Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3688407 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 5, 1972
Filing dateFeb 19, 1970
Priority dateFeb 19, 1970
Publication numberUS 3688407 A, US 3688407A, US-A-3688407, US3688407 A, US3688407A
InventorsOmer E Paquette
Original AssigneeOmer E Paquette
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dental cutting tool
US 3688407 A
Abstract
A tool holder and cutting tool having a handle with a recess at one end, a wedge means which fits in the recess, a blade which is held between the recess and the wedge means, and a locking rod connected at one end to the wedge means and engaging a locking nut on its opposite end whereby the wedge means may be tightened in the recess to securely hold the blade. A double-ended embodiment incorporating these elements is also described.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Paquette [451 Sept. 5, 1972 [54] DENTAL CUTTING TOOL ['72] Inventor: Omer E. Paquette, USAARMC Dental Detachment, Fort Knox, Ky. 40121 [22] Filed: Feb. 19, 1970 21 Appl. No.: 12,654

[52"] U.S. Cl. ..32/40 R, 30/301 [51] Int. Cl ..A61c 3/00 [58] Fieldof Search...32/40, 50, 46, 63; 128/305,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,209,499 12/1916 Riddle ..32/63 2,684,026 7/1954 Randolph ..30/329 UX 2,250,237 7/1941 Schwartzkopf ..30/ 304 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 511,967 4/1929 Germany ..32/4O Primary Examiner-Robert Peshock Att0rneyCharles K. Wright, Jr., William G. Gapcynski and Lawrence A. Neureither [57] ABSTRACT A tool holder and cutting tool having a handle with a recess at one end, a wedge means which fits in the recess, a blade which is held between the recess and the wedge means, and a locking rod connected at one end to the wedge means and engaging a locking nut on its opposite end whereby the wedge means may be tightened in the recess to securely hold the blade. A double-ended embodiment incorporating these elements is also described.

12 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PKTENTEDSEF 5 I972 3.688.407

xmuur'mn .v mirww V ///I////////////////////////////////////// FIG. 2

INVENTOR OMER E. PAQUETTE BXQQXENXLD ATTORNEY mental purposes without payment to me of any royalty thereon.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to tool holders and cutting tools. More specifically, it relates to tool holders having particular application in surgical procedures comprising a handle with a recess in one or both ends thereof, a wedge means which is received in the recess, and a locking means interconnecting the wedge means and the handle whereby the wedge means is held in the recess; and it relates to cutting tools comprising the aforementioned elements plus blade means having a terminal portion rigidly secured between the wedge means and the recess.

2. Description of the Prior Art The prior art includes many tool holder and cutting tool designs. Among the many prior art designs, the design of H. Laurence (U.S. Pat. No. 115,070, issued May 23, 1871) and L. Kalvin (U.S. Pat. No. 2,043,83l,issued June 9, 1936) are of interest. The Laurence patent teaches a tool holder employing two finger-like members to grip the tool and a locking rod and locking nut to pull the finger-like members tightly together. The Kalvin patent teaches a tool holder employing a ball and socket head member holding a U- shaped tool and a locking rod and locking nut to hold the tool firmly.

A need exists for a tool holder which can utilize inexpensive, readily-available, easily insertable, shapable blades which can be adjustably positioned relative to the longitudinal axis of the tool holder. The blades should be so inexpensive that worn-out blades can be discarded, thus eliminating the necessity of sharpening equipment and special sharpening procedures. The blades should be either readily available (i.e., they are not difficult to purchase) or easy to fabricate from stock material which is readily available.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A tool holder of this invention comprises a handle with a recess at one end thereof, wedge means received in the recess, and locking means interconnecting the wedge means and the handle whereby the wedge means is held in the recess. A cutting tool of this invention comprises the tool holder described plus blade means having a terminal portion rigidly secured between the wedge means and the recess. An alternate embodiment of the tool holder provides a double-ended tool holder comprising a handle with a recess at each end thereof, wedge means received in each of the recesses, and locking means interconnecting each of the wedge means and the handle whereby the respective wedge means are held in their respective recesses. An alternate embodiment of the cutting tool provides a double-ended cutting tool comprising the double-ended tool holder described plus blade means in one or both ends having a terminal portion of the blade means rigidly secured between the wedge means and the recess.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide tool holders and cutting tools which can utilize inexpensive, readily-available, easily insertable, shapable blades, which can be adjustably positioned relative to the longitudinal axis of the tool holder.

