame which fits into a female frame to hold a set of circuit modules between them, the female frame being easily connected to the electronic system. The male and female frames each have many corresponding recesses, and have resilient conductive elements in the recesses. The circuit modules are first installed on the male frame with their leads lying over the elements in the male frame recesses. When the male frame is inserted into the female frame, the module leads are trapped between the elements on the male and female frames. The male frame is constructed of plastic material, and the bodies of the circuit modules are held thereon between an elongated heat sink that lies close to the male frame and a retainer member on a side of the modules opposite the heat sink.

10 Claims, 11 Drawing Figures 3, DIG. 5

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,913,871 6/1933 Connell et al ..l79/9l 3,002,176 9/1961 Yopp ...339/l76 MP 3,069,753 12/1962 Lalmond et al ..29/l55.55 3,155,446 11/1964 Kowaleski et al. ...339/l76 MP 3,311,790 3/1967 Vizzier et al ..3 17/100 PATENTEDAPR 1 1 m2 SHEET 3 OF 4 7350 .B W44 7525c HES/D IN VEN TOR.

A 'rToQArEs/S PATENTEDAFR 1 1 I972 sum n []F 4 INVENTOR. TED .B. WALTERSCHE/D IOTTOQJEYS CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to connector assemblies for facilitating the installation of integrated circuit modules in a complex electrical system.

2. Description of the Prior Art Complex electrical apparatus, such as digital computers, are often constructed using integrated circuit modules. One common type of module form is the dual-in-line type wherein each module has a body and electrical leads extending above the upper face of the body. The circuit modules are generally constructed in a standard size and shape, although the thicknesses of different modules may vary somewhat. Inasmuch as a computer may utilize many of such modules, it is necessary to provide simple mounting apparatus for them to enable connection of the leads of the modules to each other and to various inputs and outputs of the electrical system.

One type of connector assembly includes male and female connector frames for trapping several circuit modules between them, with the leads of the module pressed against contact elements in the female frame. The contact elements have pins extending from the frame, which can be easily connected to the rest of the electrical system. A connector assembly typically holds up to five circuit modules, each module having either 14 or 16 leads, for a total of 70 to 80 leads that must be connected in the system. The complete electrical system may employ hundreds of such connector assemblies. In order to permit rapid installation and removal of the modules, no soldering or the like is employed. The ability to economically construct complex electrical systems using large numbers of such modules, depends upon the provision of connector assemblies which assure reliable, low resistance connections with modules which are merely laid in place.

I OBJECTS AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to provide a highly reliable connector assembly for circuit modules.

Another object is to provide a connector assembly for circuit modules which reliably holds modules of a variety of thicknesses and effectively dissipates heat from the modules.

In accordance with one embodiment of the invention, a connector assembly is provided which includes female and male connector frames, for holding integrated circuit modules between them. The female frame has numerous recesses on its inner region and the male frame has corresponding recesses along the portion received in the female frame. A first group of resilient contact elements is disposed in the recesses of the female frame, and a second group of resilient contact elements is disposed in the recesses of the male frame. The male frame is constructed to hold a circuit module so that the leads lie over its contact elements. Thus, when the male frame is inserted into the female frame, the leads of the circuit module are held between the resilient elements of the two frames.

The resilient contact elements on the male and female frames have portions that extend to positions outside of the frames, which enables a functional test for contact between the circuit module leads and the contact elements. Such a test is made by measuring the resistance between portions of corresponding male and female contact elements that lie outside the frames. These same extending contact elements may be used for integrating discrete electrical components into the system or for additional connecting wiring.

A heat sink is provided on the male frame, the heat sink being a strip of thermally conductive material with its ends in contact with screws that hold the frames together and to a mounting panel. The circuits are mounted against the heat sink strip and are held thereto by a flexible retainer member that accommodates different thicknesses of circuit module bodies. The mounting of the upper surfaces of the module bodies against the heat sink strip, which is fixed with respect to the male frame, assures uniform location of the leads of modules of different thicknesses.

