|Publication number||US3686727 A|
|Publication date||Aug 29, 1972|
|Filing date||Mar 22, 1971|
|Priority date||Mar 22, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3686727 A, US 3686727A, US-A-3686727, US3686727 A, US3686727A|
|Inventors||Donald L Say, Harry E Smithgall|
|Original Assignee||Sylvania Electric Prod|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (9), Classifications (11), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Say et al. 1 Aug. 29, 1972  METHOD OF FABRICATING A 3,381,347 5/1968 Reinwall ..29/25.19 MULTIBEAM ELECTRON GUN 3,399,440 9/1968 Blumenberg ..29/25.16 STRUCTURE 3,448,316 6/1969 Yosaida ..3l3/69  Inventors: Don a1 d L. say; H E- Smithgau 3,510,926 5/1970 Oess ..29/25.19
both of Seneca Falls, FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS Assigneel Sylvania Electric Products, 859,140 1/ 1961 Great Britain ..313/69 March 22, l 71  Flled 9 Primary Examiner-John F. Campbell PP 126,610 Assistant Examiner-D. M. Heist Att0rneyNorman J. OMalley, Donald R. Castle and Related U.S. Application Data Frederick R m  Continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 860,626, Sept.
24, 1969.  ABSTRACT A method of fabricating a multibeam single electron  U.S. Cl. ..29/25.16, 29/25.19, 331 g structure for an electron discharge device, such as  Int Cl Holj 9/18 9/36 a high resolution cathode ray tube, wherein a plurality Fieid "5 11 g 19 25 16' of beams emanating from a common emission plane I24 d are separately modulated by a planar arrangement of separate control electrode members each having a beam aperture therein forming an aperture array. At  References Cited least one accelerating-collimating electrode plane hav- UNITED STATES ATE ing a similar array of apertures is oriented in spaced and substantially parallel relationship with the control 1;; lfilclianny F plane Provide a collimatec-l array of beams 3 047 759 5/1962 16 X directed to impinge the cathodolummescent screen in d f d tt 3,162,933 12/1964 Trax et al. ..29/25.11 a 6 me pa em may 3,274,662 9/1966 Jackman et a1 ..29/25.l9 9 Claims, 15 Drawing Figures PflTEmEfiAuszs 1912 3. 686. 7'2 7 sum 2 0F 4 'INVENTORS. ALFRED n JOHNSON,
DONALD L. SAY, 8. HAKRY E. SM/THGALL ATTORNEY PATENTED B I972 3.686, 727
saw u 0F 4 j INVENTOR ALFRED D. JOHNSON, IDONALD 4. .SAY, &
HA RRY E. .SMITHGALL )35 BY n METHOD OF FABRICATING A MULTIBEAM ELECTRON GUN STRUCTURE CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICA- TIONS This application is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 860,626 filed Sept. 24, 1969 and contains matter disclosed but not claimed in a related continual tion-in-part of application Ser. No. 860,621 filed concurrently herewith and assigned to the assignees of the present invention. This related continuation-in-part application is Ser. No. 126,609, Multibeam Single Gun Electron Discharge Device. A previously filed application, Ser. No. 860,625 Electrode Alignment and Assembling Device, contains matter disclosed but not claimed in the above-identified applications, Ser. No. 860,621 and Ser. No. 860,626.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a multibeam cathode ray tube and more particularly to a method of fabricating a single multibeam electron gun structure for a cathode ray tube.
In certain types of high resolution cathode ray tube displays such as may be used in alpha-numeric graphing, or mapping presentations, it has been found advantageous from the standpoint of achieving improved brightness, enhanced resolution and increased writing speed, to utilize a multibeam tube having a plurality of substantially parallel and separately modulated electron beams therein. The disadvantages of a single beam system is that display brightness is low due to sweep speeds and time sharing of the beam. It has been found that the use of a plurality of individual electron guns within a common envelope is limited by the size of the respective guns and the internal dimension of the tube neck portion wherein the guns are positioned.
Some known single gun multibeam tubes comprises intricate electron gun assemblies including electrodes having ceramic substrates and wire formed structures.
