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Publication numberUS3673845 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 4, 1972
Filing dateNov 25, 1969
Priority dateNov 25, 1969
Publication numberUS 3673845 A, US 3673845A, US-A-3673845, US3673845 A, US3673845A
InventorsJohn W Vercoglio
Original AssigneeOlin Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tensile bending of metal panels or strip having inflatable passageways
US 3673845 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Vercoglio July 4, 1972 [54] TENSILE BENDING OF METAL PANELS 0R STRIP HAVING INFLATABLE PASSAGEWAYS [72] Inventor: John W. Vercoglio, Benld, 111. [73] Assignee: Olin Corporation [22] Filed: Nov. 25, 1969 [21] Appl. No: 879,888

52 U.S.Cl ..72/31s,72/37s,72/151,

29/1573 v, 113/118 R 51 1111.01 ..B2ld11/04 5s FieldofSearch ..113/1C,116U,118R,118C,

113/118 D;29/157.3, 157.3 A, 1573 C, 455 R, 455 LM, 157.4, 157.3 V, 202 R, 202 D; 72/205, 151, 378, 296, 298, 318, 319, 321

S. Strickler, Thomas P. O'Day and Donald R. Motsko [5 7] ABSTRACT A process for bonding metal strip or panels containing inflatable passageways, wherein the passageway may be uninflatcd, partially inflated, preformed, or fully inflated. The strip or panels are eventually fully inflated to form one or more fluid passageways. The strip or panel is maintained under tension and is bent by contacting it with a die spindle while it is under tension. The strip or panel will be forced ahead and around the die spindle, thus creating elongation. Upon completion of the bend, the strip or panel may be inflated using air, water, or any other inflation medium. The inflation can be accomplished while the strip or panel is still under tension, or they may be freely inflated after removal of the tension. An apparatus for carrying out the process comprises a die spindle shaped to substantially mate with the strip or panel which is to be bent. The die spindle is secured to a rotatable bending arm, which is adapted to traverse the die spindle through an arc, which intercepts the strip or panel, forcing the strip or panel ahead and around the die spindle. The apparatus also contains means for 4879888X tension to the strip or panel while it is being bent. The tension is preferably slightly less than the yield strength at 0.2 percent offset of the strip or panel. The ap' paratus is also capable of automatic and continuous operation and is ideally suited to the formation of serpentine-like configurations for use in heat exchangers.

35 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,545,394 12/1970 Shive ..113/118 1,251,678 1/1918 Mclntyre ..72/151 2,850,793 9/1958 Schweller..... ...29/157.3 V 3,458,917 8/1969 Mueller..... ..,29/l57.3 V 2,746,727 5/1956 Earl, Jr. ...29/157.3 V 3,077,031 2/1963 Fromson ..29/455 2,876,823 3/1959 Knox et al.... ..29/202 D 2,289,685 7/1942 Schoen ..29/157.3 R 2,963,067 12/1960 Kelso et a1. ..72/298 2,988,127 6/1961 Gray ..72/151 2,845,695 8/1958 Grenell ..29/157.3 V

PATENTEDJuL 4 I972 SHEET 10F 3 INVENTOR I JOHN W VERCOGL/O BY fly) ATTORNEY Pmmsmum m2 3,673,845

z iv INVENTOR 7 3 i3 6 JOHN W VERCOGL/O BY ZAM EM J ATTORNEY TENSILE BENDING F METAL PANELS OR STRIP HAVING INFLATABLE PASSAGEWAYS This invention relates to the bending of metal strip or panels containing inflatable passageways, wherein the passageways may be uninflated, partially inflated, preformed, or fully inflated. The strip or panels are eventually fully inflated to form one or more fluid passageways. However, this invention could be practiced on flat seam welded passageways or flattened seam or seamless tubing, in coil form which may be either uninflated or inflated.

