|Publication number||US3665628 A|
|Publication date||May 30, 1972|
|Filing date||Mar 2, 1970|
|Priority date||Mar 2, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3665628 A, US 3665628A, US-A-3665628, US3665628 A, US3665628A|
|Inventors||Dammond Howard R|
|Original Assignee||Dammond Howard R|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (28), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Dammond 1 May 30, 1972 54] PICTURE HOLDER FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS  Inventor: Howard R. Dammond, 390 West End 453,484 12/1927 Germany ..40/152 New Y rk. NY. 10024 731,462 5 1932 France ..40 140 22 F'] d: M 2, 1970 1 1 e U Primary Examiner-Robert W. Michell 1 PP 15,594 Assistant Examiner-Wenceslao J. Contreras Attomey- Lcrner, David & Littenberg  U.S. Cl ..40/l55  Field ofSearch ..40/155,156,140,142,152
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,994,686 3/1935 Chemow ..40/17 X 2,604,712 7/1952 Le Blanca. .40/17 X 780,052 1/1905 Mohlberg "40/155 3,425,147 2/1969 Marx ..40/155 5 7] ABSTRACT A picture holder comprising separate upper and lower clamping members and separate front and back picture retaining members. The front and back picture retaining members comprise means which cooperate with the clamping members to form the fully assembled picture frame. The upper and lower clamp members may be identical and the front and back picture retaining members may also be identical. In addition, spring means may be provided disposed within the upper and lower clamping members for providing additional picture retaining pressure to the front and back members.
6 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures Patented May 30, 1972 3,665,628
HOWARQ R/DAMMJAV BY 41.. LERNER, DAV! LITTEfVBE A TTORNEYS PICTURE HOLDER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Picture frames or holders were in existence long before the founding of our present patent system. Still, the present patented state of the art is quite crowded and well developed. There is, however, always room for new designs-which result in aesthetically attractive picture frames or holders that can be simply and economically manufactured.
It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a picture frame which is both attractice and can be economically manufactured.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a picture frame which is aesthetically functional in appearance and is formed from a pair of identical front and back picture retaining members and a pair of identical upper and lower clamping members which cooperate with the picture retaining members to hold them in a desired picture retaining relationship.
It is still a further object of this invention to provide a picture frame or holder in which pictures can be viewed from the front or back of the holder.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An aesthetically yet functional appearing picture frame or holder is provided in accordance with the present invention which comprises separate upper and lower clamping members and separate front and back picture retaining members. No side members are provided, though provision for side members could be made.
In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the upper and lower clamping members are identical and are in the form of elongated channel-like members. Further, the front and back retaining members are identical and comprise planar rectangular transparent sheets of material.
More specifically, there is provided a picture frame comprising an upper channel-like clamping member, a lower channel-like clamping member, a front transparent planar picture retaining member, and a back picture retaining member, said front and back members comprising means disposed adjacent their upper outer surface portions when they are disposed in juxtaposed picture retaining relationship which are adapted to cooperate with said upper clamping member for maintaining said front and back members in said picture retaining relationship, and said front and back members further comprising means disposed on their lower outer surface portions when in said juxtaposed picture retaining relationship which are adapted to cooperate with said lower clamping member for maintaining said front and back members in said picture retaining relationship.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a picture frame or holder in accordance with the invention with the clamping members thereof moved out of their usual position for ease of illustration of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a second embodiment of a clamping member in accordance with the invention; and,
FIG. 3 comprises side elevational views of the top portions of four further embodiments of the invention.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The preferred embodiment of the invention is shown in the perspective view of FIG. 1. It is of course obvious that the upper clamping member and the lower clamping member 12 are not shown in their picture frame or picture holder forming positions. To place the upper clamping member 10 in its picture frame forming position, it must be slid from one side of the juxtaposed front picture retaining member 14 and back picture retaining member 16 along the grooves 18 and 20 with the elongated projecting members 22 and 24 within the grooves 18 and 20, respectively, until the projecting members 22 and 24 completely fill the grooves 18 and 20, respectively. Thus, the ends 26 and 28 of the upper clamping member 10 are flush with the sides 30, 32 and 34, 36 of the front and back picture retaining members 14 and 16, respectively, when the picture frame is fully assembled.
The lower clamping member 12 similarly comprises projecting members 38 and 40 for cooperating with the grooves 42 and 44, respectively, and is assembled in the same manner. It will be appreciated that the terms upper" and lower as well as the terms front and back" are interchangeable since the members 10 and 12 are identical and the members 14 and 16 are also identical.