OBJECTS AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the invention to reduce the aforementioned disadvantages and to provide an improved high resolution single gun multibeam cathode ray tube. Another object is to provide a method of fabricating an improved multibeam electron gun structure wherein the electro beams are substantially parallel and individually modulated. A further object is to provide a method of fabricating an improved multibeam gun structure that can be expeditiously accomplished.
The foregoing objects are achieved in one aspect of the invention by providing a method of fabricating an improved multibeam single gun electron discharge device such as a high resolution cathode ray tube. The multibeam gun structure is assembled by positioning, on an alignment device, at least one plural-apertured metallic planar electrode member having an array of beam apertures therein. Positioned thereon is spaced and parallel relationship therewith is a planar arrangement of separate control electrode members each having a beam aperture therein to form a similar aperture array. The beam apertures in the several electrode members are aligned whereupon the electrode members are affixed to spacing means therebetween. A common emission plane is oriented to provide electron beams to the control electrode plane. The gun structure so fabricated provides collimated beams which are directed to impinge the cathodoluminescent screen of the tube in an array pattern as determined by the array 0 of beam apertures in the multibeam electron gun structure.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a partially cut-away perspective'illustrating a cathode ray tube incorporating the invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged plan view of the control electrode plane showing the plurality of control electrode members;
FIGS. 3a and 3b enlarged plan views of two embodiments of a plural-apertured planar electrode member;
FIGS. 4a and 4b are exploded views illustrating two embodiments of the multibeam electron gun structure;
FIGS. 5a and 5b are perspective views showing pertinent aspects of multibeam gun structure assemblies;
FIGS. 6 and 7 are side views showing two embodiments of multibeam gun structures during assembly;
FIGS. 8a and 8b are perspective views illustrating additional details of two multibeam gun assemblies;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged partial cut-away illustration detailing electron beam formation in one embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 10 is a partial cut-away view showing another embodiment of the invention; and
FIG. 11 is a plan view of a cathode stand-off positioner.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EM- BODIMENTS For a better understanding of the present invention, together with other and further objects, advantages and capabilities thereof, reference is made to the following specification and appended claims in connection with the aforedescribed drawings.
With reference to FIG. 1, there is shown one embodiment of a cathode ray tube 11 having an axis 12 therethrough and an envelope 13 including a face panel or viewing portion 15, a funnel portion 17, and a neck portion 19. Suitably disposed on the inner surface of the face panel 15 is a cathodoluminescent screen 21 comprising at least one electron excitable phosphor material 23. Oriented within the tube neck portion 19 is multibeam single electron gun structure 25, the componental parts of which are not detailed in FIG. 1. This single gun structure 25 is fabricated to produce a beam pattern array 26 of a defined plurality of similar substantially collimated electron beams 27 which are directed to impinge the screen 21. By way of example, a discrete pattern array 26 comprised of six beams 27 is shown, but such number of beams is not intended to be limiting as the single multibeam gun 25 can be constructed to produce few or many substantially collimated beams 27. In the beam pattern array 26 thus formed, each beam 27 can be separately modulated without need for convergence correction as the pattern array is scanned over the screen 21. Thus, the pattern of plural beams, as shown, potentially increases by six times, the brightness potential of the particular display tube 11. Also, since the beam array 26 is handled as a bundle, there is a reduction of writing rate for each beam 27 by a factor equal to the number of beams.
Electrical conductive means are applied to the interior surface of the neck 19 and funnel l7 portions of the tube envelope 13 to effect an electrical connection between the electron gun structure 25 and the screen 21.
In this first embodiment, the electrical conductive means is in the form of a spiral accelerator or resistive helix 29 applied to the inner surface of the neck portion 19 in a manner to extend from the low potential of the final electrode of the gun 25 to the internal conductive coating 31 disposed on the interior surface of the funnel portion 17, thus making connection with the high potential of the screen 21. In this way the resistive helix 29 serves to build a long gradual accelerating field which in conjunction with magnetic lensing effects faithfully images the beam pattern array 26 on the screen 21.
The plural beam pattern array 26 has an object height (h') and width (w), not shown, as it leaves the electron gun 25 and an image height (h") and width (w") when it impinges the screen 21. In certain display applications it is desired to effect magnification, demagnification or substantially maintain the image height (h") and width (w") relative to the object height (h)and width (w). Such is effected by gun structure and magnetic lensing as will be described later in this specification.
To ensure that the beam pattern array 26 impinges the screen 21 in desired rotational alignment, a pattern rotation coil 33 is usually exteriorly positioned on the neck portion 19 of the tube 1 1 near the low voltage end of the helix 29. Thus, by adjustment of the pattern rotation coil 33 rotational shifting of the beam pattern array 26 is provided as, for example, in writing italics in a character generating application. In utilizing magnetic focusing and deflection, a focusing coil 35 is mounted on the exterior of the tube neck portion 19 at the high voltage end of the helix 29, and a deflection coil 37 is formed to encompass the envelope transition region 18 where the funnel portion 17 joins the neck portion 19.
The single electron gun structure 25 has a number of electrical connections, not shown, which are brought out through the tube base 39 to external connective means 41, several of which are shown.
In detailing one embodiment of a multibeam single gun structure 45, particular reference is made to-FlGS. 1, 2, 3a, and 4a wherein the defined gun structure comprises a common electron emission plane and an assembly of related parallel conductive electrode planes each having an array of beam apertures therein corresponding to the number and patterned configuration 26 of the desired array of beams 27 impinged upon screen 21.
To provide greater detail and clarity, an exploded view of the gun structure 45, during construction, is shown in FIG. 4a. A source of electrons such as thermionic electron emission means 47 as, for example, a tubular cathode having electron emissive material disposed on at least part of one surface thereof forms a common emission plane 49. Spaced from and parallel with the emission plane 49, and substantially normal to the axis 12, is a metallic substantially planar control electrode mat 51 which is further detailed in FIG. 2. This control electrode mat S1 is discretely formed as for example, by chemical milling, to provide a framing member 52 encompassing a plurality of substantially strip-like self-supporting control electrode members 53 each having a beam aperture 57 therein and a separate electrical connection 59. The framing member 52 therearound comprises two opposed horizontal extremital portions 66, 67 and two related vertical extremital portions 68 and 69. The several electrode members 53 are positioned in laterally spaced relationship with one another to form a substantially centrally oriented planar control electrode aperture array 61. As shown, the aperture array 61 comprises two substantially parallel rows of beam apertures 57. To achieve array compactness, the electrode members 53 present a staggered aperture array 61 having a height (h) and a width (w). These dimensions are substantially the same as object height (h') and width (w') of the aforementioned beam pattern array 26 as it leaves the electron gun. Spaced from either side of the aperture array 61 is set of similarly oriented control electrode affixal perforations 63 and 65 oriented in each of the horizontal extremital portions 66, 67; and further spaced therefrom, in each of the two opposed vertical extremital portions 68 and 69 of the control electrode mat 51, is a set of similarly located control electrode alignment perforations 71 and 73. Protruding laterally from the control electrode framing member 52 are two sets of control electrode tabs 75 and 77 which in this embodiment are utilized in gun structure assembly 45.
Spaced form and substantially parallel with said plurality of control electrode members 53 is at least one plural-apertured metallic planar electrode mat 78, forming an accelerating-collimating electrode plane, which is further detailed in FIG. 3a. The spacing between the plurality of control electrode members 53 and the accelerating-collimating electrode plane 78 is an insulative electrode spacer means 81 in the form of a substantially rectangular-shaped member having a peripheral spacing framing member 83 defining a central cut-out portion 85. Affixal perforations 87 are suitably oriented in the peripheral framing member 83 to provide definite placement in the gun structure assembly 45. In addition to serving as an electrode spacing means, the peripheral framing member 83 serves as a support means across which the plurality of laterally spaced control electrode members 53 are bridged.
With reference to FIG. 3a, the plural-apertured metallic planar electrode mat 78 has a plurality of beam apertures 89 formed therein, as for example, by discrete chemical milling to provide aplanar electrode aperture array 91 which corresponds in array configuration and number with the respective beam apertures 57 in the control electrode array 61, having substantially similar height (h) and width (w) dimensions. Spaced on either side of the planar electrode aperture array 91 is a set of similarly oriented planar electrode affixal perforations 93 and 95. In each of the two opposed vertical extrernital portions 97 and 98 of the planar electrode mat 78 is a set of similarly located When employing ceramic bonding for affixation, the cemented electrode assembly 161 is removed from the alignment device 133 and placed in a sealed enclosure, not shown, for outgassing which is accomplished by a conventional heating and exhaust procedure.
The fabrication of another embodiment of electrode assembly 163 is shown in FIG. 7 wherein additional plural-apertured metallic planar electrode mats 79 and 80 are also included along with the necessary insulative spacer means 82 and 82. The aforementioned assembling and affixation procedures utilized for the first embodiment 161 also apply equally as well to this second embodiment 163. To simplify description, further consideration is substantially confined to the second embodiment 163.
After affixation, the extremital portions of the several electrode mats, such as 67, 69, and the plurali ties of 97, 99 are removed adjacent to the several electrode spacer means 77, 82 and 82'. Such removal provides separate lead connections 59 for the individual electrode members 53 of the control electrode plane 51 as illustrated in FIG. 8a. A multiple apertured waferlike insulative member 125, such as a mica or ceramic, is positioned on either side of the electrode assembly 163 with the planes of the spacer members 125 being substantially parallel with the axis 12. Electron emission means, such as a thermionic cathode 47, is positioned in cathode apertures 127 of the members 125 in a manner that the emission plane 49 is adjacent the array of control electrode apertures 57; whereupon, the members 125 are secured to the respective tabs, for example 75, 77 and 113 as shown in FIG. 8. In this manner, the gun structure 45 is unitized. Separate electrical connections 165, 167, and 169 are provided for planar electrode planes 78, 79 and 80, respectively. A formed heater 171 is positioned within the cathode 47. The gun structure 45 is positioned relative to a multilead stem means, not shown, and secured to support leads 173 extending therefrom and attached, for example, to bolt means 119. Electrical connections from the componental parts of the gun structure 45 are made to appropriate stern connective leads in a conventional manner.
In another embodiment of the multibeam gun structure 45 as illustrated in FIGS. 4b, 8b, and 11, the cathode spacer means employed is in the form of a pair of spaced-apart angular-shaped stand-off positioners 126, of, for example, tungsten, wire or strip, shaped to substantially cradle the cathode 47' in a manner to expedite attachment thereto. Seating portions 128 are formed for affixation, such as by welding, to portions of the adjacent electrode mat which subsequently become isolated elements in the electrode plane adjacent to the cathode. For example, the several seating portions 128 are welded to the respective horizontal extremital portions 66 and 67 of control electrode mat 51, such as at areas A and B. When the vertical extremital portions 68 and 69 are subsequently removed, the horizontal extremital portions 66 and 67 become separate elements in the gun structure electrically isolated from the center portion of the mat.
Since the laterally protruding tabs 75, 77, 105, 107 and 113, 114 on the respective electrode planes and cathode shielding means are not required when the pair of cathode stand-off positioners 126 are employed,
they are eliminated in the gun structure embodiment 45' shown in FIGS. 4b and 8b, thereby reducing the size of the resultant gun structure. The tab-less electrode planes 51 and 78 and shield means 109' have elemental structural features that are similar to those noted in FIGS. 4a and 8a and therefore are numerically designated in like manner.
When the stand-off cathode positioners 126 are utilized, the cathode 47 is attached to the adjacent electrode plane prior to the gun structure assembling operation. This is shown in FIG. 5b wherein electrode assembly 161' replaces electrode assembly 161 in FIG. 5a, the respective electrode mats and spacers being sequentially oriented in stacked order.
To achieve high resolution images with multibeam array, it has been found advantageous in some instances to position an image array size control electrode means 174 forward of the final electrode plane to provide an additional control feature in the neck region where the beams enter the accelerating helix, if such is used. One electrode embodiment is in the form of a field forming mesh lens so positioned to effect the advantage of being either convergent or divergent depending on whether it is operated above or below its surroundings. With reference to FIG. 8a, the mesh lens 175, if desired, is positioned in a substantially parallel manner forward of and spaced from the final accelerating-collimating electrode plane and has a separate electrical connection 177. A cylindrical metallic shield 179 operating at the potential of the final electrode plane 80 encompasses the space between the final electrode plane and the mesh. In referring to FIGS. 1 and 8, the electron gun structure, in this instance the cylindrical shield 179, has resilient electrical connective means 181 formed to contact a conductive band 183 disposed on the inner surface of the neck portion 19 and connected to the helix 29.
Another embodiment of an image array size control electrode 182 is partially shown in FIG. 8b wherein spaced apart first and second cylindrical electrode members 183, and 185, forming a bi-potential lens having substantially like diametrical dimensions, are positionally aligned relative to the final of the accelerating collimating electrode planes in the electron gun structure 45'. Suitable'orientation is provided by at least three longitudinal insulative supports, two of which are shown 187, 189. The first electrode member 183 is of the same potential as the final electrode plane 80'. The second or forward positioned electrode member 185, which has a separate electrical connection 191, is operable at a potential usually above that of the first member 183 to provide control of the array image as may be desired.
While the two embodiments of the image array size control electrode means 174 and 182 are shown in FIGS. 8a and 8b as being associated with the respective multibeam gun structures 45 and 45', they are equally adaptable to any of the gun structures described herein.
Another gun structure embodiment is illustrated in FIG. 9 wherein another plural-apertured metallic planar electrode mat 78*, which is dimensionally similar to planar electrode mat 78, is positioned between the common electron emissive plane 49 and the control electrode plane 51 to provide shielding effects and a pre-formed beam pattern array which is displanar electrode alignment perforations 101 and 103. Protruding laterally from the accelerating-collimating planar electrode mat 78 are two sets of planar electrode tabs 105 and 107 which are utilized in gun structure assembly 45.
It has been found that in small size plural beam arrays enhanced focusing and collimation can be achieved by incorporating additional plural-apertured electrode planes to the gun structure. For example, in referring to FIG. 4a, additional accelerating-collimating electrode planar mats G-3 and G4, forming additional lens planes, are designated as 79 and 80 respectively, and are not specifically detailed as they are substantially the same as aforedescribed planar electrode mat 78. The insulative electrode spacer means 82 and 84 are rectangular framing means having greater thickness than insulative electrode spacer means 81, otherwise they are substantially similar to what has been described.
Cathode shielding means 109 having corner oriented affixal perforations 11 1 and protruding tabs 1 13 is positioned in spaced relationship with and substantially parallel to the control electrode mat 51, being discretely spaced therefrom by insulative spacing means 115 which has a plurality of affixal perforations 117 therein. The resultant spacing between the shielding means 109 and the control electrode mat 51 accommodates the spaced positioning of the electron emission means such as cathode 47 therebetween. The several related planar electrode mats and respective spacers are joined together in a compact gun structure assembly 45 by affixal means such as cement, rod-like clamping means or bolts. For example, a plurality of threaded bolts 119, extending through the numerous affixal perforations and insulative washers 121 are suitably secured by nuts 123. By this arrangement the related plurality of apertures in the several respective electrode mats are predeterminately aligned in a manner substantially related to the axis 12.
In this embodiment, cathode spacer means in the form of a pair of apertured wafer-like insulative members 125 are individually positioned on either side of the gun structure assembly. Each has a cathode aperture 127 therein to accomodate and orient the cathode 47 relative to the control electrode mat 51; the planes of said wafer-like members 125 being substantially parallel with the axis 12. Sets of apertures or perforations 129 and 131 are also contained in the wafer-like members 125 to accommodate the shielding means protruding tabs 113 and the several tabs 75, 7'7, 105, and 107 protruding from electrode mats 51 and 78, respectively.
