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Publication numberUS3666104 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 30, 1972
Filing dateDec 30, 1970
Priority dateDec 30, 1970
Publication numberUS 3666104 A, US 3666104A, US-A-3666104, US3666104 A, US3666104A
InventorsTheophil Aprill Jr, John R Leerkamp
Original AssigneeA & L Battery & Electric Servi
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Prefabricated drain apparatus
US 3666104 A
Abstract
Apparatus for use in constructing a drainage system for paved surfaces such as are found in automobile service stations and the like. The apparatus includes sheet metal sections which can be assembled at the site of use to serve as forms for an indefinite length about which concrete can be poured and which then remain as integral parts of a trench drain and sump assembly.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Aprill, Jr. et a1.

[4 1 May 30, 1972 PREFABRICATED DRAIN APPARATUS Inventors: Theophil Aprill, Jr.; John R. Leerkamp,

both of Ann Arbor, Mich.

Assignee: A & L Battery & Electric Service. Inc.,

Ann Arbor, Mich.

Filed: Dec. 30, 1970 Appl. No.: 102,703

U.S. Cl ..210/164, 210/477 Int. Cl ..B0ld 35/02 Field of Search ..210/163, 164, 474, 477

References Cited UNlTED STATES PATENTS Wright ..210/164 x FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 54,666 11/1934 Norway ..210/163 Primary Examiner-J. L. DeCesare Attorney-Olsen & Stephenson 57 ABSTRACT Apparatus for use in constructing a drainage system for paved surfaces such as are found in automobile service stations and the like. The apparatus includes sheet metal sections which can be assembled at the site of use to serve as forms for an indefinite length about which concrete can be poured and which then remain as integral parts of a trench drain and sump assembly.

7 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PATENTED W 1972 3,666,104

SHEET 10? 2 INVENTORS T16. 3 THEOPHIL APRILL,JR.

JOHN R. LEERKAMP BY OLSEN & STEPHENSON ATTORNEYS PATENTEDMAYso m2 3,666,104

SHEET 2 OF 2 INVENTORS THEOPHIL APRILL,JR.

JOHN R. LEERKAMP BY OLSEN & STEPHENSON ATTORNEYS PREFABRICATED DRAIN APPARATUS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to improvements in trench drain and sump assemblies essentially adapted for use in construction of drainage systems for large paved surfaces on which vehicles travel or are serviced.

In the past, it was the conventional procedure when paving automobile service station driveways or areas, initially to construct and to install at the site wooden forms to define the trench drain and sump and to insert angle iron after which the concrete would be poured. This practice was expensive, involving carpentry trades, and was time consuming, and left much to be desired in the finished drainage system. To overcome the problems inherent in the earlier conventional procedures, new methods have been provided wherein preformed trench drains and sumps have been made of metal which have been installed in place, prior to the pouring of concrete, and the need for construction and use of wooden forms has been eliminated.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to improvements in prefabricated drain apparatus of the character required for carrying out the latest methods of forming drainage systems.

According to one form of the present invention, a trench drain and sump assembly is provided which comprises a sump frame, including top and bottom sheet metal sections. The bottom section has an inwardly extending flange around its upper periphery and the top section has an inwardly extending flange around its lower periphery which is seated on and fastened to the flange of the bottom section. A sheet metal strainer is removably supported on the fastened flanges. The top section has shoulders on opposite sides adjacent to its upper periphery, and a grating is seated on the shoulders and extends over the opening of the top section. A trench frame is provided which includes side sheet metal sections secured in spaced-apart relation by transverse frame members connected to the ends of the side sections. The side sections provide shoulders adjacent to their upper edges, and a plurality of aligned gratings are seated on the shoulders and extend over the opening between the side sections. The top section of the sump frame includes an opening in one side, and one end of one of the frame sections is connected to the top section with its open end in registry with the opening in the one side of the sump frame.

It is one of the objects of the present invention to provide improved prefabricated drain apparatus which can be assembled at the site of its intended use to serve as forms about which concrete can be poured, and which then remain in place as integral parts of the drain system.

