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Publication numberUS3659419 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 2, 1972
Filing dateOct 12, 1970
Priority dateOct 13, 1969
Publication numberUS 3659419 A, US 3659419A, US-A-3659419, US3659419 A, US3659419A
InventorsToshimichi Ikeda
Original AssigneeHitachi Construction Machinery
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hydraulic circuit of hydraulically driven vehicle
US 3659419 A
Abstract
A hydraulic pump driven by an engine and a hydraulic motor to drive running wheels are connected with each other by a conduit to form a closed circuit for the circulation of hydraulic oil therethrough, and the hydraulic oil is supplied into said closed circuit from an oil tank through a hydraulic oil supply circuit including a booster pump and excess oil in said closed circuit is discharged through a hydraulic oil discharge circuit. An auxiliary hydraulic motor having a fan on the drive shaft thereof is provided at one point of either the hydraulic oil supply circuit or the hydraulic oil discharge circuit, so as to be driven by the hydraulic oil passing therethrough. Further, a hydraulic oil cooling radiator is provided in the hydraulic oil discharge circuit in opposed relation to said fan to be cooled by the latter. Therefore, the position of the hydraulic oil cooling radiator can be freely selected and a sufficient cooling capacity can be obtained.
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D United States Patent 1151 3,659,419 Ikeda 1 51 May 2, 1972 s41 HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT 0F 3,572,212 3/1971 Pigisch ..60/DlG. s

HYDRAULICALLY DRIVEN VEHICLE Primary Examiner-Edgar W. Geoghegan [72] lnventor: Toshimichi lkcda, lbarakl-ken, Japan Ammey craig, Amoncni & Hi" [73] Assi nee: Hitachi Commotion Machine Co. Ltd.,

8 Tokyo Japan 7 57 ABSTRACT [22] Filed: Oct. 12 1970 A hydraulic pump driven by an engine and a hydraulic motor to drive running wheels are connected with each other by a [2 1] Appl. No.: 79,865 conduit to f0 a closed circuit for the circulation of hydrau-- no lie oil therethrough, and the hydraulic oil is supplied into said 2 closed circuit from an oil tank through a hydraulic oil supply [30] Foreign Applkvauon mom, Dam circuit including a booster pump and excess oil in said closed Oct. 13, 1969 Japan ..44/96729 circuit is discharged through a hydraulic Oil diwharge circuit- An auxiliary hydraulic motor having a fan on the drive shaft 52 us. 01. ..60/53 R, 60/010. 5 thereof is Provided a! one Point of either the hydraulic oil 5 I 1 Int CL supply circuit or the hydraulic oil discharge circuit, so as to be 58 1 Field oi Search ..60/DlG. s, 53 R; 92/1 drive" by the hydraulic Passing therethwugh- Further a hydraulic oil cooling radiator is provided in the hydraulic oil 1 Ci discharge circuit in opposed relation to said fan to be cooled [56] Re p ted by the latter. Therefore, the position of the hydraulic oil cool- T D T T PA N ing radiator can be freely selected and a sufficient cooling capacity can be obtained. 2,166,940 7/1939 Conradson ..60/52 R 3,401,605 9/ 1968 Born ..60/DIG. 5 12 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures l 'RC PATENTEUMAY 2 I972 SHEET 2 BF 3 q m r IN i m IJTIiiilILI, 5 m \fi v q? m N QM BY hul WWO; SW "W129.

ATTORNEYS PATENTEDMAY 2 I972 SHEEI 3 OF 3 I N VE N TORS ATTORNEYS HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT OF IIYDRAULICALLY DRIVEN VEHICLE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a hydraulic circuit in a vehicle of the type wherein running elements such as drive wheels are driven by hydraulic pressure, and more specifically to a hydraulic circuit comprising improved hydraulic oil cooling mechanism.

2. Description of the Prior Art Hydraulic pressure is utilized in construction machinery such, for example, as tractors by reason of the facts that it can transmit a large amount of energy easily and that the moving direction thereof can be controlled easily.

I-lydraulically driven vehicles of the type described generally comprise a hydraulic pump which is driven by a driving source (e.g. an engine) and a hydraulic motor which is driven by the hydraulic oil discharged from said hydraulic pump. In case, for example, of a tractor, crawlers are engaged around driving wheels and said driving wheels are driven by the hydraulic motor, whereby the tractor is advanced.

