|Publication number||US3686831 A|
|Publication date||Aug 29, 1972|
|Filing date||Jan 7, 1970|
|Priority date||Jan 7, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3686831 A, US 3686831A, US-A-3686831, US3686831 A, US3686831A|
|Inventors||Libby Clarence R|
|Original Assignee||Nash Engineering Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (18), Referenced by (20), Classifications (22)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Libby [is] 3,686,831 1 1 Aug. 29, 1972  CENTRIFUGE TYPE SEPARATOR  Inventor: Clarence R. Libby, Norwalk, Conn.
 Assignee: Nash Engineering Company, South Norwalk, Conn.
 Filed: Jan. 7, 1970  App1.No.: 3,575
Related US. Application Data  Continuation of Ser. No. 678,659, Oct. 27,
1967, abandoned. I
 US. Cl. ..55/199, 55/218, 55/403,
- 55/406, 55/432, 55/470, 417/69  Int. Cl. ..B0ld 53/24  Field of Search ..55/400408, 199,
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,586,980 6/1926 DuPont ..55/408 X 1,803,462 5/1931 Crago et a1. ..55/400 X 2,216,542 10/1940 Paige ..55/199 X 2,307,251 1/ 1943 Woods et al. ..55/400 X 2,368,529 1/ 1945 Edwards ..55/203 X 2,624,286 1/1953 2,699,907 1/1955 Smith et a1 ..417/350 X 2,763,982 9/1956 Dega ..55/408 X 2,850,983
Adams ..417/69 2,888,097 5/1959 Schefi'ler, Jr ..55/400 X 2,942,687 6/ 1960 Kollander .55/ 405 2,952,214 9/1960 Adams ..417/69 2,954,841 10/1960 Reistie, Jr. ..55/404 X 3,213,797 10/1965 McMahan ..417/424 X 3,276,187 10/1966 Harker et a1 ..55/203 3,408,796 1 1/ 1968 Murray ..55/403 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,096,460 2/1955 France ..55/408 1,205,723 8/1959 France ..55/408 Primary Examiner-Dennis E. Talbert, Jr. Attorney-Nolte and Nolte ABSTRACT Apparatus requiring very small space is provided for separating the liquid and gas components of a fluid mixture. A rotating element, coupled to and downstream of a gas handling pump separates the gas from the liquid that is discharged by the pump. Apertures are provided in the rotating member to cause the separation and flow of the liquid in a direction opposite to the flow of the gas. Means are provided to control the discharge of the liquid by the use of a pres sure actuated control valve in combination with the separator.
6Claims,4DrawingFigures gym/2204311 1 CENTRIFUGE TYPE SEPARATOR This application is a streamlined continuation application of application Ser. No. 678,659, filed Oct. 27, 1967, now abandoned.
This invention relates generally to pumps and in particular to improved structure used in combination therewith for separating a gas from a liquid. The present invention also includes the combination of the aforesaid improved structure and a pressure actuated valve to control the discharge of the liquid from the pump.
There are many devices available for separating gases from liquids and the devices generally have been designed on the principle of a sudden change of direction of the mixture to cause the separation. A common characteristic feature of these separators was their very large size.
The present invention provides efficient separating means for liquids and gases that occupy a very limited space and will perform satisfactorily in a moving vehicle wherein the separator is subjected to varying attitudes and vibration. Valve means are also provided in combination with the separator to control the discharge of the liquid by utilizing the additional pressure generated by liquid accumulated in the separator. Several embodiments of this invention will be disclosed, wherein a common feature to all is that the liquid is centrifuged while the separated gas and some entrained liquid is directed to a rotating member that has apertures therein. The rotating member, coupled to the pump downstream thereof, tends to direct the entrained liquid in a direction opposite to the flow of gas. Further separation of the entrained liquid from the gas returns the liquid to the main liquid flow and the gas is discharged from the apparatus.
Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide improved means for separating liquid from gas with an arrangement that requires a very small space.
A general object of this invention is to provide a separator that will perform satisfactorily in a moving vehicle.
It is another object of this invention to provide a separator as described above that will perform satisfactorily in varying attitudes.
It is still another object of this invention to provide a separator as described above that will perform satisfactorily when subjected to vibration.
It is a further object of this invention to provide pressure actuated valve means, in combination with the separator described above, wherein the liquid is automatically discharged without loss of gas from the separator.
Still another object of this invention is to provide rotating separator means downstream of a liquid handling pump arranged to centrifuge a liquid and gas mixture.
A further object of this invention is to provide means for preventing leakage from the liquid chamber to the gas chamber and fromthe liquid chamber to the mixture chamber.
A specific object of this invention is to provide means that separates gases from liquids by passing a gas, having liquid entrained therewith, through a rotating member provided with apertures therein.
These and other features, objects and advantages of this invention will in part, be pointed out with particularity and will in part, become obvious from the following more detailed description of the invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing which forms an integral part thereof.
