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Publication numberUS3672528 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 27, 1972
Filing dateDec 18, 1970
Priority dateDec 18, 1970
Publication numberUS 3672528 A, US 3672528A, US-A-3672528, US3672528 A, US3672528A
InventorsFaulstich George W
Original AssigneeCap Snap Seal Inc, Faulstich George W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Neck for wide-mouth jar and cap therefor
US 3672528 A
Abstract
A wide-mouth jar of plastic or glass has an exterior neck finish comprising two circumferential, vertically spaced buttressed beads, the lower being of greater diameter than the upper. The plastic cap which fits on the neck has a flat-top disk with a peripheral skirt, the interior of which is formed with two circumferential beads dimensioned to engage immediately under the radial flanks of the beads of the neck. The wall of the skirt is weakened immediately above the lower cap bead in a circumferential internal groove which connects with two downward slanted internal grooves extending to the bottom of the skirt. A first finger grip tab depends from the bottom of the skirt to one side of the slanted groove to tear the cap along the grooves. A second tab depends from the bottom of the skirt between the downward slanted grooves to pry the cap off the neck.
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45] June 27, 1972 [54] NECK FOR WIDE-MOUTH JAR AND,

CAP THEREFOR 3,572,579 3/1971 Muller ..220/54 Miskin ..215/41 [72] Inventor: George W. Faulstich, c/o Cap Snap Seal, PrimaWExamine, George1- Hall (Alameda Street, San Carlos, Ammey Juan caplan ai [22] Filed: Dec. 18, 1970 ABSTRACT [2 App] 99 07 A wide-mouth jar of plastic or glass has an exterior neck finish comprising two circumferential, vertically spaced buttressed Related US. Application Data beads, the lower being of greater diameter than the upper. The plastic cap which fits on the neck has a flat-top disk with a [63] fgf g m part of peripheral skirt, the interior of which is formed with two circumferential beads dimensioned to engage immediately under the radial flanks of the beads of the neck. The wall of the skirt [52] US. Cl. ..215/46 A, 221256762 is weakened immediately above the lower cap bead in a cip [51] Int Cl B65'd 41/32 cumferential internal groove which connects with two 58] Fie'm 41 42 9 downward slanted internal grooves extending to the bottom of 6 the skirt. A first finger grip tab depends from the bottom of the skirt to one side of the slanted groove to tear the cap along the [56] Reterences Cited grooves. A second tab depends from the bottom of the skirt between the downward slanted grooves to pry the cap off the UNITED STATES PATENTS neck- 3,510,021 5/1970 Silver ..215/46 A 10 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures 2 26 A\ I 27 M PATENTEDJm'! m2 FIG. 4

INVENTOR. GEORGE W. FAULSTICH BY 2& ATT ORNEY NECK FOR WIDE-MOUTH JAR AND CAP THEREFOR This application is a continuation-in-part of co-pending application, Ser. No. 24,708 filed Apr. 1, 1970, and is an improvement upon U.S. Pat. No. 3,338,446 patented Aug. 29, 1967. The present invention is particularly suited to wide mouth bottles and jars.

When the bottles and jars of this general type are subjected to forces which tend to deform them such as occur during transportation or when the jar is dropped, the means tending to retain the cap on the jar neck tends to fail because the retaining means spring apart. A principal feature of the present invention is the fact that the jar neck and cap have cooperating retaining means which hold the parts in place despite severe stresses tending to dislodge the same.

The plastic cap has a depending skirt weakened with a circumferential score line intermediate two cooperating retaining means on the cap and jar neck so that the portion of the skirt below the score line may be torn ofi. Before the bottom of the skirt is town away, it provides means to prevent tampering with the contents of the jar and also tending to retain the cap in place. After the skirt has been tom, the portion above the score line constitutes a re-closure cap which may be used repeatedly until the contents of the jar are exhausted.

