|Publication number||US3662953 A|
|Publication date||May 16, 1972|
|Filing date||Jul 30, 1970|
|Priority date||Jul 30, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3662953 A, US 3662953A, US-A-3662953, US3662953 A, US3662953A|
|Inventors||Wiens John M|
|Original Assignee||Wales Metal Products Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (8), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Wiens 1 May 16, 1972  BITUMEN SPRAY AND TRANSFER 1,234,910 7/1917 Kinney ..239/l35 3,023,968 3/ l 962 Mitchell .239/125  Inventor: John M. Wiens, Wales, Wis. Primary Examiner-M. Henson Wood, Jr.
Assistant Examiner-Edwin D. Grant  Asslgnee: Wales Metal Products, Inc., Wales, W1s. A"0mey wheeler House & wheeler 22 F1 d: l 30 1970 I I 57 ABSTRACT I A l. N 59 6 [2 1 pp 0 A generally conventional tank truck with heater and spray bar is equipped with valve manifolds and valves and a flush tank  US. Cl. .....239/ 112, 239/127, 239/ I59 and external coupling connections and has a master control  Int. Cl ..B05b 15/02 with valve actuating means which are preferably operated in  Field of Search .'....239/1 27, l28, I30, 13 l 135, desired bitumen circuit combinations by fluid pressure to per- 239/ 139, 170, 159, 112, 124, 125; 94/44; l37/599.l form a variety of operations other than merely spraying bitumen through the spray bar onto a highway. References Cited 7 12 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures 7 UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,361,358 1/1968 Lund ..23 9/l24 X Patented May 16, 1972 2 Sheets-Sheet .iv
Patented May 16, 1972 3,662,953
2 Sheets-Sheet 2 (ll J4;
Mai 69210 r BITUMEN SPRAY AND TRANSFER WITH MASTER CONTROL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The ordinary bitumen sprayer is capable of limited functions and has valves independently manually operated with the result that there is considerable labor involved and extensive servicing required for maintenance.
SUMMARY OF INVENTION A master control and a large number of valves operable in accordance with this invention reduces labor and increases the work capacity of a truck of this character, at the same time eliminating much of the previous servicing made necessary by lapse of time between spraying operations and flushing and the like. To avoid the fouling of electrical contacts, the use of fluid pressure rather than electricity is preferred for the operation of the many valves required. In any case the concentration of the controls and the immediacy with which they can be actuated permits the valves and bar to be maintained warm by recirculation of the heated bitumen from the supply tank and permits the entire system or selected parts thereof to be flushed immediately as needed. It also makes conveniently possible pumping to or from external sources either to transfer bitumen from one tank to another or to fill or empty the tank truck system.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS In the drawings, which are largely diagrammatic,
FIG. 1 is a view in perspective of a truck equipped inaccordance with this invention.
FIG. 2 is a diagram of the piping and valve connections.
FIG. 3 is a detail of individually valved spray nozzles depending from the spray bar.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary diagram partially in perspective and partially in section showing a master cam and one of the valves actuated thereby.
FIG. 5 is a diagrammatic elevational view of the valve manifold shown in FIG. 4.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION In many respects, the vehicle 20 is conventional. It has a main bitumen tank 22 provided internally with heating coils 24. Behind the tank there is a platform at 26 from which brackets support a spray bar 28. For purposes of the present invention, I provide immediately behind the tank a housing 30 for a manifold 32. Behind that is an engine 34 and a master control center 36. Elsewhere on the vehicle is the flush tank 38 within which is solvent liquid for cleaning the system.
In accordance with conventional practice, the spray bar 28 has depending nozzles at 40. It is preferred that these be provided with valves 42 as diagrammatically illustrated in FIG. 3. These may be linked mechanically for simultaneous operation if desired.
