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Publication numberUS3685629 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 22, 1972
Filing dateSep 21, 1970
Priority dateSep 21, 1970
Publication numberUS 3685629 A, US 3685629A, US-A-3685629, US3685629 A, US3685629A
InventorsRott John G
Original AssigneeScope Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Print head carriage mechanism for impactless printer
US 3685629 A
A carriage assembly for an impactless printer having a printing head mounted for reciprocal movement across the paper to be printed. A cable is attached at either end and passes around a drive pulley at one side of the printer and an idler pulley at the other side. A bi-directional motor drives the pulley. A solenoid rotates the mounting means for the head so as to move the stylii into and out of contact with the paper.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Rott 154] PRINT HEAD CARRIAGE MIXIHANISM FOR IMPACTLESS PRINTER [72] Inventor: John G. Rott, Orlando, Fla.

[73] Assignee: Scope Incorporated, Reston, Va.

[22] Filed: Sept. 21, 1970 [21] Appl. No.: 73,792

1521 u.s.c|. ..l97/66,l97/127,l78/42, 226/120, 226/157 511 1111. c1. ..19411 19/70 [58] FleldofSearch...197/1 R, 127 R, 127 A, 133 R, 1971133 F, 60, 66, 82; 178/42; 226/120, 134,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,400,798 9/1968 Smith ..197/1 R 3,490,572 1/1970 Smith ..197/66 x 3,324,240 6/1967 Kleinschmidt et al..1 97/133 R,

14s] Aug. 22, 1972 3,292,530 12/1966 Martin ..197/1 R 2,902,133 9/ 1959 Walton et a1. ..197/66 2,729,322 1/ 1956 Kloskl ..197/66 3,300,017 1/1967 Yazejian et a1. 197/1 R 3,405,392 10/1968 Milne et al. ..197/1 R X 2,831,424 4/1958 MacDonald ..197/1 R X 3,519,117 7/1970 Smith ..197/127RX 3,322,253 5/1967 Burns et al ..197/] R Primary Examiner-Robert E. Pulfrey Assistant Examiner-Eugene H. Eiekholt Attorney-John E. Benoit [57] ABSTRACT A carriage assembly for an impactless printer having a printing head mounted for reciprocal movement across the paper to be printed A cable is attached at either end and passes around a drive pulley at one side of the printer and an idler pulley at the other side. A bi-directional motor drives the pulley. A solenoid rotates the mounting means for the head so as to move the stylii into and out of contact with the paper.


FIG. 2



MOTOR Jom\E.Bamfl ATTORNEY MNML SMTCH PRINT HEAD CARRIAGE MECHANISM FOR IMPACTLESS PRINTER The present invention relates generally to impactless printers and more particularly to a carriage control mechanism for controlling the movement of the print head in such a printer.

Impactless printers are well-known today and in at least limited use for various types of telegraphy operations and the like. These printers use a particular type of paper wherein either an electrostatic charge or head causes an imperforation in the paper so as to cause the paper to show the mark made thereon. The paper is fed through the printer in accordance with the type of printing head or heads which are to be used. In some instances a plurality of printing heads are arranged horizontally across the printing mechanism so that the paper may pass transversely thereof. Each head is then provided with signals to cause the particular character to be printed.

Other printers employ a plurality of moving heads which move transversely across the paper and have signals supplied thereto by some means of commutation so as to print the characters on the paper. One specific type of printing device is disclosed in co-pending application Ser. No. 11,077 entitled PRINTING HEAD MECHANISM. In that device a printing head used with an impactless printer reciprocates across the face of the paper to be printed. The head is biased toward the left hand side of the paper by a spring. A continuous belt is driven between the head and the paper below the printing stylii and means are associated with the belt so as to drive the head in a scan manner across the paper against the bias of the spring. At the conclusion of one line of printing, the head is released from the influence of the belt and returns to the left hand side of the paper.