A principal feature of the invention is the configuration of the score lines. Thus the circumferential score line is formed with a short interruption. A upwardly slanted first score line extends in a first angle from the bottom edge of the skirt to join the circumferential score line at one end thereof while downwardly slanted second score line extends at an angle op posite the first from the opposite end of the circumferential score line to the bottom edge of the skirt.

It is, therefore, an important feature of the invention to provide a closure wherein the seal must be obviously broken before access to the container is afforded. This is an aid in detection of tampering. n the other hand, the contour of the cap and jar neck facilitate installation of the cap on the neck but make it impossible to remove the cap without tearing a portion of the skirt.

Another feature of the invention is the fact that the cap may be installed on the jar very easily. This makes possible the use of production line closing techniques.

Another feature of the invention is the fact that the cap seals on the neck in such manner that a tight seal is efi'ected which prevents leakage of the contents and also prevents ingress of contaminants.

Another feature of the invention is the provision of two tabs depending from the bottom edge of the skirt, one tab being gripped to facilitate tearing the lower portion of the skirt so as to permit opening the cap. The other tab, located below the above-mentioned interruption of the circumferential score line is gripped to facilitate initial and repeated removal from the neck of the portion of the cap which comprises a reclosure cap after the lower portion of the skirt has been discarded.

Still another feature of the invention is the facility with which the caps nest together for transportation and storage prior to being attached to bottles.

Other objects of the present invention will become apparent upon reading the following specification and referring to the accompanying drawings in which similar characters of reference represent corresponding parts in each of the several views.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a bottle neck and cap assembled in place.

FIG. 2 is a side elevation, in reduced scale, of a plurality of caps nested together for storage.

FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 1 showing a portion of the skirt of a cap torn away preparatory to removing the cap from a neck. 1

FIG. 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary, sectional view taken substantially along line 4-4 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary section of the cap with the skirt torn away, the cap being usable for reclosure.

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary elevational view from the interior of the cap.

Bottle or jar 11 and cap 12 may both be made of a plastic material such as polyethylene or polystyrene, or other suitable material which is slightly deformable under stress. The present invention may be used either with a plastic or glass bottle or jar as desired.

The neck 13 of such bottle has a horizontal lip 14. Below lip 14 the neck wall is substantially uniform in thickness. The interior of the neck 13 proceeding from top to bottom has a short cylindrical portion 16, a narrow concave portion 17, an outwardly-downwardly slanted conical portion 18, a second concave portion 19, an elongated substantially cylindrical portion 21 and an outwardly bowed portion 22. The exterior of neck 13, commencing from top lip 14 has a short cylindrical portion 26 of a length approximately equal to that of cylindrical portion 16. Below portion 16 is a buttress bead formed by an outwardly-downwardly slanted flank 27 which terminates abruptly in an inward directed horizontal flank 28 at an elevation approximately equal to that of concave portion 17 of the interior. Below flank 28 is another outwardly-downwardly slanted flank 29 which terminates in an abrupt inward directed horizontal flank 31 to form a lower buttress bead. Flank 31 has a greater maximum diameter than flank 27. Flank 31 is below the elevation of concave portion 19. Below flank 31 is an outwardly-downwardly slanted portion 32 which terminates in an elongated cylindrical surface 33 opposite surface 21 and this terminates in turn in an outwardly directed portion 34 opposite portion 22. The exterior of the neck 13 is of considerable importance in the present invention. It will be noted that the flanks 27, 28 form in effect a buttress shaped bead and that the flanks 29, 31 form a similar buttress shaped bead. The outside maximum diameter of the flank 29 is slightly greater than that of flank 27. In other words, the upper buttress bead is smaller than the lower.

