|Publication number||US3688863 A|
|Publication date||Sep 5, 1972|
|Filing date||Oct 8, 1971|
|Priority date||Oct 8, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3688863 A, US 3688863A, US-A-3688863, US3688863 A, US3688863A|
|Inventors||Rubein V Johnson|
|Original Assignee||Rubein V Johnson|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (37), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Johnson 51 Sept. 5, 1972  ACOUSTIC EAR MOLD FOR HEARING AID  Inventor: Rubein V. Johnson, 2432 Court St.,
Muskogee, Okla. 74401  Field of Search ..181/23; 179/107 BC, 107 E 3,602,330 8/1971 Johnson ..181/23 Primary Examiner-Stephen J. Tomsky Attorney-Head & Johnson [5 7] ABSTRACT An acoustic ear mold insertable into the ear of an individual with impaired hearing, and used in conjunction with a hearing aid amplifier and transducer, incorporates therein reflection chambers. Amplified sound wave energy conducted to the ear mold proceeds to the hearing part of the brain over two separate routes, one route being by way of the tym-  References Cited panic membrance and the second route being by bone TE STATES A S conduction through the mastoid process.
2,874,231 2/ 1959 Wallace ..l79/ 107 E 8 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures ACOUSTIC EAR MOLD FOR HEARING AID CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION This invention is related to US. Pat. No. 3,602,330 issued Aug. 31, 1971 in the name of Rubein V. Johnson, entitled Acoustic Ear Mold For Hearing Aid.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to hearing aids and more particularly to an ear mold for a hearing aid which incorporates a plurality of reflection chambers.
l-leretofore, hearing aids have been developed for amplifying sound waves and to conduct the amplified waves to the tympanic membrane of the ear in order to improve the hearing of an individual. Presently manufactured hearing aid apparatus includes an amplifier, transducer and an ear mold, all or parts of which are insertable into the ear.
Amplified sound wave energy created by the amplifier and transducer is usually air conducted to the ear mold, wherein a longitudinal canal or conduit conveys the amplified sound wave and energy to the tympanic membrane of the ear, where the normal hearing process is commenced: that is the sound wave energy strikes the tympanic membrane and then travels on to the malleus, the incus, the stapes, to the oval window and on through the fluid of the sacs of the internal ear where the cochlea contains the organ of the corti with associated nerve endings of the auditory nerve from the brain.
A disadvantage of the presently manufactured ear molds is that improved hearing is contingent solely upon sound wave amplification. If, for example, otosclerosis has rendered immovable or partially immovable the stapes due to ankylosis in the oval window, the effectiveness of a hearing aid is lost.
Also, in many instances where a high level amplification is necessary, sound saturation results, whereby the normal process of hearing becomes traumatized and a degree of hearing is not aided in so far as intelligibility is concerned.
In addition to the normal air conduction process of hearing by way of the tympanic membrane, sound wave energy can also be conducted to the hearing part of the brain by means of bone conduction. In bone conduction hearing, vibratory sound wave energy is trans mitted to the brain over a separate and distinct route from the normal hearing process. Sound wave energy directly enters the mastoid process and travels by bone conduction to the hearing part of the brain for discrimination and interpretation. Thus, bone conduction hearing can be beneficial in reinforcing sound wave energy transmitted to the brain by the normal air conduction process.
It is therefore an object of this invention to present an improved acoustic ear mold for bone conduction of sound wave energy.
It is another object of this invention to present an improved ear mold wherein amplified sound waves are conducted to the tympanic membrane of the ear and simultaneously therewith to the bones of the mastoid process, such that sound wave energy is conveyed by two separate routes to the hearing, understanding part of the brain for speech and sound discrimination, interpretation, and understanding.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Generally, the improved acoustic ear mold of this invention contains as an integral part thereof reflection or resonance chambers, which divert and convert air conduction sound waves into bone conduction sound waves while yet allowing air conduction sound waves to pass to the tympanic membrane for entrance into the normal hearing process. The reflection chambers pass some wave energy into the bone of the mastoid process for conduction to the hearing part of the brain. The bone conducted sound wave energy reinforces the air conducted sound wave energy and increases the sound discrimination, interpretation, and understanding of the amplified sound waves entering the ear mold.
In applicants prior invention, now US. Pat. No. 3,602,330, there is disclosed an improved ear mold which contains reflection chambers for reinforcing the air conduction sound waves through the conduit in the ear mold to the tympanic membrane. There is also a metallic element or strip along the edge of the ear mold which is in contact with the reflection chambers so that acoustic energy inside the chambers is communicated to the metal strip along the outside of the ear mold.
