|Publication number||US3690321 A|
|Publication date||Sep 12, 1972|
|Filing date||Oct 15, 1970|
|Priority date||Oct 15, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3690321 A, US 3690321A, US-A-3690321, US3690321 A, US3690321A|
|Inventors||Shalom Z Hirschman|
|Original Assignee||Shalom Z Hirschman|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (51), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Hirschman Sept. 12, 1972  CATAMENIAL DEVICE 2,652,056 9/1953 Lay ..128/285 2,682,875 7/ 1954 Brown 128/285 3 ,O37,506 6/1962 Penksa 128/285 3 ,420,234 ll 1 969 Phelphs l 28/ 285 Primary Examiner-Charles F. Rosenbaum Attorney-Philip G. Hilbert [57 ABSTRACT A catamenial device including a tampon portion for insertion into the vaginal canal, and a pad portion integral with the tampon portion and extending transversely thereof, the pad portion being seated between the labia majora of the vulva.
-:; 7 Claims, 11 Drawing Figures mimfnsmzwn 3.690.321
v saw 1 or 2 INVENTOR. Shalom Z. Hirschman ATTORNEY P'Anmmsmwn I 3.690.321
SHEET 2 0F 2 F'IG.9
CATAMENIAL DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The menstrual period is an exceedingly uncomfortable time interval for most women. Particularly, there is the need formaintaining garments free of the menstrual eflluent and for overcoming the discomfort of the catamenial devices used and the release of undesirable odors therefrom.
Intravaginal catamenial tampon devices have won substantial acceptance by women. However, such known tampon devices present a number of problems. Thus, they are somewhat difficult to insert into the vaginal canal and require special inserting means, which usually take the form of elongated plastic plunger devices. Also, tampon devices have a tendency to swell as they absorb the menstrual effluent leading to (a) difliculty in removing the saturated tampon; and (b) leakage of the absorbed efi'luent due to squeezing of the device, resulting in soilage of garments and the like.
Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide an improved catamenial device of the tampon type, which is of such a construction as to allow for insertion of the same within the vaginal canal without the need for inserting means.
Another object of this invention is to provide an improved tampon construction which lends itself to easy removal and prevents leakage of effluent around the tampon, thereby eliminating soilage of garments and the like.
Still another object of this invention is to provide an improved tampon construction which includes a sealant pad portion integral with the tampon portion disposed within the vaginal canal, the pad portion being located between the labia majora of the vulva.
Yet another object of this invention is to provide a tampon construction which has a high absorptive capacity for menstrual effluent, yet is free of undue swelling due to the absorbed effluent.
Yet a further object of this invention is to provide an improved tampon construction which does not tend to distend the normally constricted vaginal orifice despite the presence of the tampon portion within the vaginal canal. I
Still a further object of this invention is to provide an improved catamenial device of the character described, which includes improved means for dispensing lubricant, deodorants, therapeutic compositions and the like, upon insertion of the device into the vaginal canal.
Still another object of this invention is to provide an improved tampon construction which is altogether concealed in use, which is comfortable to the user and which does not interfere with the daily routine of the user.
Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an elevational view of a catamenial device embodying the invention;
FIG. 2 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an elevational view similar to that of FIG. 1, showing another embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is an elevational view showing still another embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 6 is an elevational view showing yet another embodiment of the invention;
FIGS. 7-9 show several cross sectional forms for the pad portion of the catamenial device;
FIG. 10 is a diagrammatic showing of the catamenial device in its normal anatomical disposition;
FIG. 11 is a plan view showing the catamenial device in relation to the vulva and vagina, when in use.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The catamenial device of the instant invention comprises essentially a tampon portion insertable into the vaginal canal, and a pad portion integral with the tampon portion which lies between the labia majora of the vulva.
Thus, as shown in FIG. 1, l0 designates a catamenial device embodying the invention. The same comprises a tampon portion 11 and a pad portion 12 extending transversely of the axis of the tampon portion and located at one end thereof. The device 10 is made of highly absorbent material such as cellulose wadding or the like, suitably rolled and molded to the desired T shaped configuration.
