|Publication number||US3678330 A|
|Publication date||Jul 18, 1972|
|Filing date||May 1, 1970|
|Priority date||May 1, 1970|
|Also published as||CA920200A, CA920200A1, DE2120881A1|
|Publication number||US 3678330 A, US 3678330A, US-A-3678330, US3678330 A, US3678330A|
|Inventors||Landrum Bobby L|
|Original Assignee||Northrop Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (3), Classifications (8), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Landrum  MULTI-BEAM ELECI'RON BEAM SCANNER UTILIZING A MODULATION PLATE FOR MODULATING EACH OF THE BEAMS INDEPENDENTLY  Inventor: Bobby L. Landrum, Palos Verdes Peninsula, Calif.
 Assignee:- Northrop Corporation, Beverly Hill, Calif.
 Filed: May 1, 1970  Appl. No.: 33,838
FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 3/1966 Great Britain ..3 15/1 3 [451 July 18,1972
Primary Examiner-Benjamin R. Padgett Assistant Examiner-l M. Potenza Anomey-Sokolski & Wohlgemuth and W. M. Graham 57 ABSTRACT A plurality of flat coded dynode members are sandwiched between an electron emitting cathode in the form of flat plate and a flat target plate. Each dynode member has a plurality of apertures formed therein which are aligned with corresponding apertures on all of the other dynodes, each such set of aligned apertures forming an electron beam channel. The dynodes also each have a pair of separate conductive finger patterns, the finest of such finger patterns defining an elemental scanning area of the target plate. The finger patterns and number of dynodes utilized are chosen so as to provide a predetermined number of simultaneous scanning beams. A modulation grid having apertures therein corresponding to the apertures on the dynode and having separate portions covering the areas encompassed by each of the scanning beams is placed between the cathode and target to control the energization of the beams.
4 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure WDULATOR PATENTEUJUUBIHIZ 3,678,330
MODULATOR MODULATOR INVENTOR BOBBY L. LANERUM WI 8 \MMLEMJTH ATTORNEYS MULTI-BEAM ELECTRON BEAM SCANNER UTILIZING A MODULATION PLATE FOR MODU'IATING EACH OF THE BEANS INDEPENDEN'ILY This invention relates to an electron beam scanner and more particularly to such a scanner utilizing flat dynode control elements and a modulation dynode element, which is capable of multi-beam operation.
In U.S. Pat. No. 3,408,532 to D. E. Hultberg et al, assigned to Northrop Corporation, the assignee of the instant application an electron beam scanner is described which utilizes a plurality of finger pattern coded dynode members sandwiched between an electron emitting cathode and a target plate wherein each of the dynodes has a pair of separate conductive portions arranged in a pre-detennined finger pattern. The dynode apertures are aligned with each other to define electron beam channels running between the cathode and the target each of such channels defining a scanning element of the target. The dynode fingers are excited in response to binary control signals to activate one of the channels at a time so as to address the beam to the target in a pre-desired manner.
There are certain advantages to providing a plurality of beams which simultaneously scan different portions of the target in an electron beam scanner of the type described in the aforementioned patent. First, this type of multiple beam operation can provide a plurality of separate displays simultaneously. In this manner, the information handling capability of the scanner can be augmented. Further, the plural beams can be utilized to simultaneously provide different portions of the same display. Thus, for example in the case of a television picture, various sections of this picture can be simultaneously registered on the target, these different portions being synthesized by the eye to form the total display. This type of simultaneous beam scanning has an advantage in that each simultaneously scanning beam can scan at a lower rate for any given total scanning period, thus enabling greater dwell time for the beam at each target resolution element thus afiording increased brightness of the display.
The device of this invention involves a modification to the device of the aforementioned patent to enable beam operation wherein each of the beams may be excited in response to separate modulation control signals. It is to be noted that the device of the invention can be utilized as not only for display purposes but also can be implemented as an image sense or a memory device to sense or memorize a number of separate images or patterns.
The device of this invention is closely similar to the single beam scanning device described in the aforementioned US. Pat. No. 3,408,532 involving a relatively simple modification to the structure described in that patent without any major changes in the components or assembly thereof. This patent is therefore incorporated herein by reference and only that information needed by one skilled in the art to modify the structure described within that patent will be described herein.
It is therefore the principal object of this invention to provide an improved electron beam scanning device of the general type described in US. Pat. No. 3,408,532 which is capable of multi-beam operation.
Other objects of this invention will become apparent as the description proceeds in connection with the accompanying drawing.
The sole FIGURE schematically illustrates one embodiment of the device of the invention.
Briefly described, the device of the invention comprises a flat plate cathode and a flat plate target having a plurality of control plates or dynodes sandwiched therebetween for controlling a plurality of electron beams. It is to be noted that the control plates need not comprise electron multipliers or dynodes. The dynodes each have a plurality of apertures formed therein such apertures being aligned with each other to form electron beam channels between the cathode and the target. The dynodes have control electrodes therein arranged in a pre-determined finger pattern, the finest finger pattern establishing a basic scanning element which defines an elemental scanning area on the target. The finger patterns are selected and arranged so as to simultaneously provide a plurality of scanning beans. Control switching means are provided for the dynodes to selectively energize the finger pattern electrodes so as to cause each of the beans to activate a single target element at a time. A modulation pid having apertures therein corresponding to those on the control dynodes has separate control electrodes thereon, each of such electrodes being utilized for controlling one of the beans.
Referring now to the Figure, one embodiment of the device of the invention is schematically illustrated. This particular embodiment has four separate beams each of which may be caused to scan a quadrant of the target. It is to be noted that such for beam scanning in only illustrative of one of many multiple beam types of operation that can be achieved. Other numbers and arrangements of beams can be obtained by utilizing other various combinations of finger pattern electrodes and numbers of dynodes.
