|Publication number||US3667468 A|
|Publication date||Jun 6, 1972|
|Filing date||Apr 28, 1970|
|Priority date||Apr 28, 1970|
|Also published as||CA952256A, CA952256A1, DE2112313A1, DE2112313B2, US3746592, US3814100|
|Publication number||US 3667468 A, US 3667468A, US-A-3667468, US3667468 A, US3667468A|
|Inventors||Brian H Mcintosh, Ernst Daniel Nystrand|
|Original Assignee||Paper Converting Machine Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (26), Classifications (21)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
[ 1 June 6, 1972 Unite States Patent Nystrand et a1.
 SANITARY NAPKIN AND METHOD AND ...128/284 128/287 Cooper.................-...............,.128/287 3,356,092 12/1967 MEANS F PRODUCING 3,364,931 1/1968 l-lirsch........... ....128/290 R 3,407,814 10/1968 George et al...... 128/290 R  Inventors: Ernst Daniel Nystrand; Brian H. Mcln- 3,430,629 3/1969 Mur hy both of Green y 3,441,023 4/1969 Rijssenbeer....  Assignee: Paper Converting Machine Company, Inc., l 5676 4/1967 Green Bay, Wis.
Apr. 28, 1970 Primary Examiner-Charles F. Rosenbaum  Filed:
Attorney-Dawson, Tilton, Fallon, Lungmus  ABSTRACT A sanitary napkin which has a fluff layer sandwiched between carrier layers, the sandwich being C-folded to provide a lined channel on one side of the sandwich which encourages more even, rapid, and complete dispersion of body fluids.
211 App1.No.: 32,560
 U S Cl  Int.  Field ofSearch 4 m 4 wewi sfisqrs References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,852,026 Karr................,..................128/290 R PATENTEDJUI BIEWE 3,667,468
SHEET 1 or 2 .',-\"\/E.-\"7'0RS.' ERNST DANIEL NYSTRAND BRIAN H. MCINTOSH BY; 0 QZZ PATENTED 5 I97? SHEET 2 0F 2 fix , hWE/WQRS; ERNST DANIEL NYSTRAND BRIAN H. MCINTOSH avflawgm fltm alfr SANITARY NAPKIN AND METHOD AND MEANS OF PRODUCING BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF INVENTION DETAIL DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION The invention is described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view partially broken away of a sanitary napkin produced according to the teachings of this invention; and
FIG. 2 is a perspective view also broken away to illustrate I the type of diaper insert produceable according to the invention.
In the illustration given, and with reference to FIG. I, the numeral designates generally-a sanitary napkin produced and constructed according to the teachings of this invention. It will be noted that the core of the napkin is a fluff layer 11 which has been folded on itself into a C configuration. Adjacent the bight portion 12 of the C configuration is positioned a barrier sheet 13, advantageously polyethylene. The width of the barrier sheet 13 is less than that of the unfolded fluff layer 11. The fluff layer 11 and barrier sheet 13 are enclosed within a carrier web 14 which, before C-folding, makes up a sandencourages more even, rapid, and complete dispersion of body fluids. The C-fold channel Ch (still referring to FIG. I) orients the body fluid dispersion path along the length of the napkin, and discourages over-saturation in one central area, Thus, the non-woven overwrap 16 in contact with the body tends to remain drier. Further, the construction depicted resists strike through" better than conventional two-ply napkins. By virtue of the C-fold construction, there is a compression of the various layers along the longitudinal edges which inhibits lateral leakage.
In FIG. 2, we provide an outer wrap 116 which envelops the carrier web 1 14, which in turn sandwiches the fluff layer 1 l I.
1. A sanitary napkin comprising a plurality of elongated layers of flexible material arranged to lay flat including upper and lower exterior layers constructed of non-woven material and serving to confine a plurality of interior layers, two interior layers constructed of soft absorbable material and being relatively thicker than the other layers, said two interior layers being united along the longitudinal edges thereof with one of the interior layers having an access space along the longitudinal median whereby said two interior layers have essentially a C configuration in transverse section to provide a channel for dispersion of fluid, a pair of intermediate layers of absorbent material, one of the intermediate layers being interposed between the upper exterior layer and one of the interior layers and the other intermediate layer being interposed between the other interior layer and the lower exterior layer, and a pair of inner layers of absorbent material interposed between the two interior layers.
2. A sanitary napkin comprising an elongated pad of soft moisture-absorbent material, a carrier web of moisture-absorwich with the carrier web 14 providing the external layers and the fluff 11 providing the inner player. It will be noted by reference to FIG. 1 that the carrier web is overlapped on itself as at 15. Lastly, the C-folded sandwich is positioned within an enveloping outer wrap 16. This is overlapped on itself and longitudinally sealed together as at 17,
Thus we provide a single ply cellulose fluff pad overwrapped completely with a porous tissue carrier web. The narrower strip of polyethylene 13 introduced next to the fluff under the carrier web flaps acts as a barrier sheet on the finished napkin. The entire pad and carrier web are C-folded to form a modified two-ply construction with a longitudinally extending center channel. The entire Cfolded fluff pad and carrier web are overwrapped, as at 16, advantageously with non-woven material or wet strength tissue, and longitudinally sealed, as at 17, with a hot melt adhesive seam.