In a hydraulic circuit, as is well known, a'large quantity of hydraulic oil flowing through a pump, a motor, a large number of relief valves and a long conduit is heated by the heat of friction with said respective elements during passage therethrough and leakage at various portions thereof. Heating of the hydraulic oil aggravates the oil leakage at the various elements mentioned above, occasionally making it impossible to obtain the intended function of the hydraulic system comprising said elements. Thus, it becomes necessary to sufficiently cool the hydraulic oil in the hydraulic circuit.

A hydraulic circuit of the type described above which includes a hydraulic pump to be driven by an engine mounted on a vehicle as driving source and a hydraulic motor to be driven by said hydraulic pump, is generally so constructed that the hydraulic pump and hydraulic motor are connected with each other by a conduit to form a closed circuit and a circuit which is composed of an oil source, a booster pump to such the hydraulic oil from said oil source and supply it to said closed circuit at a predetermined pressure and a predetermined flow rate, valve means to exhaust excess oil in said closed circuit therefrom and an oil discharge conduit (hereinafter referred to as booster circuit), is connected to said closed circuit.

The hydraulic oil of a conventional hydraulically driven vehicle having the above-described hydraulic circuit has heretofore been cooled by a radiator which is positioned in the oil discharge conduit in front of an engine of the vehicle and which is cooled by a radiator fan (engine fan) for cooling the cooling water of the engine.

In the conventional vehicle described above, however, since the engine fan is used for cooling both the radiator for cooling the cooling water of engine and the hydraulic oil cooling radiator, the cooling effect of the hydraulic oil cooling radiator in particular, which is cooled by the engine fan through the cooling water radiator, is insufficient. In order to obtain a sufiicient cooling effect, it may be considered to enlarge the hydraulic oil cooling radiator to the size of the confronting engine fan, but to this end, the engine room must be expanded in the transverse direction. This will necessitate, for example, the gauge of a vehicle to be increased and hence present a considerable difficulty in the design work.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The first object of the present invention is to provide a hydraulic circuit of a hydraulically driven vehicle, which does not utilize an engine fan of the vehicle for cooling the hydraulic oil passing therethrough but is provided with an independent fan for cooling said hydraulic oil and an auxiliary hydraulic motor for driving said fan.

The second object of the invention is to provide a hydraulic circuit of a hydraulically driven vehicle, which enables hydraulic oil cooling radiator to be provided, not only in the engine room of the vehicle but also at an optional location of the vehicle.

In order to achieve the foregoing objects, according to the present invention an independent fan is provided solely for the forced-air cooling of a hydraulic oil cooling radiator and further a hydraulic motor is provided solely for driving said fan, said hydraulic motor being driven by the hydraulic oil passing through the booster circuit described previously.

Further, the hydraulic motor and the hydraulic oil cooling radiator are located at an optional position of the vehicle in confronting relation to each other.

The other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be fully understood from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a conventional hydraulic circuit and FIGS. 2-3 are block diagrams of hydraulic circuits according to the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The present invention is of course applicable to any and all hydraulically driven vehicles of the type wherein running elements are driven by hydraulic pressure, but will be described with reference to a hydraulically driven tractor for the sake of simplicity.

Referring to FIG. 1 there is shown a conventional hydraulic circuit, having a hydraulic oil cooling radiator, of a tractor.

As will be seen from FIG. 1, the tractor usually comprises two sets of hydraulic circuits including a hydraulic pump and a hydraulic motor. The hydraulic circuit on the left side of the Figure is for driving the running wheel on the left side of the tractor and the hydraulic circuit on the right side of the Figure is for driving the running wheel on the right side of the same. These two hydraulic circuits are identical in construction, and hence same elements are indicated by same reference numerals. The character R" suffixed to the reference numeral means that the element is of the right side hydraulic circuit and L" suffixed to the reference numeral means that the element is of the left side hydraulic circuit. The elements which are common for both the left side and right side hydraulic circuits are indicated by reference numeral only, with no character suffixed thereto. For the sake of simplicity, the following description will be given mainly on the left side hydraulic circuit.

