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Publication numberUS3659790 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 2, 1972
Filing dateApr 24, 1970
Priority dateApr 24, 1970
Publication numberUS 3659790 A, US 3659790A, US-A-3659790, US3659790 A, US3659790A
InventorsRobert J Gelin
Original AssigneeOwens Corning Fiberglass Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and apparatus for applying coating material
US 3659790 A
Abstract
A method and apparatus are provided for spraying reinforced resinous coating material on a surface. Resin and an accelerator are sprayed from one spray device and resin and catalyst are sprayed from a second spray device, each spray being shaped as a horizontally disposed ellipse, as viewed in cross section. The two sprays are directed in converging paths and a flat spray of reinforcing fibers is directed from above in a converging path with the other two sprays. In a preferred form, the resin and accelerator are mixed upstream of one spray device and the resin and catalyst are mixed in a mixing head adjacent the other spray device.
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United States Patent 1151 3,659,790 Gelin 1 May 2, 1972 54] METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR 3,168,41] 2/1965 Walsh ..117 105.5 x

APPLYING COATING MATERIAL Primary ExaminerM. Henson Wood, Jr. Assistant Examiner-Edwin D. Grant Au0rney-Staelin and Overman and Allen D. Gutchess, Jr.

[57] ABSTRACT A method and apparatus are provided for spraying reinforced resinous coating material on a surface. Resin and an accelerator are sprayed from one spray device and resin and catalyst are sprayed from a second spray device, each spray being shaped as a horizontally disposed ellipse, as viewed in cross section. The two sprays are directed in converging paths and a flat spray of reinforcing fibers is directed from above in a converging path with the other two sprays. ln a preferred form, the resin and accelerator are mixed upstream of one spray device and the resin and catalyst are mixed in a mixing head adjacent the other spray device.

1 l Clalms, 4 Drawing Figures Patented May 2, 1972 3,659,790

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P P L Ppzygl 5 5 7 R /w m VliN [UR iazfin/ 6501/ .4 TTURXEYS METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR APPLYING COATING MATERIAL This invention relates to a method and apparatus for applying coating material to a surface and particularly for applying a fiber-reinforced resinous coating material.

In accordance with one aspect of the invention, a spray of resin and an accelerator is formed with an elliptical shape in transverse cross section, with the major dimension being horizontal. A spray of resin and catalyst is also formed with an elliptical shape in transverse cross section, again with the major dimension being horizontal. The two sprays are directed on converging paths so as to intersect at least by the time they reach the surface to be coated and preferably prior thereto. A spray of chopped reinforcing fibers is formed also preferably in a generally elliptical shape in transverse cross section, with the major dimension thereof also being horizontal. This spray of fibers emanates from a point above the other two sprays and on a converging path therewith. The fiat arrangement of the two liquid sprays and fibrous spray results in a more thorough mixing or wet-out of the fibers and the liquid. Further, by supplying the fibrous spray from above the two liquid sprays, gravity aids in the mixing and wet-out of the fibers and liquid.

In accordance with another aspect of the invention, a method and apparatus for supplying resin, accelerator, and catalyst to the spray devices are provided. Approximately onehalf of the total resin and an accelerator are supplied to one of the spray devices, while the other half of the resin and a catalyst are supplied to the other spray device. In the latter instance, the resin and the catalyst are kept separate until reaching the spray device. This virtually eliminates the need for flushing the system, except for a portion of the spray device. The catalyst and atomizing air are combined in a mixing head immediately adjacent the spray device while the resin is supplied directly to the spray device. The resin and catalyst thereby do not come into contact until near the nozzle of the spray device.

For the other spray device, the resin and accelerator can be mixed upstream near the sources thereof and supplied in combined form to the spray device. This is particularly advantageous with accelerators which tend to become stringy under pressure and would otherwise tend to clog the system. However, with accelerators not having this characteristic, the resin and accelerator again can be combined at the spray device with the atomizing air and accelerator first combined in a mixing head adjacent the spray device.

