US 3660916 A
An identification band has a receptacle for receiving a series of detached or detachably joined labels and dispensing structure for dispensing the labels one at a time. The method includes providing a plurality of labels with indicia including coded identification and placing the labels in an identification band. When the band is attached to a patient and object or the like, the labels may be serially detached and/or removed from the band, and affixed to a secondary object to identify the object as relating to the patient.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent McDermott et al.
541 IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM  lnventorsf Clifton E. McDermott, Salt Lake City; Darrell B. Steinlche, Bountiful, both of Utah  Assignee: Blo-Logics, lnc., Salt Lake City, Utah  Filed: Nov. 10, 1969  Appl. No.: 875,141
 US. Cl. ..40/21 C, 225/75  Int. Cl. ..G0913/14 [581 Field 01 Search ..40/l.5,2l C, 2l;225/78, 75
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,455,007 1 1/1948 Hayslip ..40/19.5 2,963,208 12/1960 Gates et a1. ..225/78 3,059,359 10/1962 Goldammer et a1 ..40/21 C 1 May 9, 1972 3,125,264 3/1964 English ..225/78 3,153,869 10/1964 Twentier... ....40/21C 3.500.568 3/1970 Hushek ..40/l.5
Primary Examiner-Robert W. Michell Assistant Examiner-Wenceslao .l. Contreras Attorney-Lynn 0. Foster  ABSTRACT An identification band has a receptacle for receiving a series of detached or detachably joined labels and dispensing structure for dispensing the labels one at a time. The method includes providing a plurality of labels with indicia including coded identification and placing the labels in an identification band. When the band is attached to a patient and object or the like, the labels may be serially detached and/or removed from the band, and affixed to a secondary object to identify the object as relating to the patient.
4 Claim, 5 Drawing Flgures PATENTEDMY 9 I972 Band pp y Unite Label with Band Attach the Band to Patient Digital Label Printer Detach Label & Attach to Secondary Object Input Device To Lab,
Patient Chart Accounting Data Computer Physician storage Analyzer INVENTOR.
U mum-aw 'III/I/I II 4 m 2 CLIFTON EUGENE MC DERMOTT DARRELL B. STEINICKE BY 2 I 6 AT RNEY IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM BACKGROUND ject, such as a tube containing a specimen from the patient.
2. The Prior Art It is well known in hospital procedures that much care is required to supervise the critically important identification of specimens and samples taken from patients for such purposes as laboratory analysis and the like. Also, it is critically important to insure that the proper identification remains on all reports resulting from clinical determinations conducted upon the specimens and samples. No less important is the need for identification of prescribing and administering medication to patients.
For example, frequently a physician will prescribe one or more clinical tests to be run or conducted upon a blood sample. To effectuate the prescription, the physician will hand write the order on a request slip which will be delivered to a laboratory. Thereafter, a blood sample is collected from the patient for whom the physician ordered the laboratory tests and the name of the person is handwritten upon the collection tube. Later, when the blood collection tube is returned to the laboratory and the blood sample analyzed, the patients name, hospital number and the like and the results of the analysis must be copied onto a report form.
The described recording and reporting procedures are extremely time-consuming and substantial risk exists that blood samples, the results of the tests and the names of patients may be inadvertently co-mingled resulting in improper treatment or lack of treatment to some patients, with the attending risk of injury and loss of life.
BRIEF SUMMARY AND OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides methods of attaching a plurality of uniquely. identified labels or the like to a patient so that one or more labels may be detached from the patient and affixed to a secondary object, such as a blood collection container, laboratory report, prescription order or the like. A novel label-carrying band is secured to a patient and dispenses labels serially to the exterior of the band to accommodate selective detachment of one or more labels.
- 'It is a primary object of the present invention to provide a novel identification system, including apparatus and method.
It is another paramount object of the present invention to provide a unique identification band.
Another and no less important object of the present invention includes a novel method of providing labels identifying an object or the like.
These and other objects and features of the present invention will become more fully apparent from the following description and appended claims taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. '1 is'a schematic fiow diagram illustrating one presently preferred method of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a presently preferred identification band embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of another presently preferred identification band embodiment;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of still another presently preferred identification band embodiment; and
FIG. 5 is a transverse cross section taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 4.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The presently preferred invention can best be understood by reference to the Figures, like parts being designated with like numerals throughout.
