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Publication numberUS3660699 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 2, 1972
Filing dateJul 29, 1970
Priority dateAug 6, 1969
Publication numberUS 3660699 A, US 3660699A, US-A-3660699, US3660699 A, US3660699A
InventorsKeiji Inoue, Yasunobu Sakurai, Hideo Sato, Masao Shimizu
Original AssigneeDenki Onkyo Co Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Supporting means for piezoelectric transformers
US 3660699 A
Abstract
In a piezoelectric transformer comprising a ceramic body in the form of an elongate plate of piezoelectric material with one half polarized in the direction of thickness and the remaining half in the longitudinal direction, a pair of input electrodes secured to the opposite sides of said one half and an output electrode secured to the end surface of the remaining half, there is provided supporting means including means for mechanically clamping and supporting the piezoelectric transformer at at least one of the transverse line nodes of the longitudinal mechanical vibrational movement thereof which support permits free longitudinal vibrations while suppressing undesirable vibrating modes.
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United States Patent Sakurai et al. 14 1 May 2, 1972 54] SUPPORTING MEANS FOR 2,147,712 2/1939 Mason ..3l0/8.9 x PIEZOELECTRIC TRANSFORMERS 2,395,434 2/1946 Tenenbaum... ....3 10/89 X 1,953,220 4/1934 Giebe et al ..310/8.9 Inventors Yasunobu Sakurai, Kawasakl; 3,109,153 10/1963 Rodek ..310/94 x Mam Shimilu, both of Tokyo; K ii 3,313,891 4 1967 Wood ..310/9.1 x I Yokohama, all p n 3,108,161 10/1963 Tourtellot... ....3 10/85 X 2,523,701 9/1950 Kuehl 1 ..3l0/9.4 [73 1 Ass'gnee' as: Onky Cmnpm 2,641,718 6/1953 Samuelson ..310/9.4 [22] Filed: July 29, 1970 Primary Examiner-L. T. Hix

Assistant Examiner-Mark O. Budd [21 1 App! 59289 Atr0rneyChittick, Pfund, Birch, Samuels & Gauthier [30] Foreign Application Priority Data ABSTRACT Aug 6 9 Japan 44/6193 In a piezoelectric transformer comprising a ceramic body in Sept I969 japamm 44 71 149 the form of an elongate plate of piezoelectric material with Sept. 29. 1969 Japan ..44 92315 one half Polarized in the direction Of thickness and the remaining half in the longitudinaldirection, a pair of input 52 us. c1 ..310/9.4, 310/82, 310/98 electmdes Secured the P Sides Said ha'fand 51 1 1m. (:1. ..H0lv 7/00 Quip electrode Secured F the end Surface 0f the remaining {58] Field of'gearch 310/89 91 9.2 93 9 half, there is provided supporting means including means for v 316/8 8 mechanically clamping and supporting the piezoelectric transformer at at least one of the transverse line nodes of the lon- [56] keferehce's cued gitudinal mechanical vibrational movement thereof which support permits free longitudinal vibrations while suppressing UMTED STATES PATENTS undesirable vibrating modes.

2,975,354 3/l961 Rosen ..333/72 X 5 Claims, 15 Drawing Figures PATENT'EDMAY 2 I972 3, 660, 699

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cfTo, 6V0 we L L I I w W w (d) (e) SUPPORTING POSITION IN VEN TOR S YASUNOBU SAKURAI HIDEO SATO MASAO SHIMIZU KEIJI INOUE WEAR 1L5 -44 amk ATTORNEY PATENTEDMAY 2|912 3, 660,699

SHEET 2 OF 2 INVENTOR s YAS UNOBU SAKURAI HIDEO SATO MASAO SHIMIZU KEIJI INOUE ,W Gudldr ATTORNEY SUPPORTING MEANS FOR PIEZOELECTRIC TRANSFORMERS BACKGROUND OF INVENTION A This invention relates to means for supporting a piezoelectric transformer.

As is ,well known in the art the piezoelectric transformer generally comprises an elongated rectangular ceramic body made of piezoelectric material such as barium titanate (BaTiO or lead zirconate titanate by powder metallurgy. One half the length of the ceramic body is polarized in the direction of thickness while the remaining half is polarized in the longitudinal direction; Input electrodes are applied on the opposite sides of the firsthalf polarized in the direction of thickness and an output electrode is applied to the'end surface of the latter half by firing. When an AC signal having a frequency corresponding to the natural frequency of the ceramic body is applied across the input electrodes the piezoelectric transformer undergoes a mechanical vibration to produce a stepped up output voltage at the output electrode. The construction of the prior supporting device of such a piezoelectric transformer is typically as follows. Thus for example, the ceramic body is sandwiched between a plurality of sets of spaced apart supports or totally enclosed by a covering of pliable insulator material, foamed polystyrene for example.

