|Publication number||US3690475 A|
|Publication date||Sep 12, 1972|
|Filing date||Jan 20, 1971|
|Priority date||Jan 20, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3690475 A, US 3690475A, US-A-3690475, US3690475 A, US3690475A|
|Original Assignee||Sickinger Co Hans|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (11), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Pfaffle MECHANISM FOR DIVIDING STACKS OF PAPER SHEETS 211 App1.No.: 108,062
 US. Cl ..2l4/8.5 SS, 214/8.5 C, 271/44  Int. Cl..... ..B65h 3/32, B65g 59/06  Field of Search ..271/44, 1; 214/85 SS  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,238,138 8/1917 Harvey ..271/44R 1,326,194 12/1919 Harvey ..27l/44R 51 Sept. 12, 1972 Primary Examiner-Joseph Wegbreit Attorney-Harness, Dickey & Pierce [5 7 ABSTRACT A mechanism for dividing stacks of paper sheets into counted groups. The stack is held in vertical guides above a carriage which carries longitudinally spaced reciprocating upper and lower platforms. As the stack drops from the upper to the lower platform a reference finger and a separating wedge approach one corner of the stack, the finger supporting the stack and the wedge entering the stack at a predetermined height above the finger. At this point the carriage begins its return movement and the upper platform enters the stack at the height of the wedge, both members then retracting. The counted group then drops between the platforms onto delivery bars.
8 Claims, 6 Drawing figures P'A'IENTEDsw 12 me SHEET 1 OF 4 INVENTOR. 2 3775] 7/2/7719 M arms/.51
PATENTED SEI 121912 SHEET U 0F 4 INV EN TOR. m 7/27/78 MECHANISMFOR DIVIDING STACKS OF PAPER SHEETS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The invention relates to paper sheets used for writing purposes, for example ruled looseleaf sheets, which are distributed in packages with each package having a group of predetermined count.
2. Description of the Prior Art Normally a printing machine or a sheeter is employed to divide a paper web into large sheets, each sheet having a multiplicity of the sheets of final size. The counting of such sheets is conventionally accomplished at the-printing machine or sheeter by means of slip sheets which are automatically placed in the stack so that it may later bedivided by a sidewise pushing movement. This necessitates the provision of the slip sheet material as well as a mechanism for cutting and purposes.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention provides a separate and independent means for dividing stacks of final size sheets into groups of predetermined count, with this count being completely flexible at all times. The invention thus eliminates the need for slip sheets and their attendant cutting and feeding mechanism, and provides complete flexibility to the manufacturer for packaging groups of any number even at the last prepackaging stage.
Essentially, the invention comprises a base on which is mounted a reciprocable carriage, with stack comer guides mounted above the carriage. Upper'and lower longitudinally spaced platforms are supported by the carriage, the lower platform being adjustable in height and the difference in height between these platforms approximating the thickness of the group to be counted.
The upper platform has a low friction surface and as the carriage moves it is withdrawn from the stack which starts to drop onto the lower platform. At the point where the upper platform is' completely withdrawn, a reference finger and separating wedge approach one corner of the stack. The finger supports the corner at the same height as the lower platform, while the wedge enters the stack comer at the exact point of the count and cams the stack upwardly.
The carriage then begins its return movement, the inclined forward edge of the upper platform entering the separation in the stack as the wedge and finger are withdrawn. The counted group then drops below the upper platform onto receiving bars.
Upon the next forward movement of the carriage, the receiving bars will deliver the counted group to withdrawal means, while the next group is being divided from the stack.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of the stack dividing mechanism;
FIG. 2 is an end elevational view of the machine taken in the direction of the arrow 2 of FIG. 1',
FIG. 3 is a top .plan view of the machine;
FIG. 4 is a side elevational view of the lower platform showing the driving mechanism for the carriage;
FIG. 5 is an end elevational view of the lower platform taken in the direction of the arrow 5 of FIG. 4 and showing the height adjusting mechanism; and
FIG. 6 is a detailed elevational view of the-separating wedge and reference finger.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The mechanism is generally indicated at l l and comprises a rectangular base 12 on which is mounted a pair of tracks 13 and 14. A carriage generally indicated at 15 is mounted on these tracks, and comprises a pair of rails 16 and 17 carried by tracks 13 and 14 respectively. Between these rails extend an upper platform ,3. The platform comprises a flat plate of generally rectangular shape but havingan inclined forward edge 21 with the leading corner 22 thereof on the right hand side as one faces the machine in FIG. 2. The platform is secured to rails 16 and 17 by brackets 23 and 24. The height of platform 18 is fixed withrespect to base 12.
