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Publication numberUS3675320 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 11, 1972
Filing dateMay 6, 1970
Priority dateSep 2, 1967
Also published asUS3555497
Publication numberUS 3675320 A, US 3675320A, US-A-3675320, US3675320 A, US3675320A
InventorsWatanabe Takashi
Original AssigneeKawai Gakki Susakusho Kk
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric contact member
US 3675320 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

0 United States Patent [I51 3,675,320 Watanabe [451 July 1 l, 1972 541 ELECTRIC CONTACT MEMBER [56] References Cited [72] Inventor: Talrashl Watanabe, Shizuoka-ken, Japan UNITED STATES PATENTS [73] Assignce: Knbushlltl Knish: Knwnl Gakkl 3,142,891 8/l964 29/630 D m, shgzuokwken' Japan 3,283,291 I l/ I966 Krol ..29/630 D 3,448,431 6/ I969 Adrien... ..29/630 D [221 Flled= 6, 3,497,952 3/1970 King ..29/630 D [2| AWL No: 34,969 3,545,080 12/1970 Evans ..29/630 D Rehud m mu Primary Examiner-John F. Campbell Assistant Examiner-Donald l. Rooney [62] Division of Ser. No. 756,238, Aug. 29, 1968, Pat. No. Anomqwatets' Rodin" $chwam& Nissen [57] ABSTRACT [30] F l don I An electrical contact member is punched from a rolled sheet Sept. 2, 1967 Japan ..42/56270 having a thick longitudinal section and an adjacent thin longitudinal section, the thick section forming a terminal portion [52] [1.8. ..29/630 D, 29/630 C, 29/630 R on hich a lead wire can be wrapped hile the thin section [51] Int. Cl 9/00 rms acqn act portion The contact portion is bent to form a 581 mu olSearch 29/630 D, 630 c, 630 R loop. and In the event that a P PP Contact portions are to be formed, they in turn are bent relative to the terminal portion such that their loops face one another.

PATENTEDJUL 11 m2 3. 675.320

sum 2 OF 2 FIG/7 '1 M ii w .l9 F/6.20 L141; FIG

ELECTRIC CONTACT MEMBER CROSS-RELATED APPLICATION This application is a division of my earlier application Ser. No. 756,238 filed Aug. 29, I968 and claiming priority of my corresponding Japanese Application filed Sept. 2, I967.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to methods of manufacturing electrical contact members for multi-connectors for electrical musical instruments and the like, and more particularly to methods of manufacturing an electrical contact member which comprises a wrapping terminal portion and a resilient contact portion punched integrally from a blank of raw material.

According to this invention, a rolled plate of a high-strength resilient metallic material having a longitudinal thick wall portion and an adjacent longitudinal thin wall portion is subjected to a punching operation to produce a blank having a terminal portion, on which a lead wire can be wrapped, corresponding to the thick wall portion, and an integral contact portion corresponding to the thin wall portion, the contact portion then being subjected to a bending operation.

It is generally required for an electrical contact member of the wrapping tenninal type that the contact portion thereof be resilient enough to always maintain proper contact pressure while at the same time the wrapping tenninal portion must have a mechanical strength to withstand a mechanical wrapping operation. For this purpose, it is considered necessary that the wrapping terminal be about 1 mm. in both width and thickness. A mechanical wrapping process is reliable in connection and is good in electrical conductivity, whereas a soldering process is deficient in that the operation lacks reliability and requires skill. Hence the contact members are especially suitable for undergoing a mechanical wrapping process.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIGS. I to 4 are perspective views showing known embodiments of electrical contact members,

FIGS. 5 and 6 are perspective views of rolled plates from which electrical contact members according to this invention are punched,

FIGS. 7 to I are sectional views showing other forms of rolled plates according to the invention,

FIGS. 11 to 16 are perspective views of partially processed members punched from the rolled plates,

FIGS. 17 and 18 are plan views showing in dotted outline the layout of the members punched from the rolled plates,

FIG. 19 is a perspective view of the member of FIG. 11 after completion of a first bending operation,

FIG. 20 is a perspective view of the member of FIG. 19 after being subjected to a second bending operation,

FIGS. 21 to 25 are perspective views of other forms of contact members obtained by bending the members of FIGS. 12 to I6, respectively, and

FIGS. 26 to 28 are side elevation views, partly in section, showing the contact members as assembled for use.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Electrical contact members commonly used hitherto have a construction as shown in FIG. I, in which a wrapping terminal a (on which a lead wire is to be wound) and a pair of opposite contact pieces b are punched or cut from a raw material blank at a thickness of about 1 mm. As shown in FIG. 3, a strip punched from a thin plate at a thickness of about 0.2 to 0.3 mm. is subjected to a bending operation and as shown in FIG. 2, two of the thus bent strips are soldered together at their terminal portions 0. Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 4, a contact member b and a wrapping terminal a are separately produced and then secured together.

