|Publication number||US3672114 A|
|Publication date||Jun 27, 1972|
|Filing date||Jan 11, 1971|
|Priority date||Jan 11, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3672114 A, US 3672114A, US-A-3672114, US3672114 A, US3672114A|
|Inventors||Alvin H Sacks|
|Original Assignee||Alvin H Sacks|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (44), Classifications (17)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Sacks 1 June 27, 1972 [s41 DEVICE FOR EVACUATING  References Cited CONTAINERS UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,079,450 11/1913 Staunton.... ..53/88  Inventor: Alvin l-l. Sacks, 12682 Roble Veneno, Los
Altos "ms, Cam 94022 2,890,810 6/1959 Rohllng ..220/24 R Primary Examiner-Travis S. McGehee led: V J v I Anomey-Julian Caplan  Appl. No.: 105,335  ABSTRACT A manually-actuated pump is attached to the lid of a container V I H for substances such as ground coffee, which deteriorate in the  U.S.Cl. ..53/88,- l4l/65,220/44 R, presence of aiL The pump consists of a cylindrical bellows which can be compressed toward the lid and extended. A first  Int. C ..B65b 31/02 ta rd d fl 581 Field of Search ..53/88; 141/65; 206/46 B; flaP'WPe check "5 ed 1 a 220/44 R, 24 R type check valve is installed on a closure on the outer end of the bellows. A seal cap fits over the second valve to maintain the vacuum once the container has been evacuated.
' 4Claims,2DrawingFigures PATENTEnJum m2 FIG.1
INVENTOR. ALVIN H. SACKS DEVICE FOR EVACUATING CONTAINERS This invention relates to a new and improved device for evacuating containers. Certain items, such as ground cofiee, deteriorate rapidly when exposed to air. Customarily, such items are packaged in hermetically sealed containers, but once the consumer has opened the container, air causes deterioration of the unused portion remaining in the container. Various means have heretofore been suggested for protecting the item from air, but these have had only limited commercial development. The present invention provides means which may be used to evacuate a container containing material which deteriorates on exposure to air.
A principal purpose of the present invention is to provide a device which may be used conveniently by the consumer and involves no special tools for its application nor any particular skill in use.
Another principal feature of the invention is its relative inexpensiveness and that it may be used repeatedly, so that its use is economical.
A further feature of the invention is the fact that it has no moving parts in the sense of ordinary-valves, that there is no friction which might cause the valves to stick and that the valve members hereinafter described are simple, inexpensive, and relatively trouble free.
Another feature of the invention is the fact that no guides or means of alignment of the parts are required, thereby simplifying the construction and reducing the expense of manufacture.
Another important feature of the invention is the fact that simple flap valves are used and these operate under differential air pressure. Such valves can be used because a sealing cap is provided which protects the container from air while the evacuating mechanism is not in use, and hence there is no leakage through the simple flap-valves.
Other objects of the present invention will become apparent upon reading the following specification and referring to the accompanying drawings in which similar characters of reference represent corresponding parts in each of the several views. 1
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary sectional view through a device in accordance with the present invention showing the bellows extended and the sealing cap open.
FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1 with the bellows compressed and the sealing cap in place.
The present invention is attached to container 11, which may be a glass mason jar, a metal container or other container, preferably formed with screw threads 12 at its open end or neck. The container 11 may be filled with the contents of another container in which the item was originally sold, or the container 11 may be fabricated for use with the mechanism as an original package for the item. Although screw threads 12 are illustrated and described herein, other means may be used to attach the remaining portion of the evacuating mechanism, so long as the container is formed with means for efiectively sealing the contents and means for easily obtaining access to the contents for subsequent dispensing.
Connected to the neck 12 is a top 13 which preferably has around the periphery of its inside a gasket 14 which, when the top is pressed against the neck of the container, seals with an air-tight seal. One means for securing the top in place is an internally threaded ring 16 which engages the thread in neck 12 and which has an in-turned flange 17 which grips the periphery of the top 13. Disc 13 is formed with a first aperture 18, preferably approximately in the center thereof.
A cylindrical first flange 19 is formed on the upper surface of top 13 and this receives one end of the bellows 21, which may be a sleeve or flexible tube. Various means may be used to seal bellows 21 to flange 19 such as the use of plastic cement. On the other hand, it will readily occur to one skilled in the art that the lower end of the bellows 21 may be secured to the top 13, surrounding first aperture 18, by other convenient means. The bellows 21 is formed of a flexible plastic material which may be pumped between the extended position of FIG.