The present invention eliminates the use of a continuous belt and spring and, in efi'ect, substitutes therefor a bi-directional motor for transverse movement of the printing head and a solenoid for selectively controlling the position of the head relative to the paper to be printed.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a carriage mechanism using a single motor means for driving the printing head transversely across the paper to be printed.

it is a further object of this invention to provide a mounting means and solenoid control for controlling the position of the head relative to the paper to be printed.

Yet another object of this invention is to provide a combination motor means and solenoid means whereby a scan by the printing head may be provided across the entire paper, or the head may be selectively stopped at any position on the paper and returned to the starting scan position.

These and other objects of the invention will become obvious from the description when taken in conjunction with the drawings wherein FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the head and controlling mechanism for the present invention; and

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the control mechanism used in conjunction with Fig. 1.

Broadly speaking, the present invention relates to an impactless printer having a carriage assembly which comprises support means rotatably mounted on the housing of the printer substantially parallel to the plane of the paper to be printed. A printing head, including stylii, is slidably mounted on the support means. A cable is attached to either side of said printing head and passes about pulley means which are in turn controlled by a driving means so as to move the head in a scan across the paper while printing and to return the head to the start position when not printing.

The illustrative drawings are simplified in order to render the specific invention more obvious. The details of the housing of the printer and of the specific electrical circuitry controls are not shown in detail since they are not part of the present invention.

Turning now more specifically to the drawings, side frames 11 and 13 of the basic printing housing have an l-beam shaft 15 mounted therebetween. The shaft is mounted in bearings 17 and 19 which are rotatable within the side frames 1 1 and 13.

A printing head 21 including a flexible member 23 and stylii 25 is mounted on a bearing 27 which in turn is slidable along the I-beam shaft 15. The electrical signals are supplied through the head to the stylii 25 by means of a multiple conductor cable 29 connected to control logic circuitry (not shown).

A cable 31 is connected to either side of the printing head 21. The cable passes around drive pulley 33 at one side of the printer through apertures in side frames 11 and 13 and around idler pulley 35 at the other side of the printer.

Drive pulley 33 is driven by a bi-directional motor 37 through shaft 39.

l-beam shaft 15 terminates in an arm 41 extending substantially at right angles therefrom. A shaft 43 is connected to the outer end of the arm and is moved in response to actuation of the solenoid 45. Actuation and deactuation of solenoid 45 causes at raising and lowering of the outer end of arm 41 and, thus, rotates the lbeam shaft 15 which carries the printing head 21. Thus, stylii 25 are maintained in contact with paper 51 during the scan cycle and are removed from contact with the paper during the return cycle.

Switches 47 and 49 are mounted on side frames 11 and 13 at opposite ends of the printing device so that the printing head movement will actuate each switch when coming in contact therewith.

In order to coordinate movement of the paper 51 with the movement of the head 21, a ratchet lever 57 may be secured to the outer end of arm 41. As illustrated, the arm is of an L-type configuration so as to extend upwardly into contact with ratchet 59. Ratchet 59 controls the movement of a roller 53 associated with idler roller 55 through which the paper 51 passes. Accordingly, each time the head 41 is rotated by the solenoid 45 so that stylii 25 contact the paper 51, the ratchet 59 will be advanced one step causing the paper also to advance a fixed, predetermined amount.

While the control circuitry is not part of the present invention, there is a broad showing in FIG. 2 of such circuitry so as to give a better understanding of operation of the mechanism itself.

Motor 37 is coupled to both switches 47 and 49 whereby actuation of switch 47 will cause the bidirectional motor to rotate in a direction so as to return print head 21 to return it to the start position. When head 21 closes switch 49, motor 37 is stopped and the logic is placed in control of the motor for another scan. Switches-47 and 49 also control the operation of solenoid 45. Actuation of switch 47 cause the solenoid to draw shaft 43 downward and, thus, rotate the head 21 out of contact with the paper. When the head is then returned to the other end of the carriage by means of motor 37 and cable 31, the actuation of the switch 49 by the head deactivates solenoid and shaft 43 returns to the position shown, thus rotating the head so that the stylii are again in contact with the paper. A manual switch 61 is also connected to the motor and the solenoid. The switch is not shown in FIG. 1 since it may be located anywhere on the printing mechanism itself.

As indicated in the above-mentioned application, the signals to multiconductor cable 29 and thus to the stylii 25, appear from a type of logic system. Such logic is not part of this invention and various types of control signal devices may be used in conjunction with the present carriage. [t is to be understood that such logic or control systems may also send a return signal to the motor and solenoid at any time during the scan cycle. As indicated in FIG. 2, the logic 63 is also coupled to the switches 47, 49 and 61 and has an output to the printing head 25.

As can be seen, the present invention provides a simple and yet reliable carriage control mechanism for use with various types of printing heads.

The description and drawings are illustrative only since particular components of the device might be replaced with equivalent components. Accordingly, the invention is to be limited only by the scope of the following claims.

l claim: 1. In an impactless printer, a carriage assembly comprising support means rotatably mounted on said printer substantially parallel to the plane of the paper to be printed, a printing head including a stylii slidably mounted on said support means, cable means attached at either side to said printing head, means mounted on said printer and connected to said cable means for driving said cable means in either direction so as to scan said head across said paper, an arm attached to and extending angularly from said support means, a solenoid mounted on said printer and coupled to said arm, means for actuating said solenoid so as to rotate said support means so that said stylii can be moved into and out of contact with said paper,

a lever secured to said arm, a ratchet associated with and rotated by said lever upon actuation of said solenoid, and paper advancing means connected to said ratchet. 2. The printer of claim 1 further comprising control means mounted on said printer and coupled to said means for driving said cable for reversing the direction of said means for driving said cable. 3. The printer of claim 2 wherein said control means comprises a switch mounted on said printer and actuated by said printinghegd

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2729322 *Mar 11, 1953Jan 3, 1956Royal Mcbee CorpCarriage returning mechanism for typewriters or like machines
US2831424 *Mar 1, 1954Apr 22, 1958Burroughs CorpTraveling type carriage in high speed printers
US2902133 *Dec 30, 1957Sep 1, 1959IbmTypewriter carriage return and indexing mechanism
US3292530 *Nov 5, 1964Dec 20, 1966IbmPrint head controls causing overtravel of head at left end
US3300017 *Apr 30, 1965Jan 24, 1967Sperry Rand CorpElectrosensitive printing apparatus with print head continuously moved across paper
US3322253 *Oct 18, 1965May 30, 1967IbmVibration control apparatus for a matrix printer
US3324240 *May 6, 1963Jun 6, 1967Scm CorpTelegraphic progressive printing system
US3400798 *Aug 21, 1967Sep 10, 1968Friden IncLast character visibility mechanism for a matrix page printer
US3405392 *Apr 30, 1965Oct 8, 1968Sperry Rand CorpElectronic calculators
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US3519117 *May 23, 1969Jul 7, 1970Singer CoFeed roller construction and drive
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3882985 *Jul 23, 1973May 13, 1975Ncr CoTiltable matrix print head to permit viewing of the characters
US4218151 *Mar 24, 1978Aug 19, 1980Lrc, Inc.Serial impact calculator printer
US4310256 *Sep 24, 1979Jan 12, 1982Alps Electric Co., Ltd.Printers
US4564301 *Apr 4, 1984Jan 14, 1986Brother Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaTypewriter with text memory
US4968163 *Mar 22, 1990Nov 6, 1990Canon Kabushiki KaishaHot zone control of automatic line feed
US5133808 *Mar 6, 1991Jul 28, 1992Avco CorporationCleaning process for radioactive machine shop turnings
U.S. Classification400/317.1, 178/42, 400/314.1, 226/120, 226/157, 400/322
International ClassificationB41J19/20
Cooperative ClassificationB41J19/20
European ClassificationB41J19/20
Legal Events
Mar 30, 1990ASAssignment
Effective date: 19900321
Effective date: 19870728
May 11, 1981AS14Letters of administration
May 11, 1981ASAssignment
Effective date: 19801110