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Publication numberUS3684032 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 15, 1972
Filing dateJan 2, 1970
Priority dateJan 2, 1970
Publication numberUS 3684032 A, US 3684032A, US-A-3684032, US3684032 A, US3684032A
InventorsHawkins Roy I
Original AssigneeHawkins Mfg Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Replaceable blade combination for chisel blade
US 3684032 A
Abstract
A replaceable blade combination for forming plows in which a matrix yoke member is utilized to secure the placeable blade.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Hawkins 7 [s4] REPLACEABLE BLADE COMBINATION FOR CHISEL BLADE [72] Inventor: Roy 1. Han/111m, Pierce, Colo. [73] Assignee: Hawkins M15, 1110., Pierce, C010. [22] Filed: Jan. 2, 1970 [21] Appl. No.: 155

Related 1.1.8. Application Data [63] Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 752,017, Aug.

9, 1968, Pat. No. 3,556,229.

[52] US. Cl. ..l72/720, 172/733, 172/753, 30/338, 37/141, 30611.6 [51] Int. Cl. ..A0lb 39/18 [58] Field 01 Search ..172/556, 713, 719, 720, 733.

172/745, 749-751, 753, 762, 772; 37/141, 142; 30/260, 334, 336, 337, 338, 349; 306/1.5, 1.6; 83/698; 101/157, 169, 154; 15/2655, 236 A; ll8/D1G. 23, 261, 413

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 910.985 1/1909 Beach ..l72/753 922,584 5/1909 Herscher 172/753 2,503,884 4/1950 Noble 172/720 3,090,140 5/1963 Trana 172/753 1,494,956 5/ 1924 Hauser et a1 ..30I336 1151 3,684,032 1451 Aug. 15, 1972 2,549,229 4/1951 010380111...;1...,.,r........30/338 Arden!nautumn-uni.130,338 558,098 4/1896 911111.... .....172/'/ss 3,521,561 7/1970 91116161.. .........l01/169 556,529 3/1896 a1116w.......................1112/753 $01,509 10/1093 Taylor......................1172/751 769,194 9/1904 Smith...............,1........306/l.6 2,412,992 6/1949 George........................37/142 2,703,938 3/1955 1.0011061.............. .......s1/142 3,202,226 8/1965 Carson ..n2/119 FOREIGN mrems on APPLICATIONS 677,009 12/1963 Canada ..31/142 Primary Examinew-Robert E. Pulfrey Assistant Examiner-C. W. Hanor Attorney-Wilbur A. E. Mitchell ABSTRACT A replaceable blade combination for forming plows in which a matrix yoke member is utilized to secure the placeable blade.

in a first embodiment the yoke member is normally held apart by a plurality of spot-weld hinges and in a second embodiment a plurality of finger hinges on the upper member of the yoke engage the adjacent edge of the lower member of the yoke.

4 Claim, 8 Drawing Figures PHENTED 3.684.032

SHEET 1 BF 2 W 0Q lgi D M M Fig. I

INVENTOR:

Roy 1. Hawkins,

ATTORNEY PNENTEDAUB 15 1912 SHEET 2 [IF 2 I W k T1,. NM W w NM H y 0 R Y BI ATTORNEY REPLACEABLE BLADE COMBINATION FOR CHISEL BLADE My invention is a continuation-in-part of my copending application Ser. No. 752,017 filed Aug. 9, 1968, entitled Replaceable Blade Combination for Duck-Foot Chisel, and which co-pending application has, since filling hereof, issued under date of Jan. 10, 1971, as US. Pat. No. 3,556,229.

This information relates to chisel blades generally, and in this embodiment more particularly to tilling blades used as a part of a cultivator machine, such as in connection with ground stripping in dry land farming, on dry land duck-foot chisel cultivators.

in the dry land farming art, the wheat farmer divides his fields into suitable plots, and he plants every other one of said areas each year. The areas which are unplanted, in any given or every other year, he summer fallows or cultivates to keep the weeds down, to preserve the moisture during the summer, and he plants those summer-fallowed alternate areas to winter wheat in the fall of that summer-fallowed year. The alternate areas having a harvested summer wheat crop thereon are usually permitted to stand as a stubble field throughout that fall and winter, to prevent soil erosion, and then those stubble areas are chisel plowed the next spring and summer-fallowed several times throughout the summer of that following year.