In various figures of the drawing like reference characters designate like parts. In the drawing:
FIG. 1 is an elevational view partly in section illustrating one embodiment of this invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional plan view taken along line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is another sectional plan view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 1; and
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional view of another alternative embodiment of this invention.
FIG. 1 illustrates one form of construction of this invention. This embodiment is primarily a gas handling device with the liquid being used only as necessary to operate the compressor. Conventional means (not shown) are utilized to introduce the liquid into the compressor as required. Drive means 10 is provided with a shaft 12 that is arranged to rotate compressor member 14. Fluid inlet means (not shown) are included in a housing 16 that is secured to the end face of drive means 10. The compressor is provided with a cup-shaped housing 18 which encloses blade members 20 and which includes a plurality of discharge ports 22 that provide communication with the separating means to be described hereinafter.
Rotating separating member 24 is also secured to shaft. 12 on the downstream side of compressor member 14. The separating member includes a lower disc 26 which acts as a bafile member, a plurality of radially extending blades 28 and an upper disc 30 that has discharge apertures 32 therein, the apertures 32 providing the centrifuging action as the gas passes therethrough. It will be noted in FIG. 2 that blades 28 extend radially outward from the axis of rotation of shaft 12 and that apertures 32 are relatively close to the axis of rotation.
The separating member is enclosed by a housing 34 to define annular liquid chamber 36 in communication with a liquid discharge port 38 as well as a gas discharge port 40. The housing 34 is secured to housing 16 by means of screws or bolts 42. A pressure relief valve 44 shown proximate liquid discharge port 38 acts in combination with the separator in order to control the discharge of liquid from the chamber 36. When the quantity of liquid is sufficient, pressure is generated and the valve opens. The liquid is discharged through port 38 until the remaining liquid is insufficient for generating or maintaining the pressure to hold the valve open. Thus, liquid is automatically and selectively discharged without loss of gas from the liquid discharge port.
Separation of the gas from the liquid is accomplished by the centrifuging action on the liquid particles when rotated in the space between blades or vanes 28 which are part of the separating member 24. Both liquid and gas are discharged by the compressor at discharge ports 22. This mixture then enters the separating member at the annular space created between the outer end of lower disc 26 and the inner diameter of housing 16. The heavier liquid particles are centrifuged towards the periphery of the rotating blades. As the liquid accumulates between the blades 28 it is pumped to pressure and then discharged through chamber 36 and port 38. The control valve 44 allows the liquid to discharge as described above and automatically controls the quantity of liquid which remains in the space between the vanes.
The gas escapes from the space between the vanes through ports 32. Any particles of liquid which escape with the gas are separated from the gas in the ports 32 and return to spaces between the blades through clearance between upper disc 30 and an inner diameter of housing 34. Gas is discharged from the separator through port 40.
FIG. 4 illustrates another alternative construction of this invention as applied, for example, to a fuel pump. This embodiment of the invention illustrates the application of a compressor and centrifuge separator to a device that is capable of handling liquids at a high al titude. For efficient operation of this'type of device, gas must be continuously withdrawn from the liquid handling pump. In the embodiment to be described immediately hereinafter gas is withdrawn by a compressor type pump and is separated from the liquid by the blades of a rotating member. The separated liquid and gas are then discharged through separate passages. It is contemplated that this embodiment of the present invention will be utilized in a moving vehicle that is subject to vibration and which can assume a wide variety of attitudes. It may also be desirable to provide a relief valve functioning in substantially the same manner as previously described.
Drive means (not shown) is provided with a shaft 50 that extends into a housing 52. The main inlet port 54 for the mixture of liquid and gas communicates directly with the interior of a liquid handling pump 56 having a plurality of radially extending blades 58. Housing 52 is also provided with an annular chamber 60 that receives the liquid centrifuged by blades 58 so that the liquid may be discharged from the housing through a suitable port (not shown). Gas and some particles of liquid not separated from the main body of liquid flow through passageways 62 and 64 and then into a passageway 66 in end plate 68. Suitable means (not shown) are provided for rigidly securing end plate 68 to housing 52.
A gas handling pump 70 having an inlet port 72 in communication with passageway 66 is provided with suitably shaped blades 74 that are utilized in combination with a housing 76 having a suitable internal shape to pump the gas separated from the liquid. Pump member 70 is disposed at least partially within housing 52 and is secured to shaft 50 for rotation therewith. Exit ports 78 in the pump housing are in communication with the space between blades 74 and permit passage of the compressed gas through ports 80 in the end plate 68 whereby it is acted upon by rotating separator means 82 that is also secured to shaft 50. The separator means includes a plurality of radially extending vanes 84. The gas is discharged through ports 86 in the separator means 82 and port 88 in cover member 90. Liquid is pressurized by the centrifugal action of vanes 84. Any particles of liquid escaping with the gas into ports 86 are separated and pass through the space between the separator means 82 and the housing, into the spaces between the vanes 84. The liquid passes through a suitably positioned port 94 in member 68 and then through passageway 96 that communicates with the discharge port in housing 52.