It is another object of this invention to provide tool holders and cutting tools which can utilizeblades so that worn-out blades can be discarded, thus eliminating sharpening equipment and special sharpening procedures.

It is another object of this invention to provide tool holders and cutting tools which can utilize disposable, rapidly interchangeable or replaceable, bowed blades, which may be conveniently custom contoured and positioned in the holder.

It is another object of this invention to provide tool holders and cutting tools utilizing blades which are conveniently, manually removed and replaced.

It is another object of this invention to provide a cutting tool which will remove tissue cleanly, with no tissue strings or tags, promoting healing.

It is another object of this invention to provide a cutting tool which can easily make smoothly contoured slices of any depth in areas such as the palate, regardless of the degree of concavity.

It is another object of this invention to provide low cost tool holders and cutting tools which are easily disassembled into a few large, uncomplicated parts, which are easy to clean or sterilize and not likely to be lost.

And finally it is another object of this invention to provide tool holders and cutting tools of simple design and construction rendering them virtually fool-proof and indestructible and making special maintenance unnecessary.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a tool holder;

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of an alternate embodiment providing a double-ended tool holder;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view ofa head ofa tool holder showing the wedge means extended outward from the recess to allow insertion of a blades terminal portion and also showing the locking rod connected to the wedge means;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a head with blade inserted between the wedge means and the recess;

FIG. 5 is a side view of a head with blade inserted showing alternate adjustable positions of a blade.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS may then be utilized as a blade for the cutting tool of this invention.

With reference specifically to the drawings, FIG. 1 shows tool holder comprising a handle 1 l with head 12 having a wedge seat or recess 16 forming a bifurcated member, a wedge means which fits between the branches of recess 16, a locking rod 14 connected to wedge means 15, and a locking nut 13 engaging the opposite end of locking rod 14. Wedge means 15 may be forced into recess 16 by any number of mechanisms ranging from a flexible cable to a threaded locking collar acting upon lugs projecting from the wedge means. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, wedge means 15 is drawn into recess 16 by locking rod 14 attached to wedge means 15. Looking rod 14 passes through a hole in the bottom of recess 16 and then through handle 1 1. The distal end of locking rod 14 threadedly engages locking nut 13 which bears against the end of handle 11. Locking nut 13, by screw action, adjusts tension on locking rod 14, thereby tightening or loosening wedge means 15 in recess 16. FIG. 1 shows the wedge means and recess at the end of a hollow, round handle, but they may be attached to a handle of any convenient shape, length or description. Locking nut 13 is drilled through as an assist in cleaning but this is not essential to the present invention. Locking rod 14 is shown threadedly engaged to wedge means 15, but any method of connection would serve the purpose and these two parts could be made as one piece, as by casting. The exterior surfaces of handle 11 and locking nut 13 may be coarsely ground to provide a gripping surface.

FIG. 2 shows an alternate embodiment of this invention in the form of a double ended tool holder comprising a two-part handle 11, 11 having recesses 16, 16 forming bifurcated members in each head 12, 12, wedge means 15, 15 which fit between the branches of the respective recesses 16, 16, locking rods 14, l4connected to the respective wedge means l5, l5, and modified locking nut 13' engaging the ends of the locking rods l4, l4. Either end can be tightened or loosened independently of the other and each functions essentially in the manner of a single-ended instrument.

FIG. 3 shows head 12 of a tool holder with wedge means 15 loosened or extended outward from recess 16 to allow insertion of a blade or some other desired tool.

