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Publication numberUS3675374 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 11, 1972
Filing dateNov 9, 1970
Priority dateNov 9, 1970
Publication numberUS 3675374 A, US 3675374A, US-A-3675374, US3675374 A, US3675374A
InventorsWilder Harvey H
Original AssigneeCarborundum Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Direct pressure treating device
US 3675374 A
Abstract
A direct pressure treating device includes a nozzle and a lower chamber communicating with the nozzle. A middle chamber is disposed between the lower chamber and an upper chamber, while the upper chamber communicates with a feed hopper. A first valve is arranged between the lower and middle chamber, a second valve is between the middle and upper chambers, and a third valve is between the upper chamber and feed hopper. At least one of these valve is diaphragm operated with the diaphragm being arranged in a closed housing and disposed in such a manner as to overcome the force of sealing means for thereby opening the valve.
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United States Patent Wilder 1 July 1 1, 1972 [s41 DIRECT PRESSURE TREATING DEVICE 3,521.40? 7/1970 Nalley et al ..5|/12 [72] inventor: Harvey H. Wllder, Hagerstown, Md. Primaq mmmer ldesmr M. Swin 8 {73] Assignee: The Carborundum Company, Niagara A!!omeyDavid E. Dougherty and Robert E. Walter Falls, NY. 22 Filed: Nov. 9, 1910 [57] ABSTRACT A direct resure treatin device includes a nozzle and a lower .1 87 927 P 8 [2 1 No chamber communicating with the nozzle. A middle chamber is disposed between the lower chamber and an upper chamber, while the upper chamber communicates with a feed hopper. A [51] first valve is arranged between the lower and middle chamber [58] a second valve is between the middle and upper chambers and a third valve is between the upper chamber and feed [56] References Cited hopper. At least one of these valve is diaphragm operated with UNITED STATES PATENTS the diaphragm being arranged in a closed housing and disposed In such a manner as to overcome the force of sealing l,l 7 l ,286 l 9l6 Wadsworth means for [hereby opening the valve [443.762 l/l923 Smith 4 ..5l/l2 2,597,434 5/l952 Bisho et al. ..5l/l2 9Clalm, Drawingfigures I l I 1 2O 1 l I \r r 7 r T 66 1 1 l 58 I j 4e 24 1 l i E I 4 16 x 1 i l 1 22 1 75 {L l I g 46 14' i P f y 1 Com-o6 i I M fin/n I v J VMJ DIRECT ranssunn TREATING DEVICE BACKGROUND OF INVENTION A recently developed metal cleaning device which utilizes a direct pressure treating nozzle for peening metal surfaces is described in U. S. Pat. No. 3,52l,407. The device of that patent includes a plurality of chambers; the lowermost chamber is maintained under pressure and the middle chamber is intennittently under pressure, while an upper chamber is provided with a feed hopper. The succexful operation of the device depends to a large extent upon the reliability of the valves.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION An object of this invention is to provide an improved device of the above type.

A further object of this invention is to provide such a device which includes reliably operating valves.

In accordance with this invention a direct pressure treating device includes a nozzle and a lower chamber communicating with the nozzle. A middle chamber is disposed between the lower chamber and an upper chamber, while the upper chamber communicates with a feed hopper. A first valve is arranged between the lower and middle chamber, a second valve is between the middle and upper chambers and a third valve is between the upper chamber and a feed hopper. At least one of these valves is diaphragm operated with the diaphragm being arranged in a closed housing and disposed in such a manner as to overcome the force of sealing means for opening the valve under pressure.

The valve between the upper chamber and feed hopper may be a slidable gate valve which includes an operating member flexibly connected to a slidable plate and with a piston and cylinder assembly connected to the operating member.

The diaphragm operated valve may include a stem connected to the diaphragm and movable therewith and with a conical skirt or closure member mounted on the stern. A spring may be mounted on the stern for urging the skirt upward for contact with the sealing ring.

Each of the valves between the lower and middle chambers and between the middle and upper chambers may be of the above diaphragm operated type with single pressure means being connected thereto for controlling the actuation of the valves and the intermittent pressurizing of the middle chamber. Sequential control means are provided for assuring the proper sequence of operations. This sequential control means may include a level detection unit in the lower chamber to initiate the sequential cycle in accordance with the level of material in the chamber.

THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a front elevation view of a device in accordance with this invention;

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional elevation view of the device shown in FIG. I;

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional elevation view on an enlarged scale of a portion of the device shown in FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken through FIG. 3 along the line 44 with the diaphragm omitted.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION As shown in FIG. 1 the device is of the same general type as that disclosed in U. S. Pat. No. 3,52l,407 the details of which are incorporated herein by reference thereto. Device 10 includes a peening nozzle 12, a lower chamber 14, middle chamber 16, upper chamber I8 and feed hopper for the peening particles. The details of these chambers and its valving are most clearly shown in FIG. 2. As indicated therein a first valve 22 is disposed between lower chamber 14 and middle chamber 16 while a second similar valve 24 is provided between middle chamber I6 and upper chamber 18. Additionally, a third valve 26 is arranged between feed hopper 20 and upper chamber l8.

FIGS. 2 and 3 show the details of valve 22 (and of course valve 24 would be similarly constructed). As indicated therein valve 22 is diaphragm operated rather than utilizing a piston cylinder assembly as in U. S. Pat. No. 3,521,407. By use of the valve 22 all lubricated parts such as spacer 28, spring 30 and stem 32 are sealed in a closed housing or chamber against dust and fine abrasive particles which cause moving surfaces to gall and seize. As shown in FIG. 3 the chamber 34 which houses these moving parts is closed by diaphragm 36 also mounted on stem 32. Valve 22 includes an O-ring type valve seat 38 through which the abrasive particles fall when the valve is open. At the end of stem 32 a closure member or conical skirt 40 is mounted for movement into and out of engagement with valve seat 38. Conveniently stem 32 is threaded to permit proper vertical adjustment of the various elements mounted on the stern. Resilient means or spring 30 reacts between flange 42 on spacer 28 and stop member or washer 44 to urge stem 32 upward thereby biasing or urging skirt 40 against seat 38.

Valve 22 is opened by the supply of air through air line 46 and through suitable passages 48 into housing 34. The pressure build-up in the housing reacts against diaphragm 36 to overcome the action of spring 30 thereby causing skin 40 to move away from seat 38 and thus permitting the abrasive particles to flow from middle chamber 16 into lower chamber 14. Valve 22 is particularly advantageous in that it is spring loaded. In this respect only one airline is required to open the valve hence a three way valve can be used instead of a more expensive four way valve. Moreover, since spring 30 is arranged to urge the valve in its closing position, if there should be any failure in air supply such as a leak in the air line or the air supply being turned off, valve 22 automatically closes. Thus valve 22 is fail-safe. Moreover, the conically shaped skirt 40 is drawn against O-ring seat 38 by being supported by the diaphragm 36 in a floating self-centering manner. In this respect the conical skirt 40 is threaded onto stem 32 in the proper position and locked thereto by nut 50. Accordingly, variations in the manufacture of the components can be taken into account during their assembly.

The inclusion of spacer 28 is advantageous not only to provide a convenient member against which spring 30 may react but also to limit the travel of the diaphragm in both directions thus preventing damage to diaphragm 36 and thereby assuring longer life.

Although valves 22 and 24 are of the same construction, valve 26 differs in construction. In this respect valve 26 utilizes a slidable gate or plate 52 made of suitable wear resistant material such as polyurethane which has proven to be outstandingly effective in its long life expectance. Plate 52 is flexibly connected to operating member 54 which in turn is mounted on piston rod 56 which in turn reciprocates into and out of cylinder 58. A leaf spring 60 reacts against the under surface of plate 52 to assure its proper horizontal positioning during the movement caused by reciprocation of piston rod 56. Plate 52 contains an opening 62 which is alignable with the discharge opening 64 at the end of feed hopper 20 whereby abrasive particles may flow from the feed hopper into upper chamber I8. As previously indicated this sliding plate 52 is held against the flat sealing surface at the discharge end of hopper 20 by spring 60. As is apparent an increase in friction can only reach the amount caused by the upward force of spring 60 and hence the gate valve 26 is jam proof.

The use of a flexible coupling of operating member 54 to slide plate 52 is particularly advantageous since any lack of alignment of the slide plate would not be transmitted to the rigid piston rod 56. As shown in FIG. 2 actuating cylinder 58 includes an adjustable stop screw 66 at the cap end thereof to limit the travel of the slide plate 52. In this manner the degree of alignment of openings 62 and 64 can be adjusted which in turn adjusts the flow capacity of gate valve 26. Since this part of device 10 operates in atmospheric pressure, the sliding gate need only provide shut off service.