Reference numeral 10 designates an engine room of the tractor, 11 an engine mounted within the engine room, 13L a variable delivery hydraulic pump driven from the engine 11 through a transmission shaft 12L, and 14L a variable delivery hydraulic motor. Reference numeral 15L designates the drive shaft of the hydraulic motor 14L connected to the left side driving wheel. Reference numerals 16L, 17L designate hydraulic oil conduits respectively. The hydraulic oil conduit 16L has one end connected to the discharge side of the hydraulic pump 131., with the other end connected to the inlet side of the hydraulic motor 14L. The hydraulic oil conduit.

17L has one end connected to the suction side of the hydraulic pump 13L, with the other end connected to the discharge side of the hydraulic motor 14L. The hydraulic pump 13L and the hydraulic motor 141. fonn a closed circuit L, with the hydraulic oil conduits 16L, 17L. The operation of the closed circuit 1001. will be described later. The hydraulic pressure in the conduits 16L, 17L is relatively shifted from high pressure to low pressure, depending upon the rotational direction of the hydraulic pump 13L.

Reference numeral 18 designates an oil tank and 20L designates a booster pump connected to the hydraulic pump BL and driven from the engine II. This booster pump is generally driven from the engine as stated above but a driving source for the booster pump is not restricted only to the engine. The motor and any other suitable driving source may be used for driving the booster pump. The capacity of the booster pump 20L is selected to be smaller than the capacity of the hydraulic pump 13L, and is generally 20-30 percent of the latter.

Reference numeral 19L designates a first hydraulic oil supply conduit which has one end open into the oil tank 18, with the other end communicated with the suction side of the booster pump 20L. Reference numeral 21L designates a second hydraulic oil supply conduit which has one end connected to the discharge side of the booster pump 20L, with the other end connected to conduits 22L, 22L. The conduits 22L, 22L have one end connected to the second hydraulic oil supply conduit 21].; respectively, and the other end of the conduit 22L is connected to the hydraulic oil conduit 17L and the other end of the conduit 22L to the hydraulic oil conduit 16L.

Reference numerals 231., 23].. designate check valves provided in the conduits 22L, 22L respectively, which prevent the hydraulic oil, passing through the high pressure side conduit of the closed circuit, from flowing into the discharge side of the booster pump. Reference numeral 24L designates valve means having an inlet port DL and an outlet port EL, said inlet port being controlled by the pilot pressure of the closed circuit to control the discharge of excess oil in said closed circuit. in practice, this valve means is a shuttle valve. Reference numerals 25L, 25L designate first hydraulic oil discharge conduits which have one end connected to the conduits 16L, 17L, with the other end opening into the inlet port DI. of the valve means 241. respectively. Reference numeral 26L designates a second hydraulic oil discharge conduit having one end connected to the outlet port EL of the valve means 24L, with the other end connected to one end of a first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit 27.

The other end of the first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit 27 is connected to an inlet B of a hydraulic oil cooling radiator 28. Reference numeral 27' designates a second main hydraulic oil discharge conduit having one end connected to an outlet of the hydraulic oil cooling radiator 28, with the other end opening into the oil tank 18.

The hydraulic oil cooling radiator 28 islocated within the engine room 10.

Reference numeral 29 designates an engine fan connected directly to the engine 11 within the engine room to be driven thereby, in confronting relation to the hydraulic oil cooling radiator 28. Reference numeral 30 designates a radiator for cooling the cooling water of the engine 11, which is generally interposed between the engine fan 29 and the hydraulic .oil cooling radiator 28 within the engine room. Reference numeral 35L designates a low pressure relief valve which is provided to protect the pump and the circuit from unusual high pressure.

Reference numerals 31L, 31L designate high pressure relief valves provided in conduits 32L, 32L respectively, which conduits connect the conduits 16L, 17L with each other, bypassing the hydraulic motor 14L. These high pressure relief valves 31L, 31L serve to release the hydraulic oil into the suction side of the hydraulic pump 13L through said conduits 32L, 32L respectively without passing it through the hydraulic motor 14L, in the event that said hydraulic motor 14L is stopped due to an excessively large load imposed on the running element for some reason. Reference numerals 33L, 34R designate discharge conduits for discharging the oil leaking from the hydraulic pump 13L and the hydraulic motor 14L. These discharge conduits 33L, 34R have one end connected to the hydraulic motor and the hydraulic pump, with the. other end connected to the second hydraulic oil discharge conduit 26L, respectively.