Such summer fallowing is a surface tilling or cultivating of the soil to kill the weeds and to keep the soil comparatively loose, and to thereby give the sun a chance to enrich the soil with natural nitrogen during that summers summer-fallowing cultivation. Such summer fallowing in dry land areas is usually done by what is called a duck-foot chisel blade tool means of cultivation, which is b a big V-shaped rigid horizontal chisel blade, which is carried by a heavy wheeled cart and pulled by a heavy tractor, to rip and loosen the ground in a horizontal plane at a depth of 6 to 8 inches below the surface. That process is usually done three or four times, from the start of spring stubble plowing, from approximately May 1, to the planting season on that soil in about September of that same year.

Said conventional V-shaped dry land chisel blades are usually made of one piece hard rigid heavy steel, usually 6 to 8 feet wide of 75 or 100 arc, or horizontal sweep between the V-sides, and are carried rigidly horizontally by heavy equipment to withstand the terrific force of the pressure and friction of the soil, sand and rocks through which the blade is drawn. The front cutter blade edge of that blade usually wears out in a comparatively short time, of one or two seasons of summer fallowing use at the most. That blade is mounted and drawn in conventional manner, with its front apex V-point and chisel V-blade side edges being at about a vertical cross-sectional to 30 upwardly extending angle from the horizontal. Heretofore, so far as known, when the front lower edges of the cutter blade,of such a conventional duck-foot-V-chisel becomes worn, it is necessary to completely replace the entire blade cutter edge of the one-piece entire chisel, by a front 6 foot wide V-shaped cutter blade edge being welded thereon to replace the worn one, and such is at a substantial cost.

it is for the purpose of overcoming the necessity of that expensive welding replacement of the entire 6 foot wide V-shaped duck-foot chisel cutter edge, upon the front edge thereof becoming worn, that I have developed this invention.

It will be understood that the heretofore conventional V-shaped dry land duck-foot chisel, so far as known, as illustrated in cross-sectional FIG. 3, comprises a one-piece heavy frog foot or base portion 11, to which the front one-piece V-shaped 6 foot wide chisel cutter blade portion 12 is conventionally bolted; and, that when the lower edge 12a thereof becomes worn into the condition shown in FIG. 4, then the entire onepiece 6 foot wide V-shaped cutter chisel blade 12 has to be removed, and to the lower edge 12a thereof a new V-shaped chisel blade lower edge portion has to be welded onto that small remaining substantially squared edge 12. That is an expensive and tedious repair process.

The principle object of my invention, therefore, is to provide a novel chisel blade combination with a divisable and replaceable front lower cutter edge blade portion, so that upon a wearing thereof that a new lower cutter blade edge portion may be inserted therein, in lieu of the worn front lower cutter blade portion, by a very simple construction in co-operation with the frog foot thereof, in order to save the cost of replacing the entire cutter blade.

Another object of my invention is to provide such a V-shaped duck-foot chisel blade with individually replaceable cutter edges for dry land farming, wherein the entire Vblade is constructed in portions and with the lower cutter edge portion thereof being adapted for manual replacement in separable portions upon becoming worn, without having to weld same to the worn cutter portion and without having to replace the entire V-shaped six foot wide entire blade edge.

Another object of this invention is the provision of such a dry land chisel blade manually replaceable combination having a spring tensioned yoke portion adapted to removably hold the front cutter edge portion thereof, so that upon the blade edge portion becoming worn it may be manually seperably removed and replaced.

A further object of this invention is to provide such a novel dry land replaceable chisel blade combination which can be used for many years without having to be discarded in its entirety, upon the cutting edge portions becoming worn, and which will be economical of maintenance or replacement of the cutting edge portion thereof.

Another object of my invention is the provision in such a cutter blade of a novel spring-tensioned V- matrix or yoke adapter clamp member adapted to removably hold the front cutter blade edge portion therein and between spaced apart arms thereof.

A further object of my invention is the provision of a novel adapter yoke clamp for receiving and removably holding a replaceable chisel blade therein, and having overlapping arms in close proximity to each other and hinged at one edge hereof and with a suitable cornice groove at the other edge thereof adapted to receive a neck portion of the cutter edge portion of the chisel blade therein and for a holding thereof by said two arms when compressed together.

Other and further objects will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed explanation of the preferred embodiment of my invention herein.

While my preferred embodiment of my novel chisel blade invention herein illustrated and described shows a V-shaped duck-foot chisel unit, it is to be understood that such a chisel need not be of such a V-shaped configuration, nor do I wish to be limited in my novel replaceable blade invention to a farm tilling chisel tool.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a reduced plan view of a tractor drawing a plurality of conventional dry land cultivator V-shaped duck-foot chisel cultivator Units D.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged perspective view of one of the dry land duck-foot chisel carriage units shown in FIG. 1

FIG. 3 is an enlarged vertical cross-sectional view of the duck-foot chisel tool blade D, taken on the line 3 3 of FIG. 2 and looking in the direction of the arrows.

