|Publication number||US3659340 A|
|Publication date||May 2, 1972|
|Filing date||Dec 16, 1969|
|Priority date||Dec 16, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3659340 A, US 3659340A, US-A-3659340, US3659340 A, US3659340A|
|Inventors||Gary R Giedd, Merlyn H Perkins|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (14), Classifications (24)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
0 United States Patent 1151 3,659,340 Giedd et al. 1 May 2, 1972  METHOD OF FABRICATING COAXIAL WIRES IN BACK PANELS  References Cited  Inventors: Gary R. Giedd; Merlyn H. Perkins, both UNITED STATES PATENTS F 11 N.Y. wappmgers a 8 3,436,604 10/1969 K1lby et al ..317/101  Assignee: International Business Machines Corpora- 2,960,417 1 1/1960 Strother .1 17/217 X tion, Armonk, NY. 2,983,031 5/1961 Blanchard ..29/573  Flled: 1969 Primary Examiner-John F. Campbell  Appl. No.: 885,639 Assistant Examiner-Robert W. Church Attorney-Sughrue, Rothwell, Mion, Zinn & Macpeak Related US. Application Data  Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 606,129, Dec. 30. [571 ABSTRACT 1966, abandoned The plastic insulated cross-connection wires on the backside of an electrical panel are coaxed by momentarily applying a  U.S. Cl 29/527.4, 29/604, 7 ma of molten low melting temperature metal to the [74/686, [74/35 R, 174/88 C, 174/102 C, 317/101 backside of the panel with the major portion then removed. 1 14 A, 1 17/1 14 1 264/272 R The adhering portion solidifies and the shielded cross-connec-  Int. Cl. B41m 3/08, l-l0lb 13/00 tions are potted i a l i mass to maintain the wires in posi-  FieldotSearch ..117/217,1l4A,1l4B;
tion and to protect the same against mechanical impact.
8 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PATENTEDMY 21922 3, 659, 340
24 k 22 8' I l y '12:;
FIG. 3 2'4- I INVENTORi ,GARY R. GIEDD MERLYN H. PERKINS ATTOR NEYQ CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS Back Panel" by F. Kurtz and J. C. Logue and assigned to the common assignee.
" BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention I p This invention relates to a method of back panel wiring by which standard, plastic insulated, interconnecting wires may be made coax, and more particularly, to an improved method which insures complete coaxing of the back panelinterconnecting wire portions without materially increasing the overall weight of the panel.
I 2. Description of Prior Art In the patent referred to above, the interconnecting wires on the backside of a panelcarrying electronic components, were appropriately shielded by applying a mass'of molten metal to that side of the panel and cooling the molten mass to embed the wires in solid metal. The panel itself may advantageously comprise a laminate structure including a central, imperforate, resilient sheet, sandwiched between sheets of insulative material carrying aligned through holes, whereby the terminal ends of the interconnecting wires are passed through aligned holes, piercing the imperforate resilient sheet with the resilient sheet effecting a seal about the outer surface of the wire, while frictionally maintaining the'interconnecting wires in position. The terminal ends of the wires,-after piercing the resilientsheet and emergence frorn'the aligned through holes, are b ared and connected to adjacent terminals carried by the panel. In the prior method, a relatively large mass of bonding material results in a rather heavy panel assembly which presents additional problems due to the thermal-coefficient of expansion mismatch between the metal and the epox- I SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In general, the present invention is directed to an improved method of electrically-shielding the synthetic resinous insulated wires carried by an electrical panel on the backside thereof, involving the steps of momentarily applying a mass of molten metal having a low melting temperature to the side of the panel carrying theinsulated wires, removing the portion of molten metal not adhering to the insulation surrounding'the wire and solidifying'the remnant metal to efiectively'shield the wires.
- In one specific form, the method further involves the subsequent step of potting the now coaxed wire in a plastic mass to maintain the shielded wires in position, permitting ease in handling of the panel without danger of mechanical impact or abrasion of the coax wire interconnections.
The present invention provides an improved method of back panel wire shielding which insures complete shielding of the insulated wires carried by the panel without materially increasing the overall weight of the panel and without introducing thermal expansion problems due to the presence of the shielding metal. The present invention further provides an improved shielding method for back panel wiring in which the int'erconnection wiresare securely maintained in position after shielding by means other than the metal coating the insulation of the individual wires.
