US 3683573 A
This invention relates to a process for covering dwellings in which the main walls comprise projecting elements onto which various shaped shells corresponding to the required style of construction can be hooked, these shells being bolted down by the elements forming the roofing, and replaceable at will by different shaped shells which alter the general appearance of the building.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [151 3,683,573 Payraudeau et al. Aug. 15, 1972 [541 PROCESS FOR COVERING [56 1 References Cited BUILDINGS, PARTICULARLY 4 DWELLINGS, AND THE DWELLINGS 3 507 082 2E2 f'i 52/235 1 T] OF THIS emc gfiflgffi' fifia gg ON 3,315,426 4/1967 Rolland..-. ..52/235 Inventors: Hubert Michel Henri Payraudeau; Henri Andre Charles Payraudeau,
both of Les Brouzils, France Assignee: Technab, hes Brouzils (Vendee),
- France Filed: June 1-0, 1970 Appl. No.: 44,950
Primary Exdminer-Patrick D. Lawson Attamey-Wolf,'Greenfield 8r. Sacks ABSTRACT This invention relates to a process for covering dwellings in which the main walls comprise projecting elements onto which various shaped shells cor responding to the required style of construction can be hooked, these shells being bolted down by the elements forming the roofing, and replaceable at will by 8| different shaped Shells which alter the gen a aP- n fth b di Field of Search ..s2/23s, 236, 483 peamnce I 5 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures M 1 E 1Q '2 I, I YD is m 3 i k I L LEW IQKE ,7 4 I I K l 4 15$ i \,:\'\\\Q/ 2 l v" 'J y i 78 i i 1 a PATENTEnAus 15 1912 3.683 573 sum 3 or 4 PROCESS FOR COVERING BUILDINGS, PARTICULARLY DWELLINGS, AND THE DWELLINGS OBTAINED BY APPLICATION OF THIS OR A SIMILAR PROCESS This invention relates to a process for covering buildings, more particularly applicable to prefabricated buildings, doing away with external finishing and enabling the building to be adapted to a specific style which may, moreover, be modified at will.
Prefabricated dwellings often cause very rapid construction processes to be developed which do notallow a proper finished appearance to' be obtained, and this appearance has to be obtained through additional expense, increasing the cost price of the building.
Moreover, considering the reduction of the cost price of these types of dwellings, finishing is not done carefully, causing deterioration sooner or later necessitating a subsequent resurfacing, and entailing further heavy expenditure for the owner.
This invention aims at remedying these drawbacks and, to this end, relates to a process for covering buildings, particularly dwellings, characterized by the fact that shells of appropriate shape for the characterof the building are hung onto the visible surface of the construction and then bolted down with certain parts forming the roofing, such as guttering, enabling the finish of such elements to be hidden, whatever the construction process used, and also harmonizing with the external appearance of the building.
The invention also covers all buildings obtained through application of this or a similar process.
The invention also relates to an elementfor covering buildings in the form of a shell of synthetic material, such as plastic, or any othermaterial such as plywood, hardboard, etc., the shape and appearance of this shell depending on the type of building to be covered.
In accordance with another characteristic of the invention, the covering element has on its internal surface hooks which unite with receiving elements with complementary outlines, fixed on the wall during construction.
A building in accordance with the invention is shown as a non-limiting example in the attached drawings in which:
FIG. 1 shows anelevation view of a longitudinal section of a wall of a building after being. covered.
FIG. 2 shows a perspective view of av portion of the wall after the covering shells have been placed in position, and before they are bolted down by the roofing elements.
FIG. 3 shows a. detail of a completed building wit the shells brought back to one side.
FIG. 4 shows a section along line a-a in FIG. 3.
The construction example illustrated in FIG. 1 provides for the fitting of fixing elements 2 on the external surface 1. These elements aregenerally angle brackets, preferablyof. wood. ln'accordance with this embodiment, two fixing elements are provided near the base and the top of the wall so fitted.
Shells 3 of synthetic material, such as rigid plastic, are manufactured separately, with fixing elements 4 fastened'onto their inner surface, either naturally during polymerization of the material forming the shell, or stuck or screwed on in the case of shells in plywood, hardboard, etc.
These shells are placed in position when the building is practically completed. Only the fixing elements 2 are visible on the retainingwalls.
The guttering 6, incorporating rolling shutters 7, is positioned on the upper part of the retaining walls.
To put the shells 3 into position, all that is necessary is to raise slightly the guttering and the roofing elements by an amount corresponding to the depth P to which thefixing elements are bolted, and then to hang up each shell 3.
Through the uniformly sloping edge of the fixing elements, each shell is perfectly stabilized by its own weight. The roofing elements are returned down to their final position, thus preventing the shells from slipping out of their fixing elements.
The shells aremanufactured in molds and their shape depends on their positioning on the house and on the external appearance required.
Thus, for example, for a half-timbered house the visible beams will project through the external face of the shell. It is also possible to give these external surfaces a completely different appearance such as, for example, imitation free-stone, brick, roughcast, etc.
As the material used to produce these shells is unaffected by weather but may, after long use, crack or wear away, it is possible, by using the reverse procedure i.e. raising the roofing elements to unhook the old shells and replace them by new shells of the same shape and size, yet which may be of different external appearance.
FIG. 2 shows the wall of a completed building, the shells 3 hiding the join 8 in the prefabricated building panels 9, framing the windows 10.
The thickness of each shell depends on the desired final appearance of the building, but will in any case give the impression'of the thicknessof external walls.
These shells will also hide the metal posts forming the skeleton of the building and, generally, all the inaesthetic parts which are visible on the exterior after- The profiled section is shown in cross-section in FIG.
The positioning. of the profiled sections 11 on the surface of the facades is-conditional upon the clearance of the turned backipart 3 of the shell 3. These profiled sections are held in position by screws 12.
The turned back part 3 of the shell 3 fits longitudinally-between the two arms 13; 13,. Two complementary arms 14 are provided on the arm 13 of profiled section 1 1; these arms guide the rolling shutters 7.
These arms aresufficiently long for tolerance to be recovered from the rolling shutter, the spacing between two parallel profiled sections being strict since it depends on the width of the turned back parts of the shell.
Obviously, the fixing elements described above and illustrated in the attached drawings may be of different shapes and sizes, adapted to the type of building and shells used.
It should be understood that the invention is not limited to the embodiments described and represented above; from these it is possible to foresee other means defining a first channel for receiving the inwardly turned end section of the wall panel means and means defining a second channel for accommodating an edge of said rolling shutter.
2. The structure of claim 1 wherein said framework includes a gutter enclosure having at least a portion of said rolling shutter disposed therein.
3. The structure of claim 1 wherein said first and second channels extend perpendicular to each other.
4. The structure of claim 3 wherein said means defining the second channel is also U-shaped.
S. The structure of claim 4 wherein both said U- shaped means are integrally formed.