FIG. 4 shows head 12 with blade means 17 in place between wedge means 15 and the branches of the bifurcated member formed by recess 16. Wedge means 15 grips by friction and wedge action whatever is placed between it and recess 16. The gripping surfaces of wedge means 15 and recess 16 may be specially shaped, coated, or finished to provide special gripping characteristics. The wedge means and recess can be fabricated in any size or configuration as specific applications may require.

Blade means 17 may be either bowed (U-shaped) having both terminal portions inserted between wedge means 15 and recess 16, or blade means 17 may have only one terminal portion inserted between wedge means 15 and recess 16. Blade means 17 may be flat material or it may be other types such as wire or cord, depending upon the application. One successful application for oral surgery uses flat rectangular strips of 0.005 in. thick stainless steel razor blade material. As previously mentioned, blade means may be fabricated from common, double-edge stainless steel razor blades by using a pair of scissors to cut a rectangular strip from such a razor blade. The terminal portions of the rectangular strips may be manually inserted between wedge means 15 and recess 16 to give the bowed blade means 17 seen in FIG. 4. Blade size and contour can be adjusted to meet a patients special needs. An infinite variety of shapes and sizes of curved or fiat cutting edges may be produced by altering the length, width, and curvature of blade means 17. Using only the fingers, bow curvature in the mounted blade may be customized" to match oral contours, thus providing the ultimate in adaptability. Flat, unbowed blade strips can also be used, requiring only one side of the gripping mechanism. A valuable feature of this invention is the adjustability of the angle of blade means 17 seen in FIG. 5. Blade means 17 can be set as desired throughout a continuous range of adjustment before one tightens the wedge means.

The present invention has been used successfully in the surgical removal of palatal papillary hyperplasia, and for obtaining oral free graft tissue from donor sites. The tool holder and cutting tool of this invention have obvious application in a variety of other medical and nonmedical professional and hobby fields.

Iclaim:

l. A tool holder adapted to hold a cutting member comprising:

a. a handle with a bifurcated member having outwardly diverging branches at one end thereof;

a wedge-shaped member receivable between said outwardly diverging branches of said bifurcated member, said wedge-shaped member having at least two opposed inwardly directed surfaces, so that a bowed cutting member adapted to be inserted between said outwardly diverging branches of said bifurcated member and said inwardly directed surfaces of said wedge-shaped member may be adjustably positioned through an arcuate range; and

. locking means interconnecting said wedge-shaped member and said handle, whereby said wedgeshaped member is held in said bifurcated member, so that a bowed cutting member may be rigidly secured between said bifurcated member and said wedge-shaped member.

2. The tool holder of claim 1 wherein said locking means comprises a locking rod disposed longitudinally within said handle and a locking nut on said locking rod.

3. The tool holder of claim 2 wherein said locking rod has screw threaded portions at opposite ends thereof and said locking rod threadedly engage said wedge-shaped member and said locking nut.

4. A cutting tool comprising:

a. a handle with a recess at one end thereof, wherein said recess forms a bifurcated member;

b. wedge means received in said recess between the branches of said bifurcated member;

c. locking means interconnecting said wedge means and said handle whereby said wedge means is held in said recess; and

d. blade means having a terminal portion rigidly secured between said wedge means and said recess.

5. The cutting tool of claim 4 wherein said locking means comprises a locking rod disposed longitudinally within said handle and a locking nut on said locking rod.

6. The cutting tool of claim 5 wherein:

a. said locking rod has screw threaded portions at pposite ends thereof and said locking rod threadedly engages said wedge means and said locking nut; and

b. said blade means comprises a thin strip of shapable material positionally adjustable when said locking means is loosened.

7. A tool holder adapted to hold a cutting member comprising:

a. a handle with a bifurcated member having outwardly diverging branches at each end thereof;

b. wedge-shaped members receivable between said outwardly diverging branches of each of said bifurcated members, said wedgeshaped members having at least two opposed inwardly directed surfaces, so that a bowed cutting member adapted to be inserted between each of said outwardly diverging branches of said bifurcated members and said inwardly directed surfaces of said wedge-shaped members may be adjustably positioned through an arcuate range; and

c. locking means interconnecting each of said wedgeshaped members and said handle whereby said wedge-shaped members are held in said bifurcated members, so that a bowed cutting member may be rigidly secured between each of said wedge-shaped members and said bifurcated members.

