US 3657741 A
A surgical protective sleeve made of a fluid impervious material and adapted to cover at least the forearm portion of a surgeon's gown to prevent soaking thereof by body fluids. The sleeve includes an elastic portion at each end thereof to hold the sleeve tightly against the wrist and arm and maintain the sleeve extended along the forearm. Ventilation holes are provided in the upper portion of the sleeve to prevent perspiration between the arm and the sleeve.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 1151 3,657,741 1451 Apr. 25, 1972 Blanca [s41 PROTECTIVE SURGICAL SLEEVE  inventor: Victor M. Blanca, 323 Crown Point Drive,
131 P380, Tex. 79912 22 Filed: Nov. 27, 1970 211 Appl.N0.: 93,176
521 u.s.c1. ..2/s9,2/o1o.1,2/o1o.7 51] 1111.01. ..A4id27/12 158 916111 olSearch /s9, 16,60, 170,270,010. 1, 2/1310. 6, D10. 7
 Reierences Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS I 2,343,103 2/1944 White; ..2/o1o.1
4i0,600 9/1889 M1115 l,679,l02 7/i928 Thompson... 2,079,980 5/1937 Anders 2,244,871 6/l94l Guinzburg ..2/59
2,326,422 8/1943 Weisberger ..2/59
FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 287,546 5/1928 Great Britain ..2/59 128,715 1/1929 Switzerland ..2/$9
Primary Examiner-James R. Boler Attorney-Arnold, White & Durkee, Bill Durkee, Frank S. I Vaden, Ill, Louis T. Pirkey and Stanley A. Becker A surgical protective sleeve made of a fluid impervious ABSTRACT 4 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures PATENTEDAPRZS m2 3.657, 741
Victor M. Blanch INVENTOR ATTORNEYS PROTECTIVE SURGICAL SLEEVE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION During many surgical procedures, the sleeves of a surgeons gown often become wet with blood and other body fluids. Heretofore, surgeons either changed gowns to prevent contamination and possible infection .of the patient, or put on a sleeve made of a cloth stockin-net material to absorb the blood and other fluids. These stockin-net sleeves, however, also being cloth, similarly absorbed fluid and presented the likelihood of contamination. Many arm protectors, of the type such as disclosed in US. Pat. No. 2,326,422, have been used to protect the arms of industrial workers and the like from harmful fluids or materials. Similar protecting sleeves have also been utilized for protecting ones shirt sleeves and cufis to prevent them from getting dirty. Examples of these can be seen in US. Pat. Nos. 120,324 and 243,330 and 1,997,956.
However, such devices have not been satisfactory for surgical use. A protective sleeve for surgical use must be made of a material that is sterilizable. Furthermore, the sleeve must be flexible and light enough to provide little or no impedimentto normal arm movement so as not to restrict the surgeon in any way from moving in a normal manner. Additionally,the sleeve must be designed to be comfortable and must not cause excessive perspiration.
The subject protective surgical sleeve provides all the advantages stated above and eliminates the need for a surgeon to have to change gowns before a surgical procedure is completed, regardless of the wetness of the fleld in which he is working.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The subject protective surgical sleeve includes a generally tubular portion made of a fluid impervious material and adapted to cover the forearm from a position adjacent to the wrist to a position either above or below the surgeons elbow. Each end of the protective sleeve has elastic or other means for engaging the wrists and arm to hold'the sleeve in place fully extended along the forearm. A plurality of ventilation holes or passageways are provided in the upper portion of the sleeve to permit circulation of air beneath the sleeve to prevent excessive perspiration which can saturate the gown and become extremely uncomfortable to the surgeon. The sleeve is preferably made of a fluid impervious material, such as a plastic, or some other material which is at least fluid resistant or fluid repellent. Any material which can breathe, that is, is permeable to air, and still is at least fluid resistant or fluid repellent, would also be desirable, and in such instances, adequate circulation of air may result without need for the ventilation holes. The sleeves are desirably made to be disposable so that they can be sterilized during manufacture and separately packaged in a sterile package. After use, the sleeves can be thrown away. If desired, however, the protective sleeves can be made of a material which is autoclavable so that they can be resterilized and used again.
Other advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description when considered in conjunction with the following detailed drawings, which drawings form a part of this specification. It is to be noted, however, that the drawings illustrate only a typical embodiment of the invention and are therefore not to be considered limiting of its scope, for the invention may admit to other equally effective embodiments.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a view illustrating the protective surgical sleeve embodying the principles of this invention as it is worn by a surgeon.
HO. 2 is an enlarged view of the surgical sleeve shown in FIG. 1.
DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Referring now to FIG. 1, there is shown a protective surgical sleeve 10 made of a fluid impervious material as worn on the arm 1 l of a surgeon; The term fluid imperviousas used herein also contemplates fluid repellent and fluid resistant materials as well as materials that are impermeable or impervious to fluids. The sleeve 10 has a wrist engaging portion 12 at one end, typically an elastic band, which securely grips the surgeons wrist. The other end of the sleeve 10 has an arm engaging portion 13, which is typically an elastic band also. While the illustration in FIG. 1 shows the sleeve 10 as extending past the elbow so that the elastic band 13 engages the upper arm, the sleeve may also be shorter, if desired, so that it terminates below' the elbow with the elastic band 13 engaging the upper part of the forearm.