THE EMBODIMENT OF FIG. 2
With reference to FIG. 2, an identification band generally designated 20 comprises a strip 22 which may be transparent and formed of flexible plastic material, though colors ranging to opaque and other materials could be used. The band 22 has ends 24 and 26 which, in the initial condition, are separated but which are adapted to be lapped as illustrated in FIG. 2 and secured in the lapped condition by a clamp 28. The clamp 28 is preferably formed of stainless steel, as is conventional, and is hinged at one edge 30 and is provided with a locking mechanism (not shown) causing the clamp 28 to grip the ends 24 and 26 in jaw-like fashion.
The strip 22 is adapted to be placed around the wrist or ankle of a patient, for example, who has been admitted to a hospital. Clearly, if desired, the strip 22 may be attached to any part of the patient which resists inadvertent removal and loss of the band 20. The ends 24 and 26 of the strip 22 are secured by the clamp 28 so that strip 22 assumes an endless configuration and cannot be removed from the body of the patient without destruction of the strip 22.
A receptacle generally designated 32 is permanently secured to the strip 22 opposite the lapped ends 24 and 26. Preferably, the receptacle 32 has spaced opposed sides 34 and a back 36. The receptacle 32 is open at the top and each side 34 terminates in an angularly disposed edge 38 disposed noticeably rearward of the leading edge 40 of the receptacle 32.
The back is integral with a hinge 42, preferably formed of resiliently yieldable metal or plastic material with memory. The hinge 42 is integral with a receptacle cover 44, the cover 44 having sides 46 which complement the configuration of the receptacle 32. The leading end 48 of the cover 44 is adapted to close the open leading end of the receptacle 32, the leading end 48 being provided with an arcuately shaped forwardly projecting tab 50 which may be lifted by the fingers to displace the cover from the closed to the illustrated open position.
The peripheral edge of the receptacle 32 is provided with a snap ridge 52 and the interior of the cover 44 has a mating configuration so that when the cover 44 is displaced downwardly against the bias of the hinge 42, the snap ridge 52 will couple with the cover 44 to releasibly hold the cover 44 in closed position. Also, if desired, the top surface 54 of the cover 44 may be provided with a transparent window, formed of plastic, glass or the like which allows for visual observation of the interior of the receptacle 32.
Preferably, the receptacle 32 is filled with identification labels or tickets 56 which are serially detachably connected in end-to-end fashion and are folded into an accordian-like configuration. The labels 56 are provided with indicia 58 which, if desired, may be coded information uniquely identifying a sin gle patient. Alternatively, the identification may take the form of letters and/or numbers which are visually readable by the human eye. In either event, it may be desirable to be able to read or otherwise observe the indicia on the labels 56 carried within the receptacle 32. Where it is desired to remove only one label at a time from the receptacle 32, it may therefor be desirable to mark or otherwise place indicia on alternating sides of the label so that the indicia always face upwardly toward the transparent top 54 of the cover 44.
When it is desired to remove one or more labels from the receptacle 32, the cover 44 may be lifted by prying the cover upwardly at the tab 50. When the cover is in the open position illustrated in FIG. 2, the labels 56 are exposed and may be selectively removed one or more at a time. It is presently preferred that the label 56 be provided with an adhesive covered surface or a gummed surface over which a removable backing strip (not shown) is disposed. Thus, when it is desired to affix the label 56 to a test tube or written report or other secondary object, the backing strip may be peeled off to allow the label to expose the adhesive so that the label can be affixed to the secondary object. Clearly if desired, adhesive which requires moistening or other conventional affixing means could be used.
THE EMBODIMENT OF FIG. 3
Referring now to FIG. 3, the identification band 60 is substantially identical to the identification band with the exception that the end 48 of the cover 44 is provided with a transverse slot 62 disposed essentially parallel to the top surface 54 of the cover 44. Slot 62 serves as a dispensing way for labels 64 carried within the receptacle 32. Labels 64 may be substantially identical to labels 56 except that each label 64 has an appendage 66 which extends slightly beyond the leading edge 40 and constantly feeds the corresponding label 64 into the slot 62. Each appendage 66 may, if desired, comprise a tab for separating backing from the gummed or adhesive material on the reverse side of the label.
THE EMBODIMENT OF FIGS. 4 AND 5 Referring particularly to FIG. 4, the identification band generally designated 70 comprises an elongated strip 72 which is preferably looped upon itself more than twice. The strip 72 is maintained in the looped position by adhesive flaps 74 and 76, flaps 74 being integral with the trailing end 78 of the strip 72 and the flaps 76 being integral with a dispensing guide 80 mounted upon the leading end 82 of the strip 72.
As best shown in FIG. 5, the strip 72 has an interior passageway 84 which extends throughout the length of the strip 72 and terminates just short of a trailing end 78. The passageway 84 opens into an interior channel 86 in the dispensing guide 80.