Directing attention now to cap 12, the top disk 36 is circular and has a skirt 37 depending from the periphery thereof. Skirt 37 is substantially cylindrical on its exterior but the interior thereof is of irregular shape. Proceeding from the top of the interior of skirt 38 there is a short cylindrical inner surface 38 which matches in length cylindrical portion 26 and the disk merges into an outwardly-downwardly slanted surface 39 which terminates at the elevation of flank 28 and has below it an internal bead 41 which is substantially semi-circular in cross-section and in the assembled position of the cap and jar neck immediately under flank 28. Below bead 41 there is a cylindrical surface 42 which has indented therein an approximately rectangular cross-section groove 43. The lower edge of groove 43 is opposite flank 31. Below groove 43 is a bead 44 which in the assembled position of cap and jar, nests immediately below flank 31. Head 44 is of a semi-circular crosssection. Below bead 44 is a cylindrical portion 46 which extends down to the bottom edge of skirt 37. Spaced inwardly of skirt 37 depending from the bottom of disk 14 is an internal skirt 47 which is cylindrical on its inner surface and on its outer surface rests against surface 16 with a tight fit. As shown in FIG. 5, the outer surface 49 of skirt 47 and the skirt surface 38 of skirt 37 converge upwardly and are deformed by lip 14 when the parts are assembled. To facilitate installation of the cap, the lower outer edge of skirt 47 is beveled as indicated by reference numeral 48.

The groove 43 is a weakening of the wall thickness of the skirt 37 and extends circumferentially around said skirt, except for the aforementioned interruption. The thickness of the material at the situs of groove 43 is such that the cap 12 does not rupture unintentionally but is easily torn. At one location, a first downward slanted starting groove 50 extends from the left end of the interruption of groove 43 down and to the right to the bottom edge of skirt 37 (see especially FIG. 1 To the left side of the terminus of groove 50 is a first tab 51 which is conveniently gripped by the fingers. At the right end of the interruption (as viewed in FIG. 1) is a second downward-leftward slanted groove 56 which extends to the bottom of the skirt at a point to the right of the end of groove 50 Preferably bead 44 is interrupted where grooves 50 and 56 cross same. Intermediate the ends of grooves 50 and 56 is a second tab 57 shorter than tab 51.

Groove 43 is interrupted between the points at which the grooves 50 and 56 join same. Bead 44 is interrupted where grooves 50 and 56 intersect same but between the points of intersection bead 44 is formed with a short stretch 52 which functions as a reinforcement for tab 57 when the latter is pulled to remove the reclosure cap from the neck.

In the use of the device, after the container 11 has been filled with a product, the cap 12 is installed. Automatic machinery may be used for this purpose but it will suffice to explain a manual installation. The skirt 37 is slipped on outside neck 13 and a downward pressure is applied. As slanted surface 48 guides the lip 14 between skirts 37 and 47 and as downward pressure is continued, the bead 41 slides over the slanted flank 27 and the bead 44 slies over the slanted flank 29 until beads 41 and 44 snap under the flanks 28 and 31, respectively. The flexible nature of the plastic material of which the cap is fabricated, permits this temporary deformation of the parts. Thus assembled, the jar is sealed very tightly since the lip 14 is jammed between skirts 37 and 47 and the skirt 37 fits rather tightly against the outside of neck 13. It is impossible to remove the cap 12 while the skirt 37 is intact. It will be understood that containers of this type are subjected to considerable stress by handling in transportation, but since the beads 41 and 44 are snapped in place under the buttress surfaces which have been described, it is practically impossible to remove the cap.

When the consumer wishes to open the jar, he grips the tab 51 and pulls upwardly along slanted score line 50, then along score line 43, then downwardly along line 56. FIG. 3 shows a partial completion of the opening operation. The tab 51 is pulled all the way around the jar 11 which completely severs the skirt at the level of groove 43 except that tab 57 remains depending from the skirt and the skirt above tab 57 is reinforced by the portion 52 of bead 44 which remains. The portion of cap 12 above the level of groove 43 (or bead 44) comprises a re-closure cap for the jar 11. Such reclosure cap may be pried off by pulling on tab 57. This operation is possible when there is only a single bead 41 in position. When the skirt 37 is intact beforeit is torn along groove 43, it is impossible to dislodge both the bead 41 and bead 44. The closure portion of the cap 12 may be replaced by pushing downwardly on disk 36. Bead 41 snaps under flanks 28. The closure may be performed as many times as desired.