The strip material is often bent, so as to form long serpentined shaped structures for heat exchange applications. However, if the diameter of the bend is small, then conventional methods of bending result in kinking or wrinkling of the inside circumference of the inflated passageway. The kinking is disadvantageous, because if the expanded passageway contains kinks, a higher pressure drop occurs. In come instances, the kinking may be sufficiently severe to cause failures in the material. This is especially the case in condenser applications, where pressures up to 3,000 p.s.i. must be tolerated in the passageways, and for evaporator applications where pressures up to 1,200 psi. must be tolerated.

conventionally, compression bending is used to bend materials of the type enumerated above. In this process, the strip or panel is pushed around a fixed mandrel or pivot by means of a wiping roller or block. This method tends to result in bends wherein the inside circumference is wrinkled or kinked. Further, the equipment and set up time for practicing compression bending, does not provide for high production rates.

According to the instant invention, it has been found that the above noted disadvantages may be overcome by bending the strip or panel while they are under a tensile stress, preferably slightly less than the yield strength.

It is an object of this invention to bend strip or panels having uninflated, partially inflated, preformed, or fully inflated passageways, without the formation of kinks or wrinkles on the inside circumference of the bend.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a method for bending the strips or panels while they are under tension.

It is a further object of this invention to provide an apparatus for bending strips or panels having uninflated, partially inflated, preformed, or fully inflated passageways while the strips or panels are under tension.

It is a further object of this invention to provide an apparatus for bending the strip while under tension to form a serpentine configuration for use in a heat exchanger.

Other objects will become apparent to those skilled in the art as a detailed discussion of particular embodiments proceeds with reference to the drawings, which form a part hereof, in which:

FIG. I is a top view of a simplified apparatus for carrying out the process of this invention, in an operative position prior to bending.

FIG. 2 shows a weight arrangement for applying tension to the panel or strip.

FIG. 3 is a top view of the simplified apparatus shown in FIG. 1 with the operative parts positioned to show completion of a 180 bend.

FIG. 4 gives perspective views of typical die spindles in accordance with this invention as they contact strips which are exemplary of those employed herein.

FIG. 5 is a side view of an apparatus in accordance with this invention for producing strip bent to form a serpentine configuration.

FIG. 6 is a side view of a die spindle actuator, for moving the spindle out of the way of the bent strip.

The process of this invention comprises maintaining under tension, a panel or strip containing at least one inflatable passageway, such that when the panel or strip is inflated, a fluid passageway results, and bending the panel or strip by contacting it with a die spindle, while it is under tension. The panel or strip will be forced ahead and around the die spindle,

thus creating elongation. Upon completion of the bend, the panel or strip may be inflated using air, water, or any other inflation medium. The inflation can be accomplished while the panel or strip is still under tension, or they may be freely inflated after removal of the tension.

This method of bending can be applied to panel or strip that has been previously inflated, partially inflated, preformed in the flat condition, or which is uninflated. The preformed panels or strip are obtained by shaping of the uninflated passageways by means of a suitable die so that the flat panel or strip take on the shape of approximately one-half of the inflated passageway. This process of preforming is amply described in the copending application Ser. No. 709,636, as signed to the assignee of the instant invention.

The preferred starting material for the process of this invention may be obtained in accordance with the process disclosed in US. Pat. No. 2,690,002 by L. H. Grenell. This starting material comprises panels or strips made of at least two sheets of metal pressure welded together. A suitable pattern of stopweld is sandwiched between the sheets prior to pressure welding. The stop-weld pattern provides an unbonded region after welding, which may be inflated to form at least one fluid passageway. The sheets may be made of any suitable metal, as for example, copper, steel or preferably aluminum.

Referring now to the drawings and especially to FIG. 1, there is illustrated an apparatus according to this invention. The apparatus comprises a table I to which is mounted a bending arm 2. The bending arm 2 is rotatable about a pivot point 3. A die spindle 4 is secured to one end of the bending arm 2, preferably in rotatable engagement with the arm 2. A clamp 5 is secured at an appropriate position along the bending arm 2, determined by the length of the straight section desired. A panel or strip 6 in accordance with the invention, is clamped to the bending arm 2 by means of the clamp 5. As shown in FIG. 1, the die spindle 4 in the starting position is adjacent to the panel or strip 6 to be bent. The panel or strip 6 is maintained in tension by means of a weight 9, as shown in FIG. 2, or a drag 7. The use of a drag 7 is preferred because it provides for more continuous operation.