The novel features of the invention are set forth with particularity in the appended claims. The invention will be best understood from the following description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a top perspective view of a connector assembly constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the male portion of the connector assembly of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the female portion of the connector assembly of FIG. 1, and of bus strips that can be used therewith;

FIG. 4 is a partial plan view of the male assembly portion of the assembly of FIG. 1;

FIG. 5 is a sectional side view of the male assembly of FIG.

FIG. 6 is a bottom view of the male assembly of FIG. 4;

FIG. 7 is a plan view of the female assembly portion of the assembly of FIG. 1;

FIG. 8 is a side sectional view of the female assembly of FIG. 7;

FIG. 9 is a bottom view of the female assembly of FIG. 7;

FIG. 10 is a sectional view taken on the line 10-10 of FIG. 1, showing the male and female assembly portions in a fully installed position; and

FIG. 11 is a view similar to FIG. 10, but at the beginning of installation of the male assembly portion in the female portIOI'l.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIG. 1 illustrates a connector assembly 10 which includes a female frame 12 which receives a male frame 14. The purpose of the connector assembly is to receive an integrated circuit module 16 of the dual-in-line type and connect the rows of leads 18 extending from the module to corresponding pins 20 extending from the female frame 12 of the assembly. The entire assembly is designed to be mounted on a panel which holds many of such assemblies in a complex electrical device such as a digital computer. After the connector assembly is mounted on the panel along with other similar assemblies, wire wrap connections can be made from any of the pins 20 to any other pins on the same connector assembly or other assemblies on the panel.

The connector assembly is designed to facilitate the replacement of any of the circuit modules 16. This can be accomplished by removing a pair of screws 22, 24 that hold the male and female frames together, replacing the module on the male frame, and reinstalling the male frame in the female frame. The male connector assembly has test point regions 26 that extend from the top of the male frame, each test point region being electrically connected to one of the leads 18 of a circuit module installed in the assembly. Additional capacitors or other devices can be added to the module by connecting them across a pair of test point regions 26 to connect them to the leads of the circuit module. If there is doubt about the establishment of a satisfactory electrical contact between any lead of the circuit module 16 and one of the pins 20, this can be tested by connecting an ohm-meter or any other selected testing apparatus between one or more test point regions 26 and/or a corresponding pin 20.

FIGS. 2 and 3 are exploded views of the female and male assembly portions of the connector assembly. As shown in FIG. 2, the male frame 14 has an upper bed portion 28 and a lower block portion 30, the'block or'holding portion having numerous recesses 32 on either side. A male contact element 34 is provided for each recess, each contact element having a lower contacting portion 36 which lies in the recess, and an upper portion forming the test point region 26 for that element. The block 30 may have a large number of recesses such as 44 on each side, and it has a like number of male contact 5 elements 34 disposed in the recesses.

The male assembly portion includes a heat sink member 38 to help dissipate heat from the circuit modules held in the connector assembly. The heat sink is desirable because the circuit modules generate heat in use and a means of distributing the heat over the maximum area facilitates its dissipation, particularly since the frames are constructed of a thermally insulative material. The heat sink member 38 includes a long strip portion 40 and a pair of end portions 42, 44. The end portions 42, 44 are designed to receive the screws 22, 24 to hold the heat sink member in place against the bottom of the block 30. A retainer member 46 is provided which holds the integrated circuit modules 16 against the heat sink member 38 and therefore in place on the frame 14. The retainer member has ends 48, 50 which are held by tabs 52, 54 on the heat sink member. To mount one or more circuit modules 16 on the male assembly portion, the modules are placed with their upper surface 56 against the heat sink member 38, and with their leads 18 extending along the recesses 32 in the block portion of the male frame. The retainer member 46 is then installed on the heat sink member to complete the assembly.

FIG. 3 illustrates the female assembly portion, showing the frame 12 and the inner region or cavity 58 therein which receives the male assembly. The walls of the cavity 58 are formed with many recesses 60 corresponding to the recesses in the male frame. A group of female frame contact elements 62 are provided, each having a connector portion or pin 20 and a contacting portion 64 which is disposed in one of the recesses 60. A pair of fasteners 66, 68 is installed at either end of the female frame. Each fastener has an upper internal thread 70 for receiving one of the screws 22, 24 to enable the male and female frames to be held tightly together. Each fastener also has a threaded stud portion 72, 74 to facilitate fastening of the connector assembly to a bus bar or other elements ofa complete panel.

