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Publication numberUS3671974 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 27, 1972
Filing dateSep 4, 1970
Priority dateSep 4, 1970
Publication numberUS 3671974 A, US 3671974A, US-A-3671974, US3671974 A, US3671974A
InventorsSims Don D
Original AssigneeSims Don D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Football training harness
US 3671974 A
Abstract
A football training harness in which detachable rigid connections adjustable in length extend from the shoulder pads to the rear of the football helmet to prevent hyperflexion and the bending of the head of the player forwardly during blocking and tackling. The connection includes rings secured to the helmet and shoulder pads and swivel snap hooks connected to the shoulder pad rings by means of a wire so as to be adjustable in length, with the snap hooks snaping into the rings fastened to the helmet.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

O United States Patent 1151 3,671,974 Sims 1451 June 27, 1972 FOOTBALL TRAINING HARNESS Primww Examiner-Jordan n in Assistant Examiner-George H. Krizmanich [72] Inventor: :Ton $212350. Box 636, Throckmor- An0mey victor J. Evans and on, ex.

[22] Filed: Sept. 4, 1970 211 App]. No.: 69,788 1 ABSTRACT A football training harness in which detachable rigid connec- [52] (1.8. CI. ..2/3 R adjustable in length extend fmm the should" P to the 511 lm. Cl. ..A42b fwba helmet W hyperflexim and sa Field of Search ..2/2 3 R; 128/75 84 c bending head the fmwardly during and tackling. The connection includes rings secured to the [56] References Cited helmet and shoulder pads and swivel snap hooks connected to the shoulder pad rings by means of a wire so as to be adjusta- UNITED STATES PATENTS ble in length, with the snap hooks snaping into the rings h l t. 1,373,446 4/1921 Pierce ..2/3 R fastened the 6 me 3,134,106 5/1964 Shaffer et al .212

OTHER PUBLICATIONS 1 Claim, 3 Drawing Figures Joseph Buegeleisen Co., The History of Safety Helmet Research, March 1961.

FOOTBALL TRAINING HARNESS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a training harness for football players which prevents hyperflexion or the bending of the head forwardly during blocking and tackling. I

1' SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION tached drawings.

- BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1; is arear elevation of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary vertical cross-section taken along the line 2-2 of FIG. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows; and

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary transverse cross-section taken along the line 3-3 of FIG. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings in detail wherein like reference characters indicate like parts throughout the several figures the reference numeral indicates generally a football players training harness constructed in accordance with the invention.

The football training harness 10 is adapted for use with a conventional helmet 11 formed of hard material such as rigid plastic. The helmet 11 is used in conjunction with rigid shoulder pads 12 also of conventional construction and formed of rigid plastic or the like.

- A strap loop 13 is secured to the helmet 11 by a round rivet 14 as can be seen in FIGS. 1 and 3. The strap loop 13 has a ring 15 secured therein for swiveling movement about a generally horizontal axis. A second strap loop 16 is secured to the helmet 11 by a round rivet 17 in the same manner as the strap loop 13. A ring 18 is mounted in the strap loop 16 and is adapted to be swiveled about a generally horizontal axis.

A strap loop 19 is secured to one side of the shoulder pads 12 by a round rivet 20 and has a ring 21 mounted therein for swivel action about a generally horizontal axis. A strap loop 22 is secured to the opposite side of the shoulder pads 12 by a round rivet 23 and has a ring 24 secured therein for swiveling movement about a generally horizontal axis.

A snap hook 25 is snapped onto the ring 15 and has a ring 26 secured to the opposite end thereof by a swivel pin 27. A snap hook 28 is snapped to the ring 18 and has a ring 29 secured to the opposite end thereof by a swivel pin 30.

A wire connector 31 extends through the ring 21 and the ring 26 and has its opposite ends twisted or tied to maintain the desired distance between the ring 21 and the ring 26. A wire 32 extends through the ring 24 and the ring 29 and has its free ends tied or twisted to maintain the proper length between the ring 24 and the ring 29. I

In the use and operation of the invention the football helmet 11 and the shoulder pads 12 are donned in the usual manner following which the snap rings 25, 28 are snapped into the rings 15, 18 and the wires 31, 32 are connected respectively between the rings 21, 26 and the rings 24, 29 to establish a length such that the head of the football player can not be bent forward during blocking and tackling. Once the proper length of the wire connectors 31, 32 is established the snap hooks 25, 28 are disconnected from the rings 15, 18 when putting on and taking off the football uniform ln training football players it IS extremely difficult to tram them to keep the head erect against the natural tendency to bend the head forward when blocking and tackling. With the harness of the instant invention the players head is restrained during training sessions and thus he learns to keep his head vention it shouldbe understood that numerous structural modifications and adaptations may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A football training harness comprising a helmet, a pair of rings secured in spaced apart relation to the rear of said helmet, shoulder pads, a pair or rings secured in spaced apart relation to the rear of said shoulder pads, a pair of swivel snap hooks extending between the rings on said shoulder pads and the rings on said helmet, and means adjustably connecting said pair of swivel snap hooks to the rings on said shoulder pads, said snap hooks being snapped onto the rings on said helmet to detachably connect said helmet to said shoulder pads to restrain said helmet from bending forward with respect to said shoulder pads.