The drag 7 may comprise two rollers 8 which press against opposite sides of the panel or strip 6. The rollers 8 are frictionally engaged to fixed plates 8' such that a tensile force must be applied to the strip or panel 6 to pull or drag it through the rollers 8. The roller 8, plate 8, combination is similar to a friction type clutch. Other suitable means for applying tension to the panel or strip 6 would occur to one skilled in the art, and could be used with the instant invention.

The tensile force is applied in the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, by rotating the bending arm 2 about the pivot point 3 so that the die spindle 4 contacts the panel or strip 6 and begins to pull the strip through the drag 7. Of course, if it were desired to have tension applied to the panel or strip 6 initially one could use a weight 9, as shown in FIG. 2, tied to the panel or strip 6 by a cable 10. The cable 10 would be placed over a pulley 11 so that the weight 9 would hang down, thereby applying the tensile force to the panel or strip 6. Alternatively, tension could initially be applied using the drag 7 by pulling the panel or strip 6 through the drag 7 to the point where it is clamped at 5 or else by pulling back on the panel or strip 6 through the drag 7 after it is clamped at 5.

FIG. 3 shows the operation of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1. As the bending arm 2 is rotated about the pivot point 3, as shown in phantom, the panel or strip 6 is forced ahead and around the die spindle 4, creating elongation. As shown in the,

tion plates 8 and the drag wheels 8 by tightening or loosening nuts A.

The plates 8' and the drag wheels 8 may be made of any suitable material, for example, metal, plastics, ceramics, or a combination of them. The drag wheels 8 or the friction plates 8' or both may be provided with a suitable coating which enhances their frictional qualities. The drag mechanism per se, forms no part of this invention, and numerous suitable mechanisms can be found in the prior art for use with the invention.

The bend 12 is completed as shown in FIG. 3, by rotating the bending arm 2 through a 180 arc. At this point, the strip or panel 6 may be unclamped and inflated, or it may be inflated while it is under tension. Inflation while the strip is under tension is the preferred approach. To form a further bend, the strip or panel 6 must be unclamped and then suitably reclamped in a position for obtaining the desired bend.

FIG. 4A shows a typical die spindle 50 as it first contacts a strip 51 in accordance with this invention. The strip is uninflated and has a stop-weld pattern 52 in the middle. The die spindle 50 has a flat cylindrical surface.

In FIG. 4B, the die spindle 60 has a groove 61 which is contoured to mate with a strip 62 in accordance with this invention, wherein the strip has an inflated passageway 63. A similar die spindle could be used with strip which has been preformed, in the flat. condition. In such case, the bottom sheet 64 between 65 and 66 would be formed to the same contour as the top sheet 67 between 65 and 66, as shown in phantom. The bottom sheet 64 would then have to be expanded out to form the passageway by inflation.

FIG. 4C shows a die spindle 70 having a plurality of grooves 71 contoured so as to mate with a strip 72 in accordance with this invention, having a plurality of inflated or preformed passageways 73. FIG. 4D shows a die spindle 80 in accordance with this invention having an essentially cylindrical surface for mating with a strip 81 in accordance with this invention, which may be inflated, but which has one flat side 82 which contacts the die spindle.

Other combinations of panels or strips in accordance with this inventionand die spindle configurations are possible. It is necessary that the die spindle be contoured so as to mate with the surface of the panel or strip which it contacts during bend rng.

It is a preferred aspect of this invention to provide an apparatus that can preform bending in accordance with the technique illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 3 but in a more continuous fashion. FIG. shows an apparatus which will accomplish this object. It is desired for many heat exchange applications to bend the strip so as to form a serpentined configuration as shown at 100. The apparatus of FIG. 5 accomplishes this in a continuous fashion.