Now,.the closed circuit 100L will be described hereunder: Hydraulic pressure transmitting means are basically classified into an open circuit and a closed circuit. In the open circuit, the hydraulic oil discharged from a hydraulic pump rotates a hydraulic motor and is returned to an oil tank, whereas in the closed circuit the hydraulic oil, after rotating the hydraulic motor, is directly led to the suction side of the hydraulic pump. This is the significant difference between the open circuit and the closed circuit, and the closed circuit has the following advantages over the open circuit:

1. The hydraulic system is compact in size.

2. Normal and reverse rotations are easy.

3. A braking effect for the load is produced. However, if, in the closed circuit, the hydraulic pump BL and the hydraulic motor 14L are completely sealed by the conduits 16L, 17L as stated above, a shortage of oil occurs in the closed circuit due to a leakage of oil at said hydraulic pump and/or hydraulic motor and a cavitation occurs at the suction side of the hydraulic pump. Thus, it becomes necessary to replenish oil into the return passage of the closed circuit. In addition, since the hydraulic oil becomes deteriorated during circulation in the closed circuit, it isnecessary to constantly supply fresh oil into the closed circuit and concurrently to remove excess oil therefrom. It is for this purpose that the booster circuit composed of the elements 18, 19L, 20L, 21L, 22L, 23L, 25L, 26L, 27 and 27' is connected to the closed circuit L as stated previously.

In the hydraulic circuit of the construction as described above, the hydraulic oil flows as follows: for simplicity, an explanation will be given with reference to the case wherein the hydraulic pump 13L is driven in the direction of the arrow A, and the hydraulic oil conduit 16L is a high pressure side conduit and the hydraulic oil conduit 17L a low pressure side conduit.

The hydraulic oil in the closed circuit is pressurized by the hydraulic pump 13L and the pressurized oil discharged from said hydraulic pump enters the hydraulic motor 14L to rotate said motor, whereby the driving wheel (not shown) is driven. The oil discharged from the hydraulic motor 14L is led to the suction side of the hydraulic pump 13]... Thus, the hydraulic oil in the closed circuit is circulated therein as long as the hydraulic motor is in operation. 7

On the other hand, the hydraulic oil pressurized by the booster pump 20L flows from 18 to 19L, 20L, 21L, 23L and thence to 221.. and enters the suction side of the closed circuit, and thereafter is circulated in said closed circuit with the hydraulic oil in said closed circuit. Excess oil flows from 25L to 26L and thence to 27 and enters the inlet B of the hydraulic oil cooling radiator 28. In the hydraulic oil cooling radiator 28, the oil is cooled by the engine fan 29 and then flows into the oil tank 18 through the outlet C of said cooling radiator and the second main hydraulic oil discharge conduit 27'.

As stated above, the hydraulic oil in the conventional hydraulic circuit of the tractor is cooled by the hydraulic oil cooling radiator which is located within the engine room 10 and forcibly cooled by the engine fan 29. However, there occurs many difliculties in providing the cooling radiator in the engine room.

Further, what is to be noted here is that, while the pressurized oil discharged from the booster pump has the efiect of preventing the formation of cavitation at the suction side of the hydraulic pump 13L, it can also be used as a driving source for the other elements.

With this in mind, the present invention has made it possible to locate the hydraulic oil cooling radiator, not only within the engine room of the vehicle but also at an optional position, by making use of the pressurized oil discharged from the booster pump, and the characteristic feature of the invention resides in this point. Namely, the present invention is characterized by the fact that an auxiliary hydraulic motor having a fan is provided in at least one of a first conduit starting from the discharge side of the booster pump and terminating in the low pressure side conduit of the closed circuit and a second conduit starting from said low pressure side conduit of the closed circuit and terminating in the oil tank, to be driven by the pressurized oil passing therethrough and further a hydraulic oil cooling radiator is provided in said second conduit which is cooled by said fan.

FIGS. 2 and 3 show embodiments of the present invention so constructed as described above. In these embodiments, the same reference numerals as in FIG. 1 indicate the same elements.

The embodiments of the invention shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 will be described in detail hereunder individually:

First of all, in the embodiment of FIG. 2 an auxiliary hydraulic motor 40 is provided in the first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit 27 at a location upstream of the hydraulic oil cooling radiator 28 and a fan 42 is mounted on the drive shaft 41 of said motor so as to cool said hydraulic oil cooling radiator. In this case, the radiating surface of the hydraulic oil cooling radiator is located adjacent said fan 42 in opposed relation thereto. The auxiliary hydraulic motor 40 is driven by the pressurized oil passing through the valve means 24L, 24R.