8. The tool holder of claim 7 wherein said handle includes a first and a second portion and an intermediate portion, and wherein said locking means connects each of said wedge-shaped member to said intermediate portion.

9. The tool holder of claim 7 wherein said locking means comprises locking rods having screw threaded portions at opposite ends thereof and each of said locking rods threadedly engages one of said wedge-shaped member and said intermediate portion.

10. A cutting tool comprising:

a. a handle with a recess at each end thereof, wherein each of said recesses forms a bifurcated member;

b. wedge means received in each of said recesses between the branches of said bifurcated member;

0. locking means interconnecting each of said wedge means and said handle whereby said wedge means are held in said recesses; and

d. blade means having a terminal portion rigidly secured between said wedge means and said recess.

1 l. The cutting tool of claim 10 wherein said handle includes a first and a second portion and an intermediate portion, and wherein said locking means connects each of said wedge means to said intermediate portion.

12. The cutting tool of claim 10 wherein:

a. said locking means comprises locking rods having screw threaded portions at opposite ends thereof and each of said locking rods threadedly engages one of said wedge means and said intermediate PQ i0 b. sai b ade means comprises a thin strip of shapable material positionally adjustable when said locking means is loosened.

PO-1O5O UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 56 CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent 3 #588,407 Dated September 5, 1972 Inventor(g) Omer E. Paquette It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected 'as shown below:

In the heading "[72] Inventor: Omer E. Paquette, USAARMC, Dental Detachment, Fort Knox, Ky. 40121" should read "[72] Inventor: Omer E. Paquette, c/o Office, Asst. Surgeon General for Dental Services,

Office of The Surgeon General, Department of the Army, Washington, D. C. 20314.

Column 2, line 5, after "so" insert --inexpensive-.

Signed and sealed this 1st day of May 1973.

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M. FLETCHER, J'R. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK Attest'ing Officer Commissioner of Patents

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1209499 *Sep 24, 1915Dec 19, 1916Napoleon B RiddleDental-matrix retainer.
US2250237 *May 22, 1940Jul 22, 1941Schwartzkopf Walter GStencil knife
US2684026 *Dec 2, 1952Jul 20, 1954Randolph Sr William FStamping die holder
DE511967C *Nov 5, 1930Hans Sachs DrWerkzeug zum Ausschuerfen der Zahnfleischtaschen bei der Parodontosebehandlung
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4221222 *Jun 12, 1978Sep 9, 1980Detsch Steven GMedical cutting instrument
US4943295 *Jul 13, 1988Jul 24, 1990Hartlaub Thaddeus JSurgical cutting tool
US5624451 *Oct 6, 1994Apr 29, 1997American Safety RazorFlexible blade for removing skin lesions
US5628759 *Sep 29, 1994May 13, 1997American Safety Razor CompanyFlexible surgical razor
US5674234 *Jan 13, 1995Oct 7, 1997American Safety Razor CompanyFlexible surgical razor
US5925056 *May 8, 1997Jul 20, 1999Surgical Dynamics, Inc.For removing matter from a surgical site during a surgical procedure
US5968062 *Aug 4, 1997Oct 19, 1999Surgical Dynamics, Inc.Surgical cutting device removeably connected to a rotarty drive element
US8277217 *Aug 11, 2009Oct 2, 2012Megagen Implant Co., Ltd.Dental instrument for cutting soft tissue
US20110136075 *Aug 11, 2009Jun 9, 2011Megagen Implant Co., Ltd.Dental instrument for cutting soft tissue
Classifications
U.S. Classification433/144, 30/301
International ClassificationA61B17/32
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/3213, A61B17/3211
European ClassificationA61B17/3211, A61B17/3213