As in the previously described embodiment, bending arms 101, 102 are provided which are pivoted about fixed points 103, 104 and which have die spindles 105, 106 secured at one end, preferably in rotatable engagement. To obtain the serpentine configuration, two bending arms 101, 102 are employed, which shall be noted as the right bending arm 101 and the left bending arm 102. In order to provide for automatic and continuous operation, the bending arms 101, 102 are moved through theirrespective arcs by means of air cylinder type actuators 107. Clamps 108, 109 are provided, one for the right bending arm 108 and one for the left bending arm 109. They contact the strip 110 at the die spindle 105, 106 in their down position, so that the strip 110 is clamped between the clamps108, 109 and the die spindles 105, 106. The clamps 1 108, 109 are also actuated by means of air cylinders 111, the

. 105, 106. Suitable means for withdrawing the die spindles 105, 106. will be discussed later. The apparatus of FIG. 5 operates as follows:

Initially, the strip is pulled through the drag 113 and clamped to the die spindle 106 of the left bending arm 102 while it is in its down position. The right bending arm 101 is then actuated so that the die spindle travels along arc 1 14 and the strip is forced ahead and around the die spindle 105. The right bending arm 101 comes down as shown in phantom, and after it is fully down, thestrip 110 is clamped to the die spindle 105 by clamping block 108. The clamping block 109 is then withdrawn so that the strip 110 is no longer clamped to the lefl bending arm die spindle 106. The lefi bending arm die spindle '106 is then moved out of the way of the strip 110, so that the left bending arm 102 may be raised to its up position. While the left bending arm 102 is in the up position, the die spindle 106 is moved back, after which the lefi bending arm 102 is pivoted through its are 115 contacting the strip 110 and bending it, as described above, for the right bending arm 101. This proces can be continued for indefinite lengths of strip 110, and may be performed in a continuous manner. The strip is clamped to one bending arm .die spindle while the other bending arm die spindle is travelling through its arc and bending the strip, the one bending arm'spindle is then withdrawn to its original position and the prooes repeated.

The strip 110 may be inflated while it is under tension, 8 when it is clamped, or while it is not under tension, after it has passed the clamping point. The inflation pressure depends on the materials being used, and may be up to about 4,000 p.s.i. and preferably between about 100 and 3,000 p.s.i. Inflation is provided by inserting an inflation needle 116 which is connected to an inflation hose 1 16' between the layers of the strip 1 10 and forcing a suitable fluid medium into the strip.

Automatic operation of the apparatus of FIG. 5 is obtained by employing solenoid type valves at 117 for actuating the respective air cylinders 107, 111 connected to the bending arms 101, 102 and the clamps 108, 109. The sequence can then be controlled by suitable circuitry (not shown) for timing the actuation of the respective air cylinders 107, 111. The sequencing may be obtained by employing relays and other timing devices. Similarly, if it is desired to inflate the strip while it is under pressure, the inflation could be sequenced in with other steps of the process.

While the apparatus has been discussed with reference to an uninflated strip, it is obvious that it is equally applicable for use with partially inflated, preformed, or fully inflated strips or panels. It is necessary to employ appropriately contoured die spindles, as discussed above, with reference'to FIG. 4, which will mate with the surface of the strip they contact. It is also necessary to employ clamping blocks which are contoured similar to the die spindles so as to mate with the strip surface. For example, if one were using a strip 62 of the type shown in FIG. 43, all of the die spindles and all of the clamping blocks would have to be grooved to mate with the strip surface. However, if one were employing a strip 81, similar to that shown in FIG. 4D, then the die spindle secured to one bending arm would have a flat cylindrical surface, as shown in FIG. 4D, and the die spindle connected to the other bending arm, which would contact the opposing surface, would have a grooved cylindrical surface, as in FIG. 4C. The clamping blocks would have to be contoured so as to mate with the respective surfaces, one being smooth and the other being grooved.

