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Publication numberUS3680623 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 1, 1972
Filing dateJul 29, 1969
Priority dateDec 1, 1966
Also published asDE1558171A1, DE1558171B2
Publication numberUS 3680623 A, US 3680623A, US-A-3680623, US3680623 A, US3680623A
InventorsTarmann Bruno, Vonbank Heinrich
Original AssigneeBoehler & Co Ag Geb
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvements in or relating to processes of manufacturing rolled stock from products of continuous casting processes
US 3680623 A
Abstract
A process for making rolled stock directly from strands of continuously cast steel products in a working and forming installation, comprising two pairs of rolls which are respectively mounted in spaced relationship to each other along the path through which the strand travels. The distance between the rolls of each pair of rolls being adjusted so that the mass flow rate of said strand immediately upstream from the first pair of rolls being at least 0.5 percent larger than the mass flow rate of said strand immediately downstream from said first pair of rolls, while the mass flow rate immediately upstream and downstream from the second pair of rolls is substantially the same. The second pair of rolls squeezing the strand to such an extent that it effects a reduction in cross-sectional area in the strand of at least 10 percent.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Tarmann et a].

[451 Aug. 1,1972

[54] IMPROVEMENTS IN OR RELATING TO PROCESSES OF MANUFACTURING ROLLED STOCK FROM PRODUCTS OF CONTINUOUS CASTING PROCESSES Assignee: Gebr. Bohler '& Co. Aktiengesellsehait, Vienna, Austria Filed: July 29, 1969 Appl. No.: 847,816

Related U.S. Application Data Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 605,464, Dec. 28, 1966, abandoned.

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Dec. 15, 1966 Austria ..lll06/66 U.S. Cl ..l64/76, 164/82 Int. Cl. ..B22d 11/00 Field of Search ..l64/4, 76, 82, 154, 270, 282,

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 494,659 4/1893 Very.... 1 qg/ g Inventors: Tarmann, Kapfenberggllein- 2,698,467 1/1955 Tarquinee et a] ..164/283 X 3,358,358 12/1967 Jenks et al. 164/76 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 517,838 3/1955 ltaly ..l64/82 Primary Examiner-R. Spencer Annear Attorney-Arthur O. Klein ABSTRACT A process for making rolled stock directly from strands of continuously cast steel products in a working and forming installation, comprising two pairs of rolls which are respectively mounted in spaced relationship to each other along the path through which the strand travels. The distance. between the rolls of each pair of rolls being adjusted so that the mass flow rate of said strand immediately upstream from the first pair of rolls being at least 0.5 percent larger than the mass flow rate of said strand immediately downstream from said first pair of rolls, while the mass flow rate g immediately upstream and downstream from the i second pair of rolls is substantially the same. The

second pair of rolls squeezing the strand to such an extent that it effects a reduction in cross-sectional area in the strand of at least 10 percent.

10 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure minnows "1 1912 NVENTOR Bru'nO TH S ATTORNEY IMPROVEMENTS IN OR RELATING TO PROCESSES OF MANUFACTURING ROLLED STOCK FROM PRODUCTS OF CONTINUOUS CASTING PROCESSES CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION This is a continuation-in-part application of our earlier copending application, Ser. No. 605,464, filed on Dec. 28, 1966 and now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a process of manufacturing rolled stock. A continuous casting is subjected to two successive rolling operations which are controlled so that the mass flow rate of the casting immediately before the first rolling operation is at least 0.5 percent higher than immediately after said first rolling operation, the mass flow rate of said casting is the same before and after the second rolling operation, and the second rolling operation reduces the cross-sectional area of the casting by at least percent. The process may be carried out immediately after a continuous casting operation so that the casting contains a molten core immediately before the first rolling operation. The process may be applied to the manufacture of billets, slabs and sheet bars made from various types of steels, such as plain carbon and alloy structural and tool steels, spring steels, stainless and acid-resisting steels.

The mass flow rate referred to hereinabove is equal to the product of the cross-sectional area of the strand and the linear velocity of the strand.

