US 3659523 A
A screen printing machine for decorating bottles or like articles of various shapes which has interchangeable parts for component mechanisms such as screen, squeegee and article holder. It facilitates the decorating of articles of substantially round section by the use of a reciprocatingly moving screen and a stationary squeegee and the decorating of articles with at least one flat surface by the use of a stationary screen and a reciprocatingly moving squeegee.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent I 1 51 3,659,523
Olsen 1 May 2, 1972 541 SCREEN PRINTING MACHINE FOR 2,894,450 7/1959 Steinitz ..101/124 ROUND AND FLAT ARTICLES 2,987,992 6/1961 Velonis ..101/126 3,109,365 11/1963 Karlyn ..101/124  Inventor: Thomas W. Olsen, Wayne, NJ. 3,247,786 4/1966 Heyne et a1" "101/38 3,249 044 5/1966 Karlyn ..lOl/124 X  Ass1gnee. Modern Decorating Company, Passaic a County NJ. 3,269,304 8/1966 Godfrey ..101/23  Filed: Nov. 16, 1970 FOREIGN PATENTS 0R APPLICATIONS ] App], 90 000 918,278 2/1963 Great Britain ..101/124 946,286 1/1964 Great Britain 101/123 Related U.S. Application Data Primary Examiner-Robert E. Pulfrey  Substitute for Ser. No. 700,856, Jan. 26, 1968, aban- Asst-am Examiner clifi-ord D. Crowder doned' Attorney-Sparrow and Sparrow 52 us. 0. ..101/38 R, 101/123, 1100110112246,  ABSTRACT 51 1111.01 ....B4If 17/18, B411 17 24, B41f 17/28 A Screen Printing machine for decorating bottles or like arti- ..l0l/ 124, 123,126, 38, 35 cles of various shapes which has interchangeable parts for  Field of Search component mechanisms such as screen, squeegee and art1c1e 56] References Cited holder. It facilitates the decorating of articles of substantially round section by the use of a reciprocatingly moving screen UNITED STATES PATENTS and a stationary squeegee and the decorating of articles with at least one flat surface by the use of a stationary screen and a 2,061,679 1 H1936 S1monton.... ..l0l/ l 23 reciprocating), moving Squeegee. 2,301,119 11/1942 Holbrook... ....l0l/124 7 2,863,381 12/1958 Steck et a1. 101/123 11 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures Patented May 2, 1972 7 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. f/mm; 942w flmP/Pah mw aw/Pay Patented May 2, 1972 3,659,523
7 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented May 2, 1972 3,659,523
7 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR. 7/ 0/11: A! 2001 F/G.3 BY
LF/WA /PaA/MO JPmP/Pm Arid/P4496 Patented May 2, 1972 7 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTHR. //7a//,45 M/Zff/V ATTORNEYS Patented May 2, 1972 '7'Sheets-Sheet 6 INVENTOR. firm/,4; M 15K Patented May 2, 1972 3,559,523
at 1 a I g INVENT OR. 72 0/7915 Ir. V/ff/V jammy/w f/wmm SCREEN PRINTING MACHINE FOR ROUND AND FLAT ARTICLES This patent is a substitute for U.S. Pat. Ser. No. 700,856, filed Jan. 26, 1968 and now abandoned.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates generally to printing machines, more particularly to screen printing machines for decorating articles of various shapes, such as bottles or the like, and to interchangeable mechanisms in the machines for accommodating articles of substantially round section and of articles which have at least one flat surface.
Screen printing machines for applying indicia on substantially round articles, either cylindrical or conical, are known in the art, also machines for printing indicia by the same printing process on a flat surface of an article which does not have a round section. However, heretofore each type of articles required a special machine which chould only be used for printing on the surface of the article with the particular shape, and the one special machine could not be used for the other type and shape. The problem of having a more universal and versatile machine has been solved by this invention.
SUMMARY The invention consist in such novel features, construction arrangements, combination of parts and improvements as may be shown and described in connection with the apparatus herein disclosed by way of example only and as illustrative of a preferred embodiment. The basic advantage of the invention is to provide one construction of a screen printing machine with interchangeable mechanisms for accommodating two different types of articles to be decorated. Further objects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part hereafter and in part will be obvious herefrom or may be learned by practicing the invention, the same being realized and attained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations pointed out in the appended claims.
It is the object of this invention to provide contrivances for printing indicia and the like decorations on the outer surface of articles of cylindrical, conical or rectangular shape, such as bottles or the like.
Another object of the invention is to provide a printing machine for the screen printing process for applying indicia on substantially three-dimensional articles.
