|Publication number||US367037 A|
|Publication date||Jul 26, 1887|
|Publication number||US 367037 A, US 367037A, US-A-367037, US367037 A, US367037A|
|Inventors||Jacob M. Gough|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (13), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
(No Model.) I
J. M. GOUGH, J. SPEAKMAN 8: N. P. OANADAY.
COMBINED SCHOOL DESK AND SEAT. No. 367,037. Patented July 26, 1887.
3 aw'vw Lmwq. W Attorney 7 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JACOB M. GOUGH AND JOHN SPEAKMAN, OF NE? CASTLE, AND NATHAN F. GANADAY, OF HAGERSTOXVN, INDIANA.
COMBlNED SCHOOL-DESK AND SEAT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent; No. 367,037, dated July 26, 1837.
Application filed December 24, 1896. Serial No. 223,483. (No model.)
To aZZ whom it rural concern:
Be it known that we, JACOB M. GOUGH, JOHN SPEAKMAN, and NATHAN F. GANADAY, of New Castle and Hagerstown, in the counties of Henry and \Vayne, respectively, and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and use fnl Improvements in Combined School-Desks and Seats; and we do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact descripro tion of the invention, such as will enable oth-. ers skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
Our invention relates to an improvement in school-desks and seats, and more particularly 1 to a style of combined seat and desk in which the desk is supported upon a vertical column or standard and the seat connected thereto in a manner to permit its vertical and lateral adjustment.
The object of our present. invention is to further perfect and render more practical certain details in the patent issued to Jesse M. Lamb, dated November 16, 1886, numbered 352,762, in which avertical column is made to support 2 a desk upon its top section, the upper portion ofthe column telescoping or sliding within a tubular lower part, the lower portion of this verticallyadjustable column having a setscrew in its side wall that engages with the upper piece of the column, and is intended to hold it in secured or rigid adj nstment with regard to its hollow lower support. Ve have found it desirable to have the seat as an entiretythat is, the seat and its back-board or 5 shoulder-support made together-as an integral feature, and as such combined with the vertical column of a desk, and be either wholly or partially sustained by this column with a free lateral movement and means for vertical 4o adjustment either on the seat-standard or the desk-supporting column. Further, it has in practice been found to be of great advantage to construct the desk-support or upper portion of the column so that this desksnpport may 5 have a firm shoulder or collar upon which to revolve, as on a base, and that this collar that thus supports the desk in its vertically-adjusted position may be elevated or depressed and secured at any desired point on the column on which it slides, the desk being secured from rotative movement by a thumb screw that will hold the desk in any position of adj ustment in a prcdctern'iiued horizontal plane. The advantages pertaining to these improved features of our invention are manifest, as the 5 means provided for independent adjustment of the desk vertically and laterally and a separate adjustment of a seat having its back attached to or integral with this seat will permit a desk and its seat to be changed in any direction to receive light from the rear or front or at any angle laterally, each seat and its complementarydesk being combined together for use independent of the assigned position of any other desk or seat or combined desks and 6 seats, and without interference with other seats of a series.
\Ve have further made provision in onrimprovement for the attachment of the bracket seat-support to the main column in a manner to prevent it from interference with the ingress of pupils of either sex.
\Vith these ends in view our invention consists in certain features of construction and described, and pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings making a part' of this specification, Figure l is a side elevation of the combined desk and seat. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of a modified form of the desk and seat 83 combined. Fig. 3 is a plan view of the combination of desk and seat shown in Fig. 1. Fig. i is a plan view of the modification shown in Fig. 2. Figs. 5 and 6 are views of a swivelcoupler as applied to the seat. 8
Cis a desk of preferred rectangular form. The vertical column A (see Figs. 1 and 2) is provided with an enlarged base that extends to form a disk or foot of sufficient diameter to insure stability, this base-flange being perfo- 90 rated at several points in its surface to permit the insertion ofscrews to affix the column to the floor where it is intended to locate the desk.
The piece a is perforated to form a tubular 5 section or sleeve that fits neatly upon the column A, upon which it is designed to be secured. The upper end of the sleeve a terminates in a flange that is firmly attached to the combinations of parts, that will be hereinafter under side of the desk. The sleeve a is true IO.)