The tampon portion 11 may be of cylindrical shape, terminating in a tapered end portion 13. End portion 13 may be formed with a series of longitudinally extending, circumferentially spaced grooves 14. Grooves 14 are of tapered cross section such as a V shape or the like with the maximum transverse dimension at the outer surface of end portion 13. Grooves 14 are adapted to carry lubricant, deodorant or therapeutic compositions in a preferably viscous form.
To use device 10, the same is manually grasped at pad portion 12 and tampon portion 11 is directed into vaginal canal V. The tapered end portion 13 of device 10 will displace the labia majora L, L of the vulva and the force applied to pad portion 12 will act along the longitudinal axis of tampon portion 11 to insert the same in the vaginal canal V.
When the tampon portion 11 is fully inserted in the vaginal canal V, the pad portion 12 will lie between the labia majora L, L. The pad portion 12 has tapering ends 15. However, the cross section of pad ends 15 may take varying forms as shown in FIGS. 7-9, including the elliptical form 16; the egg shaped form 17; or the wedge shaped form 18.
Alternatively, as shown in FIGS. 3, 4; portion 12A of device 10A may comprise longitudinally extending portions 20, 21. The outermost portion 20 has a transverse section of somewhat larger dimensions then that of the innermost portion 21. The surfaces of pad portions 20, 21 are preferably curvilinear and may be either part circular as shown; or part elliptical. In either case the radial dimensions of the portion 20 are greater then that of portion 21.
As shown in FIG. 5, the catamenial device 10 B is similar to that shown in FIG. 1, except that the tampon portion 11 is tapered at its inner end 22 and then reversely tapered as at 23, at its juncture with pad portion 12. Thus, there is formed a constricted portion 24 at the juncture of tapered portions 22, 23. It will be apparent that upon inserting device B, in the manner previously described; the constricted portion 24 will be located at the vaginal orifice. This will leave the vaginal orifice in its normal constricted form, notwithstanding the presence of the tampon portion 11 in the vaginal canal V.
In all cases, the devices of the instant invention are effective, when inserted and in place, to seal the vaginal orifice by way of pad portion 12, to thereby prevent leakage of menstrual efiluent. Also, the absorptive capacity of tampon portion 11, is augmented by the absorptive capacity of pad portion 12, to thereby minimize swelling of the tampon portion 11 and leadageof menstrual effluent.
The labia majora L, L of the vulva enclose the pad portion 12 to thereby retain device 10 in place and to avoid inadvertent movement of the tampon portion 1 1. Further the device 10 may be readily removed by way of pad portion 12. However, if desired, a string S may be attached to one end of pad portion 12 to facilitate removal of device 10.
Also, as shown in FIG. 6, device 10 C may take a modified form in respect to the pad portion 12. Thus, pad portion 12 may be tapered in cross section from end to end, providing a larger posterior portion 25 and a smaller anterior portion 26; which permits pad portion 12 to more closely approximate anatomical contours at the vulva.
The grooves 14 at the tapered end portion 13 of tampon portion 11, serve as a means for dispensing lubricant, deodorant or therapeutic compositions, insomewhat viscous form. The tapered cross section of such grooves allow for constriction of end portion 13 as the same is inserted into the vaginal canal V to thereby force the content of said grooves into contact with the wall surfaces of the vaginal canal. The pad portion 12 may be similarly grooved to carry similar compositions for dispensing when said pad portion is in place between the labia majora L, L.
It is understood that the tampon portion 11 and pad portion 12 may be suitably perfumed, to mask undesirable odors; and to otherwise be impregnated with therapeutic compositions or the like.
1. A catamenial device comprising a tampon portion disposable within the vaginal canal, and a pad portion integral with one end of said tampon portion and extending transversely of the longitudinal axis of the tampon portion, said pad portion having curvilinear surface portions and being disposable between the labia of the vulva.
2. A catamenial device as in claim 1 wherein said pad portion comprises longitudinally extending outer and inner portions, the outer portion having transverse dimensions greater then that of said inner portion.