A further object of the invention is to provide interchangeable mechanisms for a screen printing machine for printing indicia or the like on either round or flat surfaces ofarticles such as bottles or the like.
Furthermore it is an object of this invention to provide interchangeable mechanisms for a screen printing machine of the type described above for either moving the screen reciprocatingly and holding the squeegee in stationary position or for holding the screen stationary and moving the squeegee reciprocatingly while in both cases the squeegee is lifted upwardly of the screen at the end of the printing stroke.
Various further and more specific purposes, features and advantages will clearly appear from the detailed description given below taken in connection with the accompanying drawing which forms part of this specification and illustrates merely by way of example one embodiment of the device of the invention.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING In the following description and in the claims, parts will be identified by specific names for convenience, but such names are intended to be as generic in their application to similar parts as the art will permit. Like reference characters denote like parts in the several figures of the drawing, in which FIG. 1 is a section of the machine showing the mechanism for printing indicia on a round bottle;
Fig. 2 is the same section of the machine showing the mechanism changed for printing indicia on the flat side of a rectangular bottle;
FIG. 3 shows the front view of the machine with the mechanism for printing indicia on a round bottle, as shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 shows the front view of the machine with the mechanism for printing indicia on the flat side of a rectangular bottle, corresponding to FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 shows a plan view of the machine, corresponding to FIGS. 1 and 3;
FIG. 6 shows the machine for round ware articles, such as shown in FIG. 1, 3 and 5, in isometric proportions;
FIG. 7 shows the attachment for rectangular and flat ware articles such as shown in FIG. 2 and 4, in isometric proportions.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now in more detail to the drawing illustrating a preferred embodiment by which the invention may be realized, there is in FIG. 1 a vertical section of the printing machine, in FIG. 3 the front view of this machine and in FIG. 5 the top or plan view of the machine, with the mechanisms in place for printing indicia on round cylindrical or conical articles. The machine has two side walls 11, 12 which are connected with one another by rigid cross-braces 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17. A substantially round shaft 18 is mounted horizontally extending between side walls 11 and 12 and a substantially square bar 19 is extending at the same level as shaft 18 but at a distance spaced apart therefrom, parallel to shaft 18. Shaft 18 supports a carriage body 20 which is arranged to slide on shaft 18. A bracket 21 is attached to the rear wall 22 of carriage body 20, extending toward square bar 19 where there are rollers 23 and 24 on studs 25, 26 on a vertical wall 27 of bracket 21. Rollers 23 and 24 rollingly engage bar 19 for supporting of carriage body 20 by bracket 21. A second shaft 28 extends between side walls 11 and 12 and goes freely through carriage body 20, shaft 28 bears movable stops 29 and 30 for limiting the reciprocating travel of carriage body 20. Another bracket 31 is attached to rear wall 22 of carriage body 20 extending longitudinally parallel to shafts 18 and 28. Bracket 31 has an upright end wall 32 to which the piston rod 33 of an air cylinder 34 is connected. Air cylinder 34 is fastened with its rear end to a mounting plate 35 on wall 12 which supports also shafts 18, 28 and bar 19. Thus, air cylinder 34 is capable of moving carriage body 20 reciprocatingly between adjustable stops 29 and 30. On the front wall 36 of carriage body 20 is an elongated plate 37 fastened in such manner that it may be conveniently set in any longitudinal position. Two brackets 38 and 39 each having an arm 40, 41 (respectively) extending at right angles from plate 37 are fastened thereto. These arms 40, 41 support a horizontal frame 42 into which the printing screen 43 is fastened.
On cross-brace 13 which is located in the upper rear area of side walls 1 1, 12, two bearings 44, 45 are mounted which support a rotatable shaft 46. A hub 47 of a horizontally extending arm 48 is fastened on shaft 46, and another hub 49 of a vertically downwardly extending arm 50 is also fastened on shaft 46. Arm 48 supports on its forward end an angular arm 51 on which the squeegee bracket 52 is adjustably fastened. A flexible squeegee blade 53 is attached to squeegee bracket 52. Linked on the upper part 54 of angular arm 51 and substantially supported by a shaft 55 are two arms 56, 57 which support a heating device 58, so that heating device 58 may be swung upwardly out of the way when it is not needed. On the lower end 59 of vertical arm 50 a rod 60 is articulatedly attached which is directly connected with the piston rod 61 of an air cylinder 62 which is fastened on an angle bar 63 attached to side wall 1 1.
