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Publication numberUS3689972 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 12, 1972
Filing dateNov 19, 1970
Priority dateNov 19, 1970
Publication numberUS 3689972 A, US 3689972A, US-A-3689972, US3689972 A, US3689972A
InventorsDolister Harold H, Mosier James A
Original AssigneeModine Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of fabricating a heat exchanger
US 3689972 A
Abstract
A heat exchanger and a method of making a heat exchanger comprising an elongated integral metal tank-header with spaced tubes interfitted in openings formed by displacing metal of the header portion to form flanges. The flanges are bonded to the tube ends and the tank-header before and after the bonding has a curved cross section including the flange areas. The method of forming the heat exchanger in which an integral metal tank-header is provided of rounded externally convex cross section including a longitudinal portion comprising an elongated convex header, providing spaced openings in this header each defined by a flange of metal displaced from the header in forming the opening and each flange having a curved bonding surface bonding the end of the tube in each opening with bonding material located between the tubes and the surface on the corresponding flange and then reshaping the tank-header after the bonding.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Mosier et al.

[ 51 Sept. 12, 1972 [54] METHOD OF FABRICATING A HEAT [73] Assignee: Modine Manufacturing Company [22] Filed: Nov. 19, 1970 [21] Appl. No.: 91,027

[52] US. Cl. ..29/157.3 R, 165/175 [51] Int. Cl. ..B2ld 53/02 [58] Field of Search ..29/157.3 R; 165/175 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,307,622 3/1967 Oddy ..-...165/l75 X 3,238,606 3/1966 Tolson ..29/ 157.3 R 1,278,243 9/1918 Sonneborn ..165/175 2,153,806 4/1939 Karmazin ..29/157.3 D 3,275,070 9/1966 Beatenbough etal ..l65/175X 3,310,869 3/1967 La Porte et a1. ..29/l57.3 A

Primary Examiner-John F. Campbell Assistant Examiner-Donald C. Reiley, Ill Attorney-Hofgren, Wegner, Allen, Stellman & Mc-

. Cord [57] ABSTRACT A heat exchanger and a method of making a heat exchanger comprising an elongated integral metal tank-header with spaced tubes interfitted in openings formed by displacing metal of the header portion to form flanges. The flanges are bonded to the tube ends and the tank-header before and after the bonding has a curved cross section including the flange areas. The method of forming the heat exchanger in which an integral metal tank-header is provided of rounded externally convex cross section including a longitudinal portion comprising an elongated convex header, providing spaced openings in this header each defined by a flange of metal displaced from the header in forming the opening and each flange having a curved bonding surface bonding the end of the tube in each opening with bonding material located between the tubes and the surface on the corresponding flange and then reshaping the tank-header after the bonding.

7 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PATENTEDSEP ZM 3.689.972

FIGB

INVENTORS.

JAMES A.MOS|ER HAROLD H. DOLISTER.

A Que) q-WCM ATTORNEYS.

METHOD OF FABRICATING A HEAT EXCHANGER FIELD OF THE INVENTION One of the features of this invention is to provide a heat exchanger comprising at least one elongated integral metal tank-header having a plurality of openings in the header portion defined by flanges of metal displaced from the header in providing the openings, a tube end in each opening and bonded to its flange with bonding material and the tank-header having a flange area in the vicinity of each flange with the cross sectional curve of the arc of a circle and cross sectional areas spaced from these flange areas of a curvature different from those of the flange areas.

This invention also relates to a method of making a heat exchanger comprising providing an integral metal tank-header of rounded convex cross section, providing spaced openings in the header each defined by a flange of metal displaced from the header in forming the opening and each flange having a curved bonding surface, bonding the end of a tube in each opening and then reshaping the tank-header after the bonding in areas spaced from the flanges to satisfy space requirements or shape requirements of the heat exchanger.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a heat exchanger embodying the invention but prior to the reshaping of the tanks.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross sectional view through one of the tank-headers.

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view illustrating the heat exchanger after reshaping the tanks to satisfy shape or space requirements.

FIGS. 4, 5 and'6 are 'views similar to FIG. 2 but showing three additional embodiments of the invention.

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary side elevational view illustrating a further embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 8 is a view similar to FIG. 7 but illustrating an additional embodiment of the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In the embodiment of FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 the heat exchanger 10 comprises opposite and parallel tankheaders 11 and 12 interconnected by spaced parallel tubes 13 with each pair of adjacent tubes having customary serpentine fins 14 spanning the distance between.

As illustrated by the tank-header 11 in FIG. 2, each header 11 and 12 is of rounded generally circular cross section. In the embodiment of FIG. 2 the header portion 15 which is elongated and integral with the tank 16 contains inturned flanges 17 comprising the entire amount of metal displaced from the header portion 15 in piercing to provide openings for the ends of the tubes 13.

Each flange 17 is of generally oval shape to fit snugly against the oval end of its tube 13. As can be seen in the drawings each flange 17 has a large bonding surface pressed against the tube 13 and receiving the bonding metal layer 18 to form the joint.

sure indicated by the arrows 19. In the embodiment illustrated this reforming and reshaping pressure is sufficient to distort the metal of the tanks to beyond their yield points so that they retain this altered shape. As is shown in FIG. 3 this reforming provides substantially parallel lateral sides 20 on the tanks. In general, the reshaping after assembly and joining of the tankheaders and tubes alters the shape of the tanks to satisfy shape or space requirements.