Side clamping members are not provided. However, side members could be employed, if desired, which could mate with vertical grooves and form a complete outer frame perimeter. The upper and lower members, or the side members, would then be shorter than the edges of the back and front members that they are adjacent. The side members could also be identical. In fact, some constructions may employ identical upper, lower and side clamping members.
The cooperation of the elongated members 22 and 24 with the grooves 18 and 20, respectively, and the cooperation of the projecting members 38 and 40 with the grooves 44 and 42 respectively, provide the means for retaining the front and back members 14 and 16in a desired picture holding relationship. Thus, the pictures 46, 48 and 50 are retained in the spaced relationship shown in FIG. 1 by the clamping pressure exerted by the front and back members 14 and 16 due to the cooperation between the grooves and the projecting members. Of course, a single picture could be disposed between the front and back members 14 and 16. In addition, the pictures my face either the front or back member since both can be made of a transparent rigid material, such as glass, Plexiglas (Registered Trademark), or Lucite (Registered Trademark). In this regard, the clamping members may be made of any suitable material, such as wood, plastic, etc. The clamping members of the preferred embodiment are made of aluminum and can be manufactured by well known extrusion techniques.
The picture holder may rest on the bottom of lower channel member 12. In the alternative, a bar disposed at an angle could be affixed to the upper clamping member 10. For example, a generally straight bar having a bent portion at its lower end and a bent portion at its upper end could be attached to a side of the upper channel member 10 by means of a suitable fastener, such as a screw. This would not detract from the fact that the upper and lower clamping members '10 and 12 could be made in similar operations and be initially completely identical. If a support is not employed, it will be understood that means need only be provided for manufacturing two distinct elements to form the picture frame since the picture frame only comprises four elements and the four elements comprise two pairs of identical elements.
A modified clamping member 52 is illustrated in FIG. 2. The clamping member 52 comprises a flexed flat spring member 54 which is for applying additional clamping pressure to front and back plate members disposed therein.
Further embodiments of the invention, though by no means all inclusive, are illustrated in FIG. 3. Picture frame A comprises front and back picture retaining members 56 and 58 having elongated grooves 60 and 62, respectively. A C-shaped clamping member 64 is disposed with its ends in the grooves 60 and 62 for applying positive clamping pressure to the plates 56 and 58. The C-shaped clamping member 64 could, in some applications, be applied by flexing it and snapping its ends into the grooves 60 and 62. Since picture frame A could not stand on the bottom of a clamping member 64, suitable support would normally be provided.
It is to be noted that the bottom portions of all of the embodiments illustrated in FIG. 3 are similar to the top portions. However, this of course need not be true since it may be desirable, from an aesthetic viewpoint, to provide different types of front and back members as well as different types of upper and lower clamping members. In any event, the provision of separate front and back members as well as separate upper and lower clamping members result in picture frames which can be simply and economically manufactured.
Picture frame B comprises opposed front and back members 66 and 68 and an upper clamping member 70 which cooperates with reverse chamfers 70 and 72 formed along the upper edges of the front and back members 66 and 68, respectively, to apply the required picture clamping and picture frame forming forces.
Picture frames C and D differ from the previously described picture frames in that the front and back members, 74 and 76, and 78 and 80, comprise protuberances, 82 and 84, and 86 and 88, respectively, which cooperate with upper clamping members 90 and 92 respectively.
While the principles of the invention have been described in connection with specific embodiments thereof, it is to be clearly understood that this description is made only by way of example and not as a limitation to the scope of the invention as set forth in the accompanying claims.
What is claimed is:
l. A picture frame comprising an upper channel-like clamping member, a lower channel-like clamping member, a front transparent planar rigid picture retaining member, a back planar rigid picture retaining member, said front and back picture retaining members including laterally extending guide means disposed adjacent their upper outer surface portions when they are disposed in juxtaposed picture retaining relationship which cooperate with said upper clamping member for maintaining said front and back members in said picture retaining relationship, said front and back picture retaining members further including laterally extending guide means disposed adjacent their lower outer surface portions when in said juxtaposed picture retaining relationship cooperating with said lower clamping member for maintaining said front and back member in said picture retaining relationship, and spring means disposed between each of said clamping members and the respective outer upper and lower surface portions of said picture retaining members to provide additional clamping pressure to said front and back picture retaining members.
