|Publication number||US3669038 A|
|Publication date||Jun 13, 1972|
|Filing date||Aug 11, 1969|
|Priority date||Aug 11, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3669038 A, US 3669038A, US-A-3669038, US3669038 A, US3669038A|
|Inventors||Watson Frank G|
|Original Assignee||Watson Frank G|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (22), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Ob-l3-72. OR 396699038 uuucu DldlCS talent 1 69,038 Watson I 1 June 13, 1972  ORDER TRANSFER ASSEMBLY FOR FOREIGN PATENTS 0R APPLICATIONS PREVENTING HOLDUPS 458,685 8/l949 Canada ..lO9/l0  Inventor: Frank G. Watson, 1708 North Grandee Avenue, Compton, Calif. 90022 Primary Examiner.l. Karl Bell  Filed; Aug 11 1969 An0rneyHoward L. Johnson 2| 1 Appl. No.: 849,091 v 57 ABSTRACT I A transparent, order delivery chamber disposed at counter [521' US. Cl. ..l09/l2, 109/68, 49/ height, between customer and attendant, with a door adjacent Cl 4 7/ 00 each of them. The customers door is opened by the attendant, of Search 2, l7, emote o eration of a reversible electric "10")!V only after 109/ 66749/68 he has placed the requested order in the chamber from his side  Q' cued ment and change making. Thus' a pane of bulletproof glass is UNITED STATES PATENTS always interposed between the attendant and a customer" who might threaten him with a gun or other weapon. 1,008,125 1 1/191 1 Eichelkraut 109/68, 2,984,194 5/1961 Jennings 109/ I 2 X 1 Claim, 3 Drawing Figures and secured his door. An adjacent passage allows prior pay- 7 ORDER TRANSFER ASSEMBLY FOR PREVENTING nouwrs STATEMENT OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to security and protection means which enable an attendant behind a counter to fill a customers order and receive payment, or to cash his check, etc. without danger of being held up by the assumed customer, that is, without being directly exposed to a gun or knife suddenly held against him or. pointed at close range at a time when his hands may be occupied by makingchange or handing out goods. Such an installation is especially useful, for example, at a luncheon stand, liquor store, or check cashing booth where the two parties customarily deal with each other at arms length, and the attendant must necessarily keep a supply of money close at hand. If the situation merely demanded an exchange of checks or banknotes, this might be effected through angled slots or chutes located in bulletproof g1ass;'however this is quite inadequate when the exchange involves delivery of a quantity or parcel of merchandise which may vary in size and at least one some occasions may be quite bulky.
Especially adapted for such situations, the invention provides a delivery chamber into which the attendant can place a requested order after first receiving payment; he then closes a door on his side and thereafter, by remote control, opens the door on the customers side, permitting the latter to remove his order. Part or all of the chamber (and adjacent) walls may be transparent (e.g. bulletproof glass) so that the person on each side may easily watch the transaction-and each other and if the customer at any time draws a gun, he and it are still separated from the attendant by a heavy pane of glass, thus allowing theattendant safely to drop below the counter, trip an alarm, discharge a gas grenade or take other appropriate action. With the present electrically operated assembly, the outer door of the chamber will not open as long as the inner door is not closed; that is, the closed inner door forms part of the necessary operating-circuit for the take-out door. Sliding movement of the outer door in either direction is effected by a reversible electric gear motor which engages rack teeth along one edge of the door. The two persons can still talk directly to each other however through a louverlocated in the front wall of the adjacent change-making passage, which also has a closure entirely operable by the attendant for passing money back and forth. The present assembly can be mounted atop of an already existing counter and the adjacent side openings filled in; or an existing wall "can be apertured to receive it at counter height. In'this connection, it is especially adapted to be installed in the outer wall of a building where potential ho]- dup men could rapidly melt into passing traffic after a robbery attempt; that is, it affords more protection than merely placing the cashiers booth at the rear of a store which may relay on a descendable grill at the front door.
in the drawings, which illustrate by way of example a presently preferred embodiment of my invention:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view, looking down on my delivery chamber assembly installed in the upright wall of a structure to which a customer has access. I
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the chamber as seen from the right of FIG. 1 with the rear door of the chamber and the money exchange door each partially open and a portion of the chamber wall broken away to show a microswitch located for contact by the closed door.
