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Publication numberUS3659306 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 2, 1972
Filing dateJun 22, 1970
Priority dateJun 22, 1970
Publication numberUS 3659306 A, US 3659306A, US-A-3659306, US3659306 A, US3659306A
InventorsLaun Fred David, Stoltze Leon
Original AssigneeUs Navy
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wiper for machined surfaces
US 3659306 A
Abstract
A wiper ring for cleaning the inside wall of the operating cylinder of a hydromatic variable pitch aircraft propeller. The ring has a debris collecting wiper edge and incorporates a plurality of permanent magnets spaced at intervals along its length to attract and hold ferrous particles collected by the wiper edge and prevent them from being abraded into the inside wall of the operating cylinder.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I United States Patent 1151 3,659,306 Stoltze et al. 1 May 2, 1972 [54] WIPER FOR MACHINED SURFACES 3,345,076 10/1967 Wheelock ..277/24 2,589,766 3/1952 Bemstein.,.. .....277/80 [72] Inventors: Leon Stoltze, East Hartford; Fred David 2 43 403 7/1953 Stevenson", 277/80 L811", Gmby both of Com 3,266,810 8/1966 Reeser ..277/24 [73] Assignee: The United States of America as P l E D 181 m l d b h f h rzmary xammeran1e u represen e y t e Secretary 0 t e Navy Attorney-Richard S. Sciascia and Q. Baxter Warner [22] Filed: June 22, 1970 211 Appl. No.: 48,250 [57] ABSTRACT [52] U.S.Cl ..15/246, 277/24, 277/80, A wiper ring for cleaning the inside wall of the operating 308/35 cylinder of a hydromatic variable pitch aircraft propeller. The [51 Int. Cl ..F16j 15/32 ring has a debris collecting wiper edge and incorporates a plu- [58] Field of Search ...l5/246, 256.5;277/24, 80; rality of permanent magnets spaced-at intervals along its 308/35 length to attract and hold ferrous particles collected by the [56] References Cited wiper edge and prevent them from being abraded into the inside wall of the operating cylinder.

UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,306,621 2/1967 Fisher ..277/80 2 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PATENTEUMAY 2 m2 Fig./

Fig.2

" Fig. 3

FRED 0. LA INVENTOR BY 25mm ATTORNEY WIPER FOR MACHINED SURFACES STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to surface wiping devices and especially devices for cleaning minute metal particles from a machined surface.

2. Description of the Prior Art It has been found that small particles or chips of metal are easily entrapped into the surface of sealing rings, packing glands, etc., and, by their abrading action, soon cause wear on any machined surface which they contact.

This is particularly true within the dome shell of a hydromatic variable pitch constant speed propeller where such particles are concentrated by centrifugal action. These chips then score the inside wall of the shell as the piston is translated back and forth.

l-leretofore various packing glands, seals and scrapers have been employed to remove undesired abrasive particles from a work surface. These are frequently ineffective because the surface contacting portions soon become loaded and clogged and the particles entrapped thereby would be scraped back and forth over the work surface abrading the same and augmenting the wear problem.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION STATEMENT OF THE OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to provide a surface cleaning apparatus which will remove particles from an area where they can do harm.

A further object is to provide a ring shaped wiper member having a troughportion for accumulating small abrasive particles which otherwise might damage a surface to be protected.

Another object is to provide such wiper member with means remote from the surface to be protected for attracting ferrous particles and concentrating them in a protected area remote from such surface.

Other objects, advantages and novel features of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of the invention when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a vertical sectional view through a portion of a propeller pitch control cylinder embodying a wiper constructed in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view of a portion of FIG. 1 showing a slightly modified form of the present invention.

FIG. 3 is a side view of the wiper of FIG. 2.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In the drawings the invention is shown as applied to the contact area between a piston member and the inner wall of a dome shaped shell 12. In this arrangement a pair of annular pressure seals 14 are shown to prevent leakage from a chamber 16 of high pressure fluid which is pumped into and out of the chamber in order to cause piston movement and consequent change in propeller blade angle, all as is well known in the art.

As best shown in FIG. 1 the piston 10 may have a circumferential groove or recess 18 on the high pressure side of seals 14 and over the reduced diameter portion so formed may be fitted a wiper ring 20 of elastomeric material. The ring is preferably rounded at portion 22 to accommodate the similarly shaped slope 24 of recess 18 so that the two parts fit snugly together when joined.

Wiper ring 20 may also be provided with an inclined rib or flange 26 terminating in a flattened contact surface 28 which lies in firm contact with, and wipes over, the inner wall 30 of the shell dome 12 upon relative movement of the parts.