.The hydraulic circuit constructed as described above operates in the following manner:

As in the embodiment of FIG. 1, when the hydraulic pump 13L is driven in the direction of the arrow A, the hydraulic oil passing through the valve means 24L from the conduit 17L flows in the second hydraulic oil discharge conduit 26L and the first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit 27 and enters the auxiliary hydraulic motor 40 to drive the same and, therefore, the fan 42. Thereafter, the hydraulic oil flows into the hydraulic oil cooling radiator 28 from the hydraulic motor through the first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit, wherein it is sufficiently cooled, and is discharged into the oil tank 18.

As described above, in this embodiment of the hydraulic circuit the auxiliary hydraulic motor and the hydraulic oil cooling radiator to cool the hydraulic oil discharged from said hydraulic motor are provided in the first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit. Therefore, the location of the hydraulic oil cooling radiator can be selected freely.

In the FIG. '2 embodiment, however, since the auxiliary hydraulic motor for the hydraulic oil cooling radiator is driven by the pressurized oil discharged from the valve means, the flow rate of the pressurized oil emerging from the valve means is variable as a result of the amount of oil leakage at the hydraulic pump 13L, the hydraulic motor ML and the other elements being varied due to fluctuation of the load on the tractor. Consequently, the rotational speed of the hydraulic motor 40 becomes instable, affecting the cooling effect of the hydraulic oil cooling radiator.

A hydraulic circuit in which improvements are made to overcome such problem is shown in FIG. 3. In the embodiment of FIG. 3, reference numeral 50 designates an auxiliary hydraulic motor having its inlet connected to the other end of the second hydraulic oil supply conduit 21R. The auxiliary hydraulic motor 50 has a drive shaft 51 and a fan 52 mounted on said drive shaft. Reference numeral 53L designates a third hydraulic oil supply conduit having one end connected to an outlet of the hydraulic motor 50 and the other end to one end of the conduit 22L. In this case, the hydraulic oil cooling radiator is provided with its inlet connected to the other end of the first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit and with its outlet connected to the second main hydraulic oil discharge conduit, and the cooling surface thereof is located adjacent the fan 52. The auxiliary hydraulic motor 50 is driven by the pressurized oil discharge from the booster pump.

The hydraulic circuit of FIG. 3 operates in the following manner: namely, when the hydraulic pump 13L is driven in the direction of the arrow A as in FIG. 1, the hydraulic oil in the motor exhaust circuit flows through the valve means 24L since it has moved to its leftmost position, the line 26L, the first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit 27, the hydraulic oil cooling radiator 28 and the second main hydraulic oil discharge conduit 27 from the conduit 17L, and is discharged into the oil tank 18. On the other hand, the pressurized oil discharged from the booster pump 20L flows into the auxiliary hydraulic motor 50 through the second hydraulic oil supply conduit 21L, to drive said motor and, therefore, the fan 52. Thus, the used hydraulic oil successively flowing. into the hydraulic oil cooling radiator 28 is discharged into the oil tank 18 after having been cooled by the fan 52.

The hydraulic oil leaving the hydraulic motor 50 flows into the closed circuit through the third hydraulic oil supply conduit 53L, a check valve 23L and the third hydraulic oil supply conduit 22L.

As described above, in this embodiment of the hydraulic circuit the auxiliary hydraulic motor 50 is provided at the other ends of the respective second hydraulic oil supply conduits and the hydraulic oil cooling radiator 28 is provided between the first and second hydraulic oil discharge conduits. Therefore, the hydraulic oil cooling radiator is of course not located within the engine room as in the conventional tractor, and in addition, since the pressurized oil is supplied to the hydraulic motor always under a constant pressure and at a constant rate, the rotational speed of said motor does not fluctuate and hence the hydraulic oil can be highly efficiently cooled by the cooling radiator.

However, where no load acts on the respective closed circuit in the embodiment described above, the respective valve means are held in their neutral position even when the respective booster pumps are in operation, so that the hydraulic oil in the respective closed circuit is not discharged therefrom and the pressurized oil discharged from the respective booster pumps is discharged into the oil tank 18 through the low pres sure relief valve 35L, without rotating the auxiliary hydraulic motor. The result is that the temperature of the hydraulic oil rises, because the oil in the oil tank is obviously heated by the ambient temperature in summer or in the other high temperature environments, and also because the respective booster pumps are rotating continuously. Thus, it becomes necessary to positively cool the hydraulic oil even when the respective valve means 24L, 24R are in the neutral position.