Pump 44 is power operated. It has an inlet pipe 46 and a delivery pipe 48. The valve manifold 32 is divided by partitions 18 and 19 into chambers A, B and C. It is provided with valves which are numbered from 1 to 16 in FIG. 2. A typical valve is shown at 50 in FIG. 4. There is a seat at 52 at the top of the manifold 32 and the valve plug 51 is urged to this seat by a compression spring 54. It may be retracted, in the FIG. 4 construction, by a lever 56 pivoted to the valve stem 58 and to a fluid operated ram 60. Control levers 62 on the top of the control center cabinet 36 (FIG. 1) may be used for the individual energization of the respective rams but it is preferred to use the construction shown in FIG. 4 whereby the control shaft 66 carries cams 68 which displace cam followers 70 to operate the respective valves 72 which control the supply of pressure fluid from manifold 74 to the respective rants. The fluid may be either liquid or gas such as air. It will be apparent that according to the connections from the cam operated valves 72 to their respective rams it will be possible for each cam to open and close one or more rams selectively according to the position of the control shaft 66.
The various connections are shown diagrammatically in FIG. 2. Subject to the control of the valve 12, the chamber C may communicate with the inlet pipe 46 of pump 44. Subject to the control of valve 6, the outlet pipe 48 provides communication between the pump and chamber A. The other pipes and the valves controlling them can best be described in connection with the following summary of the operations which can be and are performed by the structure disclosed.
a. Bitumen can be pumped from the external source 78 into the heated bitumen tank 22. For this purpose, the external source is connected through pipe 79 subject to the control of valve 15 with the chamber C which, as above noted, has connections controlled by valve 12 through inlet pipe 46 to the pump 44. From pump 44 the bitumen passes through discharge pipe 48 subject to the control of valve 6 in the chamber A. It issues therefrom subject to the control of valve 5 to pass through pipe 82 to the heated tank 22.
Bitumen pumped from source tank 78 may be discharged to another external storage such as tank without entering the heated tank 22. The bitumen passes into chamber A as above described and issues therefrom through valve 1 to traverse pipe 79 leading to the receiving tank 80.
c. The manifold 32 can be warmed to prevent the bitumen from congealing therein by pumping bitumen from the heated tank 22 back to the heated tank without admitting any of such bitumen to the spray bar. This is done by opening valve 11 to connect the heated tank 22 through pipe 84 with chamber C, through which the bitumen passes via valve 12 and inlet pipe 40 to the pump 44. From the pump 44 the bitumen passes through pipe 48 and valve 6 to the chamber A, returning through valve 5 and pipe 82 to the heated tank 22.
. For the purpose of preventing the bitumen from congealing in the spray bar 28, the bitumen heated in tank 22 may be circulated through the spray bar and back to tank 22. The connection to the pump and thence to chamber A has already been described. It involves valves 11 and 12 and 6. From chamber A, flow occurs subject to valve 3 to the spray bar 28 through pipe 75. From spray bar 28, the bitumen returns through pipes 88 and 92 and, subject to the control of valve 8, to reach chamber B. From this chamber, bitumen passes subject to control of valve 10 through pipe 94 back to the heated tank 22.
. For the purpose of emptying the tank 22, the bitumen may be pumped from such tank to an external receiving tank such as that shown at 80 without entering the spray bar. The opening of valve 11 admits flow from the heated tank 22 into chamber C. Thence the bitumen passes through valve 12 and pump inlet pipe 46 to the pump. The discharge through the pipe 48 subject to the control of valve 6 delivers the bitumen into chamber A. Opening valve 1 permits the bitumen to flow from chamber A through pipe 79 to the receiving tank 80.
In normal use, the bitumen is pumped from heated tank 22 to the spray bar 28 and discharged through the nozzles 40. This is done by permitting flow through pipe 84 subject to the control of valve 11 into chamber C and thence subject to control of valve 12 through inlet pipe 46 to the pump. The bitumen discharged by the pump through pipe 48 passes subject to the control of valve 6 into chamber A. It issues from chamber A subject to the control of valve 3 which communicates through pipe 75 with spray bar 28. It will be assumed that the nozzle valves 42 are open to permit the spraying of the bitumen, and that there are no valves open to permit return of the bitumen from the spray bar.