The contact member of FIG. 1 is deficient in that when a printed plate or the like is inserted between the pair of contact pieces I), there may be caused bad contact and damage to the contact surfaces because the adjustment of the contact pressure against the printed plate is not sufiicient, due to the rigidity of the contact pieces. The contact member of FIG. 2 is better in respect of the adjustment of this contact pressure, but the wrapping terminal a is not sufficient in strength to withstand a wire wrapping operation because the terminal a only comprises two sheets of very thin plates secured to one another. The contact member of FIG. 3, which is adapted for one side contact, is insufficient in strength for a wrapping operation. The contact member of FIG. 4, in which the contact piece b and the wrapping terminal a are separately prepared and then fixed together, is troublesome in manufacture and is not sufficient in electrical conductivity.

This invention eliminates these deficiencies and provides an electric contact member in which the contact portion and the wrapping terminal portion are integrally formed and the contact portion is then subjected to a bending operation, so that the contact portion is given excellent contact characteristics, whereas the wrapping terminal portion is strong enough to withstand a mechanical wrapping operation.

The contact member of the invention is formed from a highstrength resilient metallic material which is excellent in electric conductivity, such as a copper-beryllium alloy or the like. This metal is rolled to produce a shaped plate 1 having a longitudinal thick wall portion 2 of about 1 mm. thickness and a longitudinal thin wall portion 3 of about 0.2 to 0.3 mm. thickness.

The arrangement of these thick and thin wall portions 2 and 3 is optional and may be made, for example, in the form as shown in FIG. 5, in which thin wall portion 3 is at the center of plate I while thick wall portion 2 has one side surface raised in relation to said thin wall portion 3, whereas its opposite sur face is flush with the thin wall portion 3. Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 6, thick wall portion 2 is located at the center of plate I and a thin wall portion 3 is formed on each side of the thick wall portion 2. As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the thick wall portions 2 are raised at both side surfaces in relation to thin wall portion 3, whereas as shown in FIG. 9, one surface of thin wall portion 3 is flush with portion 2 and the other surface of thick wall portion 2 is raised above portion 3. As shown in FIG. 10, thick wall portion 2 is raised at both its side surfaces in relation to thin wall portion 3. There is formed a fillet 4 at the juncture between the thick wall portion 2 and the thin wall portion 3.

Rolled plate I is subjected to a punching operation at right angles to its longitudinal direction to form any desired shapes, depending on the intended products, such that a wrapping terminal 5 is formed from the thick wall portion 2 and a contact piece 6 is formed from the thin wall portion 3, whereby there may be obtained a punched-out piece 7. This punched-out piece may be, for instance, in the form as shown in FIG. 11 in which there are provided two contact pieces 6 for each single wrapping terminal 5. As shown in FIG. 12, the wrapping terminal 5 is offset from the middle of the contact pieces 6 so as to be suitable for a zig-zag arrangement when a large number thereof are used as a multi-connector. As shown in FIG. 13, a single contact piece 6 is provided for a single wrapping terminal 5. As shown in FIG. 14, the wrapping terminal 5 is made somewhat slender at its base portion, while as shown in FIG. I5 two wrapping terminals 5 are provided for a single contact piece 6. As shown in FIG. 16, the single contact piece 6 is offset to one side from the middle of two wrapping terminals 5 so as to be adaptable for a zig-zag arrangement when a large number thereof are utilized. Any desired form can be chosen, depending on the place of application and the conditions of use thereof. These forms are designed to be punched at the highest possible efficiency from the rolled plate I, as shown in FIGS. 17 and 18.

The punched-out piece 7, as shown in FIG. I1, is then subjected to a first bending operation wherein its contact pieces 6 are bent downwardly, as shown in FIG. 19, and thereafier the bent portions are subjected to a second bending operation wherein the two contact pieces 6 are bent inwards at their base portions nearly at right angles as shown in FIG. 20, so that they are opposed to one another and form therebetween a gap for receiving a printed plate or the like. in almost the same manner, the product as shown in FIG. 21 may be obtained from the punched-out piece 7 shown in FIG. 12. The punchedout pieces 7 as shown in FIGS. B to 16, which have a single contact piece 6, can form the products as shown in FIGS. 22 to 25 by only asingle bending operation.

The contact piece 6 may be formed with a slit along its longitudinal extent, whereby the contact thereof with a printed plate or the like can become more reliable.

The product of the invention can be used, for example, as a multi-connector. In this case, a plurality of contact members are mounted in an insulating casing 9, as shown in each of FIGS. 26 to 28, and their wrapping terminals are arranged to project outwardly from a wall of the casing and are fixed at by clamps, or the like, and a lead wire ll is wrapped thereon.