1 and the contracted position of FIG. 2. Closure 22 is attached to the upper end of the bellows 21, and for this purpose, a second cylindrical flange 23 may be formed on the closure 22 to receive the upper end of the bellows 21 and may be secured thereto by cement or other means. Closure 22 has a second aperture 24. When the user grips the closure 23 and pushes it downwardly, the bellows 21 is compressed for a purpose which hereinafter appears. A flap 27 of thin rubber or the like is placed over the first aperture 18 and secured to the upper surface of top 13 at line 29 by cement, vulcanization or other convenient means. Similarly, a second flap 28 is secured on the outside of closure 22 over the second aperture 24 and is tacked in place at line 29. When the bellows 21 is compressed from the position of FIG. 1 to the position of FIG. 2, the pressure in the bellows 21 pushes closed flap 27 and pushes open flap 28, allowing the air within the bellows 21 to escape to atmosphere. The user then pulls the bellow to the position of FIG. 1 and this causes the flap 28 to be closed and the flap 27 to be opened. This draws some of the air out of the container 11 and into the bellows 21. By repeating the operation several times, the container 11 may be substantially evacuated.
In order to prevent air from re-entering the container, a ring 31, which protects the flap 28, is positioned on closure 22 surrounding aperture 24. The upper end of ring 31 is formed with a nipple 32 having an opening 33. A sealing cap 34 fonned with a depending skirt 35 seals over the nipple 32 and is attached to ring 31 by a flexible strap 36. After the container 1 1 has been evacuated, the cap 34 is pressed over the nipple 32, as is shown in FIG. 2, and seals the device against entry of air.
When it is necessary to dispense contents from the container 11, the ring 16 is removed.
The evacuating device may be used repeatedly either with the same container 11 or other-containers. As has previously been stated, the container 11 may be initially formed with a threaded neck 12 or other means for attachment to ring 16. In such instances, the container 11 may be discarded after the contents have been dispensed and the remaining portion of the device used with another container.
it will be understood that a common usage for the present invention is on containers which are subject to vacuum. However, some commodities are packaged under pressure (e.g., tennis balls). To pressurize the container in these instances, the device is constructed with the valves 27, 28 reversed in direction, being secured to the lower surfaces of members 13 and 22, so that expansion and contraction of bellows 21 pumps air into container 1 1.
What is claimed is:
1. A device for evacuating a container comprising a top shaped for detachable sealing engagement with the container to be evacuated and formed with a first aperture, a flexible hollow tube fixed at one end to said top, a closure for the opposite end of said tube formed with a second aperture, a first check valve for said first aperture, a second check valve for said second aperture, and detachable means external to said closure for sealing said second aperture.
2. A device according to claim 1 in which said means comprises a nipple on the exterior of said closure surrounding said second aperture and enclosing said second check valve and a cap detachably fitting on said nipple with an air-tight fit.
3. A device according to claim 1 in which said valves comprise flaps of bendable material which open and close said apertures as said tube is manually compressed and extended.
4. A device according to claim 1 in which said top is formed with a cylindrical first flange to which said one end of said tube is attached and said closure is formed with a cylindrical second flange to which said opposite end of said tube is attached.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1079450 *||Jul 12, 1912||Nov 25, 1913||Gray Staunton||Vacuum-package and means for sealing same.|
|US2890810 *||Mar 15, 1955||Jun 16, 1959||Gisela Rohling||Exhaust-pump-provided lid for a vacuum container|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3853222 *||Jun 21, 1973||Dec 10, 1974||Matchpoint Ind Inc||Pressurization apparatus|
|US4016999 *||Jun 15, 1976||Apr 12, 1977||Zamax Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Air evacuating closure|
|US4615361 *||Jan 11, 1985||Oct 7, 1986||Bartle Sr David C||Evacuating pump|
|US4691836 *||Dec 13, 1985||Sep 8, 1987||Victor Wassilieff||Apertured closure device with depressible disc portion|
|US4745730 *||Oct 22, 1986||May 24, 1988||Bartle Sr David C||Method and apparatus for evacuating air from food containers|