The male assembly portion is installed in the female portion by merely pushing the male frame into the cavity 58 of the female frame and tightening the screws 22, 24. Electrical connections are automatically made between the leads 18 of the circuit modules and the female frame contact elements 62, to enable access to the circuit modules through the pins 20 of the female frame contact elements and/or the test points 26. The female cavity has corners 59, 61 that have blocking portions, instead of being rounded like the other two corners. This allows the male frame to be installed in only one orientation, instead of either one of two orientations. The corners block improper male frame insertion before contact can be made between any female frame contact element and the leads of modules on the male frame.

FIGS. 11 and illustrate the connector assembly prior to and after the installation of the male assembly portion in the female assembly portion. As shown in FIG. 11, the upper or contacting portion 64 of the female frame contact element 62 has a bowed configuration along most of its length, one part 76 of the bowed portion being substantially straight. The upper end of the contacting portion 64 has a sharp U curve so that the outer end 78 lies in a well 80 formed in the female frame. The lower or contacting portion 36 of the male frame contact element 34 is also formed with a bowed configuration along most of its length, although this is a simple bow rather than one with straight portions. As with the female frame contact element, the outer portion is looped so that the outer end 82 lies in a well 84 formed in the block of the male frame. The lead 18 of the circuit module 16 extends upwardly along the bowed contacting portion 36 of the male frame contact element.

When the male assembly portion is moved down into the cavity 58 of the female frame 12, the apparatus achieves the configuration shown in FIG. 10. It can be seen that the bowed female frame contacting portion 64 has been outwardly deflected while the bowed male frame contacting portion 36 has been inwardly deflected, the circuit module lead 18 lying between them. If the male assembly portion is moved down in the vertical direction, indicated by arrow 86, then the module lead 18 and the straight part 76 of the female element extend outwardly at an angle A of about 4 from the vertical direction. It can be seen that a large area of the lead 18 contacts the straight part 76 of the female contact element to provide for a low resistance contact between them. In addition, during sliding of the male connector assembly down into place, the surfaces of the lead 18 and straight portion 76 slide over one another. The sliding action prior to full installation tends to remove any insulative film on the surfaces to further lower the final contact resistance. The male frame contacting element 36 is thinner than the female frame element 64, so that the male frame element 36 can be more easily deformed to push a large area of the lead 18 against the female element. Both contact elements 36, 64 are constructed of a fiat strip of resilient conductive material such as beryllium copper, the male frame element 36 having a thickness such as 0.007 inch and the female frame element 64 having a thickness such as 0.010 inch.

Referring again to FIG. 2, most of the integrated circuit modules 16 have at least two leads which are connected to a power supply. Thus, if five modules are mounted on a connector assembly, 10 of the pins 20 extending from the female frame must be connected to a power supply. While such a connection could be accomplished by using 10 wires leading from 10 pins of the connector assembly to two power leads on the panel which holds the assembly, this could add to the cost of connecting a panel. In accordance with the invention, special bus strips are provided to facilitate power connections. FIG. 3 illustrates a pair of bus strips 88, which facilitate connection of a bus bar assembly 92, which runs along the length of a frame which holds many connector modules 10, to selected pins 20 of the connector assembly.

The bus bar assembly 92 has three bus bars 94, 96 and 98 which can carry current to circuit modules in the connector assemblies. Generally, only two bus bars 96, 98 are utilized, the other bar 94 generally being grounded to supply a ground where required. A group of pins 100, 102 and 104 extend from the bus bars at uniform spacings along the bus bar assembly. The pins are connected to the bus bars 94, 96 and 98, respectively, to facilitate connection of the bus strips.

The first bus strip 88 has bus clips 106 spaced along its length, each designed to engage a pin and make electrical contact therewith. One clip 106e engages the pin 104 to connect the strip 88 to the bus bar 98. The other clips on the strip 88 engage the pins 20 extending down from the female frame 12 to make electrical contact with those pins and to the circuit module leads connected thereto. In a similar manner, the other bus strip 90 has clips 108, one of them designed to connect to the bus bar pin 102 and the other clips designed to couple to pins 20 extending from the female frame. By utilizing only two bus strips 88, 90, ten pins 20 can be connected to two bus bars 96, 98 which carry current to energize the circuit modules.

