|Publication number||US3680321 A|
|Publication date||Aug 1, 1972|
|Filing date||Dec 3, 1970|
|Priority date||Dec 4, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3680321 A, US 3680321A, US-A-3680321, US3680321 A, US3680321A|
|Original Assignee||Ihc Holland Nv|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (8), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Bordes [451 Aug. 1, 1972  MOBILE OFFSHORE PLATFORM  References Cited  Inventor: Cornelis Bordes, Vlaardingen, UNITED STATES PATENTS Netherlands 3,230,721 1/1966 De Long et al. ..6l/46.5 73 Assignee; .v lndusn-ieek Handelscombinalie 3,590,587 7/1971 Smulders ..6l/46.5
Holland, Rotterdam, Netherlands Primary Examiner-Jacob Shap1ro Flledi 3, 1970 I Attorney-Young & Thompson 21 A l.N 94 732 1 pp 57 ABSTRACT A mobile offshore platform has at least five columns  Foreign Application Prlomy Data mounted eccentrically in rotatable frames on the plat- Dec. 4, 1969 Netherlands 1 8255/69 form. Each column has a foot at its lower end in which the column is rotatably disposed. The platform can 52 US. Cl. ..6l/46.5, 115/9 walk on the Sea floor by lowering three feet, raising 51 Int CL 021, 17 00 E02f 9 04 1365b 21/50 the remaining feet, rotating the frames of the lowered  Field of Search ..61/46.5; 115/9; 37/73 feet whereupon the Platfmm advances with mum movement while the column rotates in its emplaced foot, then lowering the raised feet, and so on.
6 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures PATENTEMIB" m 3.680.321
SHEET 1 OF 5 INVENTOR BY W7 ATTORNEYS PHENTEDAUB' 1 m2 SHEET 2 OF 5 1 NVENTOR ATTORNEYS PATENTEmus' I ma SHEET 3 OF 5 INVENTOR Cam/4 /5 p p s ATTORNEYS P'A'TEN'TEBAus 1 I972 3.680.321
SHEET 0F 5 IN VENTOR Cole/v51 30. 3055 ATTORNEYS P'ATENTEBAUB" 1 2 1680.321
SHEET 5 OF 5 INVENTOR Cam 4 w fio/eafs 1 ATTORNEYS 'to the frames. The present invention is an improvement on the invention of U.S. Pat. No. 3,590,587, owned in common herewith.
In the device of that earlier application, the columns in the rotatable frames are movable horizontally relative to the frames. Thus the platform is movable over the sea bottom without the necessity of bringing the platform down to the water level before each horizontal displacement. During each displacement, the platform rests on three columns while the other columns are lifted from the sea-bottom and the frames of the lifted columns are rotated so that the columns move from an eccentric rear position to an eccentric forward position in which position the columns are lowered again. When all the columns have been moved in this manner and all the frames have been rotated so that the desired direction of movement is ensured, the pontoon will then be moved as a whole relative to the columns, the frames and columns moving horizontally relative to each other.
However, the need to. move the rotatable frames and locks 14 operated by means of cylinders, the frames 13 being connected to frames 8 by means of cylinders located on either side of each column. By operation of the assemblies 10-15, the pontoon 1 and the columns 2-7 may be moved vertically relative to each other. Further details of the construction and operation of this raising and lowering mechanism are given for example in US. Pat. No. 3,343,372, to which reference is made for a more complete disclosure.
Turning now to FIGS. 3-8, the sequence of operation can be followed. FIG. 3 shows the platform in its operative position, resting on all six columns. Notice that with respect to movement of the platform toward the lower right, as indicated by the arrows in FIGS. 5 and 8,
the columns 2, 4 and 6 are in the forward position while the columns 3, 5 and 7 are in a rear position.
Columns 2, 4 and 6 may be forced downward, as indicated by the arrows in FIG. 3, and columns 3, 5 and 7 raised so that their feet 1' are raised above the sea floor, as seen in FIG. 4. Then all the frames 9 are rotated, in the directions of their arrows as seen in FIG. 5, that is, columns 2, 4 and 6 clockwise as viewed from above and columns 3, 5 and 7 counterclockwise. During this rotation, the columns 2, 4 and 6 of course do not advance horizontally, because their feet 1 are sunk in the sea bed, but rotate about their vertical axes relathe columns horizontally relative to each other makes it inexpensive to manufacture,.easy to operate, maintain and repair, and rugged and durable in use.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from a consideration of the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a mobile offshore platform according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is 'a side elevational view of the platform of FIG. 1, with parts broken away;
FIGS. 3-8 are somewhat schematic views showing the sequence of movement of the platform according to the present invention; and
FIG. 9is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view of the lower end of a column.