On cross-brace 14, two bearings 64, 65 supporting a rotatable shaft 66 are fastened. On shaft 66 the hub 67 of a forwardly extending ware holder arm 68 is mounted. Arm 68 supports at its forward end a vertical plate 69 on which a swiveling ware .holder bracket 70 is attached. Ware holder bracket 70 carries a plate 71 on which a bearing bracket 72 and a small air cylinder 73 is fastened and also substantially coneshaped ware support rollers 74. A short shaft 75 is rotatably held in bearing bracket 72, which has a ware receiving face plate 76. A rotatable chuck 77 for holding the ware 78 to be decorated by the printing operation is fastened to the piston rod 79 of air cylinder 73. The upper end 80 of a connecting rod 81 is articulatedly linked on ware holder arm 68. Rod 81 is adjustably fastened to the piston rod 82 of an air cylinder 83 which is swingably mounted by a pivoting link 84 and a yoke bracket 85 on cross-brace 15.
The rear end 86 of bracket body 21 carries a rack bar 87 which meshes with a gear 88. A short shaft 89 is rotatably held in a bearing support 90. Gear 88 is mounted on one end of shaft 89 and a universal joint 91 is mounted on the other end. Short shaft 75 which extends beyond bearing bracket 72, has also a universal joint 92 mounted thereon. Between the inner ends 93 and 94 of universal joints 91 and 92, respectively, is a connecting spline shaft 95 which is fixedly set in one of universal joints 91, 92 and which can axially slide in the other joint. Bearing support 90 is on the top of a vertical post 96 which is slidably held in a socket 97 but is prevented from turning by at least one key 98. Socket 97 is mounted on top of cross-brace 14. Since vertical post 96 can be adjusted vertically, it is possible to put gears 88 of various diameters on shaft 89 for meshing with rack bar 87, and universal joints 91, 92 can transmit the rotation of gear 88 correctly to shaft 75 and thus to ware articles 78.
The operation of the machine is as follows:
Screen 43 bears the insignia to be printed, in the form of a suitable stencil. Proper printing ink is poured on the screen and is kept there within frame 42. Carriage 20 which has frame 42 mounted thereon, is reciprocatingly moved by air cylinder 34. The ware article, for example a round or a conically shaped bottle 78 is rotatably supported and clamped on ware holder bracket 70 and is rotated by rack 87, gear 88, connecting shaft 95 and universal joints 91, 92 in such manner that the peripheral speed of the bottle and the linear speed of the screen is the same. When now arm 68 is lifted by air cylinder 83 so that the bottle contacts the screen from below, and when simultaneously squeegee blade 53 is lowered by air cylinder 62 to contact the screen from above, the insignia contained in the screen are correctly rolled onto the outside of the bottle without smearing. At the end of the stroke of carriage 20, properly limited by one of the stops 30, ware holder arm 68 is dropped and squeegee blade 53 is lifted so that the return stroke of carriage 20 can be performed while the finished bottle is taken off by releasing the air cylinder clamp 73 and by placing a new bottle on the ware holder plate and clamping it there.
This is a known procedure for decorating cylindrical articles; however by virtue of the adjustable vertical post which permits the use of a large diameter gear and by the universal joints in the drive of the bottle, even articles having an elliptical shape now can be decorated by printing, because it will only be necessary to select a gear 88 of such radius that the rectly.
However, it would be impossible to decorate a flat side of a ware article, such as a bottle having a rectangular section. In order to achieve this kind of production, the invention comprises a new mechanism which, when put into operation, permits printing decorative indicia on flat sides of articles with the same machine. This new mechanism is shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 4 of the drawing. The machine is basically the same as before. Carriage 20 is reciprocatingly moved by air cylinder 34, and ware holder arm 68 with vertical plate 69 is lifted and lowered by aircylinder 83 as before. But carriage 20 no longer holds screen frame 42 and screen 43 which becomes stationary. To that extent auxiliary brackets 100 and 101 are attached to mounting plates 35 and a new elongated plate 102 is bolted to brackets 100 and 101 in such manner that carriage front wall 36 can freely pass behind elongated plate 102. Brackets 38, 39 with arms 40, 41, respectively are fastened on plate 102 and support screen frame 42, as before. Thus, screen 43 now is immobilized. On the top face of carriage 20 is now mounted a bracket 103 which supports a vertically mounted air cylinder 104. Furthermore, a bracket 105 is attached on front wall 36 of carriage 20, carrying rotatably a horizontal shaft 106 which has two arms 107 and 108 fixedly keyed thereon, extending from shaft 106 in the same direction. The free end of arm 107 is attached to the piston rod 109 of air cylinder 104, whereas the free end of arm 108 carries an adjustable squeegee bracket 110, which has a squeegee holder 111 attached thereto. A squeegee blade 112 is inserted in squeegee holder 111 at an an 1e.