A hand spray attachment comprises a manually operable nozzle 95 through which bitumen can be ejected. The heated bitumen reaches chamber A of the manifold in the manner already described. Subject to the control of valve 2, the bitumen passes through a hose 108 to the handheld spray nozzle 95 from which the bitumen is required to be discharged, since the return pipe 110 is not available, valve 16 being closed.
h. In order to leave the apparatus reasonably clean, the bitumen can be withdrawn from the spray bar and the hand nozzle 95 and all piping and returned to the bitumen tank. This is done by opening valves l6, l3, 6 and 5 whereby bitumen returned through hose 110 and pipe 96 from the hand nozzle and the spray bar will be received into chamber C and delivered through valve 12 and inlet pipe 40 to the pump and discharged through pipe 48 and valve 6 to chamber A and thence through valve 5 and pipe 82 back to the tank 22.
. A flushing solvent which may comprise oil or the like stored in tank 38 can be pumped through the piping and the spray bar and returned to the flush tank 38 without entering the bitumen tank 22. This is done by opening valve 14 to provide communication through pipe 100 between the flush tank 38 and chamber C. From chamber C, the flushing liquid is passed through open valve 12 and inlet pipe 46 to the pump and thence via pipe 48 and open valve 6 to chamber A and thence through valve 7 and pipe 104 back to the flush tank 38. By opening the valves 2 and 3 from chamber A, portions of the flushing liquid will pass via hose 108 to the hand nozzle 95 returning through pipe 110 to chamber C; other portions will pass through pipe 75 to the spray bar 28 returning through pipe 96 and valve 13 to chamber C. From chamber C the return path will be as already described whereby the flushing oil will be delivered back to tank 38.
j. Bitumen may be withdrawn from the hand nozzle 95 and associated piping and returned to the storage tank 22 independently of the flushing operation above described. For this purpose, valve 16 is opened so that the bitumen can go from nozzle 95 through the hose 110 to the collecting chamber C, thence passing through valve 12 and inlet pipe 46 to the pump and being discharged through pipe 48 and valve 6 to chamber A from which bitumen emerges through valve 5 to return via pipe 1 12 to the tank 22.
1. In combination, a vehicular mounted bitumen tank and spray nozzles, a multiple chamber manifold located externally of said bitumen tank and having partitions separating said chambers, a bitumen pump, a plurality of bitumen circuit connections connected to said pump and said manifold chambers, and said circuit connections for controlling flow through said connections, and means providing a control station and having means for selectively opening and closing said valves for controlling from said station the flow of bitumen through said pump and selected circuit connections.
2. A combination according to claim 1 in which said tank is provided with bitumen heating means.
3. A combination according to claim 2 in which the circuit connections to the several nozzles include a spray bar on which the nozzles are mounted, and pipes subject to the control of said valves communicating between the manifold chambers and the pump and spray bar and tank.
4. In combination, a vehicular mounted bitumen tank and spray nozzles, a bitumen pump, a plurality of bitumen circuit connections, a plurality of valves controlling flow through said connections, and means providing a control station and having means for selectively opening and closing said valves for controlling from said station the flow of bitumen through said pump and selected circuit connections and in which the circuit connections to the several nozzles include a spray bar on which the nozzles are mounted and a manifold having a plurality of chambers equipped with the said valves, and pipes subject to the control of said valves communicating between the manifold chambers and the pump and spray bar and tank and, further including a vehicular mounted flush tank having circuit connections to respective chambers, the said valves and circuit connections providing for circulation of the flushing liquid through said chambers and spray bar.
5. A combination according to claim 3 in which certain of said chambers have connections for external bitumen tanks adapted respectively to supply and receive bitumen to and from said first mentioned bitumen tank.