FIG. 4 is a similar vertical cross-sectional illustration of such a dry land conventional chisel tool of FIG. 3 after several months of use, illustrating how the front leading cutter blade edge of that chisel at 124 becomes so worn that its efficiency is lost and, therefore, the entire chisel I2 blade had to be repaired or replaced.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged perspective view of my novel replaceable V-shaped duck-foot chisel blade and cutter edge combination Unit D.

FIG. 6 is an enlarged vertical cross-sectional view of my novel replaceable duck-foot V-shaped chisel blade tool combination, taken on the line 6-6 of FIG. 5 and looking in the direction of the arrows.

FIG. 7 is a similar enlarged vertical cross-sectional view of this embodiment of my replaceable chisel blade combination shown in FIG. 6, taken on the same line as that of FIG. 6, but being an exploded view thereof, and with the portion 40b of the blade shown as having been worn away and thus in need of replacement.

FIG. 8 is an enlarged vertical cross-sectional view of a modification of my invention.

In FIGS. 1, 2, 3 and 4, I have illustrated the conventional onepiece 6 foot wide rigid V-shaped duck-foot dry land farming tool chisel blade D. Such a blade D is mounted by a fixed vertical carrying rigid frame 10 to a V-shaped rigid duck-foot horizontal base portion 11, and which latter is carried by a conventionally elevatable wheels, and is adapted to be towed by a tractor. I have shown, by a reduced diagramatic plan view in FIG. 1, how a conventional Tractor T, in the large dry land wheat farming areas, by means of a conventional tree hitch I-I, usually pulls three of those dry land chisel carriages at a time. Each of those V-shaped duck-foot chisel blade units D are usually of an overall horizontal span of about 6 feet. In FIG. 3, I illustrated the heretofore conventional method of having the front entire V- shaped 6 foot face cutter blade 12, of configuration illustrated, bolted to the horizontal frog foot base 11. I further illustrated the use of that type of a conventional blade in FIG. 4, namely, there I show how. after several weeks or months of usage, the lower edge of that entire front 6 foot wide V-cutter blade 12 becomes greatly worn until there is practically none of it left below the plane of the frog foot 11. Thus it is n to completely overhaul that V-shaped front cutter blade 12 by a complete and tedious remodeling welding of a new cutter 6 foot wide V-edge cutter piece 12 onto what is left of that old cutter piece, as shown in FIG. 4. The worn conventional blade 12 after such usage and before its repair before my invention is illustrated in FIG. 4.

To overcome that disadvantageous expensive repair result just explained, I have designed my novel composite and separable replaceable V-shaped duck-foot dry land cutter blade unit combination, indicated in its entirety as D, as illustrated in FIGS. 5, 6, 7 and 8.

In my novel combination, I secure the conventional horizontal V-shaped rigid frog foot base 20 to the lower edge of the conventional vertical rigid carriage support arm 10, as before, and I provide spaced apart bolt openings 21 in the front annular portion of that base. as illustrated.

I provide a novel V-shaped matrix yoke adapter member 22, having a leg portion 22a adapted to rest on the outer downwardly and forwardly extending surface of the frog 20, having spaced openings 25 therethrough for a bolt in each opening. The yoke member has an upper and slightly shorter upper leg portion 22b overlapping 220, as shown in FIGS. 7 and 8. leg 22!: has companion aligned openings 24 therethrough. Upper leg 22b is cross-sectionally formed as illustrated for reason to be explained. In FIG. 7 it will be noted thatl suitably weld the upper abutting edges of the upper and lower adapted clamps 22a and 22b, at various spaced points 30 at approximately 5 inch intervals along the length of that juncture edge; and effecting that welding when the opposite edges of those leg clamps are temporarily held in spaced apart condition for the purpose, as shown in FIG. 7. Thus those weld hinge spots act as spring-tensioned hinges for normally holding the upper leg 22 or lower leg 22a and in the open position, as shown in FIG. 7, before the bolt 23 is inserted in place for compressing that yoke member, to permit insert of blade portion 40, and as will be explained.