Adjustable, positive displacement pumps are employed for the coating material components, with the pumps being operated by a common drive to maintain coordination and synchronization thereof. This assures maintenance of proper ratios of the materials with any particular ratio easily changed almost immediately by adjustment of the output of the appropriate pump. Further, there is no necessity to employ an additional worker to pre-mix the coating material components as has heretofore been required when the components were mixed at the source.

It is, therefore, a principal object of the invention to provide a method and apparatus for spraying fiber-reinforced liquid coating materials in which the fibers and liquids are more fully wet-out and mixed when reaching the surface being coated.

Another object of the invention is to provide a spray system in which the necessity of flushing the system is substantially eliminated.

A further object of the invention is to provide a spray system for a resin, accelerator, and catalyst, with the components being metered by positive displacement pumps having a common drive.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a spray system in which pre-mixing of the components is not required.

Yet a further object of the invention is to provide a spray system in which the ratios of the components being sprayed can be quickly and easily changed.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment thereof, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a somewhat schematic side view in elevation of spray devices and a fiber source thereabove, and showing the approximate liquid and fibrous sprays emitted thereby and directed toward a surface being coated;

FIG. 2 is a somewhat schematic plan view of the spray devices and further showing transverse cross sections of the three sprays of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a somewhat schematic view in elevation of a spray device with a longitudinal cross section taken through a mixing head of the spray system; and

FIG. 4 is a diagrammatic view of the overall spray system in accordance with a preferred form of the invention.

Referring to the drawings, and particularly to FIG. I, a surface to be coated with reinforced coating material is indicated at 10. As shown, the surface is in the form of a filament-wound storage tank shown fragmentarily in cross section. The tank wall is rotated in the direction of the arrow as a fiber-reinforced resinous coat or layer 12 is applied. The coat 12 is then pressed on the surface 10 by a roller 13 to provide a denser and smoother layer.

The resinous coat 12 is formed by three sprays 14, 16, and 18, the spray 14 comprising resin and accelerator, the spray 16 comprising resin and catalyst, and the spray 18 being of reinforcing fibers. The three sprays are directed on converging paths so as to meet and mix by the time they reach the surface 10. As shown in FIG. 2, all three sprays are formed with elliptical cross sections, with the ellipses having their major axes lying horizontally. Preferably, the major axis of each of the ellipses is at least 50 percent longer than the minor axis and may be twice as long. The two converging flat ellipses of the liquid components tend to mix more rapidly and also form a trough which receives the flat spray 18 of the reinforced fibrous material. With the fiber spray l8 directed from above the two liquid sprays, the fibers are also aided by gravity in mixing with the liquids.

In a preferred form, as shown, the two liquid sprays are directed on inclined paths as well as converging ones while the fibrous spray is directed generally horizontally but on an intersecting path with the two liquid sprays. The two liquid sprays emanate from sources generally on the same level, and are on each side of, but below, the source of the fibrous spray. However, they can be on a vertical line with, and directly below, the fibrous spray source. In either instance, it is important to aid in the mixing of the liquids and fibers that the sprays tend to be flat, and that the fibrous spray be above the others.

The fibrous spray 18 is produced by a spray device 20. This includes a housing 22 into which a strand 24, preferably of glass, is pulled between rollers 25 and 26. The strand 24 is fed between the lower roller 26 and a chopper wheel 28 which cuts or chops the strand into fibers of predetermined length. Preferably, knives 30 on the chopper wheel 28 are spaced apart varying distances to produce fibers of different lengths since it has been found that such fibers provide superior reinforcement to fibers of a constant length. The chopped fibers are supplied through an inlet passage 32 for a blower 34 which emits them through a nozzle 36 to form the spray l8 directed in the aforesaid path. The nozzle 36 has a rectangular cross section with its longer dimension being horizontal (as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2) to produce the flat shape of the spray 18.

The liquid sprays l4 and 16 are produced by spray guns or devices 38 and 40 which can be of similar design and commercially available. An air cap or nozzle end 42 (FIG. 3) of each of the spray devices 38 and 40 has a nozzle 44 designed to emit a spray which is elliptical in cross section. However, the spray can also be fonned by air horns on the air cap, above and below the nonle, which direct air streams against the spray emitted from the nozzle to shape it into the horizontal ellipse. Each of the spray devices also has an atomizing air adjusting valve 46.