A power source 33 is connected between the cathode l6 and target 1 l to accelerate the flow of electrons therebetween. Interposed between the cathode and target are a plurality of dynode members 22-26. As described in US. Pat. No. 3,408,532, the cathode, target and dynode members are enclosed in a vacuum tight environment. The dynodes have a plurality of apertures 47 therein arranged on all of the dynodes in a similar matrix pattern. The dynodes are aligned with each other so that corresponding apertures form electron beam channels between the cathode and the target.
Dynode 22 has conductive portions 22a and 22b on the opposite broad surfaces thereof, these conductor portions being insulated from each other and being connected to the opposite stages of flip-flop 50, similarly dynodes 23-25 have conductive portions 23a, 23b-25a, 25b, respectively, which are connected to corresponding flip-flops 51-53. Modulation dynode 26 which forms a control grid has four separate electrode seg' ments 26a26d on the opposite broad surfaces thereof. Each of segments 26a26d receives a separate modulation signal from an associated one of modulator units 60-63.
As fully described in the aforementioned patent, the finger pattern electrodes 22a, 22b-25a, 25b are selectively energized by their associated flip-flops 50-53 to control the electron beams between cathode l6 and target 11. In the device of the aforementioned patent however only a single elemental portion of the target is excited at the time, as compared to the present device wherein four of such elemental portions are simultaneously excited. Such plural beam operation to provide for simultaneous beams is achieved in the illustrative embodiment shown in the figure, by eliminating both two finger control electrode dynodes of the device of the aforementioned patent and by adding modulation dynode 26 having separate electrode portions 26a-26d for controlling each of the beams.
For the purposes of illustration, the finger pattern electrodes 22a25a are shown without stippling to indicate they are forward biased by their associated flip-flops so as to cause electron flow therethrough while electrodes 23b-25b are stippled to indicate that they are back biased to retard electron flow. Assuming that each of the quadrants 26a-20d of modulation dynode 26 are forward biased it can be seen that four beans 60a-60d will reach target 11. Electron flow through all other channels such as, for example, that represented by beam 61 is repelled at one or the other of the dynodes. It should be readily apparent that by appropriate driving of control flipfiops 50-53, any elemental portion of each of the target segments can be selectively energized by its associated beam to provide either regular or random scanning.
Each of modulators 6063 is used to provide intensity modulation signals to an associated one of control electrode portions 26a26d thereby producing four displays on the target, each in accordance with a separate modulation signal. As already noted, these four displays may be synthesized to form a single display or may each be a separate display in itself.
It should be readily apparent that various numbers of beams and arrangements of beam patterns can be provided by utilizing the dynodes to provide finger pattern arrangements in conjunction with an appropriate modulation dynode for implementing the desired end result. Thus, for example an eight beam scanner could be provided by eliminating dynode 22 and providing a modulation dynode having eight segments to it.
It is of course to be understood that the 8 X 8 channel device shown in the figure is only illustrative and a practical device would normally include many more channels. It is further to be noted that in certain instances it may be desirable to provide electron multiplication dynodes which are always forward biased, particularly in situations where there are only a small number of control dynodes to produce a relatively large number of beams.
The device of this invention thus provides simple highly effective means for enabling multi-beam operation of an electron beam scanner with separate modulation beams for each of such beams.
1. In an electron beam scanner having a plurality of beams,
a flat plate cathode,
a flat plate target,
a plurality of control plates sandwiched between said cathode and said target for controlling the flow of electrons therebetween,
each of said control plates having apertures therein, corresponding apertures on said control plates being aligned with each other to form electron channels between the cathode and target,
electrodes arranged on said control plates in predetermined finger pattern pairs,
switch means for alternatively forward biasing one or the other of the finger patterns of each of said pairs to activate a single separate channel for each of said plurality of beams at a time, and
modulation means interposed between said cathode and said target for modulating each of said beams independently.
2. The scanner of claim 1 wherein said modulation means comprises a plate having a plurality of apertures formed therein corresponding to said control plate apertures and electrode elements on said plate, each of said electrode elements being used for controlling one of said beams.
3. The scanner of claim 2 and additionally including means for providing modulating signals to each of said electrode elements.
4. The scanner of claim 3 wherein there are four beams, said modulation plate having four electrode elements, each encompassing a quadrant of said modulation means, there being at least two fingers in each of the finger patterns.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3382392 *||Jan 16, 1967||May 7, 1968||Stromberg Carlson Corp||Cathode ray tube simultaneously generating a plurality of shaped electron beams|
|US3408532 *||Dec 6, 1965||Oct 29, 1968||Northrop Corp||Electron beam scanning device|
|US3539719 *||Jul 24, 1967||Nov 10, 1970||Northrop Corp||Electron beam scanning device|
|GB1023887A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4158210 *||Sep 13, 1977||Jun 12, 1979||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Picture image display device|
|US4871949 *||Aug 2, 1988||Oct 3, 1989||Albert Abramson||Cathode ray tube|
|DE3339696A1 *||Nov 3, 1983||Apr 12, 1984||Sundergeld Klaus Dipl Ing Fh||Image reproduction device having a flat screen|
|U.S. Classification||315/13.1, 315/12.1|
|International Classification||H01J29/46, G09G1/20|
|Cooperative Classification||G09G1/20, H01J29/467|
|European Classification||G09G1/20, H01J29/46D|
|Jun 23, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NORTHROP CORPORATION, A DEL. CORP.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:NORTHROP CORPORATION, A CA. CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004634/0284
Effective date: 19860516