As shown in FIG. 2, for shipment and storage prior to installation, the caps 12 nest in a stack. Tabs 51 and 57 overlap the outside of the skirt 27 of the next lower most cap, providing a stable stack.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination, a container neck formed with an external, circumferential first upper bead spaced downward from the upper end of said neck and an external, circumferential first lower bead spaced downward from said upper bead, and a cylindrical outer surface below said lower bead, said upper bead being buttress-shaped and having a downward-outward slanted first conical flank and a substantially radial first bottom flank at the lower end of said first conical flank, said lower bead being buttress-shaped and having a downward-outward slanted second conical flank originating at about the level of said first bottom flank and a substantially radial second bottom flank at the lower end of said second conical flank; and a deformable plastic cap formed with a central top disk and a substantially cylindrical, thin-walled outer skin depending from the periphery of said disk, said outer skirt scored and weakened in a circumferential first groove opposite the lower edge of said first conical flank and also in a slanted second groove joining said first groove and extending down to the bottom edge of said outer skirt, and an integral tab extending below said bottom edge adjacent the lower end of said second groove, an internal circumferential upper second bead of approximately semi-circular cross-section positioned immediately below said first bottom flank, an internal circumferential lower second bead of approximately semi-circular cross-section positioned immediately below said first groove and said second bottom flank; said cap and neck interfitting in assembled position withthe upper edge of said neck tight against the underside of said disk and the inside of said outer skirt fitting tight around the outside of said neck.

2. The combination of claim 1 in which said cap is formed with a short cylindrical inner skirt depending from said disk spaced inward from said outer skirt, the upper end of said neck wedged between said skirts to form a tight seal.

3. The combination of claim 1 in which said outer skirt is weaker in a-slanted third groove joining said first groove and extending down to the bottom edge of said outer skirt, said second and third grooves being separated from each other at the points at which they join said first groove and converging toward each other as they proceed down toward said bottom edge but being separated from each other in a gap at said bottom edge, and which further comprises a second integral tab extending below said bottom edge directly below said gap, said first mentioned tab being offset to one side relative to said gap.

4. The combination of claim 3 in which said first groove is interrupted between the points at which said second and third grooves join said first groove, said second bead being formed with short interruptions where said second and third grooves intersect said second bead.

5. A deformable, plastic cap for a container neck formed with an external, circumferential first upper bead spaced downward from the upper end of said neck and an external, circumferential first lower bead spaced downward from said upper bead, and a cylindrical outer surface below said lower bead, said upper bead being buttress-shaped and having a downward-outward slanted first conical flank and a substantially radial first bottom flank at the lower end of said first conical flank, said lower bead being buttress-shaped and having a downward-outward slanted second conical flank originating at about the level of said first bottom flank and a substantially radial second bottom flank at the lower end of said conical flank; said cap having a central top disk and a substantially cylindrical, thin-walled outer skirt depending from the periphery of said disk, said outer skirt scored and weakened in a circumferential first groove opposite the lower edge of said first conical flank and also in a slanted second groove joining said first groove and extending down to the bottom edge of said outer skirt, and an integral tab extending below said bottom edge adjacent to the lower end of said second groove, an internal circumferential upper second bead of approximately semi-circular cross-section positioned immediately below said first bottom flank, an internal circumferential lower second bead of approximately semi-circular cross-section positioned immediately below said first groove and said second bottom flank.

6.' A cap according to claim 5 which further comprises a short, cylindrical inner skirt depending from said disk spaced inward from said outer skirt.

7. A cap according to claim 5 in which said outer skirt is weaken in a slanted third groove joining said first groove and extending down to the bottom edge of said outer skirt, said second and third grooves being separated from each other at the points at which they join said first groove and converging toward each other as they proceed down toward said bottom edge but being separated from each other a gap at each bottom edge, and which further comprises a second integral tab extending below said bottom edge directly below said gap, said first mentioned tab being offset to one side relative to said gap.