Actuating air is supplied to the spray device 38 through a line 48 (FIGS. 1 and 4). Air pressure from this line causes an air-operated valve within the spray device 38 to open to supply the liquid spray. However, other types of valves can be employed for this purpose, including electrically and manually operated ones. A combination of resin and accelerator is supplied through a lower line 50 to the nozzle end of the spray device with atomizing air being supplied through a line 52.

The spray device 40 (see also FIG. 3) has a line 54 through which actuating air is supplied to an air-actuated valve within the spray device, as for the device 38. Resin alone is supplied to the nozzle end of the spray device 40 through a line 56. In place of the line 52 of the spray device 38, a mixing head 56 is provided. The mixing head 58 includes a generally venturishaped passage 60 to which atomizing air is supplied through a line 62 (FIGS. 1 and 4). A transverse passage 64 communicates with the throat of the passage 60 and is supplied with catalyst through a supply passage 66 and a line 68. The passage 60 enables the atomizing air and the catalyst to be uniformly mixed, although the air has a limited effect in actually inspirating the catalyst, as in the case of a conventional venturi tube, since the catalyst is at a pressure higher than that of the air. Further, for this reason, all of the supply lines for the spray devices 38 and 40 and the mixing head 58 have check valves (not shown) to prevent the possibility of reverse flow.

The combination atomizing air and catalyst from the mixing head 58 mixes with the resin supplied through the line 56 adjacent the nozzle end of the spray device, with a spray of catalyst and resin then emitted through the nozzle 44. Since the resin and catalyst do not mix until they are near the nozzle 44, only a portion of the spray device 40 has be be cleaned when the system is shut down temporarily. For longer periods of shut down, all of the spray devices and lines are flushed.

The system of FIG. 4 is only schematic and a number of components known in the art are not shown. These include such items as pulsation dampeners, flow calibrators, pressure indicators, calibration gauges, and high and low pressure switches.

Referring to the overall system of FIG. 4, the various supply lines referred to above are shown as being flexible and connecting the spray devices 38 and 40 to a control cabinet 70. The cabinet includes various controls including control valves designated V for the supply lines. Actuating air for the lines 48 and 54 is supplied through a line 72 connected to a main air supply line 74. Similarly, atomizing air for the lines 52 and 62 is supplied through a line 76 connected to the main air supply line 76 connected to the main air supply line 74. Thus, the single source of air is adequate for both the actuating air for operating the control valves within the spray devices, and the atomizing air.

The catalyst for the mixing head 58 and the line 68 is supplied through a line 78 from a positive-displacement pump 80. The pump 80, in turn, is connected by a supply line 82 to a catalyst source 84. The resin for the spray device 40 and the line 56 is supplied through a line 86 from a large positive-displacement pump 88. The resin is fed to the pump 88 through a line 90 from a source 92.

Both of the pumps 80 and B8 are commercially available, operating with a positive displacement and provided with adjustments for close control of the output. In this manner, the ratio of the resin to the catalyst for the spray device 40 can be carefully controlled and can be quickly changed simply by making manual adjustments at the pump. The close control over the output is obtained through change in the piston stroke length. Pumps suitable for this purpose can be obtained from the Lapp Process Equipment Division of the Lapp Insulator Company, Inc., LeRoy, New York.

The resin and accelerator for the spray device 38 and the lines 50 are supplied in combined form through a line 94 from a large positive displacement pump 96. The resin and accelerator can also be supplied separately, using a mixing head similar to the head 58 for the accelerator. However, the accelerator often has a tendency to become stringy or more viscous under pressure. In that instance, it has been found to be preferable to first combine the resin and accelerator since only a small percentage of the accelerator is used and any tendency for it to become stringy or more viscous does not cause plugging of the lines. The resin and accelerator are supplied to the pump 96 through a line 98 from a mixer 100 which is of a known, closed, in-line type. A predetermined quantity of accelerator is supplied through a line 102 by a positive displacement pump 104 which receives accelerator through a line 106 from a source 108. The resin is fed to the mixer 100 by gravity through a line 110 from a source 112. The quantity of the combined resin and accelerator is known, as determined by the output of the pump 96. Similarly, the quantity of accelerator is known, through control of the output of the small pump 104. Consequently, the amount of resin supplied from the source 112 is also predetermined.

