US 3666926 A
A carrier envelope adapted for processing by automatic data equipment employs first and second rectangular surfaces secured along each edge parallel to the direction of document translation through reading machine equipment with an elastomeric adhesive. The carrier and, for some applications, also its contents, readily conforms to the contour of a document feeding surface and feeding path in automatic reading equipment to facilitate engagement between printed fields on the envelope and machine reading head.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Conte, Jr. et al.
[4 1 May 30,1972
 CARRIER ENVELOPE FOR MACHINE PROCESSING AND PROCESS FOR MAKING SAIVIE Inventors: Alfred G. Conte, Jr., Princeton Junction; Jeffrey Stanford Relnert, Haworth, both of NJ.
Assigneei Praxedes Systems, Inc., Princeton, NJ.
Filed: Dec. 23, 1970 Appl. No.: 101,000
US. Cl. ..235/61.l2 R, 229/75, 229/80 ..G06r 19/00, B65d 27/14 ..229/68, 75, 80, 79, 74, 72, 229/71; 235/61.l2 R, 61.12 N, 61.12 M
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 10/1907 Bushnell ..229/68 R 7/1937 Swift ..229/75 12/1956 Paston .235/61.12 R 7/1962 Bremer "235/6112 R 3,431,404 3/1969 Brink ..229/68R 3,593,913 7/1971 Bremer .....229/68R Primary Examiner-Thomas A. Robinson Attorney-Sandoe, Hopgood and Calimafde ABSTRACT A carrier envelope adapted for processing by automatic data equipment employs first and second rectangular surfaces secured along each edge parallel to the direction of document translation through reading machine equipment .with an elastomeric adhesive. The carrier and, for some applications, also its contents, readily conforms to the contour of a document feeding surface and feeding path in automatic reading equipment to facilitate engagement between printed fields on the envelope and machine reading head.
In accordance with other aspects of the present invention, the carrier envelope may be constructed in an improved manner without waste of paper stock; carrier envelopes are readily amenable to machine addressing and bulk handling; and a flap construction thereon facilitates enclosure insertation, and
maintains user privacy.
4 China, 2 Drawing Figures Patented May 39, 1972 3,666,926
INVENTORZ) ALFRED G- GOA/7'5 JEFFREY 5Z4NFORD FEM/[RT CARRIER ENVELOPE FOR MACHINE PROCESSING AND PROCESS FOR MAKING SAME DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION This invention relates to automatic data processing and, more specifically, to a carrier envelope which facilitates machine interrogation thereof, and to the method for fabricating such carriers.
Carrier envelopes inscribed with machine readable intelligence have heretofore been employed in conjunction with automatic data processing equipment. For example, such items have been used as substituted documents, e.g., in place of a mutilated check. For such an application, the information on the check (e.g., account number, payor bank, routing instructions and the like) is placed on the carrieras by characters formed with a fe'rro magnetic ink of a prescribed font. The deformed check is then inserted into the carrier which then serves as a substitute document therefor to enter information into the data system via an MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) reader.
However, such carrier envelopes sometimes cause misreading, or entirely inhibit reading by the MICR scanning equipment. In particular, such prior art carrier envelopes have multiple paper plies by the inherent nature of envelope construction, and thus cannot adaquately conform by bends of a sufficiently small radius to the document feeding path of the reader equipment. Rather than following feed roller periphery, for example, the envelopes-having at least two fixed thicknesses along the bottom envelope edge (parallel to the direction of document travel in the reader apparatus)- bend in linear segments to essentially form tangents about the roller. The inability of these carriers to conform to a markedly curved surface stems from the inability of the multiple plies of the envelope to move relative to one another to form concentric circularsegments of different arc lengths.
Accordingly, prior art carrier envelopes often move significant distances away from the data interrogating reader head by reason of their failure to closely follow the surface of the document feeding apparatus. This gives rise to reading errors, or simply rejection of the carrier as not amenable to electromechanical processing.
, It is thus an object of the present invention to provide an improved carrier envelope, and a method for making such envelopes. V
More specifically, an object of the present invention is the provision of a carrier envelope which will conform to the curved contour of mechanical document feeding apparatus.
Other objects of the present invention are the provision of a carrier envelope which may be efficiently fabricated without raw stock waste, which may be employed for collections, banking transactions, or the like while preserving subscriber privacy; which encourages document insertion without folding; and which facilitates machine addressing and other processing.
The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention are realized in a specific illustrative embodiment thereof, discussed in detail hereinbelow in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which:
FIG. 1 depicts a carrier envelope embodying the principles of the present invention; and
' FIG. 2 illustrates a method for making the carrier envelope of FIG. 1.