Generally, all integrated circuit modules will have particular leads that must be supplied with power. Thus, almost every connector assembly in a complex electrical system can utilize a pair of bus strips identical to those shown at 88, 90 to supply power to the circuit modules. If it is desired to eliminate the connection between any clip 106 or 108 and one of the pins 20, then that clip can be easily removed. The bus strips are generally supplied with an insulative coating on either face (but not on the clips) to insulate them from the surroundings. The use of the bus strips which lie against one another results in high capacitance between them to increase the speed of the circuit or provide other desirable characteristics. The high capacitance is an advantage which generally cannot be easily obtained with simple wire wrap connections.

FIGS. 4-9 illustrate some of the mechanical details of construction of the male and female assemblies. As shown in FIG. 5, the tab 54 on the heat sink member 38 is lanced at its outer end to form a projection 110 which fits into an undercut region 112 formed in the end 50 of the retainer member 46, to hold the retainer member in place. This enables the retainer member 46 to be installed by merely pushing it up against the heat sink member after the circuit modules are in place. (Installation of the circuit modules is performed while the male frame is upside down from the position shown in the figures.) The heat sink member 38 has a screw receiving end portion 114 which is bifurcated to embrace a groove 116 formed in the screw 24. The receiving end portion 114 can be installed by pushing it over the threaded part of the screw until the arms at end portion 114 separate in moving into the groove and then spring together when they are fully in the groove.

The fact that the receiving end portion 114 of the heat sink member is in contact with the screw 24, enables the heat sink member to conduct heat to it. As mentioned above, the screw 24 fits into a fastening member on the female frame, that fastening member fitting into a panel which holds the entire connector assembly. The screw 24 and fastener member to which it is attached are constructed of thermally conductive material such as aluminum, so that a good thermal path is established between the heat sink member 38 and the frame of the electrical system. In addition, a good heat path is established between the retainer member 46 and the heat sink member 38 and to the panel which holds the connector assembly.

The retainer member 46 is composed of two parts, including a thin upper part 118 of resilient, thermally conductive material such as beryllium copper and a backing strip 120 of a cheaper material such as aluminum. The upper part or spring member 118 has spring tabs 122 punched out of it and formed in a curve to enable it to push against the body of a circuit module. The upper part 118 is held by rivets 124 to the backing strip 120. The tabs 122 not only hold the circuit modules in place, but serve to conduct heat from them. The heat conductive material of tabs 122 can conduct substantial heat from the modules even with a low contact area. The tabs 122 carry this heat to the backing strip 120 which can carry it to the heat sink 38 for dissipation on the panel of the electrical system.

The placement of the retainer member 46 below the circuit modules serves to assure uniform placement of the leads 18 of the modules on the connector block 30. The bodies of the integrated circuit modules may vary in thickness, but the leads generally extend from the bodies at a uniform distance from the upper surface 56 of the module body. In the present connector assembly, the upper surfaces 56 of the modules all lie at a known position, this being the lower surface of the heat sink member 38. Accordingly, the leads generally extend a uniform distance along the recesses 32 in the block portion 30 of the male frame so that its position with respect to the female contact elements is known. If the body of the circuit module is thicker or thinner than normal, however, it is still held tightly in place by the resilient tabs 122 which lie on a side of the module bodies opposite the heat sink member 38.

Thus, the invention provides a connector assembly which enables the rapid installation and removal of circuit modules from connection to an electrical system. The apparatus utilizes contact elements that assure a large area sliding contact between the leads of the module and connector pins of the assembly. In addition, the assembly provides for good heat dissipation from the modules. These features are provided using a relatively simple and reliable connector assembly.

Although particular embodiments of the invention have been described and illustrated herein, it is recognized that modifications and variations may readily occur to those skilled in the art and, consequently, it is intended that the claims be interpreted to cover such modifications and equivalents.