Thus, according to this invention, a raw material shaped strip of rolled material of high strength resilient material metal having a longitudinal thick wall portion and an adjacent longitudinal wall portion is subjected to a punching operation to subdivide blanks in which a wrapping terminal portion is formed from the thick wall portion and at the same time a contact portion is formed from the thin wall portion. The contact portion is then subjected to at least one bending operation to confer the desired shape thereto.

Accordingly, there is obtained a contact member having a contact portion with substantial resiliency and a wrapping terminal portion of substantial strength suitable for resisting a mechanical wrapping operation wherein the contact portion and wrapping portion are integral with one another. Moreover, the manufacture of the electrical contact member comprising such integral portions can be effected economically and at high efficiency.

What is claimed is:

l. A method of manufacturing a contact member comprising forming a metallic plate which is electrically conductive and resilient with a longitudinal thick section and an adjacent longitudinal thin section, cutting said plate transversely to remove successive blanks therefrom in each of which a thick portion is obtained from the thick section and a thin portion from the thin section, and bending said thin portion with respect to said thick portion to form a contact member in which the thin portion forms a contact portion and said thick portion forms a terminal portion on which a lead wire can be wrapped.

2. A method as claimed in claim 1 wherein said plate has a central portion corresponding to one of said sections and adjacent lateral portions corresponding to the other section.

3. A method as claimed in claim I wherein said thick section has opposite faces both of which are raised relative to said thin section.

4. A method as claimed in claim 1 wherein said thick section has opposite faces, one of which is raised relative to said thin section, the other of which is flush with said thick section.

5. A method as claimed in claim I wherein said thin portion is provided with two legs extending from the thick portion, said thin portion being bent by forming bends on each of the legs and bending the legs such that the bends are in facing relation.

6. A method as claimed in claim 1 wherein said plate is rectangular.

7. A method as claimed in claim 2 wherein said blanks are alternately cut from opposite sides of the plate.

8. A method as claimed in claim 7 wherein the thin portion of each blank is provided with two legs extending from the thick portion, the legs of the blanks cut from one side of the plat being interdigitated with the legs of the blanks cut from the other side of the plate.

i l i UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION July 11, 1972 Patent NO. Dated Invent r( Takeshi Watanabe It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

On the cover sheet [73] the name of the assignee should read Kabushiki Kaisha Kawai Gakki Seisakusho Signed and sealed this 19th day of December 1972.

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FLETCI-KER,JR. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK Attestihg Officer Commissioner of Patents USCOMM-DC SCENE-P69

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3142891 *Apr 18, 1961Aug 4, 1964Elco CorpMethod of forming rigid contact tails
US3283291 *Apr 8, 1964Nov 1, 1966United Carr IncElectrical means and method of making at least a portion of the same
US3448431 *Mar 17, 1966Jun 3, 1969Elco CorpContact carrier strip
US3497952 *Aug 24, 1967Mar 3, 1970Burndy CorpMethod of assembling plastic and metal parts
US3545080 *May 16, 1967Dec 8, 1970Amp IncMethod of making resilient pins
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3797108 *Jan 10, 1972Mar 19, 1974Bunker RamoMethod for fabricating selectively plated electrical contacts
US4546542 *Oct 8, 1981Oct 15, 1985Symbex CorporationMethod and apparatus for making fork contacts
US4774763 *Aug 27, 1986Oct 4, 1988Methode Electronics, Inc.Electrical contact with compliant mounting section
US4825541 *Dec 10, 1987May 2, 1989Erni Elektroapparate GmbhMethod of making contact springs
US4918813 *Jul 21, 1989Apr 24, 1990Yazaki CorporationMethod of shaping plug receptacle
US5175927 *Oct 2, 1991Jan 5, 1993Eaton CorporationMethod of forming electrical contact/terminal
US5342226 *Jun 21, 1993Aug 30, 1994Electro-Wire Products, Inc.Female blade terminal
US5426272 *Nov 2, 1993Jun 20, 1995Siemens AktiengesellschaftContact element for a printed-circuit board relay, and a method for its production
US5666723 *Apr 21, 1995Sep 16, 1997Yazaki CorporationMethod of producing connector terminal
EP0132070A2 *Jun 28, 1984Jan 23, 1985Amp IncorporatedElectrical edge connector
WO1983001213A1 *Oct 4, 1982Apr 14, 1983Ass Enterprises IncMethod and apparatus for making fork contacts
WO1987002194A1 *Aug 22, 1986Apr 9, 1987Amp IncAn electrical connector and an electrical terminal
Classifications
U.S. Classification29/874
International ClassificationH01R12/18, H01R12/00, H01R13/11, H01R13/115
Cooperative ClassificationH01R13/112
European ClassificationH01R13/11D