In practice gate valve 26 would be arranged within a closure member 68 at the top of upper chamber 18. Closure member 68 would in turn be secured to hopper or bin 20 with a-suitable" gasket 70 arranged therebetween to assure a dust free connection thereof.

Device also utilizes a fluidic system to control the sequential opening and closing of the various valves. ln operation a signal detection unit 72 in lower chamber 14 causes the sequential cycle to begin. The fluidic pulse unit produces a series of pulses to the appropriate fluidic switch and control means 73 and finally to valve means 74 (FIG. I) which cause the function of device 10 to operate in a predetermined consecutive sequential manner. In this respect first lower valve 22 opens and remains open for a sufficient time for the abrasive charge to pass through seat 38 and into the lower chamber 14. Valve 22 then closes. Next middle chamber 16 which had been under pressure is exhausted to atmospheric pressure to balance its pressure to that of upper chamber 18. Since valve 22 is closed lower chamber 14 remains pressurized. Middle valve 24 is then opened and a charge of abrasive passes from upper chamber 18 into middle chamber 16. Valve 24 then closes and middle chamber 16 is again pressurized to the same pressure as chamber 14. This equilization of pressure is necessary so that when valve 22 is later opened there will be no change in the steady blasting pressure through nozzle 12. Gate valve 26 is in parallel connection with lower valve 22 and opens to permit a charge of abrasive to flow into upper chamber [8 at the same time that abrasive particles are flowing into lower chamber 14 when valve 22 is opened.

FIG. 2 shows the details of level detection unit 72. As indicated therein a frustoconical open ended tilting bin 74 is rovided in lower chamber 14 directly under valve seat 38. when there is a low level of abrasive particles in chamber 14 bin 74 is urged by spring 76 into the inclined position indicated in phantom in FIG. 2. Bin 74 includes an open end or discharge opening 78 to permit the falling abrasive which is received therein to flow through the bin and ultimately into the nozzle 12. A pair of air circulating lines 80, 82 are provided in a plug or housing 84 in the lower portion of chamber 14. When bin 74 is in the tilted position indicated in phantom there is communication between lines 80 and 82. Spring member 76, however, includes a movable closure member 86 which closes off line 80 to break the circulation caused by downward movement of bin 74 and therefore also downward movement of spring 76. The breaking or the opening of circulation may be utilized for initiating the sequential operation previously discussed. In operation as abrasive is received in bin 74 the bin moves from the tilted position to the horizontal position indicated in solid and simultaneously therewith member 86 moves toward line 80. When a predetermined level of abrasive is reached, the level is detected by the breaking of circulation between the lines 80 and 82.

The falling abrasive particles pass from lower chamber l4 into a suitable metering chamber 88 and ultimately into nozzle [2. Metering chamber 88 may be of the type described in detail in copending application Ser. No. 837,27l', filed June 27, [969 the details of which are incorporated herein by reference thereto. Accordingly, it is not necessary for the purposes of this invention to repeat a description of these details.

As can be seen particularly from FIG. 2 device 10 is highly efficient by the inclusion of'gthe various diaphragm operated valves which are shelteredfrom the abrasive particles. The flow of abrasive particles is also enhanced by the conical surfaces of housing 90 which houses various components of the diaphragm operated valves. Flow of abrasives is facilitated by the use of spaced legs 92 connecting housing 90 to the wall of the device. Moreover the operation of the valves are fail-safe so that nozzle 12 will receive only the required amount of abrasive particles necessary for the treating operation.

What is claimed is:

l. A direct pressure treating device comprising a treating nozzle, a lower chamber communicating with said nozzle, a middle chamber communicating with said lower chamber, an upper chamber communicating with said middle chamber, a

feed hopper communicating with said upper chamber through an outlet opening, a first valve between said lower chamber and said middle chamber, a second valve between said middle chamber and said upper chamber, a third valve between said upper chamber and said feed hopper, said third valve being a slidable gate valve having an opening movable into and out of registry with the outlet opening of said feed hopper, said first and second of said valves being a diaphragm operated valve and including a valve seat, a closure member for selectively seating against said seat for closing communication therethrough, a diaphragm, transmitting means connecting said diaphragm to said closure member, a housing, said diaphragm being in said housing, sealing means for urging said closure member against said seat, and pressure means connected to said housing for overcoming the force of said sealing means to open said valve.