Lower platform 19 comprises a U-shaped frame 25 fixed to rails 16 and 17 by brackets 26,27, 28 and 29. As seen in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5, two pairs of bearings 31, 32 and 33, 34 extend upwardly from base 25 and support two height adjusting shafts 35 and 36. A plate 37 is supported above base 25 by means of downwardextensions 38 on the plate in which are disposed eccentrics 39 fixed to shafts 35 and 36. A tie rod 41 connects the two shafts so that they will rotate in unison. A pair of adjusting knobs 42 and 43 are mounted on the outer ends of the shafts so that the height of plate 37 may be adjusted. A pair of lock nuts 44 and 45 are mounted inwardly of the knobs to lock the plate in its adjusted position.
Four group carrying strips 46, 47, '48 and 49 are mounted on plate 37, the inner ends .of these strips being inclined downwardly at 51 as seen in FIG. 4. The inner end 52 of base 25 is also downwardly inclined to accommodate strip portions 51. The vertical distance between strips 49 and upper platform 18 will approximate the thickness of the group to be counted.
Carriage 15 is reciprocated in such a way that platforms 18 and 19 will be alternately positioned at the location of the stack of paper 53 to be counted. The means for driving carriage 15 between its positions comprises a drive bracket 54 extending downwardly from frame 25 of platform 19, and an endless chain 55 having a pin 56 disposed in a slot 57 of this bracket. Chain 55 is driven by a motor 58 (FIG. 2) through a shaft 59 carrying a sprocket 61. This sprocket drives a chain 62 which in turn drives a sprocket 63 on a stub shaft 64. The stub shaft carries a sprocket 65, which, together with a second sprocket-66 on a stub shaft 67, carries endless chain 55.
Stack 53 is held in position by four vertical corner guides 68, 69, 71 and 72 seen best in FIG. 3. Of these, guides 68, 69 and 71 each comprises a pair of bars on horizontally adjustable arms 73, 74 and 75 respectively. These arms have elongated slots and are clampable by knobs 76 against their respective supporting posts 77 (FIG. 1). Guide 72 on the other hand comprises an angular member which is in fixed position, being secured to base 12 by base support 78 (FIG. 3). It will thus be seen that the transverse dimension of the stack will be adjusted by means of guides 68 and 69 at the top of this figure and that the longitudinal dimension will be adjusted by guides 68 and 71.
It is important that the lower ends of guides 68 through 72 be below the surfaces of strips 46 through 49 to prevent undesired shifting of the stack. In order to accommodate different stack sizes in a transverse direction, strips 46 and 47 are therefore adjustable transversely by means of slots 79 and 81 in plate 37 and adjusting clamps 82 on the strips as seen in FIG. 3.
The means for exactly dividing the group to be counted from the stack comprises a reference finger 83 and a separating wedge 84, both of which are carried by a bracket 85. This bracket is located immediately past guide 72 and extends downwardly, its lower end being connected to an actuating link 86. This link is guided on the side of base 12 by a bracket 87 and carries a shoulder 88, a coil spring 89 being disposed between bracket 87 and shoulder 88. The spring urges link 86 to the left in FIG. 1 which in turn will cause support 85 to advance toward stack 53. A slot 91 is provided in guide 72 to permit finger 83 and wedge 84 to approach the stack.
The means for actuating link 86 comprises a cam 92 on shaft 59 and a cam follower 93 on a link 94 pivoted at 95 to base 12. The upper end of link 94 is connected at 96 to link 86. The major portion of cam 92 is so formed so that support 85 will be held in its right hand or retracted position as shown in FIG. 1. However, upon cam follower 93 entering portion 97 of cam 92, support 85 will rapidly approach stack 53 and then be withdrawn therefrom. This will occur, as will be later seen, when platform 18 is withdrawn from the stack which rests on platform 19.
Means are provided for adjusting the height of separating wedge 84 with respect to reference finger 83. This means is best shown in FIG. 6 and comprises a pivotal support 98 for wedge 84 and an adjusting screw 99 mounted on support 85, with a lock nut 101 for holding the wedge in its adjusted position. It will be seen in FIG. 6 that the upper surface of reference finger 83, which is at approximately the same height as the upper surface of strips 46 to 49, will accurately locate the underside of stack 53 so that when the pointed edge 102 of wedge 84 enters the stack, it will separate a group 103 which has an accurately counted number of sheets. As wedge 84 holds the group separated in this fashion, the leading corner 22 of platform 18 will enter this separation and continue to move into the stack as the finger and wedge are withdrawn. Group 103 will thus pass downwardly through the space between platforms 18 and 19.
Means are provided for receiving the separated group 1.03 and delivering it to a pickup point. In the illustrated embodiment, this means comprises three bars 104, 105 and 106 which are secured to the inner end of platform 19 and extend under platform '18. The group of sheets 103 dropping onto these bars will be carried toward the exit end of machine 11 where it may be picked up by any appropriate means (not shown).
To summarize the operation of the mechanism, assuming an initial condition in which platform 18 is supporting stack 53, finger 83 and wedge 84 will be in their retracted positions. As carriage l5 advances to the right toward the solid line position of FIG. 1, platform 18 will slide out from under the stack which will then drop onto platform 19. At this point platform 18, including its leading corner 22, will be completely clear of the stack.
While in this position, reference finger 83 and seperating wedge 84 will rapidly advance toward the stack and willseparate it from a comer of group 103, as seen in FIG. 6. With thecomer of the stack held in separated position, the carriage will begin its return movement to the left in FIG. 1-.,Corner 22 of platform 18 will enter at the point of separation and will begin to separate the remainder of group 103 which rests on platform 19, the entire stack,'including group 103, beingheld against horizontal movement by guides 68 through 72. As carriage 15 continues to move to the left, platform 18 will enter between stack 53 and group 103. Stack 103 will still be-retained by guides 68.
through 72, and platform 19 will therefore slide out from ,under group 103, this group dropping onto delivery bars 104, and 106. Meanwhile the remainder of the stack 53 will again rest on platform Upon the next rightward movement of carriage 15 in FIG. 1, group 103 which is restingon the delivery bars will be carried to the right to be picked up. Meanwhile, platform 18 will again be withdrawn from the underside of stack 53 which will drop onto platform 19, and the cycle will be repeated.
What is claimed is:
1. In amechanism for dividing a stack of sheets into groups of predetermined count, a base, a carriage reciprocably mounted on said base, said carriage having longitudinally spaced upper andlower platforms, guides mounted above said carriage and holding a stack of sheets in position whereby horizontal shifting of the stack is prevented, the carriage being movable between a first position in which the upper platform supports said stack and a second position in which the lower platform supports the stack, and dividing means separate from and narrower than said platforms, said dividing means being actuatable in response to arrival of said lower platform beneath said stack for separating a portion of a group of sheets of predetermined count from the lower end of said stack, said upper platform being so shaped as to enter between said stack and group at said separated portion upon return movement of said carriage to its first position and continue to enter between the stack and group, whereby the group will become separated from the stack and dropped below the upper platform.
2. The combination according to claim vl, further I said height adjusting means comprising rotatable eccentric members connecting said plate and base.
5. The combination according to claim 1, said divid ing means being located at one corner of said stack at the end of the machine toward which said group is delivered, said upper platform having an inclined inner edge whereby the forward corner thereof will enter at said comer of the stack.
6. The combination according to claim 1, said dividing means comprising a reference finger reciprocably mounted at one corner of said stack, a separating wedge mounted above said finger, and means for adjusting the distance between said finger and wedge.
7. The combination according to claim 1, said stack guiding means comprising three adjustable guides at three corners of said stack and a fixed guide in the fourth corner, said stack dividing means comprising a
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1238138 *||Mar 6, 1917||Aug 28, 1917||Milwaukee Lace Paper Co||Paper-feeding mechanism.|
|US1326194 *||Jun 25, 1919||Dec 30, 1919||harvey|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3757970 *||Apr 28, 1972||Sep 11, 1973||Sickinger Co H||Lift forming device for book punching machine|
|US3933255 *||Dec 6, 1973||Jan 20, 1976||Bemis Company, Inc.||Case magazine and feed apparatus|
|US4252483 *||Mar 31, 1978||Feb 24, 1981||Hans Sickinger Company||Automatic book strip feeder|
|US4313703 *||Nov 5, 1979||Feb 2, 1982||Womako Maschinenkonstruktionen Gmbh||Apparatus for breaking up stacks of paper sheets or the like|
|US4662816 *||Jul 28, 1986||May 5, 1987||Womako Maschinenkonstruktionen Gmbh||Method of breaking up stacks of paper sheets or the like|
|US5387078 *||Nov 10, 1993||Feb 7, 1995||General Binding Corporation||Disk lift separator|
|US5441249 *||Dec 22, 1992||Aug 15, 1995||Asterisk, Inc||Method and device for separating lifts from a stack of sheets|
|US7704037 *||Nov 17, 2006||Apr 27, 2010||Kolbus Gmbh & Co. Kg||Device for destacking cubic printed products|
|US20070147980 *||Nov 17, 2006||Jun 28, 2007||Klaus Gerke||Device for destacking cubic printed products|
|EP0465937A1 *||Jun 27, 1991||Jan 15, 1992||Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Aktiengesellschaft||Device for changing piles in a sheet delivering device|
|EP1577243A1 *||Mar 15, 2004||Sep 21, 2005||Adolf Mohr Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG||Apparatus for feeding a pile to a further processing station|
|U.S. Classification||414/796.1, 414/797.4, 271/142|
|International Classification||B65H3/32, B65H33/02, B65H33/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B65H33/02, B65H3/322, B65H2301/42322, B65H2301/422|
|European Classification||B65H33/02, B65H3/32B|