|Publication number||US3682314 A|
|Publication date||Aug 8, 1972|
|Filing date||Feb 5, 1970|
|Priority date||Nov 24, 1969|
|Also published as||DE2001277A1, DE2001277B2|
|Publication number||US 3682314 A, US 3682314A, US-A-3682314, US3682314 A, US3682314A|
|Original Assignee||Max Blatter|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Blatter [$4] APPARATUS FOR RECONDITIONING LIQUIDS CONTAMINATED WITH MICROORGANISMS  Inventor: Max Blotter, Markgraflerstrasse 48, Basel, Switzerland  Filed: Feb. 5, 1970 [21 App]. No.: 8,988
 Foreign Application Priority Date Nov. 24, 1969 Switzerland 17465/69 52 us. (:1. ..2l0/l99,210/63,2l0/2l9, 210/221, 261/93, 261/122 1511 Int. Cl. ..C02b1/38  FieldolSearch ..2l0/63,220,22l,l99,2l9; 261/93, 122,124
1151 3,682,314 1 Aug. 8, 1972  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 716,474 12/1902 Price ..26l/93 X 1,124,853 l/l9l5 Callow ..26l/93 Primary Examiner-Michael Rogers Attorney-Wenderoth, Lind & Ponack  ABSTRACT A method of reconditioning a liquid substance that has been contaminated with micro-organisms, in which the substance to be reconditioned is introduced into a container and ozone is conducted through the substance while this is being agitated. The liquid substance may be ozonized in two consecutive stages, the ozone in the first stage being at a gauge pressure, whereas in the following stage it is decompressed substantially to atmospheric pressure. Apparatus for performing the method is also described and claimed.
SChImSDrawingFigures PATENTED 8 I973 FIG-2 INYENTOR MAX BLATTER ATTORNEYS APPARATUS FOR RECONDI'I'IONING LIQUIDS CONTAMINATED WITH MICROORGANISMS This invention relates to a method of reconditioning liquids that have been contaminated with micro-organisms, particularly oils and oil emulsions, with a view to their re-use as lubricants. The invention also relates to apparatus for performing the method.
Numerous liquids used for lubrication, cooling and other purposes gradually accumulate a growing population of micro-organisms and they then not only become useless for their intended technical purpose but also constitute a hazard to personnel. For instance, in the oils or their emulsions that are conventionally used for lubrication in the metal working industries it has been found that after a time these liquid lubricants tend to ferment. This can be recognized by the penetrating stench which they emit, and personnel are exposed to diverse complaints such as eczema, eye and other infections.
The adverse consequences of lubricants becoming contaminated with micro-organisms have been known for some time, and for many years diverse means have been used for their control. One drmtic, though relatively expensive method consists in completely draining the lubricating system from time to time, flushing it out with a detergent fluid, and then refilling it with fresh lubricant oil. In view of the steady rise in the price of all lubricants attempts have more recently been made to control the undesirable growth of micro-organisms by adding chemical substances. Suitable substances have in fact been discovered and they can be successfully used, but in view of the very large volumes of lubricants that are used in industrial plant the continuing cost of such chemical additions is unacceptably high.
The method proposed by the present invention solves the problem by tackling it in a different way, namely by filling the liquid into a container and then passing ozone through the liquid whilst simultaneously agitating the same. Preferably the liquid is ozonized in two consecutive stages, the ozone in the first stage being at a gauge pressure, whereas in the following stage it is decompressed substantially to atmospheric pressure.
Apparatus according to the invention for performing this method consists of a container provided with at least one entry and one exit for the substance that is to be reconditioned, at least one agitating device which projects into the liquid-filled container and, near the bottom of the container at least one device for the introduction into the liquid-filled container of ozone in finely divided bubbles.
In a preferred form of construction of this apparatus two devices for the distribution of ozone are provided, the one above the other, and each of these devices comprises several ozone distributors distributed over substantially the entire container cross-section, said distributors being disposed horizontally and substantially in a plane inside the space enclosed by an endless rotating metal mesh in such manner that the substance that is to be reconditioned flows through the two strands of mesh above and below and at the same time makes contact with the finely divided bubbles of ozone issuing from the ozone distributors.
Preferably at least one pressure ozonizer is provided inside the container and precedes the above-described devices to form the first ozonizing stage. The pressure ozonizer may usefully comprise a cylindrical shell with an open bottom end, a liquid admission pipe, provided with lateral outlet openings, projecting into said shell, the end of said admission pipe being closed and the interiorof the pipe containing a plurality of vertically aligning ozone distributors which are supplied with ozone through a pipe that is coaxial with said liquid admission pipe.