2 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a perspective, exploded view of a component supporting panel which is back wired and shielded by the method of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an elevational view, in section, of a portion of the panel of FIG. 1, prior to back wiring and shielding; and
FIG. 3 is the same view of the panel as FIG. 2, after back wiring and shielding.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to the drawing, there is shown the improved back panel of the present invention, identified generally at 10, which basically comprises first front sheet or board 12 formed of plastic or'similar insulative material, a central sheet of silicon rubber 14 and a second insulative board or sheet 16. The front sheet is first drilled with blind holes 20 on mil. centers, for instance, from the outer surface 18 inwardly. Conductive metal pins 22 are inserted in the blind holes and extend perpendicular to surface 18, as indicated best in FIG. 2. Four or more through holes 24 are drilled around each pin, the holes acting as wire entrance holes. It is furthernoted that the bottom is also provided with a like number of through holes 24'. When the three sheets I2, 14 and 16 are sandwiched together, holes 24' match the wire entrance holes 24 carried by the rear sheet 12. The intermediate sheet of imperforate silicon rubber 14 is attached to the underside of the first plastic sheet 12 and the second plastic sheet 16 is placed on the rubber sheet 14 to form a plastic sheet-rubber sheet-plastic sheet laminate panel structure 10. v c
The next step is the attachment of an open rectangular frame 28 to the periphery of the laminate structureIO such that the rectangular frame 28 forms a well or void area 30, on
the backside of the panel, as further defined by the bottom surface 32 of the rear sheet 16. The upstanding pins 22 are provided for physically supporting electronic components, such as component 26 inFIG. 3,.normally spaced slightly from the outer surface 18 of plastic sheet 12. In addition, the pins make appropriate electrical connections to component circuitry (not shown) internally of each component. I
Appropriate electrical interconnections are made between the space, insulated pins 22 in the manner shown in FIG. 3. Interconnections are made by inserting a probe, such as a sewing needle, (not shown), from the backside of the panel assembly, through one of the holes 24' carried by sheet 16 of the laminate structure. The needle pierces the imperforate rubber sheet 14 and passes next through an aligned hole 24 carried by the upper panel sheet 12. For instance, end 38 of wire 36 is fed through associated aligned holes 24' and 24 by the sewing needle with the left-hand end of the wire 38 protruding above the upper surface 18 of the panel assembly. I
The panel or component receiving board of the present invention, which preferably comprises a laminate structure involving at least one predrilled sheet of insulative material and an imperforate sheet of resilient material overlying the drilled insulative sheet and covering the through holes, acts advantageously both to seal the non-used through holes, as well I 'as to seal any conductor which passes through the through holes and pierces the imperforate, resilient layer. Further, in piercing the resilient layer, the resilient material closely hugs the-conductor and frictionally maintains the inserted conductor in place, even though the conductor may be of a somewhat smaller diameter than the through hole. Obviously, were it not for the imperforate resilient material, the conductor may have a tendency to move from its prearranged position, prior to wire wrapping or other mode of connection to the adjacent terminal pins 22. This is'especially so where the panel is being used as shown, with the interconnecting wires positioned on the bottom side of the panel and the components 26 on the top side.