However, such supporting means have been designed without due consideration of dissipation of heat generated in the ceramic body during operation. More particularly, the temperature of the ceramic body rises due to heat generated by the polarization hysteresis and the mechanical vibration according to the I-Iooke's law with the result that the frequency of natural vibration of the ceramic body is increased to higher ones to decrease the output voltage. Further excessive heating of the ceramic body results in the creep phenomenon to crack and damage the ceramic body.

. Further inasmuch as the ceramic bodyvibrates not only in the longitudinal direction but also in the direction of its thickness and width or in the direction of the resultant of these different directions, these complicated vibrational movements SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is therefore the principal object of this invention to provide a new and improved device for supporting a piezoelectric transformer which can efficiently dissipate heat from the ceramic body and does not restrain the desired vibration thereof.

, Another object of this invention is to provide a novel device for supporting a piezoelectric transformer which can position the supporting device at a prescribed position and can prevent the supporting device from shifting away from the prescribed position.

Further object of this invention is to provide a novel supporting device. for a piezoelectric transformer which can effectively suppress vibrations of undesired modes thus increasing the output voltage without increasing heating.

To accomplish these and other objects, in accordance with this invention the nodal point of the mechanical vibration along the length of the ceramic body is supported at the point or along a transverse line including the nodal point to substantially increase the area of heat dissipation thus decreasing the temperature rise of the ceramic body. According to one aspect of this invention, where the piezoelectric transformer is supported at the nodal point by a band in the form ofa narrow rectangular rod of insulating elastic material, there is provided means to position the band at the prescribed position. The positioning means may be comprised by grooves or projections on the opposite surfaces of the ceramic body. The band is accommodated in the groove or provided with openings to receive the projections whereby to secure the band to the ceramic body. Further, the supporting means provided at the nodal point may be comprised by a pair of rigid insulating members adapted to clamp the ceramic body therebetween and clamping screws extending through opposite ends of the rigid members. These supporting means function to effectively suppress undesired vibration and heating of the ceramic body thus increasing output voltage.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Further objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in piezoelectric transformer employing an elastic band;

FIG. 7 shows a perspective view of the supporting band;

FIG. 8 shows a perspective view of the piezoelectric transformer shown in FIG. 6; v i

FIG. 9 shows a perspective view of a modified piezoelectric transformer; I

FIGS. 10,'ll and 12 show perspective views of still other modifications of the piezoelectric transformer and FIGS. 13, 14 and 15 show piezoelectric transformers with modified supporting devices.

DESCRIPTION OFTHE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the accompanying drawings, the piezoelectric transformer, generally designated by a reference numeral 20 comprises a ceramic body 22 in the form of a rectangular plate made of barium titanate or lead zirconate and the like piezoelectric material by the powder metallurgy technique with its lefthand half 24 along the'length thereof polalized in the direction of thickness A-A while the remaining or righthand half 26 is polarized in the direction of length 8-3. The piezoelectric transformer 20 is provided with a pair of input electrodes 28 appliedby firing to the opposite surfaces of the lefthand half 24 and an output electrode 30 similarly attached to the end surface of the righthand half 26. Upon application of an AC input signal of a frequency corresponding to the natural frequency of the ceramic body across input electrodes 28, the piezoelectric transformer 20 undergoes mechanical vibrations to produce a stepped-up output voltage at the output electrode 30. Theoretically, the piezoelectric transformer 20 vibrates at a (n/ 2 ))t mode (where n is an integer) but from the standpoint of voltage transformation ratio and heating, it is designed to operate at the M2 mode or A mode. As a result, the vibrational motions of the I from the respective ends by 1/4. In other words, since these nodal points are spatially fixed points it is clear that even when these nodal points are mechanically fixed by supporting means, the waveform of the vibration of the piezoelectric transformer and hence the operating characteristics thereof would never be affected.

As above described, this invention contemplates the provision of a novel supporting device which supports the piezoelectric transformer at the nodal point or points or along transverse line or lines including such nodal point or points.

FIGS. 3 and '4 illustrate one embodiment of this invention comprising a supporting leg of an inverted T shape cross-sectional configuration and made of insulating material such as polypropylene. The vertical leg or wall 34 is provided with an elongated slot 36 corresponding to the cross-sectional configuration of the ceramic body. As shown in FIG. 3, the ceramic body is supported by the leg 32 at the middle or the nodal point of the vibration by extending through slot 36. Preferably, the vertical leg should be rigid and thin as far as possible. When operating at the A mode, two supporting legs are provided at respective nodal points 1/4 spaced apart from opposite ends of the piezoelectric transformer.