However, conveniently the liquid admission pipe extends to the bottom edge of the cylindrical shell, and the annular cross-section that remains for the discharge therethrough of the ozonized substance may be variable for the purpose of adjusting the pressure existing inside the pressure ozonizer.
With advantage the now distributors may be ceramic tubes from the outside of which the ozone that has been axially introduced into one end of the tube issues in the form of finely divided bubbles.
The invention will how be described in greater detail, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional elevation of apparatus for reconditioning a lubricant oil that is contaminated with micro-organisms.
FIG. 2 is a plan of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1, and
FIG. 3 is a detail of the apparatus.
In the drawing, a container generally indicated by the numeral 1 is divided by a vertical partition la into two compartments 2 and 3. Compartment 3 serves for the reconditioning of a lubricant oil contaminated with micro-organisms, the reconditioned oil via an overflow 4 entering the second compartment 3 whence it is pumped into a lubricating system (not shown) by a recirculating pump 5.
A pipe 6 projects from above into compartment 2 for the introduction of the contaminated oil that is to be reconditioned. The bottom part of the pipe 6, as will be understood from FIGS. 1 to 3, is surrounded by a pressure ozonizing device 7 comprising a shell 7a. The top of the cylindrical shell closes tightly around the periphery of the oil pipe 6, so that the top of the annular chamber 8 formed between the shell 70 and the pipe 6 is tightly sealed. The end 9 of the oil inlet pipe 6 is likewise closed. However, the portion of the pipe 6 that is surrounded by the shell 7a contains a number of slots 10 through which the oil that is to be reconditioned can enter the annular chamber 8 from the inlet pipe 6. An ozone supply pipe 11 enters the oil inlet pipe 6 from above and extends coaxially with the pipe 6 into close proximity with its aforesaid end 9. Within the portion enclosed by the shell 7a the ozone pipe 11 has three serially connected ozone distributors 12. These ozone distributors 12 are hollow cylindrical ceramic bodies which by virtue of their fine porous structure permit the ozone to be dispersed in very fine bubbles. The ozone entering through pipe 11 at a slight gauge pressure of say 3 meters water column, therefore penetrates the ozone distributor l2 and mixes in pipe 6 with the lubricant oil that is to be reconditioned, entering the annular chamber 8 through the slots 10, together with the oil. The oil mixed with the ozone finally leaves the bottom end of the annular chamber 8 in the direction of the arrows 13, the oil and the ozone being continuously and vigorously mixed along its entire path from the ozone distributors 12 to the end of the annular chamber.
The bottom end 14 of the annular chamber 8 is preferably provided with an adjustable sliding gate (not shown) which permits the outlet cross-section of the annular chamber 8 to be changed as desired. Adjustment of the gate permits the pressure inside the shell 70 to be controlled.
Moreover, an ozone pipe 15 likewise enters the compartment 2 and supplies ozone to devices 16 and 17 disposed the one above the other in the lower part of the compartment. These devices likewise serve to distribute the ozone in the form of finely divided bubbles. As will be understood from the plan in FIG. 2, the pipe 15 at the level of the device 17 has a horizontal portion 15a connected to a plurality of distributing pipes 18. The distributing pipes 18 extend across the full length of the compartment 2 and each distributing pipe carries a plurality of ozone distributors 19. These ozone distributors have the form of hollow cylindrical ceramic bodies and-in the same way as the ozone distributors 12 shown in FIG. 3-they are adapted to produce a finely divided dispersion of ozone bubbles in the lubricant oil in which they are immersed.
Anchored to the walls of compartment 2 in respect of each device 16 and 17 are four chain wheel 20 respectively 21. The device 17 shown in FIG. 2 in plan comprises two chains 22 which run over the chain wheels 21 and which are kept in motion by a motor not shown. Attached to the chains 22 is an endless fine mesh wire fabric 230/23!) which is thus kept in continuous circulatory motion.
The bottom device 16 which is supplied with ozone through a horizontal pipe portion 1512 (FIG. 1) is in principle of the same construction as the device 17 and thus requires no special description.
The compartment 2 is provided with a cover 24 which carries two agitators 25 and 26. Whereas the motors 27 and 28 for driving these agitators are mounted on top of the cover 24, the shafts 29 and 30 carrying the agitator blades 3] and 32 project into the interior of the container. In order to mix and agitate the oil thoroughly the blades 31 and 32, which may naturally be of any desired shape, are provided with openings 33 and 34. According to the size of the compartment any desired number of agitators may be provided.
The described equipment functions as follows: The contaminated oil from a lubricating system first enters the interior of the compartment 2 through the pipe 6. Whilst passing through the pressure ozonizer illustrated in FIG. 3 the oil is very intimately though only briefly brought into contact with the slightly pressurized ozone. This has a shock effect on the micro-organisms contained in the oil, and a large proportion of these organisms is oxidatively destroyed in this first stage of the process.