After the bending arm has reached its bottom position and the strip has been bent around the die spindle, it is necessary to move the die spindle out of the way of the strip in order to raise the arm prior to forming the next bend.

The particular mechanism for moving the die spindle out of the way of the strip, is not shown in FIG. 5. In FIG. 6, however, a suitable mechanism is shown. The mechanism is attached to each of the bending arms 101, 102, shown in FIG. 5, at their die spindle 105, 106 ends.

In the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, an air cylinder 200 is connected to the die spindle 201 which rides in a ball bushing 202. The die spindle 201 is shown in its position for contacting the strip to be bent Upon actuation of the air cylinder 200, the die spindle 201 is withdrawn in the direction shown by the arrow, so that it is no longer in the way of the strip when the bending arm 101 is raised to its up position. This approach alone, will work fine where the die spindle 201 has a smooth surface, but where it has a grooved surface, modification of the bending arms 101, 102 is required as shown in FIG. 6.

The bending arm 101, for example, is provided with a sleeve portion 203 which slides over the arm portion 204. The sliding position of the sleeve 203 is controlled by an air cylinder 205. The die spindle 201, ball bushing 202, and air cylinder 200 are all secured to the sliding sleeve 203. in operation, the arm 101 and die spindle 20] contact and bend the strip. After the bending is completed, the sleeve 203 is retracted by means of air cylinder 205, thereby moving the die spindle 201 out of contact with the strip. The die spindle 201 is then withdrawn as aforenoted, by actuating air cylinder 200, and the bending arm 101 is raised to its up position.

Obviously, numerous other mechanisms could be thought of which would provide suitable means for moving the die spindle out of the way so that the arm can be raised to the up position after the bend has been completed.

in carrying out the process of this invention, the panel or strip should be maintained at a tension less than the yield strength at 0.2 percent offset of the panel or strip. Preferably, the tensile stress should be between about 1,000 p.s.i. and the yield strength at 0.2 percent offset of the panel or strip and preferably just slightly less than the yield strength at 0.2 per cent offset of the panel or strip.

The strip or panel may be bent to any desired degree in accordance with the process of this invention. It is possible to make bends greater than 0, and up to 360, or the limit imposed by the apparatus being used, preferably between about and 270. The bend diameter is limited by the die spindle employed, but the invention is most applicable for bend diameters less than 3 inches and especially less than 1 inch.

When bends are made, in accordance with this invention, the circumference of the passageway on the inside of the bend is free of kinks and wrinkles. The theory of this invention appears to be that elongation must occur in the bend area to reduce the compressive loads. This is the apparent explanation for the absence of the kinks or wrinkles when the strip is bent, in accordance with the process herein disclosed, though the invention is not intended to be limited to this explanation.

To further illustrate the process of this invention, the following example is presented.

EXAMPLE I The strip which was to be bent comprised 0.034 inch gauge 1 100 clad 3004 aluminum. The bending equipment used was similar to that shown in FIGS. 1 and 3. The tensile force used to conduct the tests was 140 lb. for previously inflated strip and 60 lb. for previously preformed strip. As the die spindle was rotated through a 180 arc, the strip took on the shape of the die spindle. Upon completion of the bend, the inside circumference of the bend was pulled completely smooth. An inflation needle was inserted between the sheets and clamped with vice grips having jaws shaped to fit the needle. An inflation hose was attached to this needle by means of an air coupling at the inflation end and to an air valve at the regulator end. The regulator needle valve was opened rather fast allowing air pressure to flow into the passageway of the strip, thus inflating the bend area to a height which is acceptable in refrigeration applications. The air pressure used ranged from 800 to 1,100 p.s.i.g. The final passageway height varied depending upon the inflation pressure. Both the inside and outside circumference areas of the bend after inflation were wrinkle and kink free.