What is claimed is:

1. A connector assembly for receiving circuit modules with bodies of uniform width and variable thickness, and which have upwardly extending leads generally uniformly spaced from the upper face of the body, comprising:

a female frame constructed of electrically insulative material and having an inner region;

a male frame for reception in said female frame, said male frame constructed of electrically insulative material and having a plurality of recesses for receiving the leads of circuit modules;

an elongated heat sink member of high heat-conductive material mounted on said male frame on the side thereof which first enters said female frame; and

a retainer mounted on said male frame and spaced from said heat sink member so a circuit module body can be received between them, said retainer having resilient portions for pressing circuit module bodies of various thicknesses against said heat sink member.

2. The connector assembly described in claim 1 wherein:

said retainer member includes an elongated spring member of highly heat-conductive material with tabs formed therein having outer end portions for pressing against said circuit module bodies, and a substantially rigid backing member of heat-conductive material disposed against said spring member, said backing member having opposite ends held against said heat sink member.

3. A connector assembly for receiving circuit modules with leads thereon comprising:

a female connector frame having a cavity whose inner walls have a plurality of recesses;

a plurality of first electrical contact elements, each mounted on said female frame and having a portion within one of said recesses;

a male connector frame having a block portion for slidable reception in said cavity of said female frame, said block portion having a plurality of recesses on its outer walls;

a plurality of second electrical contact elements, each mounted on said male frame and having a portion within one of said recesses on said male frame, each of said first and second elements having a lead-contacting region located to lie adjacent to the lead-contacting region of a corresponding electrical contact of the other frame when the male frame is fully inserted into the female frame;

holding means for holding at least one of said circuit modules on said male frame with its leads lying over at least part of the lead-contacting region of some of said second elements, so that said leads lie between contacting regions of said first and second elements when said male frame is inserted into said female frame; and

means for fastening said holding means on said male connector frame independently of reception of said male frame in said female frame.

4. The connector assembly described in claim 3 wherein:

said lead-contacting region of each of said first contact elements has a substantially straight portion and each of said first elements is mounted so that said straight portion is maintained at a small outward angle from the direction of sliding of said male frame block portion into said female frame cavity when said male frame is fully inserted into said female frame cavity.

5. A connector assembly for receiving the body of a circuit module and facilitating connection of its leads to other circuits comprising:

a female connector frame having a plurality of recesses on either side of its inner region;

a plurality of first contact elements, each constructed of an electrically conductive material, and each having a connector portion fixed to said frame and a resilient contacting portion biased to a position spaced from the innermost wall of one of said recesses so it can deflect inwardly;

a male connector frame having a male holding portion with a plurality of recesses on either side, for reception in said female connector frame, to hold the body of said circuit module at a position between said holding portion and said female connector with the leads of said module received in said recesses of said holding portion, each of said frames being elongated and having opposite ends for receiving fasteners to hold it to the other frame;

a plurality of second contact elements, each having a contacting portion disposed in one of said recesses of said male connector frame at a position deeper therein than the positions at which said leads are received, and a test point portion extending to a position accessible outside of said frame when said male frame is in said female frame;

an elongated strip of material which is highly heat conductive extending substantially along the length of said male frame adjacent to the positions of circuit module bodies 1 on said male frame, said strip positioned so it is between said male frame and the bodies of circuit modules thereon and having ends positioned to contact fasteners holding said frames together; and

a retainer member positioned on a side of circuit module bodies opposite said strip of heat conductive material for biasing said bodies towards said strip. A connector assembly for receiving the body of a circuit module and facilitating connection of its leads to other circuits comprising:

a female connector frame having a plurality of recesses on either side of its inner region;

a plurality of first contact elements, each constructed of a conductive material, and having a connector portion fixed to said frame and a contacting portion at least partially disposed in one of said recesses of said female connector frame;

a male connector frame having a male holding portion with a circuit module having a body disposed between said holding portion of said male connector frame and said female connector frame, and having a plurality of electrical leads on either side, each lead extending between one of said first contact elements on said female frame and one of said second contact elements on said male connector frame.