To this end, in the embodiment of FIG. 3 a by-pass conduit 64 is provided, with one end connected to the third hydraulic oil supply conduits 63L, 63R and the other end to the first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit 27, and a check valve 65 is provided in said by-pass conduit 64.

When the oil pressure in the third hydraulic oil supply conduits rises to a level higher than a preset value, the check valve 65 is opened, whereby the hydraulic oil discharged from the auxiliary hydraulic motor 50 flows into the hydraulic oil cooling radiator through the by-pass conduit 64 and the first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit 27, to be sufficiently cooled therein by the fan 52, and is then discharged into the oil tank 18.

By constructing the hydraulic circuit as described above, it becomes possible, not only to provide the hydraulic oil cooling radiator at an optional position of the tractor but also to keep the auxiliary hydraulic motor running as long as the booster pump is driven, which is of great advantage.

In the foregoing description, the present invention has been described in detail as applied to a tractor and, hence one of the fan driving motors and one of the hydraulic oil cooling means are provided for both the left and right hydraulic circuits for driving the left and right driving wheels, in each embodiment of the invention described and illustrated herein. However, it should be understood that the present invention is not restricted to those embodiment and it is obviously possible as required to provide the fan driving motor and the hydraulic oil cooling radiator for each of the hydraulic circuits for driving the respective driving wheels.

In this case, the second hydraulic oil discharge conduit 26L (26R) in each embodiment includes the first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit 27 and accordingly the second main hydraulic oil discharge conduit 27 takes the place of the third hydraulic oil discharge conduit.

I claim:

I. A hydraulic circuit of a hydraulically driven vehicle, comprising:

a driving source;

a closed circuit which comprises a hydraulic pump driven by said driving source, a hydraulic motor driven by pressurized oil supplied by said hydraulic pump,

a high pressure side oil conduit connecting a discharge side of said hydraulic pump to an input side of said hydraulic motor, and

a low pressure side oil conduit connecting a suction side of said hydraulic pump to an output side of said hydraulic motor;

a booster pump;

means for driving said booster pump; I

an oil source;

a first hydraulic oil supply conduit having one end opening into said oil source and the other end connected to a suction side of said booster pump;

a second hydraulic oil supply conduit having one end connected to a" discharge side of said booster pump and the other end to said low pressure side oil conduit;

valve means having an inlet port and an outlet port for discharging excess oil in said low pressure side oil conduit;

a hydraulic oil cooling radiator having an inlet and an outlet;

a first hydraulic oil discharge conduit having one end connected to said low pressure side oil conduit and the other end connected to the inlet port of said valve means;

a second hydraulic oil discharge conduit having one end connected to the outlet port of said valve means and the other end connected to the inlet of said hydraulic oil cooling radiator; and

a third hydraulic oil discharge conduit having one end connected to the outlet of said hydraulic oil cooling radiator and the other end opening into said oil source, wherein an improvement comprises an auxiliary hydraulic motor which is driven by the pressurized oil discharged from said booster pump and a fan rotated by said auxiliary hydraulic motor for cooling said hydraulic oil cooling radiator.

2. A hydraulic circuit as. defined in claim 1, wherein said auxiliary hydraulic motor is interposed in said second hydraulic oil supply conduit.

3. A hydraulic circuit as defined in claim I, wherein said auxiliary hydraulic motor is interposed between the other end of said second hydraulic oil supply conduit and said low pressure side oil conduit.

4. A hydraulic circuit as defined in claim 3, which further comprises a third hydraulic oil supply conduit connecting the outlet of said auxiliary hydraulic motor with said low pressure side oil conduit, a bypass conduit having one end connected to said second hydraulic oil discharge conduit and the other end to said third hydraulic oil supply conduit, and second valve means adapted in said by-pass conduit to prevent the pressurized oil from flowing from said first valve means in said bypass conduit and to communicate said by-pass conduit with I said second hydraulic oil discharge conduit when the oil pressure in said third hydraulic oil supply conduit becomes higher than a preset value.

5. A hydraulic circuit as defined in claim 1, wherein said auxiliary hydraulic motor is interposed between the other end of said second hydraulic oil discharge conduit and the inlet of said hydraulic oil cooling radiator.