Thus, the squeegee is now reciprocatingly moved over the immobilized screen, and it is lifted and lowered at the ends of the stroke by its own air cylinder 104.
Obviously the rotatable ware holder plate 71 now is replaced by a new ware article holder consisting substantially of a base plate 116 and an adjustable top plate on which a cradle 114 for the flat article 1 15 is mounted.
The previously used parts, shaft 46 with horizontal arm 48 I and vertical arm 50, rod 60 and air cylinder 62 are temporarily taken out, so are rack bar 86, gear 88, and the universal joints 91, 92 with shaft 95. Another kind of heater (not shown in the drawing) may or may not replace heater 58.
The operation for decorating the flat side of a rectangular bottle is the opposite from the operation for a round article in that both the screen and the article to be decorated are not moving, except for the lifting and lowering of the article for bringing it into contact with the screen and for moving it down for being taken off and replaced with a new one. Instead, the squeegee is moved back and forth and the squeegee blade is lifted and lowered by its own air cylinder from and to the screen at the corresponding ends of the stroke, whereby the air cylinder travels all the time with the squeegee.
By using the exchangeable parts on the basic operating machine elements, the machine becomes versatile and of an almost universal use for decorating ware articles of widely differing shapes.
While the invention has been described and illustrated with respect to a certain preferred example which gives satisfactory results, it will be understood by those skilled in the art after understanding the principle of the invention, that various other changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
1. A screen printing machine for applying indicia on an article such as a bottle or the like having round, conical, elliptic or rectangular shape, said machine comprising in combination, a frame structure, a first shaft longitudinally extending in said structure, a carriage body slidingly arranged on said first shaft, said carriage having a bore parallel to said first shaft, a second shaft extending parallel to said first shaft, said second shaft passing freely through said bore in said carriage, movable stops on said second shaft for limiting the travel of said carriage, means for reciprocatingly moving said carriage, a printing screen located in front of said carriage, a squeegee above said screen, first means for lowering and lifting said squeegee into and out of contact, respectively, with the upper side of said screen, an article holder arranged below said screen, and second means for lifting and lowering said holder for bringing said article into and out of contact, respectively, with the underside of said screen, a bar having a substantially square section, said bar extending parallel to both said first and said second shaft, a rearwardly extending bracket on said carriage, at least two freely movable rollers on said bracket, said rollers engaging said bar on top and bottom, respectively, thereof, interchangeable means for moving reciprocatingly said screen and for rendering said squeegee stationary, and interchangeable alternate means for immobilizing said screen and for moving reciprocatingly said squeegee.
2. A screen printing machine according to claim 1, and further comprising a rack bar, said rack bar fixedly attached to said rearwardly extending bracket, a gear engaging said rack bar, a cross shaft carrying said gear, universal joints on said cross shaft, said cross shaft having a face plate for holding said article, and rotatable clamping means on said article holder for elastically pressing said article against said face plate.
3. A screen printing machine for applying indicia on said articles according to claim 2, and a bearing support for said cross shaft, said bearing support being vertically adjustable independent of said article holder for permitting said gear on said cross shaft to have various diameters.
4. A screen printing machine according to claim 1, further comprising a rack bar at the rear end portion of said bracket, a gear engaging said rack bar, a cross shaft carrying said gear, universal joints on said cross shaft, said cross shaft having a face plate for holding said article, and rotatable clamping means on said article holder for elastically pressing said article against said face plate.
5. A screen printing machine according to claim 4 and a bearing support for said cross shaft, said bearing support being vertically adjustable independent of said article holder, for permitting said gears on said cross shaft to have various diameters.
6. A screen printing machine according to claim 1, and said interchangeable means comprising brackets adapted to be mounted on said carriage, one of said brackets having rotatable means for lowering and lifting said squeegee respectively into and out of contact with said upper side of said screen, and a fluid operated motor on the other of said brackets for operating said rotatable means.
7. A screen printing machine according to claim 1, said first and said second shafts being substantially round in section.
8. A screen printing machine according to claim 7, said frame structure having spaced side frames, upper and lower cross bars connecting said frames, said structure having an open front, said first and said second shafts extending parallelly between said side frames.
9. A screen printing machine according to claim 8, said means for reciprocatingly moving said carriage comprising a fluid power motor.
10. A screen printing machine according to claim 1, said frame structure having spaced side frames, upper and lower cross bars connecting said frames, said structure having an open front, said first and said second shafts extending parallel to each other between said side frames.
11. A screen printing machine according to claim 1, said means for reciprocatingly moving said carriage comprising a fluid power motor.