The connector assembly described in claim 6 wherein:

said male frame is formed for reception in said female frame by sliding it therein, and said first and second contact elements have elongated contact regions for contacting said circuit module leads, said contact regions extending with a major directional component parallel to the direction of sliding of said male frame into said female frame, whereby to provide a large area of contact between a lead and each contact element.

8. Circuit module mounting and connecting apparatus for receiving the body of a circuit module and facilitating connection of its leads to other circuits comprising:

a circuit module having a body and leads;

a female connector frame having a plurality of recesses on either side of its inner region;

a plurality of first contact elements, each constructed of a conductive material and having a connector portion fixed to said frame and a resilient contacting portion biased to a position spaced from the innermost wall of one of said recesses so it can deflect inwardly;

a male connector frame having a male holding portion with a plurality of recesses on either side, said male holding portion received in said female frame inner region with the body of said circuit module between them and with the leads of said module received in said recesses of said holding portion; and

a plurality of second contact elements, each having a contacting portion disposed in one of said recesses of said male connector frame at a position deeper therein than the positions at which said leads are received, and an exposed test point portion on the outside of said male frame, whereby to enable testing for contact resistance between said first elements and each of said circuit module leads.

9. Circuit module mounting and connecting apparatus for receiving the body of a circuit module and facilitating connection of its leads to other circuits comprising:

an elongated female connector frame having a plurality of recesses on either side of its inner region and having opposite ends,

a plurality of first contact elements, each constructed of a conductive material and having a connector portion fixed to said frame and a resilient contacting portion biased to a position spaced from the innermost wall of one of said recesses so it can deflect inwardly;

an elongated male connector frame having a male holding portion with a plurality of recesses on either side, for reception in said female connector frame, the depth of said female frame inner region and of said male holding portion chosen to provide sufficient space between them, when said male frame is fully inserted into said female frame, to receive the body of said circuit module at a position between said holding portion and said female connector with the leads of said module received in said recesses of said holding portion, said male connector frame having opposite ends for receiving fasteners to hold it to said female frame;

a plurality of second contact elements, each having a contacting portion disposed in one of said recesses of said male connector frame at a position deeper therein than the positions at which said leads are received; and

an elongated strip of material which is highly heat conductive, said strip extending substantially along the length of said male frame adjacent to the positions of circuit module bodies on said male frame and lying between said opposite sides of said inner region of said female frame when said male frame is received in said female frame, said strip having ends positioned to contact fasteners holding said frames together, whereby to carry heat from said module bodies to said fasteners.

10. Circuit module mounting and connecting apparatus for receiving the body of a circuit module and facilitating connec tion of its leads to other circuits comprising:

a female connector frame having a plurality of recesses on either side of its inner region;

a plurality of first contact elements, each constructed of a conductive material and having a connector portion fixed to said frame and a resilient contacting portion biased to a position spaced from the innermost wall of one of said recesses so it can deflect inwardly, each contacting por' tion having an outwardly bowed part with an inner end substantially fixed in position and an outer end free to move inwardly, said bowed part having a substantially straight region near its outer end for contacting the leads of circuit modules, the substantially straight region being outwardly angled so that the straight regions of contact elements at opposite sides of said female frame inner region are progressively closer together at locations pregressively deeper within said inner region;

a male connector frame having a male holding portion with a plurality of recesses on either side, for reception in said female connector frame, the depth of said female frame inner region and of said male holding portion chosen to provide sufficient space between them, when said male frame is fully inserted into said female frame, to receive the body of said circuit module at a position between said holding portion and said female connector with the leads of said module received in said recesses of said holding portion; and

a plurality of second contact elements, each having a contacting portion disposed in one of said recesses of said male connector frame at a position deeper therein than the positions at which said leads are received.

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Referenced by
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US3750091 *Mar 27, 1972Jul 31, 1973Gte Automatic Electric Lab IncMultiple contact electrical connector
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Classifications
U.S. Classification439/73, 174/541, 174/548, 174/72.00B, 439/225, 439/487, 439/656, 439/331, 439/511, 439/362
International ClassificationH05K7/10
Cooperative ClassificationH05K7/1038
European ClassificationH05K7/10E3B