8. A cap according to claim 6 in which said first groove is interrupted between the points at which said second and third grooves join said first groove, said second bead being formed with short interruptions where said second and third grooves intersect said second bead.

9. A deformable plastic cap for a container neck of the type having external means for gripping said cap, said cap having a central top disk and a substantially cylindrical, thin-walled outer skirt depending from the periphery of said disk, said outer skirt scored and weakened in a circumferential first groove intermediate the top and bottom of said skirt, said outer skirt also weakened in a second groove joining said first groove at a first point and slanting downward in a first direction from said first point to the bottom edge of said outer skirt, said outer skirt further weakened in a third groove joining said first groove at a second point spaced from said first point in said first direction, said third groove slanting downward in a second direction from said second point in a second direction opposite said first direction to the bottom edge of said outer skirt, said second and third grooves converging toward each other as they proceed down toward said bottom edge but being separated from each other in a gap, at said bottom edge, said outer skirt having internal means adapted to grip said external means of said neck to retain said cap on said neck so long as said first groove is unbroken, said internal means being located partly above and partly below said first groove, a first tab extending below said bottom edge displaced from said second groove in said second direction,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3510021 *May 14, 1969May 5, 1970Silver JulesTamper proof container
US3572579 *Apr 11, 1969Mar 30, 1971American Can CoScored peripheral tear strip with reclosure lid
US3595420 *Oct 31, 1969Jul 27, 1971Johnsen Jorgensen Plastics LtdTamperproof closure
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3753511 *Dec 4, 1972Aug 21, 1973Ruch HContainer and closure therefor
US3831798 *Jul 18, 1972Aug 27, 1974Dorn Co VContainer sealing lid
US3860137 *Nov 10, 1972Jan 14, 1975Polytop CorpPress-top type child-resistant closure
US3921845 *Dec 11, 1972Nov 25, 1975Corning Glass WorksClosure device of plastic for tubes and containers
US3927784 *Feb 13, 1975Dec 23, 1975Cochrane Ben ATamper-proof bottle cap and container
US3940004 *Oct 15, 1974Feb 24, 1976Three Sisters Ranch EnterprisesWidemouth jar neck and plastic cap construction
US3951292 *Oct 15, 1974Apr 20, 1976Owens-Illinois, Inc.Pilfer-proof neckband for a bottle
US3979003 *Mar 10, 1975Sep 7, 1976Buckeye Molding Co.Re-usable frangible closure
US3985255 *Oct 10, 1975Oct 12, 1976Blair Richard LBottle cap
US4024976 *Oct 30, 1975May 24, 1977Anchor Hocking CorporationTamperproof molded package
US4032029 *Apr 5, 1976Jun 28, 1977Benjamin Arthur CochraneTamper-proof bottle cap and container
US4037746 *Jun 11, 1976Jul 26, 1977Gsf CorporationPlastic cap and bottle neck
US4106653 *Jun 13, 1977Aug 15, 1978Martinelli Luciano BTearable bottle cap
US4109816 *Nov 1, 1976Aug 29, 1978Three Sisters Ranch EnterprisePlastic cap for bottle
US4325496 *Aug 22, 1980Apr 20, 1982Diemoulders Proprietary LimitedFilling-dispensing closure for a bag-like container
US4485934 *Mar 24, 1983Dec 4, 1984Maguire Daniel JTamperproof closure
US4538740 *Dec 27, 1983Sep 3, 1985Fantasy Flavors, Inc.Tamper resistant closure
US4555042 *Jan 28, 1985Nov 26, 1985Rathbun Willard JTamper resistant container and closure assembly
US4566508 *Dec 17, 1984Jan 28, 1986Ethyl Molded Products CompanySelf-draining closure