Theupper end of the sleeve 10 has a plurality of openings 14 therein, preferably spaced around the periphery'of the sleeve '10 to provide ventilation holes and permit circulation of air beneath the sleeve. The sleeve 10 is tubular in shape and has a diameter large enough to allow an annular space between the interior of the sleeve and surgeons arm or gown. By providing the ventilation holes 14 air is permitted to freely circulate within this annular air space to limit excessive perspiration and to keep the surgeons forearm relatively cooler and drier.
Referring to FIG. 2, a protective surgical sleeve 10 is shown 10 may be made in several lengths to provide a choice wherein the arm engaging portion either engages above or below the elbow. The sleeve 10 has a necked down wrist portion 17 at one end and a necked down arm portion 18 at the other end thereof. The wrist portion 17 terminates in the elastic band 12 as previously described, and the arm-portion l8 terminates in the elastic band 13 which grips the forearm'or upper arm of the surgeon. The surgical sleeve may be fabricated by taking a 'sheet of fluid impervious material and forming it into a tubular shape and securing the edges at the seam 19 by conventional sealing techniques, such as heat sealing, gluing, sewing or the like, to provide a fluid impervious seal along the seam 19. While the sleeve is shown as'having the seam 19, the sleeve could also be extruded or otherwise formed so as to have no seam at all, which would be even more desirable since there would then be no potential leakage path. The openings 14 while being shown as circular or oval in shape may have any desired shape, and may be positioned randomly or in any way desired to obtain air circulation beneath the sleeve 10. For example, a plurality of rows of holes 14 could be utilized instead I of one row around the periphery of the upper portion 18. The
holes 14 preferably are positioned an inch to an inch and onehalf from the elastic band 13. The constant motion of the arms during surgery creates a bellows effect with the tubular central portion 16 of the sleeve 10 which pushes the air in the annular space between the surgeon 's arm and the interior of the sleeve 10 out through the openings 14.
By use of the subject sleeve, a surgeon can either put the sleeve on immediately after putting on his gown, if he feels a need for it in performing a particular surgical procedure, and thereby maintain the sleeves of his gown dry during the course of such procedure, or alternatively, and more likely, he may begin his surgical procedure and at such time as he find body fluids are beginning to saturateand contaminate his gown, or his gown becomes contaminated for some other reason, such as by contact with a person or an unsterile object, he could then pull the sterilized protective sleeves 10 over his gloves and gown and proceed with the operation without having to change gowns. The surgical sleeves thus put on will cover the contaminated area and prevent any contamination by body fluids which have already saturated the surgical gown and also will prevent any fluids from further wetting the surgical gown.
-' course. in that it eliminates the resterilization procedure and insures that whenever a new sleeve is used, it is thoroughly sterilized. The simplicity of design of the subject sleeve and the economy with which it can be made lends itself readily to being disposable. The use of the sleeve permits the surgeon to operate without the discomfort of having his forearms saturated with blood and other body fluids. The subject sleeve can be put on and taken oft with ease, worn with comfort without impeding the surgeon's movements, and can eliminate contamination of the operative field.
It is to be understood that the above described embodiment is merely illustrative of an application of the principles of this invention and that numerous other arrangements and modifications may be made within the spirit and scope of invention.
What is claimed is:
l. A surgical protective sleeve comprising:
a fluid impervious tubular portion of extended length and adapted to cover a surgeon's arm from the wrist to a position above the elbow;
wrist engaging means on one end of said tubular portion for gripping the surgeons wrist;
arm engaging means on the other end of said tubular por-.
tion for gripping the surgeon's arm above the elbow and for holding said tubular portion extended along said forearm; said tubular portion having at least one ventilation passageway formed therein for providing air circulation in the space enclosed between said tubular portion and the arm to prevent excessive perspiration; and
said ventilation passageway being positioned adjacent said am engaging means and adapted to be disposed above the elbow of the surgeon.
2. A surgical protective sleeve as set forth in claim I wherein a plurality of ventilation passageways are formed space between said arm and said central portion.
around the periphery of said tubular portion and adapted to be positioned above the elbow of the surgeon.
3. A surgical protective sleeve as set forth in claim 1 wherein said tubular portion includes a central portion having a substantially constant diameter, a first necked down end portion terminating at said wrist engaging means, and a second necked down end portion terminating at said arm engaging means.
4. A surgical protective .sleeve as set forth in claim 5 wherein said central portion has a diameter sufficientlylarger than the surgeon's arm to provide an annular air circulatin l i t i 23 3 3 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. ,657 ,7u1 Dated April 25, 1972' Inventor(s) Victor M. Blame It is certified that error appears in. the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Column line 22, "claim 5" should read "claim 3".
Signed and sealed this 8th day of August 1972.
EDWARD M.F1,5TCHER,JR. ROBERT GOT'I'SCHALK Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents