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Publication numberUS3684082 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 15, 1972
Filing dateFeb 19, 1971
Priority dateFeb 19, 1971
Publication numberUS 3684082 A, US 3684082A, US-A-3684082, US3684082 A, US3684082A
InventorsWinnifred A Wardell
Original AssigneeGaston County Dyeing Mach
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for uniformly feeding non-liquid material
US 3684082 A
Abstract
Apparatus for uniformly feeding powder, crystalline, paste, pellet and the like non-liquid material including hopper means for dispensing the material, valve means attached to the bottom of the hopper means, enclosed, generally horizontally-extending conduit means for receiving and allowing passage therethrough of the material received therefrom and including an opening for the dispensing of the material from the apparatus, and rotary driven spiral conveying means disposed within the conduit for uniformly feeding the material therethrough. The spiral conveying means comprises a driven, cylindrical shaft, and a spiraled, generally cylindrical, flexible, resilient brush member having an initial predetermined inside diameter less than the diameter of the shaft so that the brush member may be force-fitted on the shaft to prevent relative displacement during use but allowing disengagement of the brush member for cleaning and replacement. The outside diameter of the brush member is greater than the diameter of the hollow interior of the conduit means so that the brush member will perform a cleaning action during use on the conduit means.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Wardell [54] APPARATUS FOR UNIFORMLY FEEDING NON-LIQUID MATERIAL [72] Inventor: Winnifred A. Wardell, Charlotte,

[73] Assignee: Gaston County Dyeing Machine Company, Stanley, NC.

[22] Filed: Feb. 19, 1971 [21] Appl. No.: 116,882

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 815,868, April 14, 1969, Pat. No. 3,598,286.

[52] US. Cl ..198/213, 222/413 [51] Int. Cl. ..B65g 33/00 [58] Field otsearch ..198/213-217; 222/412, 413

[ 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 247,124 .9/1881 Smith ..222/412 X 3,240,177 3/1966 Habdas ..19 8/213 3,240,401 3/ 1966 Kirschmann ..222/412 X 3,280,963 10/1966 Kirker, Jr. 198/213 3,500,903 3/1970 McElroy 198/213 3,684,082 [451 .Aug. 15, 1972 Primary Examiner-Samuel F Coleman Attorney-Parrott, Bell, Seltzer, Park & Gibson ABSTRACT Apparatus for uniformly feeding powder, crystalline, paste, pellet and the like non-liquid material including hopper means for dispensing the material, valve means attached to the bottom of the hopper means, enclosed, generally horizontally-extending conduit means for receiving and allowing passage therethrough of the material received therefrom and including an opening for the dispensing of the material from the apparatus, and rotary driven spiral conveying means disposed within the conduit for uniformly feeding the material therethrough. The spiral conveying means comprises a driven, cylindrical shaft, and a spiraled, generally cylindrical, flexible, resilient brush member having an initial predetermined inside diameter less than the diameter of the shaft so that the brush member may be force-fitted on the shaft to prevent relative displacement during use but allowing disengagement of the brush member for cleaning and replacement. The outside diameter of the brush member is greater than the diameter of the hollow interior of the conduit means so that the brush member will perform a cleaning action during use on the conduit means.

4 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures "H 3 W l (45 5O APPARATUS FOR UNIFORMLY FEEDING NON- LIQUID MATERIAL This application is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 815,868, filed Apr. 14, 1969, now U. S. Pat. No. 3,598,286, issued Aug. 10, 1971.

This invention is related to an apparatus for automatically and uniformly feeding powder, crystalline, paste, pellet and the like non-liquid material and is characterized by being substantially air and moisture tight to prevent damage to the material being fed and by having components thereof detachably secured together for ease in assembly and disassembly, and to an improved spiral conveying means therein.

In the use of many non-liquid chemical materials, particularly in powder, crystalline, paste and pellet form wherein the material is to be admixed in certain proportions or weights with other material for use in industrial operations, there has not heretofore been provided any satisfactory means for uniformly and automatically feeding of this type of material into a receptacle for the admixing thereof. Also, many of these types of material are susceptible to damage or deterioration when exposed to external air or moisture and the problem of removing these materials from the container in which they are shipped to obtain the proper weight or proportion thereof for industrial admixing without excessive exposure to external air and moisture has been a problem.

Heretofore, these operations have been done either entirely manually or semi-automatically with the result that the materials have been at least partially exposed to air or moisture causing harmful effects thereto and the operations were necessarily laborious, time consuming and uneconomical.

Accordingly, it is the object of this invention to pro vide an apparatus for automatically and uniformly feeding non-liquid materials, such as powder, crystalline, paste, pellet and the like, and characterized by being substantially air and moisture tight to prevent damage to the material being fed and by having components thereof detachably secured together for ease in assembly and disassembly.

It is a further more specific object of this invention to provide an improved spiral conveying means for use with automatic material feeding apparatus which will provide ease in disassembly and cleaning or replacement of the component parts and which will provide a cleaning action while feeding the material.

It has been found by this invention that the objects may be accomplished by the following apparatus.

An automatic and uniform feeding apparatus is provided which comprises a hopper means for dispensing the material being fed. An enclosed, vertically-extending valve means is sealingly attached to the bottom end of the hopper means for receiving the material from the hopper means and allowing passage therethrough when in an open feeding condition and preventing passage therethrough when in a closed non-feeding condition.

The apparatus further includes an enclosed, horizontally-extending conduit means defining a generally cylindrical hollow interior and being sealingly secured to the valve means for receiving and allowing passage therethrough of the material received therefrom and including an opening therein for the dispensing of the material therefrom. A driven, spiral conveying means is disposed within the hollow interior of the horizontallyextending conduit for uniformly feeding the material therethrough and out of the dispensing opening.

Preferably, the spiral conveying means comprises a driven cylindrical shaft having a predetermined diameter and a smooth, non-grooved outer surface, and a spiraled, generally cylindrical, flexible, resilient brush member having a predetermined outside diameter and defining a hollow interior having an initial predetermined diameter less than the diameter of the shaft. The brush member is force-fitted on the shaft to prevent relative displacement during use, but allowing disengagement of the brush member from the shaft for cleaning and replacement. The outside diameter of the brush member is greater than the diameter of the hollow interior of the conduit means so that the brush member will wipe against the portion of the conduit means defining the hollow interior for performing a cleaning action.

Some of the objects and advantages of the invention having been stated, other objects and features will appear as the description proceeds when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. I is a side elevational view illustrating the preferred form of feeding apparatus of this invention;

FIG. 2 is a front elevational view taken from the right-hand side of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged, side, sectional detail of the horizontally-extending conduit and spiral conveying means therein illustrated in the apparatus of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the improved flexible brush member forming a part of the spiral conveying means illustrated in FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the spiral conveying means, illustrated in FIG. 3, showing both the driven shaft and the flexible brush member secured thereon;

FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the spiraled brush member of FIG. 4 and taken generally along the line 6-6 of FIG. 4;

FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the shaft member utilized in the spiral conveying means and taken generally along the line 77 of FIG. 5;

FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of the spiral conveying means and taken generally along the line 88 of FIG. 5; and

FIG. 9 is a schematic wiring diagram of the apparatus of FIG. 1.

A preferred embodiment of the apparatus for automatically and uniformly feeding powder, crystalline, paste, pellet and the like non-liquid material M is shown in its entirety in FIGS. 1 and 2 and is referred to therein generally by the reference numeral 10. The material M is normally shipped in drum-like containers 1 1 which include a removable lid (not shown) normally forming the top of the container and a bung" hole (indicated at 12 in FIG. 6) normally formed in the bottom of the container and closed by a threaded plug (not shown) during shipment. The feeding apparatus 10 of this invention is preferably constructed for feeding the material M from any container or directly from the containers 11 and thereby eliminating excessive exposure of the material M to external air and moisture and eliminating the necessity to remove the material M to another container.

For this purpose, there is provided a hopper member 13, which is preferably funnel-shaped, for being sealingly and detachably secured to the open end of the otherwise substantially enclosed container 11 of material M when the lid from the container is removed. The hopper 13 may be secured to the container 11 by the clamping band device 14 conventionally utilized on the container for holding the lid thereon. When the hopper member 13 is secured to the container 11, the container 11 may be inverted so that the hopper means is on the bottom thereof for receiving the material M from the container.

However, the material M may be transferred from the container in which it is shipped to the apparatus of this invention and, in that event, the hopper 13 would comprise an enclosed structure.

Sealingly attached to the bottom end of the hopper means 13 is a vertically-extending valve means which may be of any convenient construction for receiving the material M from the hopper means 13 and allowing passage therethrough when the valve means 20 is in an open feeding condition and for preventing passage therethrough when the valve means 20 is in a closed non-feeding condition. This valve means, as more fully described in the aforesaid parent application, may comprise a vertically-extending housing defining a vertically-extending passage therethrough and which contains a rotatable ball member generally centrally thereof including a passageway extending therethrough. The valve member could also include a manually operable handle member (FIG. 1) passing through the housing and secured to the ball member for rotating the ball member so as to align the passageway thereof with the passageway through the housing when it is desired to have the valve member in the open feeding condition and for rotating the ball member 180 so that the passageway of the ball member is non-aligned with the passageway of the housing when it is desired to have the valve in a closed non-feeding condition to prevent the passage of material M therethrough.

The feeding apparatus 10 may further comprise an enclosed, vertically-extending conduit means 26 having one end thereof sealingly and detachably secured to the bottom of the valve means by any convenient clamping means, indicated generally at 27 in FIG. 1, for receiving and allowing passage therethrough of the material M from the valve means 20 when the valve means is in the open feeding condition thereof and which may be conveniently detached from the valve means when no feeding of the material M or otherwise is desired. This vertically-extending conduit 26 may also include a portion 260 which is flexible for ease in attachment and detachment to the valve means 20 and for ease in alignment of the feeding means 10 with the container 11 of material M. This flexible portion 26a could also be constructed of a transparent material for viewing of the material M being fed.

To the open bottom end of the vertically-extending conduit 26 or directly to the valve means 20 there is sealingly secured an enclosed, horizontally-extending conduit 30 defining a generally cylindrical hollow interior 30 and having a first opening 33 for receiving and allowing passage therethrough of the material M received from the conduit 26. The horizontally-extending conduit 30 is closed at one end thereof by a cap member 31 and includes an opening 32 in the bottom thereof for dispensing of the material M therefrom.

The horizontally-extending conduit 30 has disposed internally within its hollow interior 30' a driven, spiral conveying means 35 which extends generally the entire length thereof. This spiral conveying means will receive the material M dropping into the horizontallyextending conduit 30 from the vertically-extending conduit 26 and uniformly and evenly will feed this material M to the dispensing opening 32 for allowing the material M to drop out of the horizontally-extending conduit by gravity into any desired receptacle, as may be clearly seen in FIG. 3.

The preferred form of spiral conveying means comprises a driven cylindrical shaft 36 extending therefrom and out of the horizontally-extending conduit 30 and which is attached at its protruding free end thereof to a variable speed motor 40 for driving the spiral conveying means at a variety of speeds according to the type of material to be fed and the speed of feed desired. The speed of the variable speed motor 40 is controlled by a rheostat mechanism 41, as will be described hereinafter.

Referring to FIGS. 3 8 specifically, the shaft 36 has a smooth, non-grooved outer surface and a predetermined diameter Dl, see FIG. 7. The spiral conveying means 35 further includes a spiraled, generally cylindrical, flexible, resilient brush member 37 having a predetermined outside diameter D2, see FIG. 8, and

defining a hollow interior having an initial predetermined diameter D3, see FIG. 6, less than the diameter D] of the shaft 36. This allows the brush member 37 to be force-fitted on the shaft 36, as shown in FIG. 5, to prevent relative displacement during use, but allowing disengagement of the brush member 37 from the shaft 36 for cleaning and replacement. The outside diameter of the brush member 37 is greater than the diameter of the hollow interior 30' of the conduit means 30 so that the brush will wipe against the portion of the conduit means defining the hollow interior for performing a cleaning action during feeding of the material M.

The flexible brush member 37 preferably comprises a spiraled, resilient base portion 38 having a generally U-shaped, transverse, cross-sectional configuration, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 8, and a plurality of individual flexible bristles 39 of predetermined length having one end of each secured within the base portion 38 and extending longitudinally outwardly therefrom, as may be seen in FIGS. 4, 5, 6 and 8. The base portion 38 may be formed of any resilient metal or the like material and the bristles 39 may be of any conventional brush bristle material.

Thus, the above preferred structural arrangement of the spiral conveying means provides a spiral conveying means in which the brush member 37 may be easily disengaged from the shaft 36 for cleaning and replacement and does not require the necessity of grooves in the shaft 36 or set screws, etc. for securing the brush member to the shaft which are objectionable in that the grooves and securing means provide areas for lodging of material being fed resulting in undesirable conditrons.

For supporting the above-described apparatus, there is provided a motor housing, generally indicated at 45,

comprising a front plate 46, a back plate 47, and a bottom plate 48 secured together and having a wire mesh or other suitable cover 49 thereon to form a generally rectangular housing. .To the bottom plate 48 is attached four leg members 50 for supporting the housing 45 on the floor or other surface. The front plate 46 includes a threaded collar 51 for detachably receiving one end of the horizontally-extending conduit 30 and supporting it and the other above-described conduits in their described positions.