In operation, the C-fold construction with internal dispersion layers, i.e., the internal carrier webs, as at 14a and 14b,
bent material surrounding the pad, the pad and the carrier web being folded into a C-shape along a pair of spaced'apart parallel longitudinally extending lines to provide a lower pad portion and a pair of upper pad portions superposed on the lower pad portion to form a longitudinally extending channel, the upper pad portions and the lower portion being of approximately the same thickness, the upper pad portions. being separated from the lower pad poition by a double thickness of the carrier web, and an outer wrap surrounding the C-folded pad and carrier web and extending across said channel.
3. The napkin of claim 11 in which each of the upper pad portions includes a longitudinally extendinginwardly facing longitudinal edge spaced from the longitudinal edge of the other pad portion to provide a relatively narrow longitudinally extending access slot for the channel.
4. The napkin of claim 3 in which the width of said slot is substantially smaller than the width of each of said upper pad portions.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFiCE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTIUN P ent No. 3,667,468 J Dated June 6, 1972 Inventor(s) Ernst Daniel Nystra'nd, at. al.
It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
The title of the invention should read SANITARY NAPKIN On the cover sheet  "4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures should read 4 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures Cancel the sheet of drawing containing Figs. 3 and 4; The numeral 148" in FIG. .lshould be canceled. Column 2, line 43-, "11'' should read 2 Signed and sealed this 26th 'dayofDecember 1972 I (SEAL) I Attest:
EDWARD,M.FLETCHER,JR. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK Attesting Officer i p Commissionr of Patents FORM Do-1050 H0769) USCOMM-DC 60376-1 69 9 U.5, GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: I959 O-3fi6334.
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|US2852026 *||Nov 22, 1954||Sep 16, 1958||Marguerite M Karr||Sanitary pad|
|US3315676 *||Sep 16, 1963||Apr 25, 1967||Cooper Abraham||Disposable diaper|
|US3356092 *||Nov 20, 1964||Dec 5, 1967||Joa Curt G||Multi-ply pads or pad fillers|
|US3364931 *||Oct 12, 1964||Jan 23, 1968||Walter F. Hirsch||Sanitary napkin|
|US3407814 *||Oct 18, 1966||Oct 29, 1968||Riegel Textile Corp||Flushable sanitary napkin having a reinforcing and securing strip therein|
|US3430629 *||Oct 11, 1965||Mar 4, 1969||Int Paper Canada||Disposable diaper|
|US3441023 *||Feb 11, 1966||Apr 29, 1969||Page Zellstoffkrepp Gmbh||Absorption pad for the treatment of wounds and for infant care|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3771525 *||Dec 17, 1971||Nov 13, 1973||Ruby Ets||Sanitary napkin having compressed core|
|US3838695 *||Sep 17, 1973||Oct 1, 1974||Personal Products Co||Flushable sanitary napkin|
|US3954107 *||Sep 6, 1974||May 4, 1976||Colgate-Palmolive Company||Articulated sanitary napkin pad|
|US4029101 *||Nov 13, 1975||Jun 14, 1977||Colgate-Palmolive Company||Absorbent article|
|US4883479 *||Sep 26, 1986||Nov 28, 1989||Colgate-Palmolive Company||Absorbent napkin, particularly for infant's diaper pads|
|US5423786 *||Sep 24, 1993||Jun 13, 1995||Mcneil-Ppc, Inc.||Stabilized absorbent core and products made therefrom|
|US5437653 *||May 12, 1993||Aug 1, 1995||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Absorbent article having two coapertured layers and a method of making the article|
|US5454800 *||May 12, 1993||Oct 3, 1995||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Absorbent article|
|US5611879 *||Apr 15, 1991||Mar 18, 1997||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Absorbent article having an absorbent with a variable density in the Z direction and a method of forming said article|
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|US7632979 *||Sep 29, 2003||Dec 15, 2009||Daio Paper Corporation||Absorbing article having honeycomb recesses on lower absorbent layer and varying layer densities|
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|US20040116884 *||Sep 29, 2003||Jun 17, 2004||Takako Fujii||Body fluid absorbing article|
|US20040122394 *||Dec 23, 2002||Jun 24, 2004||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||High capacity absorbent structure and method for producing same|
|US20040127870 *||Dec 27, 2002||Jul 1, 2004||Dipalma Joseph||Thin curved elasticized absorbent article with absorbent concentration profile|
|US20060069375 *||Sep 29, 2004||Mar 30, 2006||Andrew Waksmundzki||Absorbent article with C-folded moisture barrier and methods of manufacturing same|
|US20070043330 *||Aug 18, 2006||Feb 22, 2007||Lankhof John P||Absorbent article|
|USH1511 *||Sep 10, 1992||Dec 5, 1995||Chappell; Charles W.||Absorbent articles having improved longitudinal fluid movement|
|U.S. Classification||604/380, 604/365, 604/375, 604/370|
|International Classification||A61F13/56, A61F13/15|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F13/53418, A61F2013/586, A61F13/534, A61F13/53409, A61F2013/15821, A61F2013/51409, A61F13/537, A61F2013/53445, A61F2013/530131, A61F2013/49076, A61F2013/53786, A61F13/58, A61F13/15634|
|European Classification||A61F13/534B2, A61F13/15M3C|