The ear mold is designed so that this metallic strip is exposed to and in contact with the epidermis overlying the bony structure of the auditory meatus of the ear. This epidermis is quite thin and sound energy communicated to the strip or bone contactor bar is transmitted through the epidermis to the bony structure and thence to the mastoid bone process of the ear and by bone conduction to the hearing part of the brain.
In this invention a much simpler and more effective method of intensifying the airborne acoustic energy to the tympanic membrane and of transferring a part of this acoustic energy to the epidermis of the ear over the bony structure is effected.
The reflection chambers of this invention comprise a first longitudinal tubular chamber with end walls which are pierced by drilled holes of less diameter than the chamber. There is a second chamber which is attached longitudinally to the first chamber and which is shorter in length. The second chamber has closed ends and there is an opening communicating through the walls of the first and second chambers where they are in contact, that connects the interior space of the second chamber to the interior space of the first chamber. These chambers are designed in length and diameter to reinforce particular frequencies in the sound spectrum. The first chamber is placed axially in the conduit through the ear mold. This places the second chamber offcenter and therefore the covering of the ear mold plastic material is thinner over this second chamber. By properly orienting this second chamber in azimuth around the axis of the conduit, the sound wave energy trapped in the second chamber can progress directly to the epidermis over the bony structure of the ear. By this means part of the acoustic energy passes through the conduit into the reflection chambers is converted into vibratory energy which passes into the bony structure of the ear and then by a bone conduction to the brain.
These and other objects of this invention and a clear understanding of the principles of the invention will be evident from the following description taken in conjunction with the appended drawings, in which:
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side view of the ear mold for use in conjunction with an amplifier and transducer of a hearing aid and incorporating the improvements of this invention.
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 1 taken along line 2-2.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the ear mold of this invention taken along line 33 of FIG. 2.
FIGS. 4 and 5 show two embodiments of the reflection chambers, one of which is shown, in inserted form, in FIGS. 1, 2, and 3.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Turning now to the drawings and in particular to FIGS. 1, 2, and 3, there is shown an ear mold incorporating the improvements of this invention. The exterior design and contour of the ear mold, generally noted as the numeral 10, is merely one of the many types commercially available to the industry, and the exact configuration thereof in no way limits the application of the improvements of this invention Ear mold is insertable over the external auditory meatus portion of the ear includes a longitudinal canal 12 in which is received a pliant plastic tube 14 which conducts amplified sound waves from the amplifier and transducer of the hearing aid (not shown) but which can be similar to commercial units which are well known in the art. By way of example, the amplifier may be contained in the template of a pair of glasses, or in other instances, may be a solid state device carried by the ear mold itself. Canal 12 conducts amplified sound waves received from the amplifier and the transducer through the ear mold and presents the same to the tympanic membrane of the ear where the normal hearing process is initiated.
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, there is inserted into the longitudinal conduit between the tubing 14 and the opening 12 a reflection chamber assembly shown in more detail in FIGS. 4 and 5. One embodiment of this reflection chamber is indicated as being made up of a first chamber with inner space 38 and outer cylindrical shell 18. The ends of this shell 18 are closed off by end walls 20 and 24 which have central openings, respectively, 22 and 26.
Although there are central openings there is sufficient annular area of the end plates 20 and 24 available so that there will be internal reflection and resonance within the first chamber 18. Attached to the side of the chamber 18 is a second reflection chamber which comprises a cylindrical shell 28 with two closed end walls 30 and 32. This is attached longitudinally to the tube 18 along the seam 34. There is an opening 36 drilled through both of the walls of the first and second chamber which communicates between the internal volume 40 of the second chamber and the volume 38 in the first chamber.
As acoustic wave energy travels down the tubing 14 into opening 26 and into chamber 38, it reflects and resonates and the energy is again fed up out through opening 22 and conduit 12 into the ear and against the tympanic membrane, causing oscillation thereof and transmission from the ear of the electrical signals to the brain. At the same time, part of the energy in the chamber 38 passes into the second chamber 40 where it resonates, and certain frequencies are accentuated and others are weakened, so that the acoustic wave energy passing from the canal 12 to the ear can be strengthened in those frequency components to be desired.
It will be noted that the chamber 38 is placed substantially coaxial with the conduit 12 through the ear mold. This places the second chamber 40 on the side, so that there is a thinner wall 42 adjacent the chamber 40 than the wall 44 surrounding the central chamber 38.