After stripping the insulation, the bared wire end 40 is wrapped about a nearby pin 22 in conventional fashion. The same procedure is repeated with the right-hand end 42 of wire l 36 so that the wire nowinterconnects the first and fourth pins from the left, as shown in FIG. 3. Other interconnections involving, for instance, wires 44 and 4'6,'are made in a similar manner. r t
Wires 36, 44, and 46 may, for instance, comprise single or multiple strands of copper coated by plastic insulation. Preferably, the wires .carry a Teflon coating. Teflon is a registered trademark of the DuPont Corporation, its chemical composition is polytetrafluroethylene, its melting temperature is 327 C, and at temperatures above 350 C., it will tend to disintegrate or decompose. Alternatively, instead of Teflon, the interconnection wires may be coated with other suitable materialshaving electrical insulative qualities, these materials being butyl rubber, enamel, polyethylene, silicon rubber, and n ion. -wmi the interconnections completed, the'intermediatminsulated portions of the wire extend across the back orrear side of the panel assembly within the well area 30 formed by the rectangular frame 28. The/next step involves the momentary filling of the well 30 with a. low melting temperature molten metal mass to effectively coat the insulated wires with a thin layerlof metal for electrically shielding the wires. from each other. After wiring, theframe 28 may be inverted and a'low melting-temperature metal, in liquid form, is pured into'the well 30, filling the same. immediately, the frame 28 is turned over. that is, it is reverted to the original'position shown in I F IG. 2, thereby displacing all of the liquid metal from the well with the exception of athincoat 48 which adheres to all exposed surfaces of the insulated wires carried at the backside of the panel. The'metal 48 may comprise a low melting temperature material, for instance, alloysof bismuth with metal, such as tin, lead, cadmium or indium,
- .While, preferably, the low melting temperature material forming thecoaxsmetal coating 48, for. the wire interconnections 36, 44 and 40 comprises alloys of bismuth, as stated above, alternative low, melting'temperature metalalloys such as indium'based alloys and type metals may be employed. It is essential, however, that themelting temperature of the bath be less than. the temperature which causes instantaneous decomposition or melting of the plastic insulation surrounding the cross wire interconnections on the back of the panel. For
well area 30 is now in a position to receive potting material 50.
t in this case, instead of being metal, it is preferably plastic orother light weight insulator. The frame may be maintained in its inverted position until complete solidification of the plastic potting material occurs, thereby achieving a lighter weight, back panel assembly than that provided by the prior art process which omits the final two steps.
' The plastic material may be similar to that of the plasti boards or sheets 12 and 16 and is both thermally and chemically compatible with the potting metal 48 covering the wires. The potting compound 50 protects the back wiring from physical damage since none of the wiring carrying the thin metal shield remains exposed. Since only a thin layer of metal remains, the use of a plastic potting material, rather than the employment of the metal potting technique of the above referred to application eliminates any thermal expansion problems which might occur if a panel carrying a large mass of metal were subjected to relatively high temperature-Since all of the exposed interconnecting wires are metal shielded, improved circuit performance is achieved. i I
Alternatively, instead of inverting the panel including the edge frame member 28 prior to momentarily allowing amass of metal to fill the well area, the initial thin metalcoating 48 may be applied to the insulated wires carried in the backside of the panel by the simple step of momentary immersion of this portion of 'thepanel assembly 10 into a molten bath of instance, the-melting temperature'of 'l'eflon is well above the V I temperature of the molten bismuth alloy material which is applied" to form the coax metal coating 48'on the interconnecvtion wires. In this case, the melting temperature of the bismuth 'alloy' is approximately 117 C. Further, since the application of the molten metalmass to the insulation interconnection wires on the backside of the'panel 10 is only momentary, either by dipping the backside of the panel momentarilyinto the' molte'n bath or material, or by inverting frame 28, pouring the same in liquid form into the well 30 and then immediately reverting the. frame 28 to its original position shown in FIG. 2, it is apparent that extended contact between the resinous coated interconnection wire on the backside of'the panel and the molten bath may result in decomposition or destruction of Y the insulation on the wire even though the temperature of the metal bath or coating material is insufficient to melt or otherwise destroy immediately the insulation of the wire upon contact therewith. Preferably, there should be a temperature gap of approximately 20 C. between the temperature of the bath and the melting or decomposition temperature of the syntheticresinous insulation material surrounding the interconnection wires 36, 44 and 46. Finally, it'is important that the low melting temperature metal 48 have some affinity to the insulatiQtt material coating the interconnectionwire so that under the flash coating technique of the present invention there is assurance that even as a result of the momentary contact between the interconnection wires on the backside of the panel and the mass of molten low melting temperature metal 48, a thin coating of the same readily applies and is evenly distributedover the same.
' 'After the displacement of the major'mass of the low temmetal (not shown). Upon removal, some metal will adhere to the surface of theinsulated wire such that upon cooling, the insulated interconnection wire coaxed as described. 7
in fact, the plastic material 50 which embeds the now coaxed wire, may be applied by dipping of the metal coated, back wired panel into a second bath, of molten plastic and cooling the molten plastic wirev with-the panel wire so im mersed'to produce a complete panel section,'as indicated in FIG. 3.