2. A device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said transmitting means includes a stem connected to said diaphragm and movable therewith, and said closure member being a conical skirt mounted on said stem.

3. A device as set forth in claim 2 wherein the housing for said first valve is mounted in said middle chamber and the housing for said second valve is mounted in said upper chamber, said sealing means for each of said first and second valves being a spring mounted on its stem and urging said skirt upward.

4. A device as set forth in claim 3 wherein said pressure means includes a single pressure line for opening said skin, said skirt being mounted on said stem in a floating self-centering manner, and a spacer being mounted on said stem to limit the amount of movement of said diaphragm.

5. A device as set forth in claim l wherein said gate valve includes a slidable plate, an operating member flexibly connected to said plate for controlling the sliding movement thereof, and a piston and cylinder assembly connected to said operating member.

6. A device as set forth in claim 5 wherein said plate is made of wear resistant polyurethane, a leaf spring reacting against said plate for maintaining said plate in a horizontal plane, and said piston and cylinder assembly including stroke limiting means.

7. A device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said pressure means also actuates said gate valve, said lower chamber being under constant pressure and said middle chamber being under intermittent pressure, and sequential control means connected to said pressure means for simultaneously opening said first valve and said gate valve, then for closing said first valve and said gate valve, then for exhausting said middle chamber to the atmosphere, then for opening said second valve while said first valve and said gate valve remain closed, and then for pressurizing said middle chamber to complete the sequential cycle.

8. A device as set forth in claim 7 wherein said sequential control means includes a level detection unit in said lower chamber for initiating the sequential cycle in accordance with the level of treating material in said lower chamber.

9. A device as set forth in claim 8 wherein said level detection unit includes a tilting bin in said lower chamber disposed under the valve seat of said first valve, a discharge opening in said bin, air circulating lines, a moving member disposed for breaking the circulation of said air lines, and resilient means connecting said moving member to said bin for breaking the circulation when said bin is in a predetermined position in said lower chamber.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1171286 *Apr 22, 1912Feb 8, 1916Howard L WadsworthSand-blast machine.
US1443762 *Jun 10, 1921Jan 30, 1923Smith Charles GSand-blast apparatus
US2597434 *Dec 27, 1948May 20, 1952William H MeadSurface treating apparatus
US3521407 *Jun 13, 1967Jul 21, 1970Carborundum CoMetal cleaning device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3893262 *May 15, 1974Jul 8, 1975Fruehauf CorpParticulate transfer control device
US3922817 *Oct 21, 1974Dec 2, 1975Wemmer OttoCombined steam and abrasive material cleaning device
US3930340 *Aug 12, 1974Jan 6, 1976Alsan WilliamsShot control valves
US4038786 *Aug 27, 1975Aug 2, 1977Lockheed Aircraft CorporationSandblasting with pellets of material capable of sublimation
US5433653 *Oct 29, 1993Jul 18, 1995Friess Equipment, Inc.Blasting apparatus, components thereof and related methods for use thereof
US6200203Jan 26, 1999Mar 13, 2001Jet Edge Division Of Tm/American Monorail, Inc.Abrasive delivery system
US6390898 *Oct 19, 1998May 21, 2002Gerard PieperMethod and device for treating, especially cleaning, abrasive clearing or stripping of coatings, graffiti or other superficial soiling on parts, work pieces or surfaces
WO1995032839A1 *May 26, 1995Dec 7, 1995Macbride, Thomas, JosephApparatus for blasting with abrasive particles
Classifications
U.S. Classification451/100
International ClassificationB24C7/00
Cooperative ClassificationB24C7/0046
European ClassificationB24C7/00C
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 7, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: PANGBORN CORPORATION, PANGBORN BLVD., HAGERSTOWN,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:KENNECOTT CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004614/0421
Effective date: 19860725
Jul 28, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: NATIONAL WESTMINSTER BANK USA, 592 FIFTH AVENUE, N
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PANGBORN CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:004576/0188
Effective date: 19860724
Jul 1, 1981ASAssignment
Owner name: KENNECOTT CORPORATION
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:BEAR CREEK MINING COMPANY;BEAR TOOTH MINING COMPANY;CARBORUNDUM COMPANY THE;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:003961/0672
Effective date: 19801230