A number of proposals have already been made for rolling products of continuous casting processes. According to these proposals, the products can be rolled while they still contain a molten core or when the casting has been completely solidified. The known processes result generally in the desired reduction in cross-section and in an improvement of the surface of the casting. On the other hand, the disturbing and sometimes inevitable internal flaws which often occur in products of continuous casting processes have not been removed or have not been sufiiciently removed by these known processes. During a shaping of the casting when it still contains a molten core, cracks due to squeezing may occur and such cracks may not be closed during the subsequent processing so that defective products result.

The present invention is based on the observation that continuous castings can be shaped with the aid of two pairs of rolls, which pairs are spaced in the axial direction of the casting, to produce rolled stock which is particularly free of internal flaws and which has desirable properties in other respects too. In carrying out the rolling process according to the invention, the product of the cross-sectional area of the casting and the velocity of the casting before the first pair of rolls must be at least 0.5 percent larger than behind this first pair of rolls and this product must be equal before and behind the second pair of rolls, which efi'ect a reduction in cross-section by at least 10 percent.

Hence, the invention relates to a process of making rolled stock directly from products of continuous casting processes with the aid of two pairs of rolls, and the invention resides in that the two pairs of rolls which are spaced apart in the direction of the axis of the product are set so that the product of the cross-sectional area of the material and the velocity of the material immediately before the first pair of rolls is at least 0.5 percent larger than immediately behind said first pair, and said product is the same before and behind the second pair of rolls, which eflects a reduction in cross-section by at least 10 percent.

The fact that the. products of the cross-sectional area of the material and the velocity of the material is larger before the first pair of rolls than behind the same may be due to various reasons. This difl'erence may be due to core imperfections, secondary pipes, blowholes and the like. Experiments have shown that the continuous casting at room temperature may have a void volume amounting to 1 percent. In carrying out the process according to the invention it is essential in this case that the voids are entirely eliminated by the shaping effected by the first pair of rolls. This is essential for meeting the second requirement that the product of the cross-sectional area of the material and the velocity of the material before and after the second pair of rolls should be the same whereas the cross-sectional area is reduced by at least 10 rolls.

In contrast to a usual rolling of the continuous casting in a rolling mill after a soaking of the casting to the rolling temperature, the process according to the inventionis preferably carried out at a time when the temperature in the interior of the casting is still close to the solidus temperature whereas the surface of the continuous casting has already reached the usual rolling temperature. In the shaping process according to the invention, this temperature distribution promotes a reliable welding and elimination of the internal flaws.

The solidus temperature in the interior of the cast strand can, of course, not be exactly measured during a casting operation. Thus, by the expression close to the solidus temperature is meant that the interior of the cast strand has a temperature range the upper limit of which is defined by the liquidus temperature and the lower limit of which is defined by a temperature not more than C. under the solidus temperature of the steel of the cast strand. The aforedescribed two temperature limits are completely defined for all types of steel and will be easily ascertainable to a man skilled in the art. The temperatures of the surface of the cast strand can, of course, be exactly measured and these temperatures, in the process of this invention, should be as follows: for the edges of the cast strand (assuming, of course, that a strand having edges is being cast) should be in the range of about between l,050 l,250 C. Thetemperature on the even surfaces of the cast strand should be about 30 50 C. higher.

When billets are made of continuous castings by the process according to the invention, particularly good results will be obtained if the product of the cross-section of the material and the velocity of the material before the first pair of rolls, i.e. the mass flow rate, is l 5 percent larger before the first pair of rolls than behind the same. This has been found by means of experiments mainly in processing plain carbon and alloy structural and tool steels, spring steels and stainless and acid resisting steels.

Examples of such steels are given in the following table:

percent by the second pair of In making slabs or sheet bars for use in the manufactureof sheet, the product of the cross-sectional area of the material and the velocity of the material before the first pair of rolls, i.e.: the mass flow rate, is preferably 5 25 percent larger than behind the first pair of rolls.