All four of the pumps 80, 88, 96, and 104 are driven through a common motor or drive means1l4. This assures that all of the positive displacement pumps are driven at the same speed so that adjustment of stroke length provides an accurate determination of output and ratios.

Various modifications of the above described embodiment of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art and it is to be understood that such modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention, if they are within the spirit and the tenor of the accompanying claims.

1 claim:

1. Apparatus for spraying coating material comprising a first spray device, means for supplying accelerator to said first spray device, means for supplying atomizing gas under pressure to said first spray device, means for supplying resin to said first spray device, said first spray device being effective to combine and to spray the resin and the combination gas and accelerator, a second spray device, a mixing head adjacent said second spray device, means for supplying catalyst to said mixing head, means for supplying atomizing gas to said mixing head, said mixing head having means for combining the atomizing gas and the catalyst, means for supplying resin to said second spray device, means for supplying the combined atomizing gas and catalyst to said second spray device from said mixing head, said second spray device being effective to combine and to spray the resin and the combination gas and catalyst, said first and second spray devices being positioned such that a spray of resin and accelerator issuing from said first spray device will intersect a spray of resin and catalyst issuing from said second spray device.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1, characterized by said resin-supplying means for said first spray device includes a first positive displacement pump, said resin-supplying means for said second spray device comprises a second positive displacement pump, and common drive means for driving both pumps.

3. Apparatus according to claim 2, characterized by said supply means for supplying accelerator to said first spray device comprises a third positive displacement pump, said means for supplying catalyst to said mixing head comprises a fourth positive displacement pump, said third and fourth positive displacement pumps being driven by said common drive means.

4. Apparatus according to claim 2, characterized by said supply means supplying accelerator to said first spray device comprises said first positive displacement pump and a third positive displacement pump.

5. Apparatus according to claim 4, characterized by a mixing device located between said first positive displacement pump and said third positive displacement pump, means for supplying resin to said mixing device, the resin and the accelerator from said first positive displacement pump being first combined in said mixing device, and the combination then being supplied to said first spray device by said first positive displacement pump.

6. Apparatus according to claim 3, characterized by a mixing device, said means for supplying accelerator and resin to said first spray device comprising means for supplying accelerator first to said third positive displacement pump, means for supplying accelerator from said third pump to said mixing device, means for supplying resin to said mixing device, means for supplying the combination resin and accelerator to said first positive displacement pump, and means for supplying the combination resin and accelerator from said first positive displacement pump to said first spray device.

7. Apparatus for spraying coating material comprising a first spray device, means for supplying a metered, predetermined quantity of accelerator to said first spray device, means for supplying a metered, predetermined quantity of resin to said first spray device, means for supplying atomizing gas under pressure to said first spray device, said first spray device being effective to combine and to spray the atomizing gas and the combination resin and accelerator, a second spray device, a mixing head adjacent said second spray device, means for supplying a metered, predetermined quantity of catalyst to said mixing head, means for supplying atomizing gas to said mixing head, said mixing head being effective to combine the atomizing gas and the catalyst, means for supplying a metered, predetermined quantity of resin to said second spray device, means for supplying combined atomizing gas and catalyst to said second spray device from said mixing head, said second spray device being effective to combine and to spray the resin and combination gas and catalyst, said first and second spray devices being positioned so that the spray issuing from said first spray device will intersect the spray issuing from said second spray device.

8. Apparatus according to claim 7, characterized by each of said metered quantities being controlled by a positive displacement pump, and common means for driving all four of said pumps.