|US4763803 *||Jan 15, 1987||Aug 16, 1988||Schneider Bernardus J J A||Stopper for a container such as a bottle, and a pump connectable thereto for extraction of gaseous medium from or pumping in thereof into the container|
|US4909014 *||Dec 21, 1988||Mar 20, 1990||Zojirushi Corporation||Vacuum storage device|
|US4911314 *||Aug 9, 1988||Mar 27, 1990||Schneider Bernardus J J A||Stopper for a container such as a bottle, and a pump connectable thereto for extraction of gaseous medium from or pumping in thereof into the container|
|US4966780 *||May 26, 1989||Oct 30, 1990||The Procter & Gamble Company||Packaging of fresh roasted coffee exhibiting improved aroma retention|
|US4981233 *||Jul 31, 1990||Jan 1, 1991||Scheurer Robert S||Positive pressure closure lid for beverage can|
|US4984611 *||May 22, 1989||Jan 15, 1991||Zojirushi Corporation||Vacuum storage device|
|US5031785 *||Apr 19, 1990||Jul 16, 1991||Epicurean International Corp.||Combination vacuum/pressure pump and valve stopper for food or drink containers|
|US5121590 *||Jun 4, 1990||Jun 16, 1992||Scanlan Gregory P||Vacuum packing apparatus|
|US5322094 *||May 14, 1993||Jun 21, 1994||Janesko David A||Bottle capping and pressurizing device|
|US5396751 *||Oct 20, 1993||Mar 14, 1995||Sunfa Plastic Co., Ltd.||Vacuum ejector for home use|
|US5406992 *||Apr 19, 1993||Apr 18, 1995||Jeff Stuebing||Self contained evacuation lid|
|US5823372 *||Jan 28, 1998||Oct 20, 1998||Levine; Alan||Pump insert for bottle caps|
|US5890621 *||Oct 21, 1996||Apr 6, 1999||Gerber Products Company||Cup for young children with cap valved for fluid control|
|US6422415||Feb 4, 2000||Jul 23, 2002||Playtex Products, Inc.||Leak-proof cup assembly with flow control element|
|US6877629||Mar 31, 2003||Apr 12, 2005||Housewares America, Inc.||Food storage device|
|US7395942 *||May 10, 2004||Jul 8, 2008||James Michalopoulos||Wine bottle closure apparatus|
|US8342344||Jan 9, 2009||Jan 1, 2013||Amcor Rigid Plastics Usa, Inc.||Method and apparatus for providing a positive pressure in the headspace of a plastic container|
|US8701910||Sep 23, 2008||Apr 22, 2014||James Michalopoulos||Wine bottle closure apparatus|
|US8740591 *||Mar 20, 2008||Jun 3, 2014||Reynolds Consumer Products LLC||Food storage bag vacuum pump|
|US8844743 *||Dec 23, 2010||Sep 30, 2014||Giuseppe Costa||Container cap|
|US9517865||Dec 6, 2007||Dec 13, 2016||Oliver Albers||Airtight canister lid with flexible seal-breaking bulb|
|US9580225||Apr 22, 2014||Feb 28, 2017||James Michalopoulos||Wine bottle closure apparatus|
|US20040188437 *||Mar 31, 2003||Sep 30, 2004||Housewares America, Inc.||Food storage device|
|US20050247660 *||May 10, 2004||Nov 10, 2005||James Michalopoulos||Wine bottle closure apparatus|
|US20060070971 *||May 10, 2005||Apr 6, 2006||James Michalopoulos||Wine bottle closure apparatus|
|US20070051727 *||Oct 25, 2006||Mar 8, 2007||Insta-Mix, Inc., Subsidiary A (Dba Umix, Inc.)||Beverage Container With Integral Flow Control Member Having Vent And Outlet Pinhole Membranes And Safety Button|
|US20090001041 *||Jun 23, 2008||Jan 1, 2009||Domenic Belcastro||Wine stop pump|
|US20090179032 *||Jan 9, 2009||Jul 16, 2009||Ball Corporation||Method and Apparatus for Providing A Positive Pressure in the Headspace of a Plastic Container|
|US20090238702 *||Mar 20, 2008||Sep 24, 2009||Blythe James S||Food storage bag vacuum pump|
|US20130008901 *||Dec 23, 2010||Jan 10, 2013||Giuseppe Costa||Container cap|
|US20130327548 *||Oct 18, 2012||Dec 12, 2013||Eurocopter||Fire-protection storage means, a vehicle, and a method|
|USD404307||Sep 9, 1997||Jan 19, 1999||Johnson & Johnson Consumer Products, Inc.||Bottle|
|USD411745||Sep 9, 1997||Jun 29, 1999||Johnson & Johnson Consumer Products, Inc.||Angled cap|
|USD426464||Sep 9, 1997||Jun 13, 2000||Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc.||Combined bottle and cap|
|USD438801||Sep 9, 1997||Mar 13, 2001||Johnson&Johnson Consumer Products, Inc.||Combined bottle and cap|
|USD441292||Sep 9, 1997||May 1, 2001||Johnson & Johnson Consumer Products, Inc.||Bottle|
|USD659464||Aug 5, 2010||May 15, 2012||Oliver Albers||Flexible lid with hollow bulb and flared edges|
|DE2426043A1 *||May 30, 1974||Jan 23, 1975||Luigi Goglio||Verfahren zum abpacken von waren, insbesondere nahrungsmitteln|
|WO1992016433A1 *||Mar 6, 1992||Oct 1, 1992||Roesch Wilhelm||Device for generating a vacuum|
|U.S. Classification||53/88, 220/231, 215/228, 141/65, 215/311|
|International Classification||B65B31/04, B05B11/00, B65D81/20, F04B45/02|
|Cooperative Classification||F04B45/02, B65B31/047, B05B11/3035, B65D81/2038|
|European Classification||B05B11/30E8, B65B31/04E1, B65D81/20B3, F04B45/02|