Expeditious assembling of the aforedescribed multibeam electron gun structure 45 is accomplished by utilizing an electrode alignment device 133 as illustrated in FIGS. 5, 6 and 7. The alignment device is comprised of several parts, one of which is a movable base portion 135. A cap portion 137 is shaped for fixed attachment to the base portion 135, as for example by bolt means 136 which seat in the base 135 to form a cap-base assembly 138 wherein there is provided spaced apart longitudinal guide channel means 139. The cap portion has an upper surface 141 whereof the leading edge portion 143 has a plurality of vertical pins 145 oriented adjacent thereto. The pins 145 are spaced in a manner to match one set of the respective electrode mat alignment perforations, for example 73 and 103. A slide portion 147 has a pair of longitudinal member means 149 formed to slide in the guide channel means 139 in the cap-base assembly 138. The slide portion 147 has a bridge member 151 formed substantially normal to the longitudinal member means 149. The bridge member 151 has an upper surface 153 with a forward edge portion 155 oriented in adjustably spaced relationship to the cap portion leading edge portion 143. Adjacent to the forward edge portion 155 are a plurality of vertical pins 157 oriented in a manner to match an opposed set of electrode mat alignment perforations, for example 71 and 101. The respective sets of pins 145 and 157, which are oriented in a common lateral plane, have sufficient vertical length to accommodate a plurality of planar electrode mats in spaced apart stacked arrangement. Lateral movement means 159 is incorporated in the cap-base assembly 138 to provide lateral uniform adjustable movement to each of the longitudinal member means 149 to effect controlled movement of the two respective pluralities of pins 145 and 157 and provide lateral tautness and alignment to the electrode mats accommodated thereon.
In assembling a multibeam single gun electron gun structure of the type described, an electrode assembly is first fabricated. With reference to FIGS. 5 and 6, there is shown one embodiment of an electrode assembly 161 comprising a control electrode mat 51 and a planar electrode mat 78. Such is facilely assembled by positioning an accelerating-collimating electrode mat 78 on the alignment device 133 with the sets of alignment perforations 101 and 103 mating with the corresponding sets of vertical pins 157 and 145 on the device. An insulative electrode spacer means 81 is positioned upon the accelerating-collimating electrode mat 78 with the respective affixal perforations substantially aligned. A control electrode mat 51 is positioned atop the spacer means 81 on the device 133 with the alignment perforations 71 and 73 mating with the sets of pins 157 and 145 thereon. Alignment of the respective beam apertures in the two electrode mats 79 and 51, is accomplished by discretely activating the lateral movement means 159 in the device 133 to carefully move the sets of pins 157 and 145 and provide lateral tautness to the mats. Care is exercised to avoid deformation of the respective alignment perforations. lnsulative spacing means are placed atop the control electrode mat 51 with the respective affixal perforations in alignment; whereupon the cathode shielding means 109 is suitably positioned. With the componental elements thus arranged, affixation is effected to form a unified electrode assembly 161. As previously mentioned, affixation is accomplished in several ways, as for example, by applying a suitable ceramic bonding material to the region of the affixal perforations, or by inserting rod-like clamping mean, such as bolts, through the aligned afiixal perforations. As shown, bolts 119 are utilized, being inserted up through the assembly with the insulative washers 121 and mating nuts 123 applied adjacent to the cathode shielding means 109 to provide affixation. lf ceramic bonding material is utilized for allixation, the electrode assembly 161 is retained in the device 133 until the bonding is set.
cretely beamed to the respective control electrode apertures 57. Spacings between the electron emission means 47, the planar electrode plane 78* and the control electrode plane 51 are effected by either embodiment of spacer means 125 or 126, which for purposes of clarity are not shown.
When employing the cathode stand-off positioning means 126, a modified plural-apertured planar electrode mat 195 is utilized, such being shown in FIG. 3b. The modified mat 195, which may be tab-less, comprises two vertical extremital portions 97' and 98' and two spaced-apart horizontal slots 197 and 199 that define the two horizontal extremital portions 201 and 203 which are removed from the array of beam apertures 89'. The two cathode stand-off positioners 126, with the cathode 47' cradled in and attached thereto, have their respective-seating provisions 128 welded to the respective horizontal extremital portions 201 and 203. When the vertical extremital portions 97 and 98' are subsequently removed during the gun structure assembling procedure, the remaining horizontal extremital portions 201 and 203, with the cathode positioners 126 affixed thereto, are electrically isolated from the beam aperture portion 90 of the electrode mat 195. This is further illustrated in the partial gun assembly 205 shown in FIG. 10. A cathode connection 207 is made to either of the isolatedhorizontal extremital portions 201 and 203. If desired, an electrical connection 209 can be made to the common aperture portion 90.