9. Apparatus for applying a reinforced coating material to a surface comprising first spray means for forming a first spray of liquid coating material in a pattern which is elongate in a direction taken transversely through the spray with the major dimension thereof disposed generally horizontally, said first spray means directing the first spray toward the surface, second spray means for forming a second spray of liquid coating material in a pattern which is elongate in a direction taken transversely through the spray with the major dimension thereof disposed generally horizontally, said second spray means directing the second spray toward the surface on a converging path with the first spray, third spray means for forming a spray of particulate, reinforcing material, said third spray means directing the last-named spray toward the surface and on a converging path with the two liquid sprays.

10. Apparatus according to claim 9, characterized further by said third spray forming means being effective to form said last-named spray in a pattern which is elongate in a direction taken transversely through the spray, with the major dimension thereof being disposed generally horizontally.

11. Apparatus according to claim 9, characterized further by said first spray of liquid coating material being resin and accelerator and said second spray of liquid coating material being resin and catalyst.

t t t

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3033472 *Nov 18, 1957May 8, 1962Flintkote CoSpraying of liquid plastic and an additive material
US3168411 *Mar 29, 1961Feb 2, 1965United Shoe Machinery CorpMethod of coating base and top coats
US3542296 *Aug 28, 1968Nov 24, 1970Ransburg Electro Coating CorpApparatus for forming plastic articles
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4175702 *Jan 6, 1978Nov 27, 1979Poly-Glas SystemsAir nucleating spary gun
US4204644 *Oct 25, 1977May 27, 1980Asahi Glass Company, LimitedSpraying apparatus for preparing glass fiber reinforced cementitious product
US4261670 *Mar 2, 1979Apr 14, 1981Rolland PabanProcess for the protection of galleries
US4618098 *Nov 4, 1983Oct 21, 1986Graves Spray Supply, Inc.Fiberglass spray nozzle
US5190217 *Aug 26, 1991Mar 2, 1993Air Pressure Damp-Proofing Service, Inc.Applicator gun for applying surface coatings
US5980680 *Feb 27, 1998Nov 9, 1999Owens Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc.Method of forming an insulation product
DE102010040526A1 *Sep 9, 2010Mar 15, 2012Gerhard HuberSpray device for spraying e.g. particulate material, onto surface to be sprayed, has moistening devices located inside spray button and spaced apart in flow direction of material, and arranged on longitudinal axis of spray button
EP2886201A1 *Dec 19, 2014Jun 24, 2015Bostik SaMethod for hot application of a silylated adhesive composition
Classifications
U.S. Classification239/336, 239/428, 239/422, 239/DIG.800
International ClassificationB05B7/14, B05D1/34
Cooperative ClassificationB05B7/1495, B05D2601/20, B05D1/34, Y10S239/08, B29C70/305
European ClassificationB05D1/34, B29C70/30A, B05B7/14B4B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jul 31, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: OWENS-CORNING FIBERGLAS CORPORATION, FIBERGLAS TOW
Free format text: TERMINATION OF SECURITY AGREEMENT RECORDED NOV. 13, 1986. REEL 4652 FRAMES 351-420;ASSIGNORS:WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY, A DE. BANKING CORPORATION;WADE, WILLIAM J. (TRUSTEES);REEL/FRAME:004903/0501
Effective date: 19870730
Owner name: OWENS-CORNING FIBERGLAS CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE
Free format text: TERMINATION OF SECURITY AGREEMENT RECORDED NOV. 13, 1986. REEL 4652 FRAMES 351-420;ASSIGNORS:WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY, A DE. BANKING CORPORATION;WADE, WILLIAM J. (TRUSTEES);REEL/FRAME:4903/501
Nov 13, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: WADE, WILLIAM, J., ONE RODNEY SQUARE NORTH, WILMIN
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:OWENS-CORNING FIBERGLAS CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004652/0351
Effective date: 19861103
Owner name: WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY, ONE RODNEY SQUARE NORTH,
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:OWENS-CORNING FIBERGLAS CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:4652/351
Owner name: WADE, WILLIAM, J.,DELAWARE
Owner name: WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY,DELAWARE
Owner name: WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY, DELAWARE
Owner name: WADE, WILLIAM, J., DELAWARE