The leg members 50 include suitable vertical adjustment means for the raising and lowering thereof so that the height of the motor housing 45 and thus the horizontally-extending conduit 30 and the verticallyextending conduit 26 may be vertically adjusted to accommodate different size containers 11. This adjustment means may be in the form of telescoping leg portions 53 received internally of the legs 50 and having suitable apertures therein which mate with suitable apertures in the leg members 50 for the reception of pin members 54 to maintain the leg members 50 in various vertical height positions.

, The feeding apparatus may also include means for supporting a plurality of containers 11 of material M in which one of the containers 11 may be placed directly above the feeding apparatus for connection thereto, as described above, for the feeding of material therefrom and in which other containers 1 1 of material M may be placed in reserve positions for easily and quickly moving into the feeding position when the material from the other container is spent. This means may comprise a clamping band 60 for detachably clamping around the container 11 of material M and having rotatable wheel means 61 on protruding outer ends thereof, as shown particularly in FIGS. 1 and 2. The clamping band 60 may be of any convenient construction including a pivot 62 on one side thereof and a manual clamp securing means 63 on the other side thereof for detachably holding the clamping band 60 around the container 11 of material M.

There is further provided a pair of horizontally-extending, parallel, spaced-apart track members 65 supported on the top of vertically-extending leg member 66. For providing additional support to this structure, horizontally-extending support members 67 and 68 extending between the four legs 66 near the bottom thereof are provided, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2.

The track members 65 are adapted to receive the wheel 61 secured to a plurality of the containers 11, as shown in FIG. 1. For ease in quickly replacing the spent container 11 with a new container 11 of material M, a separate hopper member 13 and valve member may be attached to each of the containers 11 received on the track members 65, as shown in FIG. 1. The valve members 20 of the reserve containers 11 would be positioned in the non-feeding condition thereof to prevent the escape of material therefrom and when the container 11 of material M in the feeding position is spent, it may be simply removed from the track member 65 and a new container 11 of material M rolled into position over the vertically-extending conduit 26 and the valve member 20 attached to the conduit 26 by the clamping member 27. Following this securement the valve member 20 may be opened to the open feeding condition thereof and feeding of the material M from the new container 1 1 resumed.

The track members 65 may include means for both horizontal and vertical adjmting means for accommodating various size containers 11. These adjustment means could include telescoping leg members 70 received internally in the bottoms of the legs 66 with suitable apertures therein mating with suitable apertures in the leg members 66 for the reception of pins 71 therethrough for positioning the legs 66 in a variety of vertical height positions.

For adjusting the track members 65 horizontally toward and away from each other, the supports 68 joining the leg members 66 may be broken in the middle thereof and telescopingly receive an internal cylindrical member 72 which includes suitable apertures therein mating with apertures in the members 68 for the reception of pins 73 therein to hold the support members 68 and thus the track members 65 in a variety of horizontally-spaced positions.

The feeding apparatus 10 includes a vibrator means for attachment to the container 11 of material M for vibrating the container during feeding of the material to aid in equalizing the density of the material M in the container 11 for obtaining an even uniform feeding of the material M; This vibrator means may comprise a vibrator motor 75 which is attached to the container 1 1 in any suitable manner. As illustrated in the drawings, the motor is detachably secured to the clamping band 60 around the container 11 to rest directly on the wall of the container 11 for vibrating the container 11 during feeding of the material M therefrom.

The feeding apparatus 10 may also include a means for weighing a predetermined weight of material dispensed from the dispensing opening 32 in the horizontally-extending conduit 30 and for shutting-off operation of the variable speed motor 40 driving the spiral conveying means 35 when the predetermined weight of material has been received. This means includes any conventional scale mechanism having a weighing platform 81 adapted to hold a receptacle R for receiving material M from the dispensing opening 32, as shown in FIG. 1. The scale mechanism 80 would conventionally include a pivoted arm 82 containing weights, etc., which may be set in a predetermined manner such that the arm will pivot when a predetermined weight of material has been received on the weighing platform 81.