These recommendations are particularly applicable to the processing of plain carbon and alloy tool steels and of special steels. Examples of such steels are listed in the'following table:

C Si Mn Cr V W Ni Ti 1: 0.8502 0.25 b 0.8502 0.4 0.5 0.2 c 1.0003 0.3 1.5 d 1050.2 0.9 1.1 1.5 e 0.9502 1.07 0.5 0.1 0.55 f max 0.0606 0.8 18.5 10.0 gmax 0.0606 0.8 18.5 10.5 0.35 hmax. 0100.4 0.4 17.0 max. 0.3 1' 0.1004 0.4 13.0 max. 0.3

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The invention is illustrated by way of example in the sole FIGURE of the accompanying drawing which forms part of this application and in which there is illustrated diagrammatically an apparatus which is suitable for carrying out the process of this invention.

DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT From a ladle, not shown, molten steel is supplied to the top end ofa mold l, which is, for example, square. When the casting 2 has partly solidified in the mold 1, it is withdrawn from the mold along a curved path by means of the pair of rolls 6. The guide rollers, means for a direct cooling of the casting and means for controlling the surface temperature of the casting are ar ranged along this path. These means are known per se and are not shown on the drawing. Behind these various means, the casting moves in succession past the sensing unit 3, the pair of rolls 6, the sensing unit 4, the

4 pair of vertical rolls 7 and finally the sensing unit 5. The

sensing units 3, 4, and 5 serve for a rapid sensing of the cross-sectional area and velocity of the casting at their respective locations. The sensing units 3, 4, and 5 are preferably provided with computers, not shown, for computing the product of the cross-sectional area and velocity of the casting at the respective location, and with means for indicating said product.

The respective diameters of the pair of rolls 6 and 7 should be 2 4 times, and preferably 2 as times, as large as the thickness, respectively diameter, of the cast strand. The types of rolls used in the process of this invention are not of the usual caliber rolls, but rolls having a relatively smooth surface. The distance between the pairs of rolls 6 and 7 should be at least 6 times and not more than 12 times the thickness, i.e. diameter, of the strand. I As soon as the starter bar, which hasbeen used in known manner for initiating the casting operation, has

left the pairs of rolls 6 and 7, these pairs of rolls are screwed down so that the reduction in cross-section by the pair of rolls 7 is at least 10 percent and the reduction in cross-section by the pair of rolls 6 is about 5 percent. At the same time, the above mentioned products of the cross-sectional area and the velocity of the casting at the locations of the several sensing units are computed and compared. 1f said product, that is the mass flow rate, at the location of thesensing unit 4 is larger than at the location of the sensing unit 5, the amount of deformation effected by the pair of rolls 6 is not sufficient to eliminate all internal voids in the casting. For this reason, the pair of rolls 6 are screwed down further so that the clearance between the two rolls is further reduced, and the pair of rolls 7 are sufficiently readjusted to ensure a reduction in cross-section by at least 10 percent by this pair of rolls. The abovementioned products at the locations of the several sensing units are compared once more. This sequence of operations is repeated until the abovementioned products at the 10- cations of the sensing units 4 and 5 arethe same and are smaller by at least 0.5 percent than the corresponding product at the location of the sensing unit 3.

When this state has been reached, the shaping operation effected by the pair of rolls 6 can be relied upon to eliminate all voids and to squeeze out any residual molten metal so that the reduction in cross-section of the casting by at least 10 percent to which the casting is subjected when passing between the rolls 7 will not result in a further compaction of the casting.

Thus, the process according to the invention enables a simple and quick adjustrnent of the conditions under which continuous castings can be directly rolled, depending on the properties of the continuous casting, so as to obtain rolled stock having asatisfactory, dense structure.