# i i i t

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1373446 *Sep 22, 1920Apr 5, 1921Spalding & Bros AgHeadgear for athletes
US3134106 *May 1, 1962May 26, 1964Archie ShafferProtective football apparatus
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *Joseph Buegeleisen Co., The History of Safety Helmet Research, March 1961.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3818509 *Aug 24, 1973Jun 25, 1974L RomoApparatus for preventing neck injury
US3839738 *Jan 22, 1973Oct 8, 1974J CoslettHelmet strap
US3900896 *Nov 25, 1974Aug 26, 1975Ackerman Eugene JNeck brace for athletes
US3925822 *Jun 18, 1974Dec 16, 1975Sawyer John HSafety harness for a helmet
US4638510 *Nov 29, 1985Jan 27, 1987Hubbard Robert PNeck protection device with occupant of a high performance vehicle
US5121507 *Oct 10, 1990Jun 16, 1992Brown Ronald RHeadwear accessory attachment
US5261125 *Jan 8, 1992Nov 16, 1993Rudolph CartwrightHead impact force diversion system
US5272770 *Nov 16, 1992Dec 28, 1993Allen Richard KHead restraining system
US5353437 *May 24, 1993Oct 11, 1994Protec Field Gear, Inc.Combination helmet and body protection device
US5437613 *Aug 23, 1993Aug 1, 1995Reggio; DavidNeck brace
US5517699 *Jun 2, 1995May 21, 1996Abraham, Ii; George E.Devices for preventing cervical spine injuries in contact sports
US5581820 *Nov 27, 1995Dec 10, 1996Cartwright; RudolphHead impact force diversion system with transfer arm
US5652959 *Jan 16, 1996Aug 5, 1997Proctor; Michael K.Skin stencil
US5771493 *Jan 16, 1996Jun 30, 1998Proctor; Michael K.Head wear accessorization system
US5862523 *May 16, 1997Jan 26, 1999Proctor; Michael K.Modular headwear system
US6385781Mar 23, 2000May 14, 2002Carl Martin RoseAdaptive, energy absorbing shoulder pad mounted head cage
US6481026 *Jan 3, 2002Nov 19, 2002Mcintosh Thomas JohnAthlete's neck and spine safety brace
US6499149 *Nov 16, 2001Dec 31, 2002Safety Solution, Inc.Race car driver helmet/head restraint
US6810535Jun 19, 2002Nov 2, 2004Speed Solutions, Inc.Helmet restraint system
US6874170 *Nov 10, 2003Apr 5, 2005Todd D. AaronHead and neck protection system
US6971123 *Jul 11, 2003Dec 6, 2005Weaver Steven DTraining device for football
US7430767Nov 22, 2006Oct 7, 2008Nagely Scott WProtective helmet with motion restrictor
US7658020 *Sep 29, 2006Feb 9, 2010Nike, Inc.Eyestay ornament for footwear
US7849525Apr 12, 2007Dec 14, 2010Jamshid GhajarApparatus for reducing brain and cervical spine injury due to rotational movement
US7941873Jun 20, 2008May 17, 2011Scott W. NagelyProtective helmet with cervical spine protection and additional brain protection
US8117678 *Feb 22, 2008Feb 21, 2012Moreau Darrell AHard hat lanyard
US8201277Aug 14, 2009Jun 19, 2012Mike OlivarezPosture aid for contact sports
US8272074 *Apr 13, 2007Sep 25, 2012Simpson Performance Products, Inc.Head restraint device having a support member with back and shoulder portions
US8341770Sep 10, 2010Jan 1, 2013Drexel UniversityCervical spine protection apparatus and methods of use
US8375472 *Apr 14, 2008Feb 19, 2013Simpson Performance Products, Inc.Multi-point tethering system for head and neck restraint devices
US8484768 *Oct 26, 2007Jul 16, 2013Xceed Holdings CcNeck brace
US8528113Nov 30, 2012Sep 10, 2013Drexal UniversityCervical spine protection apparatus and methods of use
US8566967May 19, 2011Oct 29, 2013Warrior Sports, Inc.Helmet with neck roll
US8621672May 6, 2011Jan 7, 2014John CHUBACKHead and neck protection apparatus
US8683612Aug 2, 2013Apr 1, 2014Drexel UniversityCervical spine protection apparatus and methods of use
US8834394Feb 4, 2010Sep 16, 2014Jamshid GhajarApparatus and methods for reducing brain and cervical spine injury
US20100088809 *Oct 26, 2007Apr 15, 2010Xceed Holdings (Pty) LimitedNeck brace
WO1993013684A1 *Jan 7, 1993Jul 22, 1993Rudolph CartwrightHead impact force diversion system
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/421, 2/425
International ClassificationA42B3/04
Cooperative ClassificationA42B3/0473
European ClassificationA42B3/04B8