In the embodiment of FIG. 4 the tank 21 is generally similar in shape to the tank 1 l but here the flanges 22 extend outwardly rather than inwardly. In the embodiments in FIGS. Sand 6 the flanges 23 and 24 also extend outwardly while the headers 35 and 36 are curved to a larger curvature than arethe corresponding tanks 37 and 38. In each of these embodiments of FIGS. 5 and 6 the tubes 40 and 41 are bonded to the corresponding flanges prior to reshaping of the tanks 37 and 38.

In this invention the combined tank and header is formed in the round and then reshaped with external pressure as indicated at 19 in FIG. 3 to the configuration desired. After forming the tank and header combination the header. is provided with the plurality of openings such as by piercing with external pressure in conjunction with the flanges 17 of the FIGS. 2 and 3 embodiment or with internal pressure as with the FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 embodiments and in all embodiments the flanges contain the entire amount of metal displaced by piercing so that there is no cutting and removal of metal. This provides a more strongly reinforced heat exchanger with strong joints as indicated by the bonding metal 18 in both the embodiments of FIGS. 2 and 4 with this bonding metal being in a layer between the flanges and the adjacent tube surfaces. This construction provides a lap joint, results in a large area for join,- ing which may be by brazing or the like and forms a guided lead in defined by the inner surfaces of the flanges for inserting the tube end which is received snugly within its flange by sizing the opening formed by the flange to be substantially the same as the surface area of the corresponding tube end. In addition, this arrangement provides a tapered fillet for the brazed joint which results in an extremely strong and secure joint and the resulting brazed joint follows the arc of a circle which is the most stable joint when subjected to internal pressure.

With this structure the reshaping after forming the joints between the headers and tubes retain all of the advantages of strength and deformation resistance in the header portion 15, for example, while permitting reshaping deforming of the tank 20 itself.

One preferred arrangement of the displaced metal flanges is illustrated in FIGS. 4-6 wherein the metal of the flanges 22, 23 and 24 is distorted outwardly to form external flanges. This results in better fluid flow patterns within the tanks and into the tubes 13, 40 and 41, reduces fluid erosion of the tube wall and reduces restrictions to fluid flow within the tanks.

In the embodiment of FIG. 7 the tank-header 25 is in the form of aligned individual segments 26 joined together at end flanges 27 on each which as illustrated in this embodiment are in abutting relationship. The individual segments 26 have attached thereto the spaced parallel tubes 28 as in the other embodiments with adjacent pairs of tubes being interconnected by heat exchange fins 29.

The embodiment of FIG. 8 differs from that of FIG. 7 in that the segments 30 of this embodiment are joined by having their ends shaped to provide cooperating bell 31 and pipe 32 fittings. In both embodiments of FIGS. 7 and 8, however, the assembly of the tubes joined to the tank-header is made and then the tank-header is reformed by applying pressure to its final shape shown in these two Figures.

Having described our invention as related to the embodiments shown in the accompanying drawings, it is our intention that the invention be not limited by any of the details of description, unless otherwise specified, but rather be construed broadly within its spirit and scope as set out in the appended claims.

We claim:

1. The method of making a heat exchanger, comprising: providing an integral metal tank-header of rounded convex cross section including a longitudinal portion comprising an elongated convex header; providing spaced openings in said header each defined by a flange of metal displaced from said header in forming the opening and each flange having a curved bonding surface; bonding the end of a tube in each said opening located between said tube and its flange bonding surface; and reshaping and reforming said tank-header by distorting said metal to beyond its yield point after said bonding in areas spaced from said flanges with the result that the tank-header retains its new shape.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein said flanges extend inwardly of said tank-header.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein said flanges extend outwardly of said tank-header.

4. The method of claim 1 wherein said reshaping provides a flat surface on said tank-header laterally of said header.

5. The method of claim 1 wherein said tank-header comprises cylindrical segments joined end-to-end, each said segment being a complete cylinder.

6. The method of claim 1 wherein adjacent segments are joined by a bell and interfitted pipe joint integral with said segments.

7. The method of claim 1 wherein adjacent segments are joined by outwardly extending abutting flanges.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1278243 *Jun 22, 1916Sep 10, 1918Pressed Metal Radiator CompanyRadiator or cooler.
US2153806 *May 7, 1935Apr 11, 1939Gen Motors CorpMethod of forming a heat exchange device
US3238606 *Feb 5, 1962Mar 8, 1966American Air Filter CoHeat exchanger manufacture
US3275070 *Apr 9, 1963Sep 27, 1966Gen Motors CorpCrossflow radiators
US3307622 *Dec 30, 1964Mar 7, 1967Borg WarnerRound tank heat exchanger
US3310869 *Oct 20, 1965Mar 28, 1967Fedders CorpMethod of making radiators
Referenced by
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US3833054 *May 2, 1973Sep 3, 1974Hoechst AgRadiator of thermoplastic material
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Classifications
U.S. Classification29/890.54, 29/890.52, 165/175
International ClassificationB21D53/02, F28F9/18, F28F9/04, B21D53/06, F28F9/02
Cooperative ClassificationB21D53/06, F28F9/182, F28F9/0221, F28F9/0243
European ClassificationB21D53/06, F28F9/02B2, F28F9/18B, F28F9/02H