What is claimed isi 1. A process for making rolled stock directly from a product of a continuous casting process,

comprising the steps of subjecting said product to successive first and second rolling operation by means of a first and a second pair of rolls;

said first rolling operation taking place at a point where the interior of the casting is still close to the solidus temperature while the surface of the casting has already reached the usual rolling temperature;

adjustable controlling said rolling operations by adjusting the respective clearances between the rolls of said first and second pair of rolls so that the mass flow rate of said product immediately before said first pair of rolls is at least 0.5 percent higher than immediately after said pair of rolls, whereas the mass flow rate of said product remains substantially unchanged before and after said second pair of rolls, said second pair of rolls reducing the cross-sectional area of the product passing therebetween by at least percent.

2. A process as set forth in claim 1, in which said product is in an as-cast state immediately before said first rolling operation.

3. A process as set forth in claim 1, for making billets, in which said first rolling operation is controlled so that the mass flow rate of said product before said first rolling operation is l 5 percent higher than after said first rolling operation.

4. A process as set forth in claim 3, as applied to the manufacture of billets having a round cross-section.

5. A process as set forth in claim 3, as applied to the manufacture of billets having a rectangular cross-section.

6. A process as set forth in claim 1, for making slabs, in which the mass flow rate of said product before said first rolling operation is 5 25 percent higher than after said first rolling operation.

7. A process as set forthin claim 1, for making sheet bars, in which the mass flow rate of said product before said first rolling operation is 5 25 percent higher than after said first rolling operation.

8. A process as set forth in claim 1, in which the distance between said first pair of rolls and said second pair of rolls is at least 6 times as large and no more than 12 times as large as the thickness of the product passing therebetween.

9. A process as set forth in claim 1, wherein the diameters of the rolls of said first and second pair of rolls is 2 to 4 times as large as the thickness of the product passing therebetween.

10. A process as set forth in claim 9, wherein the diameters of said first and second pair of rolls are about 2 5% as large as the thickness of the product passing therebetween.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US494659 *Aug 19, 1889Apr 4, 1893 Means for manufacturing metal bars or rods
US2698467 *Jun 5, 1950Jan 4, 1955Edward W Osann JrMethod and apparatus for the continuous casting of metal
US3358358 *Dec 31, 1964Dec 19, 1967United States Steel CorpMethod of reducing width of metal slabs
IT517838A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4043382 *Dec 9, 1975Aug 23, 1977Nippon Kokan Kabushiki KaishaMethod and apparatus for continuously casting steel
US4238230 *Sep 28, 1978Dec 9, 1980Jones & Laughlin Steel CorporationCasting
US4456491 *Mar 9, 1981Jun 26, 1984Southwire CompanyContinuously casting, then preliminary light surface compression before regular compression
US4584029 *Apr 9, 1984Apr 22, 1986Southwire CompanyMethod of hot-forming metals prone to crack during rolling
US4817703 *Nov 6, 1987Apr 4, 1989Sms Schloemann-Siemag AktiengesellschaftStrip casing unit with downstream multi-stand continuous rolling mill
US4846254 *Jun 7, 1988Jul 11, 1989Hitachi, Ltd.Rolling installation for and rolling method of continuous cast strip
US4958677 *Jul 7, 1989Sep 25, 1990Hitachi, Ltd.Rolling installation for and rolling method of continuous cast strip
US4976306 *May 9, 1989Dec 11, 1990Mannesmann AgCombined continuous casting and rolling
US5018666 *Dec 1, 1989May 28, 1991Cf&I Steel CorporationUnitary one quarter mile long railroad rail free of weld seams
US5195573 *Oct 15, 1990Mar 23, 1993Cf&I Steel CorporationContinuous rail production
US5419387 *Oct 15, 1990May 30, 1995Cf&I Steel, L.P.Continuous rail production
US6669789Aug 31, 2001Dec 30, 2003Nucor CorporationMethod for producing titanium-bearing microalloyed high-strength low-alloy steel
Classifications
U.S. Classification164/476
International ClassificationB22D11/128, B21B1/46, B22D11/12
Cooperative ClassificationB21B1/463, B22D11/1206, B22D11/1282
European ClassificationB21B1/46C, B22D11/128B, B22D11/12A