FIG. 3 is a schematic'view of the electric circuitry.
As here illustrated, the assembly may be supported upon or form part of a counter which is typically the height of a service table such as may be found in stores and cafeterias, with the front of the assembly filling a correspondingly shaped opening in a vertical wall '12 and disposed more or less flush therewith. Above and on either side of the assembly, part or all of the vertical wall 12 may or may not be transparent, as desired. Thus, if the area immediately behind the wall 12 is used to prepare short orders for a customer to take out of the lunch stand, it may be desired to enable him to see such orders being prepared. However, by the present arrangement such transfer takes place only through the (bulletproof but transparent) delivery chamber, and the payment therefor takes place only at the change passage laterally adjacent thereto.
The result is that an attendant is not directly exposed to the possible threat of an armed customer, but at the same time each one can see and talk directly to the other without any appreciable feeling or lack of personal dealing or of mutual involvement.
Primarily there is provided a generally rectangular chamber C formed by a fixed bottom 10a, side 13, 14 and top 15 walls, plus two end-closures, the rear 16 of which is hingedly mounted at 17, 18 and the front one 19 being slidable in a lower track 20. Preferably all of these fixed walls and doors, except the bottom 10a are of heavy or bulletproof glass and fastened together by a metal edge frame 22 which also provides the front channel or track 20.
The internal distance between 'the two doors 16, 19 corresponds to what might be designated as an easy arm-reach for a person, so that the attendant can reach through the open rear door 16 and place an order on the floor at the front adjacent the closed door 19. He can then close the rear door by hand and secure it by the latch 23. The edge of the closed door then contacts a microswitch 24 which completes an electric circuit to permit the front door to be opened (by the attendant)asdescrib ed below. v v
The chamber floor 10a extends laterally. 11 to form a base for a money exchange passage P. The, latter hasan upright (transparent) front wall 25 which at its lower portion is apertured to receive an in-swinging door 26 hingedlymounted at' 27, 28 and provided with an inside latch 29 which can be manually operated by the attendantand heldopen just sufficiently to slide coins or paper money back and forth across the outer margin of the base 1 1. Alternately (or in addition) there may be angularly directed chutes or slots in the wall 25 through which money can be droppedin ,and out (such as shown in FIG. 2 of U.S. Pat. No. 1,714,305). I
The upper segment of the wall 25 contains a louver 30 through which the customer and attendant can easily converse. If desired, a microphone can also be located at this spot,
so that any whispered threat of .a customer can, be amplified and broadcast over the immediate area so as to' alert nearby security forces. v I
The upper edge of the front, sliding door 19 carries a rack 32 which is located in a downward-opening channel member 33 which thus forms a track for the door (aligned with the lower track 20). A microswitch 34, 35 is located at each end of the upper track so as to be contacted by the sliding door at each extreme position. A reversible electric motor 37 is mounted in a housing 36 located atop the'fo'rward portion of the chamber wall 15. A gear wheel 38 of the motor is disposed in driving engagement with the teeth of the rack 32 so as to move the door open and shut when a circuit is closed by the attendants switch 39 at the rear of passage P.
Looking at the schematic circuit diagram shown in FIG. 3, a source of alternating current 21 is joined by conductor 42 to the rear door microswitch 24, and by conductor 43 to a synchronous motor 37. The motor is connected by line 44 to a resistor 40 which by line 45 is connected to a capacitor 41. The latter is connected by line 46 to one track microswitch 35, and the capacitor is connected by line 47 to the rear door microswitch 24. The track microswitch 35 is connected to one side of the reversing switch 39 by conductor 48, and the other track microswitch 34 is connected to the other side of the reversing switch 39 by conductor 49. The last track microswitch 34 is connected to the resistor 40 by line 50.