FIG. 5 shows the relationship between the output voltage, quantity of heat generated and the positions of supporting means where the supporting legs of the construction shown in FIG. 3 are utilized. The percentage of the reduction in output voltage 8V0 and the percentage of the reduction in the temperature 8T0 were determined by the following equations Va V where Va represents the output voltage of an unsupported piezoelectric transformer, Vx that of a supported piezoelectric transformer, Ta the temperature of the unsupported piezoelectric transformer and Tx that of the supported piezoelectric transformer. Supporting positions of the piezoelectric transformer are shown on the abscissa wherein a shows unsupported case, b the case wherein the piezoelectric transformer is supported at the middle, the case wherein the piezoelectric transformer operating at the A mode is supported at a point 1/4 spaced apart from the lefthand end, d the case where the piezoelectric transformer operating at the )t mode is supported at a point l/4 spaced apart from the righthand end and e the case wherein the piezoelectric transformer operating at the A mode is supported at two points respectively 1/4 spaced apart from opposite ends.

As can be clearlynoted from FIG. 5 by supporting the piezoelectric transformers at points 0, d and e or the nodal points thereof the percentage of reduction of temperature 5T0 can be reduced by percent and yet the decreace-in the output voltage 8V0 is only 5 percent which means that by supporting the piezoelectric transformer at its nodal point or points it is not only possible to effectively dissipate the heat but also to decrease the reduction in the output voltage. It is considered that this is caused not only by the improved heat dissipation but also by the suppression of the undesirable vibrational modes which occur when the piezoelectric transformer is not supported at the nodal point, thus decreasing heat loss.

FIGS. 6 to 12 inclusive slow another embodiments of this invention. The piezoelectric transformer has opposed notches 38 on the opposite sides of the nodal point as shown in FIG. 8. The portion of the piezoelectric transformer between these notches 38 is received in an opening 42 of a rectangular frame shaped resilient band 40 of insulating material such as rubber, shown in FIG. 7, and both sides of band 40 are received in guide slots 44 of a supporting member 43 as shown in FIG. 6. Instead of providing notches 38 on the opposite sides of the ceramic body 22 transverse grooves 46 may be formed on the upper and lower surfaces of the ceramic body at the nodal point as shown in FIG. 9. Further, as shown in FIG. 12, to operate the piezoelectric transformer 20 at the A mode two pairs of opposing notches 48 and 50 may be formed on both sides of the ceramic body at the nodal points. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 10 a pair of projections or pins 52 are provided on both sides of the ceramic body '22 to project in the opposite direction and to be received in corresponding openings in resilient band 40. Further a pair of opposing pins 53 may be formed on the upper and lower surfaces of the ceramic body 22 for the same purpose as shown in FIG. 11. With these modified embodiments the resilient band 40 is positively secured at the nodal point of the piezoelectric transformer by the provision of grooves or pins. 7

The ceramic bodyformed with grooves 38, 46, 48 or 50 or pins 52 or 53 can also be supported by supporting devices shown in FIGS. 13 to 15. p

In the example shown in FIG. 13, the piezoelectric transformer 20 is supported-by a supporting device 54 provided at the nodal point and comprising a pair of rigid insulator strips 56 made of phenolic resin, epoxide resin, acrylic resin and the like and extending transversely along the upper and lower surfaces of the ceramic body 22, a pair of screws 58 extending through openings at the opposite ends of the rigid strips 56 and nuts 60 engaging screws 58. Thus, by clamping the supporting device 54 to the nodal point of the piezoelectric transformer 20 it is possible to suppress the vibration of the ceramic body 22 in the direction of thickness thereof to decrease heat loss due to such vibration. As shown in FIG. 14 it is also possible to clamp both sides of the ceramic body 22 with the supporting device 54 shown in FIG. 13 so as to suppress the vibration of the piezoelectric transformer in the direction of the width thereof. Further, as shown in FIG. .15, two supporting devices similar to that shown in FIG. 13 may be used at two nodal points of a piezoelectric transformer operating at the A mode.