6. A hydraulic circuit as defined in claim 1, wherein said auxiliary hydraulic motor is interposed between the other end of said third hydraulic oil discharge conduit and said oil tank.

7. A hydraulic circuit of a hydraulically driven vehicle, comprising a driving source;

an oil source; a

at least two closed circuits each of which comprises a hydraulic pump driven by said driving source,

a hydraulic motor driven by pressurized oil supplied from said hydraulic pump,

a high pressure side oil conduit connecting a discharge side of said hydraulic pump to an input side of said hydraulic motor, and

a low pressure side oil conduit connecting a suction side of said hydraulic pump with the output side of said hydraulic motor;

at least two devices each provided in correspondence to each of said closed circuits and comprising a booster pump, means for driving said booster pump, a first hydraulic oil supply conduit having one end opening into said oil source and the other end connected to a suction side of said booster pump,

a second hydraulic oil supply conduit having one end connected to the discharge side of said booster pump and the other end to said low pressure side oil conduit, valve means having an inlet port and an outlet port for discharging excess oil in said low pressure side oil conduit, and a first hydraulic oil discharge conduit having one end connected to said low pressure side oil conduit and the other end to the inlet port of said valve means;

a hydraulic oil cooling radiator having an inlet and an outlet;

a first main hydraulic pressure discharge conduit having one end connected to the outlet ports of the respective valve means and the other end connected to the outlet of said hydraulic oil cooling radiator; and

a second main hydraulic oil discharge conduit having one end connected to the outlet of said hydraulic oil cooling radiator and the other end opening into said oil source.

wherein an improvement comprises an auxiliary hydraulic motor driven by the pressurized oil discharged from each of said booster pumps and a fan driven by said booster pump for cooling said hydraulic oil cooling radiator.

8. A hydraulic circuit as defined in claim 6, wherein said auxiliary hydraulic motor has an inlet port and an outlet port for hydraulic oil and said inlet port is opened into the other end of said second hydraulic oil supply conduit in each of said closed circuits, while said outlet port is connected to said low pressure side oil conduit in each of said closed circuit.

9. A hydraulic circuit as defined in claim 7, which further comprises a third hydraulic oil supply conduit connecting the outlet port of said auxiliary hydraulic motor with the low pressure side oil conduit in each of said closed circuits, a by-pass conduit having one end connected to said first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit and the other end to each of said third hydraulic oil supply conduits, and second valve means adapted to block the hydraulic oil flowing from each of said first valve means into said by-pass conduit and to communicate said by-pass conduit with said first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit when the oil pressure in each of said third hydraulic oil supply conduits becomes higher than a preset value.

10. A hydraulic circuit as defined in claim 6, wherein said auxiliary hydraulic motor is interposed between the other end of said first main hydraulic oil discharge conduit and the inlet of said hydraulic oil cooling radiator.

11. A hydraulic circuit as defined in claim 6, wherein said auxiliary hydraulic motor is interposed between the other end of said second main hydraulic oil discharge conduit and said oil source.

12. A hydraulic circuit of a hydraulically driven vehicle, comprising a hydraulic pump having a suction port and a discharge port, which pump sucks a predetermined quantity of oil from the suction port and discharges the same from the discharge port;

a hydraulic motor having an input side and output side;

a first pressurized oil conduit for connecting the discharge port of said hydraulic pump and .the input side of said hydraulic motor;

a second pressurized oil conduit for connecting the output side of said hydraulic motor to the suction port of said hydraulic pump, so that said hydraulic motor is driven by the pressurized oil discharged from said pump;

an oil tank;

that sucked by said hydraulic pump;

a radiator provided in said second conduit for cooling the oil passing therethrough;

an auxiliary motor provided in at least one of said first and second conduits so as to be driven by the oil passing therethrough; and a fan driven by said auxiliary motor for cooling said radiator.

l t i i l

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Classifications
U.S. Classification60/405, 60/912, 60/456, 60/484
International ClassificationB60K17/10, F16H39/02, F15B21/04, B62D11/18, F16H39/00
Cooperative ClassificationF15B21/042, F16H39/00, Y10S60/912, F16H39/02, B60K17/10, B62D11/183, F16H61/4165
European ClassificationF16H61/4165, B62D11/18B, F16H39/02, F15B21/04C, B60K17/10, F16H39/00