The oil leaving the pressure ozonizer in the direction of the arrows 13 then flows through the two distributing devices 16 and 17 from the bottom upwards. Further ozonization takes place here and ensures that the reconditioned pure oil overflowing into the compartment 3 contains no living micro-organisms. Whereas the oil passes through the revolving metal mesh fabrics 23a respectively 23b, a major proportion of the impurities contained in the oil is intercepted.
The sequential performance of ozonization under pressure and then with decompressed ozone ensures that all the micro-organisms contained in the oil will be Emulsion required for one machine,
per annum, without ozonization 25 168 liters Emulsion required for one machine,
per annum, using ozonimtion 24 128 liters Saving due to ozonization l 040 liters The saving in labor follows from the following example:
stoppages of machines, per annum in the absence of oil ozonization stoppages of machines, per annum, with oil ozonization Emptying and cleaning machines, per annum, in the absence of oil ozonization (work for 2 men) Emptying and cleaning machines, per annum, with oil ozonization 55 hours 8 hours l 10 hours 16 hours Since large workshops nowadays may contain hundreds of oil-lubricated machines the saving in lubricants and working time that can be effected is quite considerable.
Experience shows that the gauge pressure in the pressure ozonizer shown in FIG. 3 is preferably adjusted to about 3 meters water column. However, this is naturally merely a suggested optimal value. The apparatus will work satisfactorily also when operated at considerably different pressures.
The wire mesh 23a and 23b associated with the two ozonizing devices 16 and 17 is preferably a fine mesh fabric of stainless steel (micromesh).
The agitators 2S and 26 which are entirely conventional may naturally be considerably modified and structurally varied. Any known type of agitator, such as rotating bars, horseshoes, paddles, cross bars, propellers, turbines etc. could be used.
What is claimed is:
1. Apparatus for reconditioning a liquid contaminated with microorganisms comprising a container provided with at least one entry and one exit for the liquid to be reconditioned, at least one agitating means which projects into the container and at least one device near the bottom of the container for the introduction of finely divided bubbles of ozone into the container, each such device comprising ozone distributors distributed over substantially the entire cross-section of the container, said distributors being disposed horizontally and substantially in a plane inside the space enclosed by an endless rotating metal mesh in such manner that the liquid to be reconditioned flows through the two meshes and at the same time contacts the finely divided bubbles of ozone issuing from the ozone distributor.
2. Apparatus according to claim 1, comprising at least one pressure ozonizer inside the container, which liquid inlet pipe extends to the bottom edge of the cylindrical shell and the annular cross-section that remains for the discharge therethrough of the ozonized substance is variable for the purpose of controlling the pressure existing inside the pressure ozonizer 5. Apparatus according to claim 1, in which the said ozone distributors have the form of ceramic tubes from which the ozone that is axially introduced into one end thereof issues in the form of finely divided bubbles.
I i l l
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3867288 *||Aug 21, 1972||Feb 18, 1975||Schaefer Richard J||Process for treating cutting and cooling oils|
|US3891729 *||Aug 31, 1973||Jun 24, 1975||Frings Fa Heinrich||Device for aerating liquids|
|US4028246 *||Nov 20, 1975||Jun 7, 1977||Lund Norman S||Liquid purification system|
|US4869852 *||Jan 22, 1988||Sep 26, 1989||Mooers Products, Inc.||Diffuser apparatus|
|US5087466 *||Mar 18, 1988||Feb 11, 1992||Compagnie Des Eaux Et De L'ozone||Process and device for treating animal flesh, particularly fish, for the purpose of removing color and odor|
|US5130032 *||Jul 12, 1990||Jul 14, 1992||Sartori Helfred E||Method for treating a liquid medium|
|US6001247 *||Apr 23, 1997||Dec 14, 1999||Schulz; Christopher R.||Removable, in-line diffuser apparatus for ozone disinfection of water|
|US8709263 *||Apr 11, 2007||Apr 29, 2014||University Of Utah Research Foundation||Pressurizing-depressurizing cycles for removal of contaminants in environmental samples|
|US20090159536 *||Apr 11, 2007||Jun 25, 2009||Hong Andy P K||Pressurizing -Depressurizing Cycles for Removal of Contaminants in Environmental Samples|
|U.S. Classification||210/199, 261/122.1, 261/93, 261/DIG.420, 210/219, 210/221.2, 210/760|
|International Classification||C10M175/04, A61L2/20|
|Cooperative Classification||C10M175/04, Y10S261/42, A61L2/202|
|European Classification||A61L2/20C, C10M175/04|