As can be clearly noted from the foregoing description use of one or two supporting devices is effective to suppress the vibration in the direction of thickness or width and to promote the vibration of the longitudinal direction of the piezoelectric transformer. Further this arrangement greatly decreases undesirable vibrations other than the natural vibration and permits the longitudinal vibration alone so that it is possible to present heating as well as noise which result in the loss of energy. The result of experiment shows that when the supporting device 54 is used, the shift in the resonance frequency of the piezoelectric transformer can be limited to only i; Hz and the quantity of heat can be reduced by about 30 percent when compared with a piezoelectric transfonner not supported by the supporting device. I 7

While the invention has been shown and described in terms of its preferred embodiments it will be clear that many changes and modifications may be made without departing from the true spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. A piezoelectric power transformer comprising a ceramic body in the form of an elongated rectangular plate of piezoelectric material, one half of the length of said ceramic body being polarized in the direction of thickness of said ceramic body, the remaining half being polarized in the longitudinal direction,

a pair of constraint-free input electrodes substantially coextensive with and secured to the opposite sides of said one half of said ceramic body,

an output electrode secured to the end surface of said remaining half, and

supporting means including only a constraining transverse linear mechanical support at at least one of the transverse nodal lines of the longitudinal mechanical vibrational movement of said piezoelectric transformer, said transverse linear mechanical support applying transverse constraining forces to opposite surfaces of said ceramic body at said nodal lines sufficient to suppress undesirable transverse vibration modes without interferring with said longitudinal mechanical vibrational movement.

2. The transformer according to claim 1 in which said supporting means comprises at least one rigid insulator frame fitted about said piezoelectric transformer at said transverse nodal line and with minimal width in the direction of the iongitudinal vibrational movement of said piezoelectric transfon'ner, and means adjustably connecting opposite sides of said frame for applying said constraining forces.

3. The transformer according to claim 1 in which said supporting means comprises at least one insulative elastic band fitted about said ceramic body at said transverse nodal line of the longitudinal mechanical vibrational movement of said piezoelectric transformer and stationary means for mechanically supporting opposite sides of said elastic band.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1953220 *Nov 2, 1929Apr 3, 1934Adolf ScheibeMounting for transversal resonators
US2147712 *Feb 19, 1936Feb 21, 1939Bell Telephone Labor IncWave filter
US2395434 *Mar 28, 1944Feb 26, 1946Berko TenenbaumPiezoelectric crystals
US2523701 *Jul 13, 1948Sep 26, 1950James Knights CompanyCrystal holder
US2641718 *Apr 20, 1949Jun 9, 1953Selectronics IncMethod of mounting thickness shear mode quartz crystal oscillator plates
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3766615 *Sep 2, 1970Oct 23, 1973Denki Onkyo Co LtdMethod of polarizing piezoelectric elements
US5701049 *Dec 29, 1995Dec 23, 1997Mitsui Petrochemical Industries, Ltd.Piezoelectric transformer
US5894185 *Sep 17, 1996Apr 13, 1999Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.Piezoelectric transformer
US5929554 *Jul 2, 1997Jul 27, 1999Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.Piezoelectric transformer
US6097132 *Jul 23, 1998Aug 1, 2000Nec CorporationTransformer with the piezoelectric transformer element held by lead terminals and elastic bodies in a case
US6333589 *Apr 12, 1999Dec 25, 2001Nec CorporationLaminated piezoelectric transformer and method for manufacturing the same
US6960871 *May 31, 1999Nov 1, 2005Nec Tokin CorporationPiezoelectric transformer
US7042140 *Jan 6, 2005May 9, 2006Midaswei Trading Co., Ltd.Piezoelectric-transformer and carrier arrangement
US7990028Aug 26, 2009Aug 2, 2011Epcos AgTransformer arrangement with a piezoelectric transformer
US20050269909 *Jan 6, 2005Dec 8, 2005Wei Tao CPiezoelectric-transformer and carrier arrangement
US20100026435 *Aug 26, 2009Feb 4, 2010Christian HoffmannTransformer Arrangement with a Piezoelectric Transformer
US20150115777 *Oct 30, 2013Apr 30, 2015Qualcomm IncorporatedAsymmetric unbalanced acoustically coupled resonators for spurious mode suppression
CN1069607C *Dec 5, 1996Aug 15, 2001住友电气工业株式会社Method for elongating glass preform
DE102007009230A1 *Feb 26, 2007Aug 28, 2008Epcos AgPiezoelectric transformer arrangement, has transformer working with thickness mode vibrations, and body firmly connected with support in circumferential edge areas, in which wave bulges of horizontal oscillation of body arise
Classifications
U.S. Classification310/326, 310/354, 310/359, 310/345
International ClassificationH01L41/107
Cooperative ClassificationH01L41/107
European ClassificationH01L41/107