Other objects of this invention will appear in the following description and appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification wherein like reference characters designate corresponding parts in the several views.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a fragmentary top plan view of a trench drain and sump assembly embodying the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a grating such as is shown in the trench frame of the illustrated embodiment;

FIG. 4 is a vertical section taken on the line 44 of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 5 is a vertical section taken on the line 5-5 of FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT.

Before explaining the present invention in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and arrangement of parts illustrated in the accompanying drawings, since the invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or carried out in various ways. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology or terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description and not of limitation.

Referring now to the drawings, the invention will be described in greater detail. The trench drain and sump assembly 10 includes the sump frame 12, the trench frame 14 and the parts to be described which are associated with each of these frames. The sump frame 12 has a top sheet metal section 16 and a bottom sheet metal section 18. As best seen in FIG. 4, the bottom section 18 has an inwardly extending flange 20 around its upper periphery and the top section 16 has an inwardly projecting flange 22 around its lower periphery which is seated on and fastened to the flange 20. Conventional bolts 24 or the like can be used for securing the two sections 16 and 18 together. The fastened flanges 20 and 22 provide a seat for a sheet metal strainer 26 which is removably supported thereon. The strainer 26 is preferably formed from a single sheet of metal and is provided with a plurality of apertures 28 in the centrally apertured portion 30. The sheet metal strainer is a one piece stamping having peripheral portions 32 which are supported on the fastened flanges 20 and 22, and an intermediate portion 34 sloping downwardly from the peripheral portions 32 to the central portion 30.

The top section 16 also defines shoulders 36 on opposite sides adjacent to its periphery. A grating 38 is seated on the shoulders 36 and extend over the opening 30 of the top section 16. The top section 16 also has in one side wall an opening 42, FIG. 5, for registry with the open end of the adjacent trench section 14.

Each trench drain 14 includes a pair of spaced side sheet metal sections 44 which are secured in the spaced apart relation by transverse upper and lower angle irons or frame members 46 and 48. The top and bottom frame members 46 and 48 are secured to the side sections at the ends thereof, and also secured to the side sections at the ends are the vertical frame members 50. By virtue of the locations of the frame members 46, 48 and 50, a series of trench frames can be secured in alignment in end to end relationship. Also, one end of the trench frame 14 can be secured to the side of the sump frame with its open end in registry with the opening 42 of the sump frame 12.

Rigidly secured to the outer surfaces of the side sections 44 are a plurality of anchor brackets 52 which preferably each have a hole 54 therein through which an anchor rod 56 can be passed. Also, an end plate 57 normally will close the end of the outermost trench frame 14.

During installation of the drainage system for a concrete poured surface, excavation will initially be conducted at the location for the sump, and trenches will be arranged leading to the sump. The sump frame and the trench frames will then be inserted in place prior to pouring the concrete. For this purpose, the anchor rods 56 will be used to aid in securing each trench frame 14 in place so that it will not be displaced by the concrete which will be poured approximately 4 inches deep measured from the top edge of the trench frame. Concrete also will be poured into the opening between the side sections 44 to provide a lower concrete surface for the trench drain, which surface will be sloped to drain water to the sump. Concrete will be poured in a similar fashion around the exterior walls of the sump frame, but preferably the bottom surface will be left unpaved to accommodate some drainage from the sump. Normally, local construction codes will govern considerations such as this.

To assure that the sump frame and the trench frame remain properly located in the excavation prior to pouring of the concrete, it preferred that laterally extending flanges 58 be provided at the lower periphery of the bottom section 18 and that laterally extending flanges 60 be provided along the bottom edges of the side sections 44. Also, to provide additional drainage from the sump frame 12, one or more drain outlet conduits 63 can be provided which can discharge to a sewer or other suitable outlet. For this purpose a suitable hole or holes will be cut in the side wall or walls of the bottom section 18.

Positioned over the sump is the grating 38 which preferably is formed of a plurality of parallel bearing bars 62 and a plurality of cross bars 64 which are welded into the bearing bars 62 so as to be flush with the upper surfaces thereof.