Thus, it can be seen that by following the process of the instant invention, wherein a panel or strip is bent around a die spindle while it is under tension, the resultant bend area will be free of kinks or wrinkles. The process has the further advantage in that it is amenable to high production rates and automatic operation.

Numerous suitable modifications of the process and apparatus of this invention are possible, and it is intended that the invention encompass all modifications which are within the spirit and scope of this invention as set forth herein. Thus, it is understood that the invention is not to be limited to the illustrations described or shown herein, which are deemed to be merely illustrative of the best modes of carrying out the invention, and which are suitable of modification of form, size, arrangement of parts and details of operation.

What is claimed is:

1. A process of bending metal panels or strip having at least one passageway, comprising:

providing a metal panel or strip having at least one passageway,

applying a tensile stress to said panel or strip, and then bending said panel or strip a given amount about a die spindle while it is under said tensile stress.

2. A process as in claim 1, wherein said at least one passageway comprises an inflatable fluid passageway and wherein said panel or strip has a plurality of inflatable fluid passageways.

3. A process as in claim 1, wherein said tensile stress applied is less than the yield strength at 0.2 percent offset of said panel or strip.

4. A process as in claim 1, wherein said panel or strip is bent between about 15 and 270.

5. A process as in claim 1, wherein said panel or strip is bent about 180.

6. A process as in claim 2, wherein said panel or strip is inflated subsequent to the bending step.

7. A process as in claim 6, wherein said panel or strip is inflated while it is under tension.

8. A process of bending metal panels or strip having at least one passageway, comprising:

providing a panel or strip having at least one passageway,

defined by a stop-weld pattern said panel or strip comprising at least two sheets of metal with said stop-weld pattern sandwiched between them, said sheets being pressure welded together except in the regions of the stopweld pattern,

applying a tensile stress to said panel or strip, said tensile stress being less than the yield strength at 0.2 percent offset of said panel or strip, and then bending said panel or strip a given amount about a die spindle while it is under said tensile stress.

9. A process as in claim 8, wherein said panel or strip, which is provided, has a plurality of fluid passageways.

10. A process as in claim 8, wherein the tensile stress which is applied is greater than 1,000 p.s.i. and less than the yield strength at 0.2 percent offset of said panel or strip.

11. A process as in claim 10, wherein the tensile stress which is applied is slightly less than the yield strength at 0.2 percent offset of said panel or strip.

12. A process as in claim 8, wherein the diameter of the bend is less than 3 inches.

13. A process as in claim 12, wherein the strip is bent about 180.

14. A process as in claim 8, wherein the panel or strip is inflated at said stop-weld pattern subsequent to they bending step, to provide at least one fluid passageway.

15. A process as in claim 14, wherein the panel or strip is inflated while it is under said tensile force.

16. A process as in claim 15, wherein said panel or strip is inflated using air pressure ranging from to 3,000 p.s.i.g.

17. A process as in claim 8, wherein the panel or strip is bent by forcing it around a die spindle which is contoured to substantially mate with said panel or strip.

18. An apparatus for bending a metal panel or strip having at least one inflatable fluid passageway, comprising:

tensioning means, contacting the panel or strip, being operative to place the panel or strip under tension prior to bending,

bending means, contacting the panel or strip, being operative to bend only a portion of the panel or strip while it is under tension, and

inflation means, contacting the panel or strip, being operative to inflate said fluid passageway.

19. An apparatus as in claim 18, wherein the tensioning means comprises a clamp attached to one end of the panel or strip and drag means contacting the panel or strip at a point along its length, said drag means being operative to maintain the panel or strip, which is held between said drag means, and said clamp, under tension.

20. An apparatus as in claim 19, wherein the amount of tension is less than the yield strength at 0.2 percent offset of the panel or strip.

21. An apparatus as in claim 20, wherein the bending means comprises a die spindle which contacts the panel or strip, said die spindle being operative to force the panel or strip ahead and around said die spindle.