- Inclined rib 26 projects away from the main portion of the ring so that an annular open sided cavity or trough 32 of sub stantially triangular cross sectional shape is provided in which wear-producing particles and contaminants may be received. In order particularly to attract ferrous metal particles into this trough there may be provided about the wiper ring a plurality of suitably shapedpermanent magnets 34, each of which may have an exposed surface 36 if desired. These may be retained in place by any suitable means such as lip 38 which prevents displacement of magnets 34. Of course other means may be employed for this purpose since the magnets may be attached mechanically, or may be cemented or otherwise bonded in place. I i

In FIG. 2 is shown an embodiment wherein magnets 40 are substantially encapsulated in the wiper ring. In this embodiment it has been found that the magnets may successfully be formed short bars of Alnico material and have a length of about 0.625 in. and a diameter of about 0.125 in. When such magnets are distributed about a wiper at 5 intervals, as indicated in FIG. 3, in a ring having a radius of 4.9 in. 72 magnets of the foregoing size have been found to effectively retain ferrous chips and to significantly minimize scoring.

In order to prevent a differential pressure from building up across the wiper 20 (as might occur with leakage past the piston seals 14) it may be provided with small bleed holes 42 located at selected spaced intervals around the wiper.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

I claim:

1. An abrasive material entrapping wiper for circular hydraulic elements having reciprocatory motion comprising:

a ring of resilient material having a contact surface engageable with and slideable over a surface to be wiped;

said ring being mountable upon a support surface with which the surface to be wiped has relative movement;

the cross sectional configuration of said ring being shaped to provide a trough portion spaced from the surface being wiped and into which trough contaminant particles may be swept and retained;

means for generating magnetic lines of force in the area of said wiping contact to thereby attract particles subject to such force to the trough portion removed from the wiped area;

wherein the means for generating magnetic lines of force comprise magnets distributed at intervals along the wiper, said magnets being embedded in the wiper, being elongate and having their axes parallel to the surface to be wiped.

2. An abrasive material entrapping wiper for circular hydraulic elements having reciprocatory motion comprising:

a ring of resilient material having a contact surface engageable with and slideable over a surface to be wiped;

said ring being mountable upon a support surface with which the surface to be wiped has relative movement;

the cross sectional configuration of said ring being shaped to provide a trough portion spaced from the surface being wiped and into which trough contaminant particles may be swept and retained;

means for generating magnetic lines of force in the area of said wiping contact to thereby attract particles subject to such force to the trough portion removed from the wiped area; said wiper having a plurality of bleed holes located at inter- 5 vals therearound to prevent buildup of a pressure differential across the wiper.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2589766 *May 4, 1945Mar 18, 1952Evelyn BradleyMagnetic oil seal construction
US2843403 *Jan 11, 1955Jul 15, 1958Magnetic Seal CorpRotary seal
US3266810 *May 4, 1964Aug 16, 1966Case Co J ICombined fluid wiper and seal
US3306621 *Mar 17, 1964Feb 28, 1967Garlock IncValve stem seal
US3345076 *Apr 21, 1965Oct 3, 1967Crane Packing CoWiper-scraper seal
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4131303 *Jul 5, 1977Dec 26, 1978Kubota, Ltd.Telescopic assembly for pipes for conveying fluidized materials
US4171818 *Apr 4, 1977Oct 23, 1979Ferrofluidics CorporationDynamic lip seal using ferrofluids as sealant/lubricant
US4284280 *Oct 19, 1979Aug 18, 1981O & K Orenstein & Koppel Aktiengesellschaft And Lorenz GmbhSealing for machine elements which move back and forth
US4344365 *Nov 1, 1979Aug 17, 1982The Youngstown Steel Door CompanyRailway hopper car gate anti-friction seal
US4514987 *May 17, 1983May 7, 1985Ricor Ltd.Passive automatic phase delay control of the displacer motion in pneumatically driven split cycle type cryocoolers
US4557490 *Sep 8, 1983Dec 10, 1985Tavares Luiz M CMagnetic seal system for belt conveyor rollers
US4690160 *Jan 28, 1985Sep 1, 1987Firma Carl Still Gmbh & Co. KgHydraulically operated high-pressure piston pump
US4940248 *Jan 30, 1989Jul 10, 1990Firma Carl FreudenbergSeal for a magnetizable shaft
US5144882 *Oct 16, 1990Sep 8, 1992Hewlett-Packard CompanyShaft seal system for a piston pump separating impurities
US6052859 *Jul 13, 1998Apr 25, 2000Gebr. Hennig GmbhScraper arrangement
DE3935830A1 *Oct 27, 1989May 2, 1991Swf Auto Electric GmbhStellvorrichtung, insbesondere scheibenreinigungsanlage fuer kraftfahrzeuge
DE3935830C2 *Oct 27, 1989May 11, 2000Teves Gmbh AlfredStellvorrichtung, insbesondere Scheibenreinigungsanlage für Kraftfahrzeuge
WO1986004398A1 *Sep 8, 1983Jul 31, 1986Cantinho Tavares Luiz MarcioMagnetic seal system for belt conveyor rollers
WO2003106882A1 *May 21, 2003Dec 24, 2003Tdw Delaware IncInhibitor dispensing pipeline pig
Classifications
U.S. Classification15/246, 277/577
International ClassificationF16J15/32
Cooperative ClassificationF16J15/3204
European ClassificationF16J15/32B