To one end of the pivoted arm B2 is attached a switch 84, of any convenient type and preferably a mercury switch. The switch 84 is operatively attached to the variable speed motor 40, as will be described in detail hereinafter, so that when the predetermined weight of material M has been received in the receptacle R on the weighing platform 81 of the scale means 80, the pivoted arm 82 will pivot which in turn will cause the switch 84 to disengage and shut-off the operation of the variable speed motor 40 to stop the drive to the spiral conveying means 35 and thus stop the feed of the material M through the horizontally-extending conduit 30 Referring now to the schematic wiring diagram of FIG. 9, it may be seen that a source of electrical power is indicated by the electrical plug which is connected by a line 91 to a switch 92. The switch 92 is an apparatus off-on switch and is located on the motor housing plate 47 which is utilized as a control panel for the apparatus. When the switch 92 is in operative engagement or in the on position, electrical power will be transmitted through a line 93 from the switch to the rheostat means 41 which controls the amount of electrical energy supplied to the motor 40 through a line 94. Thus, the rheostat means will control and vary the speed of operation of the motor 40 in a manner well understood by those with ordinary skill in the art.

From the motor 40 the circuit back to the source of electrical energy is completed through a line 95 which passes through a switch 96, normally in engagement to bridge or connect the line 95 with a line 97 returning to the source of energy 90 for completion of the circuit. The above-described mercury switch 84 on the pivoted arm 82 of the scale means 80 includes a first contact connected in the circuit through a line 98 which connects directly to the line 91 leading from the power source 90. The other contact of the mercury switch 84 is connected by a line 99 to the return line 97 such that the mercury switch is connected in parallel with the rheostat 41 and motor 40 so that the circuit or supply of electrical energy thereto may be broken by the mercury switch 84 when it is disengaged. The line 99 from the mercury switch 84 to the return line 96 coils around an extension of the switch 96 such that when the mercury switch 84 is disengaged, the switch 96 will be opened and will remain open even though the mercury switch 84 is subsequently engaged. The switch 96 forms a reset switch andwill leave the circuit to the rheostat 41 and the motor 40 open until manually reset.

Thus, in operation if the feeding apparatus 10, the electrical plug 90 will be plugged into any convenient source of electrical energy and will normally supply electrical energy through the rheostat 41 to the motor 40 for operating the feeding apparatus when the off-on switch 92 is manually closed to start operation of the feeding mechanism 10. When a predetermined weight of material has been received on the scale mechanism 80, the pivoted arm 82 will pivot breaking the normally engaged contacts of the mercury switch 84 which will break the circuit to the motor 40 and thus shut-off operation of the apparatus 10. This will also open the reset switch 96 and the machine will be inoperative until the pivoted arm 82 and mercury switch 84 are returned to their normal position and the reset switch 96 is manually engaged again.

The feeding apparatus 10 may include a switch means 110 attached to the hopper member 13 and operatively associated with the driven spiral feeding means 35 for stopping operation thereof as the material M being fed from the container is spent and thus stop the feed of material M through the apparatus 10. The switch means 110 includes a movable switch actuating member 1 l 1 extending from a suitable electrical switch 112 and protruding into the interior of the hopper member 13. The switch 1 12 is suitably electrically connected to rheostat mechanism 41 and the variable speed motor 40 in any suitable manner such that when the switch is open, the current to the variable speed motor 40 will be broken and operation thereof will be stopped and when the switch is in a closed position, operation of the motor 40 may be continued. The actuating member 111 is adapted to normally assume a switch opening position in which the circuit to the variable speed motor 40 is broken and may be moved to a switch closing position, as shown in FIG. 2, for allowing operation of the motor 40 for driving the spiral feeding means 35. The switch means further includes a resilient diaphragm member 113 bolted or otherwise secured to the inside of the hopper member 13 around the actuating member 111 for moving the actuating member into the switch closing position when the material M being fed is passing through the hopper member 13. This is accomplished by the weight of the material M pressing the diaphragm 113 against the inside of the hopper member 13, as shown in FIG. 2. When the material being fed has been spent, the diaphragm member 113 will move to an outwardly curved position to allow the actuating member 111 to assume its normally switch opening position so as to break the circuit to the variable speed motor 40 to stop the feeding operation of the apparatus 10.

The switch 110 may be operatively connected with a suitable alarm (not shown) in lieu of feeding means 35 for signaling an operator to manually shut off feed of the material M from one container 1 l and begin feed of material M from another container 1 1.

Thus, it may be seen that by this invention an ap paratus has been provided which will uniformly feed non-liquid material and which includes an improved spiral conveying means.

In the drawings and specification there has been set forth a preferred embodiment of the invention and, although specific terms are employed, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation.