The reflection assembly comprising the two chambers 38 and 40 is so positioned in azimuth about the conduit 12 that the thin wall portion 42 (when in use) lies adjacent the thin layer of epidermis covering the bony structure of the ear. Thus, the acoustic wave energy reflecting and resonating within the chambers 38 and 40 is communicated to the wall 28 of the chamber 40 and thence through the thin portion 42 of the ear mold and into the bony structure of the ear, where it is communicated to the mastoid process and by bone conduction to the brain. Thus, by making this wall thickness 42 thin enough, it is possible to do away with the metal bar which was used in U. S. Pat. No. 3,602,330, and still get acoustic wave energy transmitted into the bony structure of the ear.
Referring now to FIGS. 4 and 5, there are shown two embodiments of the reflecting assembly of this invention. FIG. 5 illustrates the type of structure which is shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 which comprises two cylindrical elements 18 and 28 fastened together along their edges. The ends 30, 32 of the second chamber 28 are completely closed off and the two chambers communicate through an opening 36 through the two walls from the chamber space 40 into the chamber space 38. The first chamber 18 has annular segments of end walls 20 and 24 which contribute to the internal reflection and the central openings 22 and 26 permit passage of the acoustic wave energy from the tube 14 into the opening 26 and out of the opening 22 through conduit 12 into the ear. I
In FIG. 4 a similar construction is used, except that a portion of the circumference and the end walls of the second chamber 40 are cut away so that the chamber casing 28 will fit snugly over the outside wall of the first chamber 38. There is only one wall separating the two chambers now, that of the tube 18, which has the opening'36 cut into it, which provide the communication required.
The tubes which form the assembly of the reflection chambers can be of any desired size, but because of the practical limitations of the human ear, etc., the optimum size of these tubes is approximately 8 gauge for the tube 18 and 8 or 10 gauge for the tube 28. The first reflection chamber with tube 18 may be of length 0.4 to 0.5 inches approximately, and the second chamber with exterior wall 28 may be from 0.2 to 0.3 inches in length.
The end opening facing the tubing 14 is approximately one-fourteenth inch diameter. The end opening facing the ear is approximately one-sixteenth inch diameter, as is the opening 36 communicating between the two chambers. The opening 36 may be placed in the center of the long dimension or near one end or the other, there being some difference in the resonance frequencies dependent on the position.
It is preferred that the material of which these reflection chambers are made by gold and that they be goldsoldered to form a rigid unitary construction without leaks through which acoustic energy can be dissipated.
While the invention has been described with a certain degree of particularity, it is manifest that many changes may be made in the details of construction and the arrangement of components. It is understood that the invention is not to be limited to the specific embodiment set forth herein, by way of exemplifying the invention, but the invention is to be limited only by the scope of the attached claim or claims, including the full range of equivalency to which each element or step thereof is entitled.
What is claimed: 7
1. In a hearing aid ear mold insertable into the auditory meatus of the ear and having a longitudinal canal for passage of sound wave energy to the tympanic membrane of the ear, the improvement comprising:
a. a first cylindrical reflection chamber disposed in said ear mold substantially coaxial with said canal, said chamber having end walls pierced by openings of smaller diameter than said chamber;
b. a second cylindrical reflection chamber attached longitudinally, side by side, to said first chamber, an opening drilled through the area of attachment communicating between said first and second chambers, the ends of said second chamber closed; and
c. the orientation of said second chamber about the axis of said ear mold being such that when said ear mold is in use said second chamber will be oriented toward the epidermis overlying the bony structure of the auditory meatus;
whereby part of the sound wave energy passing through said canal into said first chamber is reflected into said second chamber, and through the thin covering of said ear mold and said epidermis into the bony structure of the ear.
2. The ear mold as in claim 1 in which said first and second chambers are circular cylinders.
3. The ear mold as in claim 2 in which said circular cylinders are joined in tangential contact.
4. The ear mold asin claim 2 in which said second cylinder is cut away over a longitudinal portion of its cylindrical shell so as to fit the outer surface of said first cylinder.
5. The ear mold as in claim 4 in which said longitudinal portion comprises approximately 25 percent of the outer circumference of said second chamber.
6. The ear mold as in claim 1 in which said first chamber is made of 8 gauge tubing, and said second chamber is made of 10 gauge tubing.
7. The ear mold as in claim 1 in which said first chamber is in the range of 0.4 to 0.5 inches in length and said second chamber is in the range of 0.2 to 0.3 inches in length.
8. The ear mold as in claim 1 in which said first and second chambers are constructed of gold.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|U.S. Classification||181/135, 381/326|
|International Classification||H04R25/00, H04R1/22|
|Cooperative Classification||H04R25/652, H04R2460/13, H04R25/48|
|European Classification||H04R25/65B, H04R25/48|