'which it can be moved vertically, a set-screw being provided to secure it at any desired point, and it will be noticed that a winged thumb-screw, c, is inserted in the wall of the sleeve a to hold it from rotation on the basecollar 1), the sleeve being free to turn around on its support I) when the thumb-screw c is released from bearing contact on the column A.
The position given the desk 0 on the column is shown in Fig. 3, the securing-flange on the sleeve a being located at one of the side edges of the desk.
Uponthe column A,near the base-flange g,
a shoulder or offset is formed to support the ring or collar 13, which is formed upon the end of the curved connecting-bar G, as shown in Fig. 1. The bar G is extended laterally a proper distance to provide room between the desk and its attached seat,'and at its free end a spider is formed by the junction of two short curved legs, 9, that with the attached portion of thebar G forms a tripod base, upon which the chair or seatE is mounted. The mannerofsupporting the seat E on itsbaseis shown in Figs. 1 and 5, a vertical cylindrical shaft, F, being formed integral with three supporting-legs, 9. On this shaft F a sleeve, H, is placed, which is secured to a flange, or preferably a four-armed spider, (shown at I in Fig. 3,) this spider be-- ing secured to the under side of the seat E. The lower end of the sleeveH is provided with a boss or squared teat, 0. (See Fig. 5.)
A box or recessed collar, 0, is notched in its top surface at 0 to receive the projecting lug 0 and allow it to enter the recessedgroove' made in this collar 0. The channel or groove o in the collar 0 will retain the sleeve H from being vertically displaced, and yet permit a free rotation of the seat in a horizontal plane. A set-screw, 0 is inserted in the collar 0 to secure it in any desired position vertically, to accommodate pupils of varying stature, and thus afford a comfortable seat to youths or adults. A collar, (1, (see Fig. 1,) is placed .above the arm G'to hold this arm in place and swinging it around the vertical column A,
where its connecting-bar Gis secured, will allow the seat and desk to be made to assume proper relative positions at any determined point with regard to the reflection of the light.
, This arrangement of the seat with the desk is also shown in Fig. 2, which is a modification of the device shown in Fig. 1.
In Fig. 2 the seat is not made to rotate upon its support, but is connected to a bent arm, at, that is aflixed to the seat by a spiderbracket that has its arms riveted to the frame of this seat, as shown in Fig. 4. The arm d has a sleeve, d, formed integral with it, which rests upon the collar 6, both being placed upon the vertical column A, that holds the desk 0 in position. This method of construction perunits a vertical adjustment of the combined supporting-arm d and seat E, by means of the collar 6, that has a set-screw, c, to secure it in rigid connection with the column A.
The desks shown in Figs. 1 and 2 are placed upon their supporting-columns A at one of their side edges, as shown in the plan views given in Figs. 3 and 4. This provision is made to permit easy access to the seat and remove the arms G' or d away from a central position with regard to the desk, where it would be an obstruction to the occupant of such a desk or scat.
The seat and its back are preferably made of two bent pieces of angle-iron that form the edge frame. These piecesS are perforated with a series of spaced holes to permit transverse wood strips to be secured upon the pieces S, and thus form a cheap and durable seat that from its form will properly support the back and shoulders ofan occupant of such a seat.
Having fully described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure by Let- ICO adapted to rest on the floor, a standard se- I cured to said arm, near the free end thereof,
and a seat secured to said latter standard, the
said seat being located a sufiicient distance from the desk-supporting standard to give free access to it from the seat, substantially as set forth. r
2. The combination, witha desk-supporting standard and a seat having a rigid back, of a sleeve secured to the seat, aseat-supporting standard adapted to enter the sleeve, a recessed collar for locking the sleeve on the standard in any desired adjustment, and an arm connecting the seatsupporting standard with the desk-supporting standard, substantially as set forth. 7
In testimony whereof we have signed this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JAoon M. eoucn. JOHN SPEAKMAN. NATHAN F. GANADAY.
C. D. SLIFER, S. H. BROWN.
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