A modified cathode orientation is also illustrated in FIG. 10, wherein a shorter cathode 47" mounted by positioner means 126 as aforedescribed, is located in a manner to be encompassed by a pair of insulative frame-like spacer means 211 and 213, partially detailed. These are superjacently integrated as elements in the gun structure 205 replacing insulative spacing means 115. The legs of cathode heater 171' are positionally oriented sandwich-like in appropriate grooves or channels 215 in the spacer means 211 and 213. This construction, which substantially encloses the cathode 47" within the gun structure, has been found to be advantageous in reducing warm-up time and effecting enhanced control of spurious electron emission.
Thus there is provided a method and embodiments thereof for fabricating an improved high resolution single gun multibeam cathode ray tube which incorporates one of several related embodiments of an improved multibeam gun structure that can be expeditiously assembled.
While there have been shown and described what are at present considered the preferred embodiments of the invention, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
1. Method of fabricating a multibeam electron gun structure formed for positioning in a cathode ray tube, said gun structure having an electron emission plane, a substantially planar control electrode mat formed of an array substantially longitudinal individual electrode members each having a beam aperture therein and separate leads therefrom, at least one substantially iii.
planar accelerating-collimating electrode mat with a plurality of beam apertures corresponding in array and number to the beam apertures in the control electrode array, each of said electrode mats having therein a plurality of affixal perforations and a plurality of alignment perforations, and insulative electrode spacer means having a center opening therein, said fabricating method utilizing an electrode alignment device having a plurality of vertical pins for holding said respective electrode mats and comprising the steps of:
positioning at least one accelerating-collimating electrode mat on said alignment device with said alignment perforations mating with said pins on said device; positioning an insulative electrode spacer means upon said accelerating-collimating electrode mat;
positioning said control electrode mat atop said electrode spacer means in said alignment device with said alignment perforations mating with said pins thereon; said longitudinal individual electrode members being bridged across said central opening in said spacer means;
aligning said beam apertures in said planar control electrode mat and said accelerating-collimating planar electrode mat; and
afi'ixing said electrode mats to said insulative spacer means therebetween. 2. Method of fabricating multibeam electron gun structure having an axis therethrough and formed for positioning on a multi-lead stem portion of a cathode ray tube, said gun structure having a thermionic cathode with an emission plane, cathode shielding means, a substantially planar control electrode mat formed of an array of individual electrode members each having a beam aperture therein and separate leads therefrom, at least one substantially planar accelerating-collimating electrode mat with a plurality of beam apertures corresponding in array and number to the beam apertures in the control electrode array, each of said electrode mats having spaced on either side of said aperture array a set of similarly oriented affixal perforations and a set of alignment perforations located in two opposed vertical extremital portions of said mats, insulative electrode spacer means formed of a thickness to separate said electrode mats and having two sets of affixal perforations therein, and a pair of cathode spacer means, said fabricating method utilizing an electrode alignment device for holding said respective electrode mats and comprising the steps of:
positioning at least one accelerating-collimating electrode mat on said alignment device with said sets of alignment perforations mating with corresponding sets of protruding pins on said device;
positioning an insulative electrode spacer means upon said accelerating-collimating electrode mat;
positioning said control electrode mat atop said electrode spacer means in said alignment device with said alignment perforations mating with said pins thereon;
aligning said beam apertures in said planar control electrode mat and said accelerating-collimating planar electrode mat;
affixing said planar control electrode mat and said accelerating-collimating planar electrode mat to said insulative spacer means therebetween to form an electrode assembly; and
removing said vertical extremital portions of said electrode mats adjacent to said electrode spacer means, said removal providing separate lead connections for the individual electrode members of said control electrode plane.
3. The method of fabricating a multibearn electron gun structure according to claim 2 wherein said affixation of said planar control electrode and said accelerating-collimating planar electrode mats, and the respective insulative spacer means therebetween is accomplished by inserting rod-like clamping means through said similarly oriented affixal perforations.
4. The method of fabricating a multibeam electron gun structure according to claim 2 wherein the afiixation of said planar control electrode and said accelerating-collimating planar electrode mats, and the respective insulative spacer means therebetween is accomplished by cement bonding means between and through said similarly oriented affixa] perforations.
5. The method of fabricating a multibeam electron gun structure according to claim 2 wherein the positioning of said cathode shielding means in spaced relationship with said cathode is accomplished simultaneously with the affixation of said respective electrode mats.