6. A combination according to claim 3 in further combination with a manually operable spray nozzle having flexible hoses connecting it with respective chambers for the flow and retraction of bitumen. v
7. In combination, a vehicular mounted bitumen tank and spray noules, a bitumen pump, a plurality of bitumen circuit connections, a plurality of valves controlling flow through said connections, and means providing a control station and having means for selectively opening and closing said valves for controlling from said station the flow of bitumen through said pump and selected circuit connections and in which the circuit connections to the several noules include a spray bar on which the nozzles are mounted and a manifold having a plurality of chambers equipped with the said valves, and pipes subject to the control of said valves communicating between the manifold chambers and the pump and spray bar and tank, and in which the means for selectively opening and closing said valves comprises fluid operable rams connected with respective valves and means at said control station for controlling actuation and retraction of said rams.
8. A combination according to claim 7 in which said last mentioned means comprises a rotor having a plurality of cams mounted thereon, and cam followers having control means extending operatively therefrom to the respective rams.
9. A combination according to claim 3 in which one of said chambers constitutes a collecting chamber from which a pipe leads to said pump and another of said chambers constituting a distributing chamber to which a pipe leads from said pump.
10. In combination, a vehicle, a bitumen tank and a multiple chamber manifold mounted on the vehicle said manifold having first, second and third separate chambers, a pump also mounted on the vehicle and having an inlet connected with one of the chambers of the manifold and an outlet connected with another chamber of the manifold, a spray bar also mounted on the vehicle and provided with a plurality of bitumen spray nozzles, a flush tank mounted on thevehicle and adapted to carry a system flushing liquid, pipes providing connections between the bitumen tank and said first, second and third chambers of the manifold and between the flush tank and said second and third chambers of the manifold and between the spray bar and said first, second and third chambers of the manifold, and a pump having an inlet connected with said third chamber and an outlet connected with said first chamber, valve means controlling the flow of bitumen and flushing liquid between said chambers and spray bar and pump and bitumen tank, and centralized means for the actual tion of said valves.
11. A combination according to claim 10, together with means for heating the bitumen in the bitumen tank, said connections and valve actuation means including means for circulating heated bitumen from the bitumen tank through the manifold chambers and the pump and the manifold, independently of said spray bar.
12. In combination, a vehicular mounted bitumen tank and spray nozzles, a multiple chamber manifold having partitions separating said chambers, a bitumen pump, a plurality of bitumen circuit connections connected to said pump and said manifold chambers, a battery of valves arranged in an array on each of said chambers and communicating with each of said manifold chambers and said circuit connections for controlling flow through said connections, and means providing a control station and having means for selectively opening and closing said valves for controlling from said station the flow of bitumen through said pump and selected circuit connections.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US3023968 *||Sep 22, 1958||Mar 6, 1962||Gen Motors Corp||Recirculating paint spray system|
|US3361358 *||Jan 28, 1966||Jan 2, 1968||Solem Machine Company||Apparatus for spreading bituminous material|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3977605 *||Oct 20, 1975||Aug 31, 1976||Sheldon Robert T||Vehicular herbicide sprayer|
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|US6883726 *||Oct 4, 2002||Apr 26, 2005||The Toro Company||Fluid sprayer system using modulated control valve and a positive displacement pump|
|US8505566||Nov 14, 2007||Aug 13, 2013||The Toro Company||Valve glue diverter|
|US8740177||Sep 30, 2011||Jun 3, 2014||Rain Bird Corporation||Eccentric diaphragm valve|
|US9539674||Nov 22, 2013||Jan 10, 2017||Rain Bird Corporation||Clog resistant valve port and methods relating to same|
|US20030132310 *||Oct 4, 2002||Jul 17, 2003||The Toro Company||Fluid sprayer system using modulated control valve and a positive displacement pump|
|U.S. Classification||239/112, 239/159, 239/127|
|International Classification||E01C19/00, E01C19/17|