22. An apparatus as in claim 21, wherein the die spindle is secured to a bending arm which is pivotable about a fixed point, said bending arm being operative when rotated to traverse said die spindle through an are which intercepts the panel or strip such that the panel or strip is forced ahead and around said die spindle.

23. An apparatus as in claim 22, wherein said die spindle has a surface which is contoured to substantially mate with the surface of the panel or strip which it contacts.

24. An apparatus as in claim 23 wherein said inflation means is operative to inflate said passageway in the strip while it is under tension.

25. An apparatus for bending a metal strip having at least one inflatable fluid passageway to form a serpentine configuration comprising:

tensioning means, contacting the strip being operative to place the strip under tension less than the yield strength at 0.2 percent offset of the strip prior to bending, a first bending means contacting the strip, being operative to bend the strip in one direction while it is under tension, a second bending means, contacting the strip, being operative to bend the strip in an opposite direction while the strip is under tension.

26. An apparatus as in claim 25, wherein said tensioning means comprises a clamp clamping the strip at one point along its length and drag means contacting the strip at another point alongits length, said drag means being operative to maintain the strip which is held between said drag means and said clamp under tension.

27. An apparatus as in claim 26, wherein the amount of tension is between about 1,000 psi. and the yield strength at 0.2 percent offset of the strip.

28. An apparatus as in claim 27, wherein the tension is slightly less than the yield strength at 0.2 percent offset of said strip.

29. An apparatus as in claim 27, wherein said first bending means comprises a first die spindle which contacts the strip, said die spindle being operative to force the strip ahead and around said die spindle.

30. An apparatus as in claim 29, wherein said second bending means comprises a second die spindle which contacts the strip, said die spindle being operative to force the stripahead and around said die spindle.

3l. An apparatus as in claim 30, wherein said first die spindle is secured to a first bending arm which is rotatable about a first fixed point in a first direction, said first bending am being operative when rotated in said first direction to traverse said first die spindle through an are which intercepts the strip such that the strip is forced ahead and around said first die spindle, and wherein said second die spindle is secured to a second bending ann which is rotatable about a second fixed point in a second direction which opposes said first direction, said second bending arm being operative when rotated in said second direction to traverse said second die spindle through a second are which intercepts the strip such that the strip is forced ahead and around said second re spindle, so as to form a serpentine configuration.

32. An apparatus as in claim 31, wherein said first and second die spindles have surfaces which are contoured to substantially mate with the respective surface of the strip which they contact.

33. An apparatus as in claim 32, further including inflation means contacting the strip, said inflation means being operative to inflate said fluid passageway.

34. An apparatus as in claim 32, including control means being operative to sequence the operation of the apparatus such that said first bending means and said second bending means are operated alternately whereby the strip may be formed into a serpentine configuration.

35. An apparatus as in claim 33 wherein said inflation means is operative to inflate said passageway in said strip while it is under tension.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4704886 *Apr 22, 1985Nov 10, 1987Aluminum Company Of AmericaStretch-forming process
US6715202 *Nov 2, 2001Apr 6, 2004American Standard International Inc.Tube bender for forming serpentine heat exchangers from spine fin tubing
US8056825 *Dec 5, 2007Nov 15, 2011Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.Heating tank and hot water storage tank
US8240354Apr 12, 2010Aug 14, 2012Won-Door CorporationMovable partition systems and components thereof including chain guide structures, and methods of forming and installing same
US8356654Nov 11, 2011Jan 22, 2013Won-Door CorporationMethods of forming and installing overhead support systems for movable partition systems
DE102009053215A1Nov 6, 2009Jun 17, 2010Alois RaschhoferVerfahren zur Herstellung eines Rohres und ein Wärmeübertragungselement in welchem das Rohr eingebaut ist
Classifications
U.S. Classification72/318, 72/378, 72/151, 29/890.53, 29/DIG.420
International ClassificationB21D11/07, B21D53/04
Cooperative ClassificationB21D53/045, B21D11/07, Y10S29/042
European ClassificationB21D53/04A, B21D11/07