6. The method of fabricating a multibeam electron gun structure according to claim 2 wherein said cathode spacer means are in the form of a pair of multiple apertured wafer-like insulative members one of which is positioned on either side of said assembly after the vertical extremital portions of said electrode mats have been removed, the planes of said wafer-like members being substantially parallel with said axis; said wafer-like member positioning being followed by the positioning of said thermionic cathode in related apertures in said wafer-like member in a manner that said emission plane is facing said adjacent electrode mat; and said apertured wafer members being secured to said gun structure to maintain the desired positioning of said cathode in said gun structure.
7. The method of fabricating a multibeam electron gun structure according to claim 2 wherein said cathode shielding means and said adjacent electrode mat have a plurality of protruding tabs extending laterally therefrom; and wherein said apertured wafer members, having tab related apertures therein, are positionally secured on said tabs.
8. The method of fabricating a multibeam electron gun structure according to claim 2 wherein said cathode spacer means are in the form of a pair of spaced-apart angular-shaped stand-off positioners attached to said cathode and affixed to isolated elements in the electrode mat adjacent to said emission plane before said electrode mat is positioned on said electrode alignment device.
9. The method of fabricating a multibeam electron gun structure according to claim 4 wherein said cemented assembly is outgassedby heating prior to the removal of said vertical extremital portions.
UITITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION 5 3,686,727 Dated August 29, 1972 Donald L.Say and Harry E. Smithgall I "fin, I i g It is certified that error appears in -i:h ;e above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Inventor(s) Sheets 2 and 4 of Drawings Delete "A. D. Johnson Column 1, line 19 after "860,626" please add all now abandoned. Thi soertifioefe su aersedes Certificsre of Correction issued January 23, 1975.
Signed and sealed this 30th day of July 197 (SEAL) Attest:
MCCOY M. GIBSON, JR. (2. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents mg UNITED STATES PATENT oTTTcE QERTEFICATE 6F QQRREQTWN Patent'No. 3,686, 727 Dated August 29, 1972 Inventor) DONALD L. SAY and HARRY E. SMITHGALL It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Column 1, line 19 after "860,626" please add all now abandoned.
Signed and sealed this 23rd day of January 1973..
EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. ROBERT GOT-TSCHALK Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents
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|US3843901 *||Mar 20, 1973||Oct 22, 1974||Standaart A||Multi-beam cathode ray tube construction|
|US3899711 *||May 9, 1973||Aug 12, 1975||Gen Electric||Laminated multi-apertured electrode|
|US3935499 *||Jan 3, 1975||Jan 27, 1976||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Monolythic staggered mesh deflection systems for use in flat matrix CRT's|
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|US3999263 *||Nov 14, 1974||Dec 28, 1976||Litton Systems, Inc.||Method of forming a micro-array multibeam grid assembly for a cathode ray tube|
|US4063340 *||Oct 29, 1976||Dec 20, 1977||Zenith Radio Corporation||Method of manufacturing a unitized in-line electron gun|
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|US4438557 *||Jan 27, 1982||Mar 27, 1984||Woodland International Corporation||Method of using an areal array of tubular electron sources|
|EP0635161A1 *||Nov 19, 1993||Jan 25, 1995||Chunghwa Picture Tubes, Ltd.||Multi-beam electron gun for monochrome crt|
|U.S. Classification||445/34, 313/411|
|International Classification||H01J29/50, H01J29/48|
|Cooperative Classification||H01J2229/505, B82Y10/00, H01J29/485, H01J29/50|
|European Classification||B82Y10/00, H01J29/48G, H01J29/50|
|Aug 24, 1981||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NORTH AMERICAN PHILIPS CONSUMER ELECTRONICS CORP.
Free format text: ASSIGNS ITS ENTIRE RIGHT TITLE AND INTEREST, UNDER SAID PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS AND LICENSES EXISTING AS OF JANUARY 21, 1981.;ASSIGNOR:GTE PRODUCTS CORPORATION A DE CORP.;REEL/FRAME:003992/0284
Effective date: 19810708
Owner name: NORTH AMERICAN PHILIPS CONSUMER ELECTRONICS CORP.,