US4567992 *Nov 29, 1984Feb 4, 1986Johnsen & Jorgensen (Plastics) LimitedChild resistant and tamper-resistant container and closure assembly
US4881656 *Oct 24, 1988Nov 21, 1989Sandusky Plastics, Inc.Tamper evident container lid and method of making the same
US4929233 *Aug 26, 1988May 29, 1990Alza CorporationImplantable fluid imbibing pump with improved closure
US5170905 *Jul 17, 1991Dec 15, 1992Cap Snap Co.Tamper-evident thin-walled container package
US5460287 *Feb 18, 1994Oct 24, 1995Graham Packaging CorporationBlow-molded wide mouth plastic container and injection-molded lid
US6644491Aug 20, 2001Nov 11, 2003Berry Plastics CorporationTamper-evident cap
US7857154 *Feb 21, 2006Dec 28, 2010Camlab LimitedContainer with lid and tamper-evident features
USB314271 *Dec 11, 1972Jan 28, 1975 Title not available
EP0403380A1 *Jun 13, 1990Dec 19, 1990General Foods LimitedAirtight container for partial or full vacuum packaging, evacuated either manually or mechanically
Classifications
U.S. Classification215/256, 215/305, 220/380, 220/270, 215/320
International ClassificationB65D43/02
Cooperative ClassificationB65D2543/00296, B65D2543/00842, B65D2543/00685, B65D2101/0053, B65D2543/00796, B65D2543/00092, B65D2543/00629, B65D2101/0038, B65D2543/00518, B65D2543/00555, B65D2543/00027, B65D2543/0074, B65D43/0256, B65D2543/00537
European ClassificationB65D43/02T3E
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 16, 1992ASAssignment
Owner name: CAP SNAP CO., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: REASSIGNMENT OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SECURITY PACIFIC BUSINESS CREDIT, INC.;REEL/FRAME:006318/0495
Effective date: 19921006
Nov 16, 1992AS99Other assignments
Free format text: CAP SNAP CO. 890 FAULSTICH COURT SAN JOSE, CALIFORNIA 95112 * SECURITY PACIFIC BUSINESS CREDIT, INC. : 19921006 OTHER CASES: NONE; REASSIGNMENT OF SECURITY INTEREST
Nov 3, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: SECURITY PACIFIC BUSINESS CREDIT INC., 140 EAST 45
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CHASE MANHATTAN BANK (NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,), THE;REEL/FRAME:004985/0374
Effective date: 19881020
Owner name: SECURITY PACIFIC BUSINESS CREDIT INC., A CORP. OF
Jun 28, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: CAP SNAP CO., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY IN SECURITY AGREEMENTS RECORDED 1/15/86 AND 9/24/86 AT REELS 4499 AND 4603, FRAMES 0966 AND 0962, RESPECTIVELY.;ASSIGNOR:BANKERS TRUST COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:006276/0243
Effective date: 19880623
Owner name: CHASE MANHATTAN BANK, THE (NATIONAL ASSOCIATION),
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CAP SNAP CO. A CORP. OF CA;REEL/FRAME:006276/0253
Jun 28, 1988AS99Other assignments
Free format text: CAP SNAP CO. 890 FAULSTICH COURT SAN JOSE, CALIFORNIA 95112 * BANKERS TRUST COMPANY : 19880623 OTHER CASES: NONE; RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY IN SECURITY AGREEMENTS RECORDED 1/1
Jun 28, 1988AS06Security interest
Owner name: CAP SNAP CO. A CORP. OF CA
Owner name: CHASE MANHATTAN BANK, THE (NATIONAL ASSOCIATION),
Effective date: 19880623
Jan 15, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: BANKERS TRUST COMPANY, 280 PARK AVENUE, NEW YORK,
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CAP SNAP CO.;REEL/FRAME:004499/0966
Effective date: 19860115
Owner name: CAP SNAP CO., A CORP. OF CA.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:THREE SISTERS RANCH ENTERPRISES, A CA. GENERAL PARTNERSHIP;REEL/FRAME:004499/0980
Effective date: 19860114