In this modification I provide a novel replaceable elongated cutter blade portion 40, of the cross-sectional configuration shown in FIGS. 6 and 7. The blade 40 has a conventional transverse lower cutting edge portion and its opposite or other edge is formed as a reduced neck 40a of wedge or cross-sectional configuration as shown, having the extrernity thereof formed thicker than the neck as a wedge head, for reason to be explained. The transverse edge 22c of the upper adapter leg 22b, opposite the welded hinge spots 30, of the composite clamp 22, is formed as a cornice projection and with its outermost cornice edge thicker than its inner edge, as illustrated, so as to snugly abut and hold the wedge neck edge portion of the chisel blade 40, when my novel replaceable blade unit is fully assembled by its bolt 23, as shown in FIG. 6. The relative parts of my adapter clamp 22 and its upper and lower legs 22b and 220, respectively cross-sectionally formed as illustrated by the FIGS. 6 and 7, are for the reasons just explained. I provide suitable spaced bevel-headed plow bolts 23, each in a recessed opening 24, in the upper leg 22!), to extend therethrough and through the opening 25 of the lower leg 22a. Each bolt is inserted through one of speced aligned openings 21 of the frog foot 20. A suitable lock washer 23b and nut 23c are used to hold the head 23:! of the bolt 23 against the spring tension of hinges 30 of upper leg 22b on tightening seating of that nut to hold the adapter hinged unit 22, as shown in FIG. 6, and thus hold the cornice portion 22c of upper leg 22b firmly thereby onto the wedge neck 40a of the chisel blade 40. My said novel hinge clamp combination is tightly bolt held onto the frog foot 20. It is to be noted that the upper surface of the blade portion 40 is slightly curved as is the outer periphery of the upper leg 22b and that the two are formed and held,by my structure ,together in a common curve are alignment when assembled as illustrated. That outer or ground contact curvature just explained, of my chisel 40 so held, are very important, as the ground dug by the chisel blade slides there against and upwardly thereover and by that curve there is less frictional obstruction to that earth digging movement as the blade is pushed forwardly through the ground or to the left as illustrated.

My novel replaceable blade unit D, just described, is to be noted to have certain characteristics, namely: the vertical thickness of the outer portion of upper leg 22b at its wedge 22c edge is greater than the neck portion thereof, so that thereby a downward pulling of 22b by the bolt 23 thus assures effecting a tight holding clamp of that wedge portion 22c against the wedge neck 40a portion of the blade 40. Further, the base leg 22a, of the adapter clamp 22, projects outwardly beyond the cornice 22c portion of the upper leg 22b for the reason of thereby providing an adequate fulcrum holding point for blade 40 so held as explained, to assure a tight holding of blade 40 during operation of the chisel blade unit in the ground, so that pressure to the right, as illus trated in FIG. 6, on ground chiseling use of the unit, will not cause a twisting or other movement of the neck 40a under the cornice 22c of the upper leg 22b, as will be understood. That vertical cross-sectional formation of the upper leg 22b and lower leg 22a, as illustrated, are for the co-action purposes on use as just explained.

When it is time to replace my novel replaceable blade 40, as when it becomes worn on use, as diagramatically illustrated by the dotted reference numeral 40b in FIG. 7, it will be observed that a loosening of nut 23c, and thereby loosening of the bolt 23, as shown in FIG. 7, will then permit the spring tension of the plurality of the spaced welded hinge" spots 30 to then thereby cause a hinge raising of the entire leg 22b into the position of 22b-22a as shown in that FIG. 7, and then a new blade 40 can be inserted and the bolt 23 then tightened to the position as shown in FIG. 6.

As viewed in FIG. 5, I form the members 22 and 40, as just explained, horizontally elongated to span each side of the front V-face of the V-frog foot 20, and to abut the adjacent edges thereof, centrally at the front of the V, as the apex line 42 of that V-duck-foot, with the front edge abutment as a press fit abutment without any welding at that front apex edge, for thus permitting a removal and replacement of either of the members 40 on either side of that apex independently of the other.

After continued operative use of my novel duck-foot chisel tool combination Unit D, just explained, there comes a time when there is a wearing away of the front cutter edges, of the lower front edge of the chisel blades 40, and which worn away portion I have indicated by dotted lines 40b in FIG. 7. With my novel combination unit D, shown in FIGS. 5, 6, 7, and 8, the farmer does not have to throw away the entire chisel blade unit 40-22, when it gets in the worn condition illustrated in FIG. 7, but, as a result of my invention, instead he simply loosens the nut 230, of each bolt 23, on the side of the V-duck-foot, and the spring tension of hat elongated yoke 22 will then spread the legs 22a and 22b thereof, as illustrated in FIG. 7. Then the old worn blade 40 can be removed therefrom, by a slipping thereof from therebetween, and a new blade 40 can then be inserted and the nut re-tightened to hold the new blade thereby in place as in FIG. 6. The cost of my new blade is comparatively small, in comparison to the overall cost of the heretofore required conventional overall welding repair job, heretofore explained, in affixing a new cutter edge portion to the V-blade as shown in FIG. 4.