While it is normally undesirable to make any wiring changes subsequent to plastic potting-wiring changes may be achieved upon removal of the plastic'potting material 50. The application of high temperature melts thethin layer'of shielding material 48 about the interconnecting portions of the wires, whereuponany wires which must be removed, may be readily pulled from the aligned through holes 24 and '24 after disconnecting the bared terminal ends from associated terminal pins.
Further, in case thel remo ve'd wires are not replaced, the wire entrance holes that had wires taken out will automatically be sealed by theresilient rubber sheet which retracts about the area of penetration and seals the vacant holes. After rewiring, the well 30 may again momentarily refilled with liquid metal to achieve shielding of the replaced insulated wires, after which the same area may be subsequently filledwith plastic material to mechanically protect the shielded interconnecting wires.
While the invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the foregoing and other changes in the form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
We claim: v
1. A method of electrically shielding insulated wires insulated by a synthetic resinous material and carried on one side of an electrical panel provided on an opposite side thereof with component mounting means having terminals for electrical connection to electronic components, comprising the steps of:
A. mounting a said wire through said panel with an end portion thereof extending above said opposite side;
B. securing said end portion in electrically conducting relation to a said terminal of said mounting means;
C. momentarily applying a mass of molten metal having a low temperature melting point to the said one side of said panel carrying said insulated wires and in contact therewith; and
perature metal, the frame 28 may again be inverted so that the D. coating the wire insulation with a thin metal film by portions are metal coated or a. removing the major mass of said molten metal prior to any melting of the wire insulation, and
b. cooling the remnant metal on the wire insulation to effect coating of the wire insulation with said thin metal film.
2. The method as claimed in claim 1 wherein the temperature gap between the temperature of the applied molten metal and the melting temperature of the synthetic resinous wire insulation-is approximately 3. The method as claimed in claim 1 wherein said low temperature melting point metal comprises alloys of bismuth with one metal of the group consisting of tin, lead, cadmium or indium, and said wires are coated by polytetraflorethylene insulation material.
4. The method as claimed in claim 1 further including the step of potting the metal coated wires with a mass of plastic material to embed the metal coated wires in a solid plastic mass to increase panel rigidity while physically protecting the interconnecting wires.
5. The method as claimed in claim 1 wherein the step of momentarily applying a mass of molten metal to the side of the panel carrying said insulated wires comprises momentary dipping of said wired back panel into a bath of molten metal and immediately removing the same whereby a thin layer of molten material adheres to the insulation covering said wires.
6. The method as claimed in claim 1 for a back panel including a frame member extending about the periphery of said panel backside and acting in conjunction therewith to form a well area, said method further including the steps of; positioning said panel with the well side up, filling said well area with liquid plastic material and cooling said assembly to embed the coated insulated wire portions in a solid plastic mass to produce a high strength, light weight panel having metal shielded wire interconnections.
7. The method as claimed in claim 1 wherein said low melting temperature molten metal mass comprises one material of the group consisting of; alloys of bismuth with tin, lead, cadmium or indium, and antimony, and said wire is coated with one insulation material of the group consisting of polytetraflorethylene, butyl rubber, enamel, polyethylene, nylon and silicon rubber.
8. The method of claim 1 wherein said wire is mounted in sealing conformation through said panel.
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|US8580675 *||Mar 1, 2012||Nov 12, 2013||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Two-track cross-connect in double-patterned structure using rectangular via|
|US9024450||Oct 10, 2013||May 5, 2015||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Two-track cross-connect in double-patterned structure using rectangular via|
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|U.S. Classification||29/850, 174/102.00C, 174/364, 427/123, 427/398.1, 174/251, 264/272.11, 29/604, 174/88.00C, 361/809, 29/527.4, 174/256, 427/431|
|International Classification||H05K1/02, H05K3/10, H05K7/06|
|Cooperative Classification||H05K2201/09809, H05K2201/044, H05K1/0219, H05K7/06, H05K3/103, H05K2201/10287|
|European Classification||H05K1/02C2B2, H05K7/06|