Referring now to FIG. 1, there is shown a carrier envelope comprising a flat, rear surface sheet 12, and a like size front surface sheet 14 having an upper flap l6 folded about a fold line 17. The bottom and lower sides of the front and rear sheets are secured by an elastomeric adhesive 20, e.g., as available from Union Rubber & Asbestos Co. of Trenton, New Jersey. The elastomeric adhesive 20 permits the lower portion of the sheets 12 and 14 to move relative to one another, and to thus permit the envelope 10, and in particular the lower edge portion thereof, to. bend around, and conform to curves of a small radius. A moisture actuated adhesive 22 is secured on the top portion of one or both of the sheets 12 and 14.
I An alphanumeric machine code number including plural data fields, such as an account number, and beneficiary hierarchy data for charitable donation or utility accounts receivable applications is printed along the lower portion of the front carrier sheet 14, as at 24. This information is advantageously imprinted with magnetic ink in MICR font in a proper location relative to an envelope reference point for MICR machine reading, and may include pluralinformation fields as required for each particular application. A second intelligence area 26 may be printed on the corresponding envelope flap 16. This information field may be a mailing name and address for sending one or a series of envelopes to a subscriber individual via conventional window mailing envelopes.
In use, the envelope is appropriately imprinted and delivered to a subscriber, donee or the like, or simply used at a data processing center. For a billing or contribution application, for example, the subscriber places paper currency, a check or the like into the carrier envelope, the envelope by its inherent shape suggesting to the user that he ought not fold the enclosure or the carrier, thereby preserving machine readability. The subscriber then moistens the glue line 22, and seals the envelope.
At a receiving center, the envelope may be. machine. processed with another document enclosed therein-e.g., for the substitute check document application. Alternatively, as for receipt of money, the envelope contents are removed, and the amount. of the enclosure is typed in magnetic ink MICR characters in an amount field in the printed area 24. The carrier 10 is then supplied to, and read by the automatic reader equipment.
The advantages obtaining for the instant carrier envelope 10 are several, and distinct in nature. First, and importantly, the mating bottom edges of the two carrier envelope sheets 12 and 14 may undergo relative translation therebetween as above discussed, thereby rendering the carrier supple and able to closely conform to a machine feeding path. Also the flap 16 is disposed in the central portion of the envelope and not on the peripheral areas thereof. Thus, the carriers 10 will stack vertically, without progressively canting in either direction as is the case for stacked envelopes with an extra ply near any envelope extremity. Further in this regard, the carriers are readily adapted for machine addressing, since the imprinted areas 24 and 26 are always of the same number of plys during each printing cycle, viz., two plies for the area 24 and three plies for the area 26.
Referring now to FIG. 2 there is shown an illustrative method for. making the envelope l0from a rectangular paper segment 50, e.g., severed from a continuous roll thereof. A vertical cut 52 is centrally made in the upper central part of the sheet 50, and the flap 16 formed by a rearward fold of the flap portion 16 about the fold line 17.
The elastomeric adhesive 20 is then disposed about the lower periphery of the sheet 50, and the moisture activated adhesive 22 disposed about the upper left portion of the sheet (and possibly also about the edges of the flap 16 before flap folding). The right side of the sheet 50, corresponding to the front carrier sheet 14, is then folded over the left side (rear carrier sheet 12) about a fold line 56, and the carrier secured by means of the elastomeric adhesive 20.
As an alternate method, the front surface 12, including the flap 16 (corresponding to the right side of the sheet 50 in FIG. 2) may be formed per se; the glue lines 20 and 22 deposited into place; and the front and rear surface simply adhered together. i
The carrier envelope 10 of FIG. 1 is efficiently formed by either construction described herein, there being a one hundred percent paper usage from raw stock without paper waste otherwise attendent to the use of irregular paper shaping (as by fillet cuts or the like) during carrier envelope formation.
The above described apparatus and method are merely illustrative of the principles of the present invention. Numerous modifications and adaptations thereof will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.
What is claimed is:
l. In combination in a carrier envelope adapted for cooperating with automatic data processing equipment, a rectangular rear surface sheet, a like size and shape front surface sheet, an elastomeric adhesive disposed between at least the bottom and lower side edges of said front and rear sheets thereby securing said first and second sheets while permitting relative translation therebetween, a flap formed by the upper part of said front surface sheet, and alphanumeric character means of a machine readable font disposed on the lower portion of said carrier envelope.
2. A combination as in claim 1 further comprising additional imprinted means on said carrier envelope flap.
3. A method for forming a carrier envelope from a rectangular paper stock sheet comprising the steps of effecting a vertical central partial cut parallel to the short axis of said rectangular sheet at the top portion thereof, folding the upper portion on one side of said rectangular sheet contiguous with said vertical cut downward about a fold line orthogonal to said vertical cut, placing an elastomeric adhesive along at least the bottom edge of said rectangular sheet, and folding said envelope about a vertical fold line comprising a continuation of said vertical cut line.
4. A method as in claim 3 further comprising placing a moisture activated adhesive along the top edge of at least one portion of said rectangular stock sheet.
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