Replacement of either front cutter blade 40, on either side of my novel V-shaped 6 foot wide duck-foot composite blade D of FIGS. 5, 6 and 7, for example, can be accomplished, upon release of the bolt 23, holding the respective yoke 22 on that side of the V-blade, without having to loosen those on the other side of the apex 42 of the V-blade, and thus providing a simple and comparatively inexpensive replacement job for the farmer when it is time to replace the cutting blade of either side of the V-blade.

In FIG. 8 l have shown a modification of my novel hinge construction of my novel matrix hoke member 22 of my composite unit D. In that modification I spot weld a plurality of spaced rigid steel projections 22F, at approximately 5 inch intervals, only to the edge of the upper leg portion 22b as shown, and so those said spotwelded pieces 22b act as downwardly extending fingers therefrom and so as to extend beyond the plane and edge of that upper leg, and so that those finger projections, upon a placing of the upper leg 22b onto the lower leg 22a, extend over the upper vertical edge of the lower leg 22a, and without being secured to the lower leg. Thus downwardly extending fingers 22 substantially accomplish a gravity hinging combination of upper and lower legs 22b and 22a of my novel adapter, though without any spring tension being accomplished to cause a raising of the upper leg upon release of the bolt, due to the angular positioning of this composite adapter 42 as illustrated in FIG. 8, on the frog foot 20. In this modification, which has all other parts otherwise constructed as before, when the operator wishes to replace a worn out blade 40, since the frog blade 20 is normally rigidly held horizontally substantially as illustrated in FIGS. 6 and 7, it will thus be seen that when the bolt is loosened, nevertheless the parts will remain substantially in their relative arrangement, by 22b being held on 22a by a gravity holding by finger hinges 22F, on the upper edge of 220. In that loose bolt condition, the operator may take a suitable lever, as a crowbar, and lift the cornice edge 22c side of the upper leg 22b slightly into the dotted line position shown in FIG. 8, and then he holds that upper leg so elevated sufficiently until he removes the worn blade 40 and a new blade 40 is therein inserted, and then the weight of the upper leg 22b will set itself into place when the lever is withdrawn,, and the bolt and nut can then be replaced, as will be understood.

It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that many changes and modifications may be made in the preferred embodiments of my invention herein illustrated, taught and described in detail; therefore, I wish to be bound in the teaching, spirit, scope and extent of my invention only by the hereunto appended claims.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. In a horizontal land chisel tool, in combination, a rigid frog foot secured to and carried by an arm of a tool carrier frame, the foot having a bolt opening herein, and a replaceable chisel blade unit adapted to be removably secured to and carried by said frog foot and comprising: matrix yoke adapter clamp unit having upper and lower overlapping substantially parallel legs each having two parallel edges and with the edges of each leg being parallel with the edges of the other leg and with each leg having a companion aligned opening adapted to receive a bolt extending therethrough both legs, one of said pair of adjacent parallel edges of the upper and lower legs of the adapter clamp being springhinge-spot-welded together at a plurality of spaced spots, a bolt securing means extending through said bolt openings and adapted to removably secure the adapter clamp to the frog foot, and a removable cutter blade having a reduced wedge neck portion removably positioned between and clampingly held by the other parallel pair of edges of the legs of the yoke adapter clamp opposite from said spring-hinge-spots upon securement of the adapter legs to the frog foot by the bolt securing means, and said spring tension hinges normally holding said legs with said other parallel pair of edges spaced apart.

2. A land chisel tool combination as defined in claim 1, and further characterized by the cutter blade wedgeneck portion being cross-sectionally wedge shaped with its thicker cross-sectional wedge dimension being outermost, and with the upper leg of the adapter clamp having one edge formed as a protruding cornice adapted cross-sectionally to receive said wedge shape neck portion of the cutter blade for snug abuttment holding of that leg wedge neck portion thereby and against the other leg on that wedge shape portion of the blade being inserted between said legs and on securement of the bolt securement means.