Referring now to the drawings in greater detail, there is shown a mobile offshore platform according to the present invention, comprising a buoyant platform or pontoon 1 having six supporting columns 2 7. Each column is mounted for rotation at its lower end in and relative to a foot 1' and for vertical movement in and relative to a rectangular frame 8 which in turn is carried eccentrically by a rotatable circular frame 9 mounted for rotation about its vertical axis on and relative to pontoon 1 under the influence of power means 9.
Each frame 8 carries locking devices 10 operated by means of cylinders 11, these locks engaging selectively along the length of a toothed-rack carried by each column. A second frame 13 guided on each column has tive to their stationary feet. The pontoon 1 thus .undergoes an increment of forward motion along a semicircular path having a sagittal length twice the eccentricity of each column in its frame 9; while the columns 3, 5 and 7, which are simultaneously or sequentially undergoing the same advance relative to the pontoon 1, undergo a total forward movement equal to four times the eccentricity of the columns in the frames 9.
The columns 3, 5 and 7 are then lowered, as indicated in FIG. 6, and the columns 2, 4 and 6 are raised, as indicated in FIG. 7, which transfers the load to columns 3, 5 and 7. The frames 9 are then rotated in the direction of the arrows shown in FIG. 8, which may be the same as the direction shown in FIG. 5 or may be the oppositeas indicated in FIG. 8, and the cycle is repeated. It will thus be recognized that, for each rotation of the frames9, the pontoon advances twice the eccentricity of the columns and the frames 9; but for each complete cycle, the pontoon advances by four times that eccentricity. In FIG. 9, it will be noted that the lower end 16 of the column is rotatable relative to foot 1, so that the column can rotate while the foot remains stationary on the sea floor.
The foregoing discussion of the operation is based on rotation of frames 9 through an angle of 180, thereby to advance pontoon 1 along a path whose average direction is rectilinear and parallel to the longitudinal edges of the pontoon as shown in the illustrated embodiment. Of course, by varying the size and direction of the increment of rotation of the frames 9, the pontoon can be moved in any selected direction or in various directions. Thus, for example, a rotation of the frames 9 by followed by resumption of rotations, would change the direction of movement of the pontoon to a right angle in one direction; while rotation through 270 would change it to a right angle in the opposite direction.
It is of course also possible to swing the pontoon readily understand. Such modifications .and variations are considered to be within the purview and scope of the present invention as defined by the appended What is claimed is:
l. A mobile offshore platform comprising a pontoon and at least five vertical-columns, means mounting the columns for vertical movement parallel to theirlength relative to th'e pontoon, means for rotating at least three of the columns relative to the pontoon about vertical axes eccentric to the columns, said at least three of the columns having lower portions rotatable relative to upper portions of the columns about upright axes.
2. A mobile offshore platform as claimed in claim 1, each column being mounted in a frame which is connected to the pontoon, each said frame being rotatable about its vertical axis relative to the pontoon, the column being fixed in the frame against horizontal movement of thecolumn relative to the frame.
3. A mobile offshore platform as'claimed in claim 1, said last-named lower portion comprising a foot carried by the lower end of at least some of said columns and rotatable relative to the column. I
4. A mobile offshore platform as claimed in claim 1, there being six said columns arranged off center of said platform.
5. A method of moving over a body of water a floating platform which is comprised by a buoyant pontoon n .and at-least five vertical columns, comprising supporting the pontoon on the-columns above the level at which the pontoon is buoyant in thebody of water, raising a plurality of said columns relative to the pontoon out of supporting relationship with the pontoon while maintaining the pontoon supported above said level on at least three columns, rotating said raised columns 6.,A method as claimed in claim 5, said horizontal Y about a vertical axis eccentric to the raised columns to advance the raised columns horizontally, lowering the horizontally advanced plurality of columns again into supporting relationship to the pontoon, and while said plurality of columns are raised, rotating said at least three supporting columns about their vertical axes while swinging the pontoon about said axes to advance the pontoon horizontally.
advance of said pontoon being performed by rotating said pontoon and said at least three columns relative to each other about a plurality of upright axes eccentric to said at least three columns.
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|US3230721 *||Nov 19, 1962||Jan 25, 1966||De Long Corp||Walking work barge|
|US3590587 *||Jun 16, 1969||Jul 6, 1971||Ihc Holland Nv||Floating platform with horizontally movable columns|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|U.S. Classification||405/201, 440/36, 180/8.6|
|International Classification||E02F9/02, E02F9/04, E02B17/00, E02B17/02|
|Cooperative Classification||E02F9/045, E02B17/022|
|European Classification||E02B17/02B2, E02F9/04F|