Thus, as soon as a circuit is formed by the rear door 16 closing the microswitch 24, the motor 37 will drive "the sliding door 19 in one direction or the other (depending on the position of the control switch 39) until it is stopped by circuit-interrupting-contact with one or the other track microswitches 34 or 35. Reversing the control switch 39 will then reverse the rotation of the motor 37 and the directional movement of the rack-andagear driven door 19. While the sliding door 19 has been shown as being moved horizontally, it will be evident that the present assembly could be used to move a door vertically; other modifications will occur to those skilled in the art.
1. A one-way delivery chamber adapted to be located traversing a building wall and including transparent walls which enable an operator to see from his entry side of the chamber, a person who takes delivery from the exit side of the chamber, which chamber is associated with an adjacent money-receiving passage extending in the opposite direction, said chamber including walls defining a package-receiving passage not exceeding approximately the length of a persons arm, having a floor which is approximately counter-high and having entry and exit closures adapted respectively for allowing articles to be placed in the chamber by the operator from one side of the building wall when the entry closure is open, and to be withdrawn at the other side of the building wall when the entry closure is shut and the exit closure is open, thus enabling a stepwise transfer of articles from one side of the building wall to the other, said exit closure comprising a panel bearing rack teeth along one edge thereof, said chamber-
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4237799 *||Feb 7, 1978||Dec 9, 1980||Citibank, N.A.||Banking protection system for 24 hour banking|
|US4401037 *||Sep 1, 1981||Aug 30, 1983||Cahill Dermot J||Security transfer arrangements|
|US4481887 *||Aug 31, 1982||Nov 13, 1984||Enrique Urbano||Security doors|
|US5469657 *||Feb 22, 1994||Nov 28, 1995||Drew Roger Charles||Security-transfer systems|
|US5694867 *||Sep 23, 1996||Dec 9, 1997||Diaz-Lopez; William||Fail-safe access control chamber security system|
|US5769011 *||Oct 10, 1996||Jun 23, 1998||Daniel; Robert R.||Transaction security system|
|US5921191 *||Nov 25, 1996||Jul 13, 1999||Gabel; Bernard R.||Pass through interlock system|
|US5992094 *||Feb 11, 1997||Nov 30, 1999||Diaz; William||Access control vestibule|
|US6243036||Jul 2, 1999||Jun 5, 2001||Macaleese Companies, Inc.||Signal processing for object detection system|
|US6298603||Nov 10, 1999||Oct 9, 2001||William Diaz||Access control vestibule|
|US6342696||May 25, 1999||Jan 29, 2002||The Macaleese Companies, Inc.||Object detection method and apparatus employing polarized radiation|
|US6359582||Sep 16, 1997||Mar 19, 2002||The Macaleese Companies, Inc.||Concealed weapons detection system|
|US6484650 *||Dec 6, 2001||Nov 26, 2002||Gerald D. Stomski||Automated security chambers for queues|
|US6825456||Jan 29, 2002||Nov 30, 2004||Safe Zone Systems, Inc.||Signal processing for object detection system|
|US6856271||Jan 9, 2003||Feb 15, 2005||Safe Zone Systems, Inc.||Signal processing for object detection system|
|US7167123||Nov 24, 2004||Jan 23, 2007||Safe Zone Systems, Inc.||Object detection method and apparatus|
|US7450052||May 12, 2006||Nov 11, 2008||The Macaleese Companies, Inc.||Object detection method and apparatus|
|US20030034444 *||Jan 29, 2002||Feb 20, 2003||Chadwick George G.||Signal processing for object detection system|
|US20050099330 *||Nov 24, 2004||May 12, 2005||Safe Zone Systems, Inc.||Object detection method and apparatus|
|US20070052576 *||May 12, 2006||Mar 8, 2007||The Macaleese Companies, Inc. D/B/A Safe Zone Systems||Object detection method and apparatus|
|US20080284636 *||Mar 7, 2008||Nov 20, 2008||The Macaleese Companies, Inc. D/B/A Safe Zone Systems||Object detection method and apparatus|
|WO1997012186A1 *||Sep 27, 1996||Apr 3, 1997||De Marsillac Plunkett Architecture, P.C.||Refrigerator for securely accepting deliveries|
|U.S. Classification||109/12, 49/68, 109/68|