2. A picture frame according to claim 1, wherein said upper and lower clamping members are identical.
3. A picture frame according to claim 1, wherein said front and back members are identical.
4. A picture frame according to claim 3, wherein said upper and lower clamping members are identical.
5. A picture frame according to claim 1, wherein said back picture retaining member is transparent.
6. A picture frame according to claim 5, wherein the ends of said clamping members are flush with the sides of said front and back members when the picture frame is fully assembled.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US780052 *||May 11, 1904||Jan 17, 1905||George A Alexander||Support for picture-frames, &c.|
|US1994686 *||Dec 3, 1934||Mar 19, 1935||Michael Chernow||Monogram unit|
|US2604712 *||Nov 17, 1950||Jul 29, 1952||Swank Inc||Initial mounting|
|US3425147 *||Jan 26, 1966||Feb 4, 1969||Marx Guilherme S||Display frame|
|DE453484C *||Apr 10, 1926||Dec 8, 1927||Berliner Strassenbahn Betr S G||Wechselrahmen mit gefalzten Einschubleisten fuer Anzeigeschilder o. dgl.|
|FR731462A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3914892 *||Dec 26, 1973||Oct 28, 1975||Minerva Reproduktioner As||Suspension device|
|US3936968 *||Jul 18, 1973||Feb 10, 1976||Gilbert Howard E||Adjustable frame|
|US4204350 *||Mar 30, 1976||May 27, 1980||Abner Brenner||Mounting for photographs or the like|
|US4257606 *||Aug 27, 1979||Mar 24, 1981||Launzel Edward A||Three-dimensional puzzle|
|US4277903 *||Dec 8, 1978||Jul 14, 1981||Crossot Eugene A||Framing and hanging assembly for a sheet material object|
|US4282667 *||Oct 25, 1979||Aug 11, 1981||Glade Gaston M||Advertising poster display frame|
|US4356647 *||Apr 13, 1981||Nov 2, 1982||Farris William H||Apparatus for holding and displaying a poster|
|US4446641 *||Feb 2, 1982||May 8, 1984||Lineair||Alterable frame and small fastening block for assembling such a frame|
|US4606140 *||Jan 30, 1984||Aug 19, 1986||Mitchell Sheila R||Painting protection visor|
|US5448845 *||Oct 7, 1994||Sep 12, 1995||Burke Gibson, Inc.||Frame piece for display holder|
|US5722623 *||Sep 18, 1996||Mar 3, 1998||Burke Gibson, Inc.||Upright display assembly|
|US7069682 *||Sep 25, 2003||Jul 4, 2006||Raymond M. Gatt||Quick change picture frame|
|US7296373||Mar 8, 2005||Nov 20, 2007||Hahn Richard L||Apparatus for framing and hanging a sheet-like display item|
|US7530189||Jan 6, 2006||May 12, 2009||Lg Electronics Inc.||Air conditioner|
|US9343003 *||Jan 21, 2014||May 17, 2016||George O. Podd||Backlit graphic display device with device-to-surface mounts|
|US20040111944 *||Sep 25, 2003||Jun 17, 2004||Gatt Raymond M.||Quick change picture frame|
|US20050235541 *||Jun 28, 2005||Oct 27, 2005||Weatherill Sean B||Method and apparatus for displaying works of art|
|US20060156604 *||Jan 20, 2005||Jul 20, 2006||Lawrence Santa H||Jigsaw puzzle holding frame|
|US20060168862 *||Jan 6, 2006||Aug 3, 2006||Lg Electronics Inc.||Air conditioner|
|US20090015114 *||Jul 10, 2008||Jan 15, 2009||Vihos Georg A||Gas Filled Art Encasement System|
|US20140130387 *||Jan 21, 2014||May 15, 2014||George O. Pod||Backlit Graphic Display Device with Device-to-Surface Mounts|
|EP0131645A1 *||Jul 18, 1983||Jan 23, 1985||Atelier Stemmle AG||Picture frame|
|EP0746834A1 *||Jun 8, 1994||Dec 11, 1996||Marketing Displays Inc.||Poster and sign display assembly|
|EP1826496A2 *||Jan 16, 2006||Aug 29, 2007||Lg Electronics Inc||Air conditioner|
|WO1996011459A1 *||Feb 24, 1995||Apr 18, 1996||Burke Gibson Inc.||Frame piece for display holder|
|WO2001067930A2 *||Mar 12, 2001||Sep 20, 2001||Nielsen & Bainbridge Llc||Quick framing system|
|WO2001067930A3 *||Mar 12, 2001||Dec 5, 2002||Nielsen & Bainbridge Llc||Quick framing system|
|WO2006078303A1 *||Jun 10, 2005||Jul 27, 2006||Holguin Lawrence Santa||Jigsaw puzzle holding frame|
|U.S. Classification||40/792, 40/790|
|International Classification||A47G1/06, G09F1/00, G09F1/12|
|Cooperative Classification||G09F1/12, A47G1/0638|
|European Classification||A47G1/06D, G09F1/12|