3. A land chisel tool combination comprising: a rigid frog foot secured to and carried by an arm of a tool carrier frame, said frog foot having a forwardly downwardly acute angle surface with relation to the ground surface and having a bolt opening therein, and a replaceable chisel blade unit adapted to be removably secured to and carried by said frog foot and comprising: a matrix yoke adapter clamp unit having upper and lower overlapping substantially parallel legs each hav- 8 ing two parallel edges and with the edges of each leg being parallel with corresponding edges of the other leg and with each leg having a companion aligned bolt opening extending therethrough, one edge of the upper leg being disposed in a substantially common plane with the corresponding edge of the lower leg, the upper leg having a plurality of spaced fingers each secured to the one edge thereof so as to extend at substantially a right angle thereto, said fingers extending downwardly over said corresponding edge of the lower leg so as to act as gravity finger hinges for hingedly holding the upper leg on the lower leg when the legs are overlapped loosely on the frog foot with said fingers uppermost, a bolt securing means extending through said bolt openings and adapted to removably secure the adapter clamp to the frog foot, and a cutter blade having a wedge neck portion edge removably held by the parallel edges of the legs opposite from said gravity finger fii a horizontal dirt chisel tool, in combination, a rigid carrier arm secured to and carried by the underside of a tool carrier frame, a rigid frog foot base member having a bolt opening therethrough and secured to and carried by said arm, and a horizontal replaceable chisel blade unit removably secured to and carried by said frog foot base and comprising: a matrix yoke member having overlapping arms joined at one end by a plurality of spaced spot welds which serve as spring-tensioned hinges for normally urging said arms into spaced apart relation, each of said arms having an aligned bolt opening, a bolt-securing means extending through said arm openings and through the openings of the frog foot base for thereby removably securing the yoke to the frog base by thereby compressing the arms together against the spring tension of the yoke member, and a removable earth cutter blade having a portion thereof inserted between and clampingly held by the am of the spot-welded-tensioned yoke member be fore and upon securement, respectively, of the yoke to the frog base member by the bolt-securing means, whereby upon release of the bolt-securing means the spring tension of the spot-welded yoke member causes its arms to become spaced apart for thereby automatically releasing the cutter blade portion from between the yoke arms.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent 3.684.032 Dated August 15, 1972 Inventor(s) Roy I. Hawkins It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

On the cover sheet, in the ABSTRACT line 1, "forming" should read farming Column 1, line 36, "b" should read by Column 2, line 59, "hereof" should read thereof Column 3, line 51, "illustrated" should read illustrate line 55, "illustrated" should read illustrate Column 4, line 3, "separable" should read separably 7 line 10, "annular" should read angular line 23, "adapted" should read adapter line 38, "cutting" should read cutter Column 5, line 50, "the" should read that line 66, "hat" should read that Column 6, line 33, "22" should read 22F line 57, after place, insert a comma line 58, "withdrawn-1,," should read withdrawn, Column 7, line 4, "herein," should read therein, line 6, after "comprising:", insert a Signed and sealed this 19th day of December 1972.

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents FORM PO-1050 [10-59) USCOMM-Dc 5 375-p5g U 5 GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 19.9 O-3ll-J34

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4078866 *Sep 9, 1976Mar 14, 1978Hawkins Mfg., Inc.Yoke holder for replaceable blades
US4932475 *Aug 1, 1988Jun 12, 1990Homan Barry FBlade plow with resilient mounting
US5373904 *Jan 27, 1993Dec 20, 1994Sanders; Julius R.Cultivator blade
US5396963 *May 29, 1992Mar 14, 1995Curry; John N.Blades for earth moving machines
US7159344Aug 6, 2004Jan 9, 2007Inverta Corp.Plow moldboard assembly having multiple ground engaging blades
US8555565 *Oct 26, 2012Oct 15, 2013R U Grounded Energy Inc.Ground anchor providing minimal ground disturbance
Classifications
U.S. Classification172/720, 30/338, 172/733, 403/381, 37/455, 172/753
International ClassificationA01B35/22, A01B35/00
Cooperative ClassificationA01B35/225
European ClassificationA01B35/22E
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 23, 1981AS04License
Owner name: HAWKINS MANUFACTURING, INC.
Effective date: 19810226
Owner name: HOCK, HARLAN, BERTRAND, NE.
Mar 23, 1981ASAssignment
Owner name: HOCK, HARLAN, BERTRAND, NE.
Free format text: LICENSE;ASSIGNOR:HAWKINS MANUFACTURING, INC.;REEL/FRAME:003859/0109
Effective date: 19810226
Owner name: HOCK, HARLAN, NEBRASKA