From the foregoing it will be apparent that a combination centrifuge type separator and regulator valve to automatically and selectively discharge liquid without allowing discharge of gas through the liquid port has been provided in a minimum of space. The rotating blades, operating in close proximity to the housing provides sealing means to prevent leakage from the liquid chamber to the gas chamber and from the liquid chamber to the mixture chamber. The separation of gas from liquid is accomplished by passing the mixture through suitable openings in the rotating member. The apparatus is particularly well suited for use on a moving vehicle where it is subjected to varying attitudes and vibrations.
There has been disclosed heretofore the best embodiment of this invention presently contemplated. It is to be understood however that various changes and modifications may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. Apparatus for separating a fluid mixture into a substantially liquid-free gaseous phase and a substantially gas-free liquid phase comprising a drive shaft, a wheel mounted on said shaft and having a plurality of generally radial vanes said vanes having an axial dimension, a housing enclosing said wheel, an internal space defined by axially spaced, opposed housing walls, the axial spacing between the walls being only slightly greater than said axial dimension of said vanes, said vanes being rotatable within said space, each axial edge of at least the radially outer portion of said vanes defining between them and an adjacent part of the housing walls a running clearance only, there being between each two adjacent vanes and said walls a separating chamber which is effectively sealed from an adjacent similar chamber by the close relationship of said vanes and walls and said running clearance, said housing internal space extending radially outwardly of the envelope defined by rotation of said vanes and comprising means for defining a liquid receiving chamber disposed radially outwardly of said wheel, a fluid mixture inlet to said space in one of said walls, an innermost edge of said inlet being spaced radially from the shaft, a liquid outlet port in said liquid receiving chamber, pressure responsive valve means associated with said liquid outlet, a gas outlet disposed in the other of said walls and having an outermost edge located radially inwardly of the radially innermost edge of said fluid mixture inlet whereby upon the admission of a fluid mixture to the internal space substantially all liquid is centrifuged to said liquid receiving chamber by rotation of said wheel and said gas outlet and said liquid receiving chamber are isolated from one another.
2. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein a portion of said one wall is constituted by a disks secured to said shaft and rotatable with said wheel and said fluid mixture inlet is defined between the periphery of said disk and a remaining stationary annular portion of said one wall, said disk being of lesser diameter than said wheel.
3. Apparatus as claimed in claim 2 wherein a portion of said other wall is constituted by a disk secured to said shaft and rotatable with said wheel and said gas outlet is formed in said disk, said disk being of lesser diameter than said wheel.
4. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1 further comprising a compressor mounted on said shaft upstream from said separator, the outlet of said compressor being in communication with said fluid inlet chamber for said separator.
5. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein each vane edge is free at said outer portion of chordial connection to an adjacent vane.
6. Apparatus for separating a fluid mixture into a substantially liquid-free gaseous phase and a substantially gas-free liquid phase; comprising a housing, a fluid inlet in said housing, a rotatable drive shaft, a liquid handling centrifugal pump being mounted on said drive shaft and having a plurality of blades, an annular chamber surrounding said blades, a liquid outlet for the liquid centrifuged from said mixture by said centrifugal pump, a compressor having an inlet for gaseous components and an outlet therefor and a plurality of blades also mounted on said drive shaft and positioned downstream of said pump, a first passageway connecting said annular chamber with said the other end with said separator inlet, a gas outlet in compressor inlet for entry of the gas components of said housing for said gas component of said fluid mixture substantially aligned with said gas outlet of said separator, a third passageway communicating at one end with said liquid outlet of said separator and at the other end with said liquid outlet in said housing for removing said minor liquid component of the fluid mixture out of the housing substantially free of said gas component said separator comprising a pair of spaced superimposed disks having a plurality of radially extending blades therebetween, said radially extending blades extending substantially beyond the outer diameters of said disks, one of said disks being a solid wall the other of said disks being provided with a plurality of ports located relatively close to the axis of rotation of said separator, said ports being in communication with both the spaces between said radially extending blades and said gas outlet, said one solid wall disk extending radially beyond said ports and the space extending radially beyond said one solid wall disk forming a passage in communication with said fluid inlet chamber, said housing defining close clearance relationship to the sides of said radially extending blades with said liquid component for preventing back-flow thereof, and a collecting chamber for the liquid component of said mixture located on the periphery of said radially extending blades said collecting chamber being in communication with said liquid outlet, said collecting chamber being a common collecting chamber the outer ends of the passage walls, a pressure relief valve in said collecting ham r,s (1 al '1 said. 1' uid com nent of she fliii d m i xtiire i h e t ifr gh wli n the pr e sure of said separator is raised above a predetermined level by the rotation of said radially extending blades.
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|U.S. Classification||96/174, 55/470, 96/217, 417/69, 55/432, 55/403, 55/406, 96/408|
|International Classification||B04B5/00, B04B5/08, B04B5/12, B01D45/14, B01D45/12, F01M13/04, F01M13/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B04B5/12, B04B5/08, B01D45/14, F01M2013/0422|
|European Classification||B01D45/14, B04B5/08, B04B5/12|