Similarly, the trench frames 14 are provided with a plurality of aligned gratings 66 which have a plurality of load bearing vertical bars 68 held in parallel spaced relationship by the cross bars 70 and by the strapping bars 72. The latter are also welded into the upper edges of the load bearing bars 68 so as to be flush with the upper surfaces thereof. In the illustrated embodiment, each trench frame is provided with two aligned gratings 66 to provide a limited amount of flexibility of the gratings relative to the trench frames 14 so that the gratings will always be flush with the poured concrete surface.

From the foregoing description it will be understood that a trench drain and sump assembly has been provided which can be prefabricated and shipped to the site of intended use where it can be easily assembled and thereafter will act as a form for pouring concrete after which it will be an integral part of the drain system. The component parts of the sump frame and the trench frame are sheet metal stampings which can readily be fabricated at relatively low costs and which can be shipped conveniently to the site of intended use. The gratings are constructed so as to provide maximum strength to withstand vehicles driving on their upper surfaces and also to assure minimum weight relative to their load carrying capacity.

It is claimed:

1. A trench drain and sump assembly comprising a sump frame including top and bottom sheet metal sections, said bottom section having an inwardly extending flange around its upper periphery and said top section having an inwardly extending flange around its lower periphery which is seated on and fastened to the flange of the bottom section, a sheet metal strainer removably supported on the fastened flanges, said top section defining shoulders on opposite sides adjacent to its upper periphery, a grating seated on said shoulders and extending over the opening of the top section, and a trench frame including side sheet metal sections secured in spacedapart relation by transverse frame members connected to the ends of the side sections, said side sections defining shoulders adjacent to their upper edges, and a plurality of aligned gratings seated on the last-named shoulders and extending over the opening between said side sections, said top section of the sump frame including an opening in one side, and one end of one frame section is connected to the top section in registry with said opening in one side.

2. The trench drain and sump assembly that is defined in claim 1, wherein said bottom section has a flange extending laterally from its lower periphery, and said side sections have flanges extending laterally from their lower edges.

3. The trench drain and sump assembly that is defined in claim 1, wherein anchor brackets are rigidly secured to the outer surfaces of said side sections and extend laterally therefrom.

4. The trench drain and sump assembly that is defined in claim 1, wherein the aligned gratings seated in said trench frame are two in number and when in their aligned positions their combined lengths equal the length of the trench frame.

5. The trench drain and sump assembly that is defined in claim 4, wherein said aligned gratings include a plurality of bearing bars banded in parallel spaced relation having their ends seated on the shoulders of the side sections and a pair of cross bars welded to each of said bearing bars adjacent to the top surfaces thereof.

6. In a trench drain and sump assembly, a trench drain that has an open end, a sump frame including top and bottom sheet metal sections, said bottom section having an inwardly extending flange around its upper periphery and said top section having an inwardly extending flange around its lower periphery which is seated on and fastened to the flange of the bottom section, a sheet metal strainer removably supported on the fastened flanges, said top section defining shoulders on opposite sides adjacent to its upper periphery, a grating seated on said shoulders and extending over the opening of the top section, and said top section of the sump frame including in one side thereof above said strainer an opening in registry with the open end of said trench drain.

7. The combination that is defined in claim 6, wherein said sheet metal strainer is a one-piece stamping having peripheral portions supported on the fastened flanges, a central apertured portion, and intermediate inclined portions sloping downwardly from the peripheral portions to the central por tion.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US530816 *May 11, 1894Dec 11, 1894 George wright
NO54666A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3864261 *Jan 14, 1974Feb 4, 1975Raymond Lee Organization IncAquarium sediment trap
US3881832 *May 16, 1974May 6, 1975Maguire Harry ALow profile protective insert for sewers
US4420868 *Jun 22, 1981Dec 20, 1983Henry Filters, Inc.Trough manufacturing process
US5032264 *Feb 5, 1990Jul 16, 1991Geiger Industries And Design Group Ltd.Catch flow restrictor with opening calibrated to flow and head chart
US7788867 *Oct 13, 2004Sep 7, 2010General Electric CompanyFloor tile debris interceptor and transition plenum in a nuclear power plant
Classifications
U.S. Classification210/164, 210/477
International ClassificationE03F5/04, E01C11/22
Cooperative ClassificationE01C11/227, E03F5/0405, E03F2005/0416
European ClassificationE03F5/04C6, E01C11/22C3