3. A catamenial device as in claim 2 wherein each of the outer and inner pad portions have curvilinear surfaces.
4. A catamenial device as in claim 1 wherein the free end of said tampon portion is tapered, the tapered end portion of the tampon portion being formed with longitudinally extending grooves for carrying and dispensing a composition for application to the walls of 1 5. A catamenial device as in claim 1 wherein said pad portion is tapered from end to end to provide enlarged cross sectional portions at one end thereof and reduced cross sectional portions at the other end thereof.
6. A catamenial device as in claim 1 wherein said pad portion has tapering cross sectional portions extending to the opposite ends thereof.
7. A catamenial device as in claim 1 wherein said pad portion has a cross section of elliptical shape.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2331355 *||Sep 18, 1941||Oct 12, 1943||Herman L Strongson||Catamenial pad|
|US2652056 *||Sep 8, 1952||Sep 15, 1953||Earle C Haas||Catamenial device|
|US2682875 *||Jun 27, 1952||Jul 6, 1954||Ethel C Brown||Catamenial tampon|
|US3037506 *||Jan 27, 1960||Jun 5, 1962||Penksa Stanley||Tampon napkin|
|US3420234 *||Oct 23, 1965||Jan 7, 1969||John T Phelps||Combined sanitary pad and catamenial tampon|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3905372 *||Jun 20, 1974||Sep 16, 1975||Marian C Denkinger||Feminine hygiene protective shield|
|US3948257 *||Aug 21, 1975||Apr 6, 1976||William Stephen Bossak||Vulvar deodorant system|
|US3995636 *||May 7, 1975||Dec 7, 1976||Murray Jerome L||Constrained catamenial device employing adhesive coating|
|US4077408 *||May 7, 1975||Mar 7, 1978||Murray Jerome L||Catamenial device employing polymeric constraining means|
|US4077409 *||May 7, 1975||Mar 7, 1978||Murray Jerome L||Encapsulated catamenial device|
|US4088132 *||May 7, 1975||May 9, 1978||W. R. Grace & Co.||Hydrophilic polyurethane foams for use in catamenial devices|
|US4286596 *||Feb 27, 1978||Sep 1, 1981||Herbert Rubinstein||Tampon containing a liquid medicant|
|US5290262 *||Oct 15, 1992||Mar 1, 1994||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Feminine hygiene article and method|
|US5389181 *||Oct 20, 1993||Feb 14, 1995||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Feminine hygiene article and method|
|US5895381 *||Jan 3, 1997||Apr 20, 1999||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device with flexible extensions|
|US5964689 *||Nov 20, 1997||Oct 12, 1999||The Procter & Gamble Company||Method of making an absorbent interlabial device with a central groove|
|US5968026 *||Nov 14, 1997||Oct 19, 1999||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device|
|US6033391 *||May 21, 1998||Mar 7, 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Toilet-disposable absorbent interlabial device|
|US6063064 *||Apr 28, 1998||May 16, 2000||Tuckey; Donald L.||Incontinence appliance|
|US6123693 *||Jul 30, 1998||Sep 26, 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device with flexible extensions|
|US6149635 *||Dec 3, 1999||Nov 21, 2000||Tuckey; Donald L.||Incontinence appliance|
|US6183456||May 1, 1998||Feb 6, 2001||The Procter & Gamble Company||Feminine hygiene system and kit using an absorbent interlabial device|
|US6270486 *||May 1, 1998||Aug 7, 2001||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device|
|US6355022||Mar 11, 1999||Mar 12, 2002||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device with substance thereon for maintaining the device in position|
|US6409713||Jun 5, 1997||Jun 25, 2002||The Procter & Gamble Company||Emollient-treated absorbent interlabial application|
|US6416501||Apr 23, 2001||Jul 9, 2002||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device|
|US6455034 *||Oct 13, 1994||Sep 24, 2002||Mcneil-Ppc, Inc.||Method for inhibiting the development of body odors|
|US6464670 *||Nov 10, 1999||Oct 15, 2002||Biomed Innovations, Llc||Method of delivering therapeutic agents to the urethra and an urethral suppository|
|US6702796||Mar 26, 2001||Mar 9, 2004||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device having an improved tab|
|US6890325||Dec 31, 2001||May 10, 2005||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Labial pad having a tab|
|US6932805 *||May 16, 2002||Aug 23, 2005||The Procter & Gamble Company||Shaped tampon|
|US7115116||Dec 31, 2001||Oct 3, 2006||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Labial pad having various means|
|US7288080||Dec 31, 2001||Oct 30, 2007||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Labial pad|
|US7294138 *||Jun 28, 2004||Nov 13, 2007||Shippert Ronald D||Nose pack method and apparatus|
|US7311699 *||Nov 21, 2003||Dec 25, 2007||The Procter & Gamble Company||Tampon with raised portions|
|US7799966 *||Apr 11, 2001||Sep 21, 2010||Playtex Products, Inc.||Fibrous absorbent articles having malodor counteractant ability and method of making same|
|US8197434||Apr 28, 2004||Jun 12, 2012||Playtex Products, Inc.||Tampon assembly having shaped pledget|
|US8672872 *||May 17, 2006||Mar 18, 2014||Calla Lily Personal Care Ltd||Sanitary product|
|US9192522||Mar 5, 2007||Nov 24, 2015||Eveready Battery Company, Inc.||Tampon assembly having shaped pledget|
|US9265668||Dec 10, 2004||Feb 23, 2016||Calla Lily Personal Care Ltd||Sanitary product|
|US9387133||Apr 2, 2012||Jul 12, 2016||Calla Lily Personal Care Ltd||Sanitary product for a human vagina|
|US20020010447 *||Apr 11, 2001||Jan 24, 2002||Playtex Products, Inc.||Fibrous absorbent articles having malodor counteratant ability and method of making same|
|US20020193773 *||Dec 31, 2001||Dec 19, 2002||Edens Ronald L.||Finger-receiving area for a labial pad|
|US20030176845 *||May 16, 2002||Sep 18, 2003||The Procter & Gamble Company||Shaped tampon|
|US20040243088 *||Apr 28, 2004||Dec 2, 2004||Playtex Products, Inc.||Tampon assembly having shaped pledget|
|US20050113788 *||Nov 21, 2003||May 26, 2005||The Procter & Gamble Company||Tampon with raised portions|
|US20050256440 *||Apr 30, 2004||Nov 17, 2005||Zunker Maryann||Disposable device for mechanically engaging a vagina|
|US20050288620 *||Jun 28, 2004||Dec 29, 2005||Shippert Ronald D||Nose pack method and apparatus|
|US20080077105 *||Dec 10, 2004||Mar 27, 2008||Yu Sing Hooi||Sanitary product|
|US20090131852 *||May 17, 2006||May 21, 2009||Keir McGUINNESS||Sanitary Product|
|US20140200541 *||Mar 14, 2014||Jul 17, 2014||Calla Lily Personal Care Ltd.||Sanitary product|
|DE4130687A1 *||Sep 14, 1991||Mar 18, 1993||Frances M Faglione||Genitale vulvakissen/hygienebinden-konstruktion|
|EP2201918A2||Dec 10, 2004||Jun 30, 2010||McGuinness, Keir||Sanitary Product|
|WO1994022405A1 *||Mar 24, 1994||Oct 13, 1994||Kaysersberg||Women's sanitary article such as sanitary towel|
|WO2000013721A2 *||Sep 8, 1999||Mar 16, 2000||Mulholland S Grant||Method of delivering therapeutic agents to the urethra and an urethral suppository|
|WO2000013721A3 *||Sep 8, 1999||Jun 8, 2000||S Grant Mulholland||Method of delivering therapeutic agents to the urethra and an urethral suppository|
|U.S. Classification||604/359, 604/375, 604/904|
|International Classification||A61F13/20, A61F13/15|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F2013/4729, A61F13/2051, Y10S604/904|