The dispensing guide 80 has a reduced trailing end 88 which is inserted into the leading end 82 of strip 72. It is presently preferred that the dispensing guide 80 be permanently attached to the strip 72 such as by adhesive or other suitable bonding agent.
An elongated lower jaw 90 forms part of the dispensing guide 80 and an opposed upper jaw 92 is superimposed over and spaced somewhat above the lower jaw 90. As illustrated in FIG. 5, jaw 92 has a tapered downwardly directed edge 94 which engages labels 96 as they are dispensed between jaws 90 and 92 and prevents undesirable retraction of labels 96 into the strip 72 as will be subsequently more fully described.
A plurality of labels 96 are attached end-to-end and disposed serially in the passageway 84 of the elongated strip 72. Preferably, the labels are sized so that they are easily displaceably in the passageway 84. Labels 96 are detachably connected one to another and can be easily drawn through the dispensing guide 80 to the exterior of the strip 72. It is preferred that the leading label in the series rest upon essentially the full length of the lower jaw 90 so as to be exposed beyond the edge 94 of the jaw 90. Thus, labels 96 may be removed from the strip 72 by grasping the exposed label and exerting a lateral withdrawing force upon the series. When the desired number of labels 96 have been removed from the strip 72, the label or labels may be detached one from another so that the label remaining in the guide 80 is exposed beyond the edge 94 of jaw 90 as above described. The detached labels are then affixed to a secondary object such as a blood collection tube, medical report or the like. As previously mentioned, the tapered edge 94 of the upper jaw 92 normally impinges upon the label 96 remaining within the dispensing guide 80 between jaws 90 and 92 so that the labels are not inadvertently withdrawn into the strip 72 out of reach of the fingers.
If desired, the labels 96 may be substantially identical to labels 56 previously described and may be provided with indicia similar to the indicia 58 in the manner above described.
THE METHOD OF FIG. 1
Although the above described structure has application in a wide variety of circumstances, and although the method of using the invention may have various applications, the method will be described particularly with reference to admitting patients into a hospital and treating the patients subsequent to admission to the hospital.
Referring now to FIG. I, when a patient enters a hospital, a clerk or secretary will take critical information from the patient, particularly relating to the patients identification, although information such as particular medication allergies and the like could also be included. The mentioned information is fed by the clerk into a conventional input device, such as a typewriter, which is electrically connected to a suitable digital strip printer. Although any suitable digital strip printer may be used, the Clary Model SP20 has been found to be satisfactory.
The digital strip printer will print the information on a plurality of serially attached identification labels which are, thereafter, placed in a receptacle i.e. receptacle 32) attached to a band from the band supply. Alternatively, if desired, the labels may be fed into a passageway of an elongated band from the band supply.
Thereafter, the band is attached to the patient. When it is desired to, for example, take a blood sample from the patient, the blood is withdrawn from the patient and one of the labels affixed to the blood collection tube. Also, if desired, a second label may be removably attached to the label secured to the blood collection tube for a purpose hereinafter more fully described. The blood sample, identified by the label, is then conveyed to the hospital laboratory or the like.
The blood sample is thereafter analyzed according to the orders of the physician and a report containing the findings of the analysis is prepared. The label from the blood collection tube may be then affixed to the report or, if desired, the additional label removably attached to the blood collection tube may be then detached and afiixed to the report. One or more copies of the report are returned to the laboratory and/or conveyed to any one or all of the data-receiving entities illustrated in FIG. 1, Le. the physician, computer storage, accounting and the patient chart.
Significantly, the ease with which the one or more labels may be taken from the patient and secured to a secondary object such as a blood collection tube minimizes the risk of confusing the identity of patients and corresponding blood samples. Also, the patients identification can be at all times readily observed by concerned persons attending the patient because of the easy visual access to the identification labels.
The invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are, therefore, to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore to be embraced therein.
What is claimed and desired to be secured by United States Letters Patent is:
1. An identification band comprising an interiorly hollow strip adapted to be united to itself in an endless fashion, dispensing means mounted on the strip for discharging labels out of the strip one at a time, and a plurality of removable labels having indicia thereon serially detachably joined one to another received within said band and dispensable in seriatim from the dispensing means.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein said dispensing means is formed with a trailing edge portion dimensioned to be received within the hollow of said band and has an interior channel communicating with the hollow of said band to pennit passage therethrough of said labels.
endless fashion around a limb of a health care patient; receptacle means mounted to the strip;
a plurality of labels each having previously prepared common indicia thereon which identifies the patient, the labels being serially arranged within and entirely concealed from exposure by the receptacle means;
means by which successive manual dispensing of the labels from the concealed position within the receptacle to an exposed position is accommodated.
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