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Publication numberUS368580 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 23, 1887
Filing dateApr 2, 1887
Publication numberUS 368580 A, US 368580A, US-A-368580, US368580 A, US368580A
InventorsChancy A. Feees
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
feees
US 368580 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)

0. A. PREES.

ARTIFICIAL LEG.

No. 368,580. Patented Aug. 2.3, 1887.

FIEJ

WITNEEIEEEI, I INVENTUR N, PETERS Pholo-Ulhogr-aphur. Wmhmglan. D C.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

OHANCY A. FREES, on NEW YORK, N. v.

ARTIFICIAL LEG.

SPECIPIGATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 368,580, dated August 23, 1887.

Application filed April 2, 1887.

Serial No. 233,537. (No model.)

To all whom, it may concern:

Be it known that I, CHANCY ADELMER Burns, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, in the county and State of New joints thereof. It also relates to the diaphragm tificial leg that supports the stump.

The invention consists in the various features of improvement hereinafter more fully pointed out in the claims.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a longitudinal central section through an arprovided with my improvement. Fig. 2 is a top view of the foot. Fig. 3 is a bottom View of the leg. Figs. 4, 5, and 6 are respectively top, edge, and bottom views of the plate 0. Figs. 7, 8, and 9 are detail views of the several parts of the knee-joint.

The letter A represents the artificial leg made of the usual form and entering a socket in the foot B.

a is a jointed pin or a cord secured to the leg and passing through a perforation of the 1 foot, to whichit is held by a nut, b, or otherwise. This pin or cord serves to connect the parts. The joint proper, upon which the leg may rock backward and forward and also laterally, consists of a cross-shaped plate, 0, which is perforated centrally to permit the passage of pin a. By passing the pin directly through aperforation in such plate the construction of theparts is greatly simplified and their working is improved. The two shorter or transverse arms d of the plate 0 are bulged on top, resting within sockets of the leg, and constituting a fulcrum upon which the leg may rock backward and forward. The two longitudinal arms 6 e are bulged at their bottom, resting within sockets of the foot, and constituting a fulcrum upon which the leg or foot may work laterally. The forward arm, e, is preferably more or less ball-shaped, as shown, and may be connected by an elastic string, f, to a hook, g, to which there is also connected the heel-tendon h.

In order to properly limit the movement of the leg upon and the foot beneath the plate 0, I employ bulged cushions i j, attached, re

spectively, to the leg and foot and fitting into the concavities of the arms 6 (Z.

k is the side rod projecting from the upper end of the leg, and provided with a conical head, Z, which is made with a screw-threaded central perforation. This head is embraced by a tapering ring, m, attached to the thighbar m. A headed screw, or, entering head Z,

will secure the parts to each other, and by adjusting the screw the joint may be tightened or loosened. The advantage of this construc tion, and particularly of the perforated coni cal head, is that the screw has a large surface with which to engage, and thus the joint is not apt to wear out.

0 is a ring fitted into the upper part of the leg and made of concave form in cross-section.

This ring is entirely inclosed within the leg,

as shown. Upon this ring and around its cireumferehce there is placed the buckskin diaphragm p, which bears the end of the stump. Strings q, surrounding the ringo and the edge of the diaphragm, hold the latter in place. These strings are placed in the annular space between leg and ring. It will be seen that by making the ring of concave form I obtain room for the string. The ring may be secured to the leg by screws or otherwise, and it may be attached higher or lower to conform to the length of the stump.

I am aware that it is not new plate between the leg and foot portion, the said plate having lateral and longitudinal bearing arms; but I am not aware that any one has heretofore provided a plate or casting with lateral and longitudinal branches having a central vertical aperture for the passage of the connecting cord or bolt, and I attach importance to the employment of a casting or plate of this character, and .to the fact that the to arrange a said branches have bulged bearing-surfaces.

and leg sections,

of a cruciform plate or casting having a vertical aperture for the passage of the conupon the inserted cushions, substantially as meeting-cord, substantially as specified. specified. 2. Thecombination, with the foot and leg 3. The combination of leg A with the consections, of a cruciform plate or casting having cave ring 0, placed Within the leg, diaphragm 5 a central vertical aperture for the passage of p, and string q, placed in the annular space be- 15 the connecting-cord, the lateral branches of tween ring and leg, substantially as specified.

thesaidcastinghavingtheiruppersidesbulged O. A. FREES. and their under sides recessed, and the longi- Witnesses: tudinal branches having their under sides F. V. BRIESEN,

IO bulged and their upper sides recessed to bear HENRY E. ROEDER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4718913 *May 27, 1986Jan 12, 1988Voisin Jerome PDual, ankle, springs prosthetic foot and ankle system
US7279011Feb 11, 2004Oct 9, 2007Phillips Van LFoot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US7347877Sep 17, 2004Mar 25, 2008össur hfFoot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US7354456Sep 14, 2004Apr 8, 2008Phillips Van LFoot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US7581454Sep 20, 2004Sep 1, 2009össur hfMethod of measuring the performance of a prosthetic foot
US7846213Nov 12, 2004Dec 7, 2010össur hf.Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US7879110Dec 1, 2009Feb 1, 2011Ossur HfFoot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US7891258Aug 7, 2009Feb 22, 2011össur hfMethod of measuring the performance of a prosthetic foot
US7998221Jul 24, 2009Aug 16, 2011össur hfFoot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US8007544Aug 15, 2003Aug 30, 2011Ossur HfLow profile prosthetic foot
US8025699Jul 24, 2009Sep 27, 2011össur hfFoot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US8377144Sep 29, 2006Feb 19, 2013Ossur HfLow profile prosthetic foot
US8377146Jul 18, 2011Feb 19, 2013Ossur HfLow profile prosthetic foot
US8486156Feb 24, 2011Jul 16, 2013össur hfProsthetic foot with a curved split
US8574313Feb 22, 2011Nov 5, 2013össur hfMetatarsal joint shape for prosthetic foot and control mechanism and system for same
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationA61F2/6607