What is claimed is: 1. Apparatus for uniformly feeding powder, crystalline, paste,'pellet and the like material; said apparatus comprising:

hopper means for dispensing the material being fed; enclosed, generally vertically-extending valve means sealingly attached to the bottom end of said hopper means for receiving the material from said hopper means and allowing passage therethrough when in an open feeding condition and preventing passage therethrough when in a closed non-feeding condition;

enclosed, generally horizontally-extending conduit means defining a generally cylindrical hollow interior and being sealingly secured to said valve means for receiving and allowing passage therethrough of the material received therefrom and including an opening therein for dispensing the material from said apparatus; and

rotary driven spiral conveying means disposed within said hollow interior of said horizontally-extending conduit for uniformly feeding the material therethrough and out of said dispensing opening, said spiral conveying means comprising a driven cylindrical shaft having a predetermined diameter and a smooth, non-grooved outer surface, and a spiraled, generally cylindrical, flexible, resilient brush member having a predetermined outside diameter and defining a hollow interior having an initial predetermined diameter less than the diameter of said shaft, said brush being force-fitted on said shaft to prevent relative displacement during use but allowing disengagement of said brush member from said shaft for cleaning and replacement, the outside diameter of said brush member being greater than the diameter of said hollow interior of said conduit means so that said brush member will wipe against the portion of said conduit means defining the hollow interior for performing a cleaning action.

. 2. Apparatus for uniformly feeding powder, crystalline, paste, pellet and the like material, as set forth in claim 1, in which said flexible brush member comprises a spiraled, resilient base portion having a generally U- shaped, transverse, cross-sectional configuration, and a plurality of individual flexible bristles of p'redetemrined length having one end of each secured within said base portion and extending longitudinally outwardly therefrom.

3. Apparatus for uniformly feeding powder, crystalline, paste, pellet and the like material; said apparatus comprising:

enclosed, generally horizontally extending conduit means defining a generally cylindrical hollow interior and including a first opening into said hollow interior for receiving the material to be fed and allowing passage thereof through said hollow interior, and a second opening from said hollow interior for dispensing the material being fed from said conduit means; and

rotary driven spiral conveying means disposed within said hollow interior of said horizontally extending conduit means for uniformly feeding the material therethrough, said spiral conveying means comprising a driven cylindrical shaft having a predetermined diameter and a smooth, non-grooved outer surface, and a spiraled, generally cylindrical, flexible, resilient brush member having a predetermined outside diameter and defining a hollow interior having an initial predetermined diameter less than the diameter of said shaft, said brush member being force-fitted on said shaft to prevent relative displacement during use but allowing disengagement of said brush member from said shaft for cleaning and replacement, the outside diameter of said brush member being greater than the diameter of said hollow interior of said conduit means so that said brush member will wipe against the portion of said conduit means defining the hollow interior for performing a cleaning action.

4. Apparatus for uniformly feeding powder, crystalline, paste, pellet and the like material, as set forth in claim 3, in which said flexible brush member comprises a spiraled, resilient base portion having a generally U- shaped, transverse, cross-sectional configuration, and a plurality of individual flexible bristles of predetermined length having one end of each secured within said base portion and extending longitudinally outwardly therefrom.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4192418 *May 4, 1978Mar 11, 1980Montgomery Max LAuger conveyer
US4496086 *May 5, 1982Jan 29, 1985Pari-SymacDevices which comprise a helical spring used as conveying, extracting, quantity-controlling or mixing means
US5183147 *Nov 12, 1991Feb 2, 1993Murray Equipment, Inc.Chemical handling system
US6267495Mar 14, 1996Jul 31, 2001Process Control CorporationBlender apparatus with precision low-rate metering unit
US7137503 *Mar 11, 2005Nov 21, 2006Emerson Electric Co.Auger brush
US8215477 *May 29, 2007Jul 10, 2012Wam Industriale S.P.A.Archimedes screw for use in conveyors, compactors and the like
EP0051550A1 *Oct 22, 1981May 12, 1982TRANSITUBE PROJET Société anonyme dite:Device for conveying granular solid materials
EP0067725A1 *Apr 20, 1982Dec 22, 1982PARI-SYMAC S.A. Société Anonyme dite:Device comprising a spiral coil screw as a transport, discharge, dosage and mixing conveyor
EP0462912A1 *Jun 10, 1991Dec 27, 1991Transitube Projet (Societe Anonyme)Elevator for granulate materials
Classifications
U.S. Classification198/493, 222/413, 198/530, 198/548, 198/677, 198/659
International ClassificationB65G33/00
Cooperative ClassificationB65G2812/0522, B65G33/00
European ClassificationB65G33/00