US 3668829 A
A transverse tile, preferably of molded material, to be embedded transversely in the concrete of a foundation footing to convey seepage water from an exterior drain tile to an inner drain tile. A means is included to subsequently provide a drain opening in the panel of the transverse tile after the mason work has been done, for the purpose of allowing seepage to flow into the tile.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Nelson 51 June 13, 1972  F OOTING TILE FOR TRANSVERSE FLOW OF SEEPAGE  Inventor: Melvin J. Nelson, 1608 Machinac Avenue,
So. Milwaukee, Wis. 53172  Filed: March 16, 1970  Appl. No.: 19,907
 US. Cl ..52/169, 52/302 ..E02d 31/02 ..52/505, 310, 302, 303, 169, 52/220, 221, 98, 99, 100; 138/111, 178, DIG. 8;
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,037,326 6/1962 Holloway ..52/687 1,095,734 5/1914 Knapen ..52/310 1,734,777 11/1929 Pike ..52/302 1,772,518 8/1930 Pardini 3,045,707 7/1962 Loper 138/1 11 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 21,722 10/ 1908 Great Britain ..52/198 Primary Examiner-Henry C. Sutherland Assistant ExaminerRoben A. Schwartz Att0rneyAxel H. Johnson [5 7] ABSTRACT A transverse tile, preferably of molded material, to be embedded transversely in the concrete of a foundation footing to convey seepage water from an exterior drain tile to an inner drain tile. A means is included to subsequently provide a drain opening in the panel of the transverse tile after the mason work has been done, for the purpose of allowing seepage to flow into the tile.
2 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures ri 34 y y PATENTEDJUH 13 I972 SHEET 2 BF 2 INVENTOE MEL v// J. NELSON FOOTING TILE FOR TRANSVERSE FLOW OF SEEPAGE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION as follows:
Suskind 2,703,002 Marchi 2,948,993 Smith 3,017,722 Holloway 3,037,326
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This transverse tile is preferably of a molded material, and of the shape shown, and serves to convey seepage transversely from an exterior drain tile to an interior drain tile. The tile of this invention is embedded transversely in the upper surface of the footing as the latter is being poured. The exterior drain tile has an opening made therein to coincide with the opening made in the transverse tile. The inner tile is placed at the inner opening of the transverse tile and is also provided with an opening to receive seepage flowing therefrom. An object of this invention is to provide a transverse tile of molded material and prefabricated ready for use.
Another object is to provide a tile having a knockout means to provide an opening for the entrance of seepage.
Further objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent from a consideration of the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein an embodiment of the invention is shown. It is, however, to be understood that the invention is not limited to the details disclosed, but includes all such variations as fall within the spirit of the invention.
Referring to the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a footing and foundation with parts broken away to show the tile of this invention, embedded in the footing.
FIG. 2 is a section taken at 2-2 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a section taken at 3-3 of FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is a plan view of the tile of this invention.
FIG. 4 is a plan view of the tile of this invention.
FIG. 5 is a section taken at 5-5 of FIG. 4.
FIG. 6 is a section taken at 6-6 of FIG. 5.
The preferred form of this transverse tile is indicated by reference numeral 10, and comprises a shell of suitable molded material and defines a trough. It is preferably of the shape shown, having upwardly-diverging side panels 12 and 14, extending from a downwardly-sloping apex 16. The planes of panels 12 and 14 are continued downwardly to define extensions such as portions 18 and 20. The purpose of portions 18 and 20 is to provide means to anchor the tile against upward pressure of the concrete until the latter has hardened. Panels 12 and 14 terminate in an integral top panel 22. An end wall 24 closes the outer end of the passageway of the tile 10, while the inner end 26 remains open. A circular knockout" portion 28 is defined by means of a groove in the top panel 22 to be subsequently broken out after mason work has been completed, thus providing an opening 30, and in preparation for placing the exterior drain tile 32.
When the tile 10 of this invention is to be placed in the footing, it is positioned transversely between the shoring planks, usually at 8 foot intervals, and with the top panel 22 in the plane of the upper edges of the planks. The tile then becomes anchored in the poured concrete of the footing 34; the extensions l8 and 20 being enga ed by the concrete, and thus preventing the tile 10 rom oating during the setting of the concrete 34. The block wall 36 can then be erected in the usual manner.
When drain tile 32 is to be laid, knockout" 28 is removed, thus providing the opening 30. Tile 32 is provided with corresponding openings such as 38 which are aligned with the openings 30. Stone 40 is usually placed about tile 32 to assist in seepage reaching the tile.
An inner tile 42 is placed along the inner wall of footing 34, and adjacent the end 26 of tile 10. An opening 44 is provided in tile 42 at each tile end 26 to receive seepage flowing from the tile 10, and to then convey the seepage to a sump. The floor 46 can then be poured in the customary manner.
The standard length of tile 10 is 24 inches. However, if the footing is less than 24 inches in width, the tile 10 can be conveniently cut to the desired length with a saw.
The above being a complete description of an illustrative embodiment of the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. In a building a foundation structure comprising a footing and a wall supported thereon, a subterranean run of drain tiles disposed exteriorly of the wall and resting on the upper surface of said footing, an opening in the periphery of the tile adjacent said upper surface, a second run of drain tiles disposed inwardly of the wall and positioned adjacent the inner edge of the footing below said upper surface, an opening in the second run of tiles adjacent the edge of said footing, a transverse tile embedded in said footing and extending thereacross, said transverse tile comprising a passageway defined by planar side panels diverging upwardly from an apex and terminating in an integral top panel coplanar with said footing upper surface, said passageway having an outer end which terminates in a wall closing said passageway at said outer end and an inner end which opens into communication with the opening in said second run of drain tiles, said apex extending downwardly relative to said top panel from said outer to said inner end, said top panel having a drain opening in the surface thereof near said outer end and communicating with the opening in the outer run of drain tiles, whereby moisture accumulating in the first mentioned run of drain tiles is conducted through said transverse tile into said second run of drain tiles.
2. A foundation as in claim 1 wherein said transverse tile further includes a plurality of projecting portions which extend divergently from and below saidapex, each of said projecting portions being coplanar with one of said planar side walls and imbedded in said footing.