|Publication number||US3690565 A|
|Publication date||Sep 12, 1972|
|Filing date||Jan 7, 1971|
|Priority date||Jan 7, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3690565 A, US 3690565A, US-A-3690565, US3690565 A, US3690565A|
|Inventors||Abos Ralph L|
|Original Assignee||Ecom Systems Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (11), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [151 3,690,565 [451 Sept. 12,1972
[ DIVERTER VALVE  Inventor: Ralph L. Abos, Whittier, Calif.
 Assignee: Ecom-Systems, lnc., Reno, Nev.
 Filed: Jan. 7, 1971  Appl. No.: 104,659
 US. Cl. ..239/447, 239/4285, 137/6255  Int. Cl. ..B05b 1/14  Field of Search ..l37/625.25, 625.5; 239/442-448, 428.5
 References Cited I UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,942,622 6/1960 Hahn et a1. ..l37/625.5
2,043,668 6/1936 Kohler ..l37/625.5
3,030,029 4/1962 Slater, Jr. ..239/25 3,288,376 11/1966 Lovell ..'.....239/428.5
3,223,122 12/1965 Banker ..l37/625.5 X
2,935,084 5/1960 Crawford et al.'...137/625.5 X
2,848,721 8/1958 Fredrickson ..239/447 X Primary Examiner-M. Henson Wood, Jr. Assistant Examiner-John J. Love Attorney-J. Carroll Baisch  ABSTRACT on the movable diverter valve to automatically return the movable diverter valve to the normal position whereat the unfiltered water is discharged from a faucet nozzle. A spring aids in moving the movable diverter valve to the normal position. There is a separate discharge nozzle for the discharge of filtered water.
4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PAIENTEDSEPIz I912 3.690.565
a m4 Wi /o4 F 5e 4 4. m8 1 I EN R, M2 01726 1.. #605.
DIVERTER VALVE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1 Field of the Invention This invention relates generally to fluid diverter valves and relates, more particularly, to diverter valves for liquids, such as water.
2. Description of the Prior Art There are various kinds of apparatus for providing filtered and/ or softened water in a water system. One type of apparatus filters all of the water all of the time, although in many places in a household the normal unconditioned water may be used but, with the system just mentioned, there cannot be a switch between the normal unfiltered or unconditioned water and conditioned or filtered water.
Another type of apparatus may be detachably attached to the usual discharge nozzle when it is desired to have soft or conditioned water. Such an arrangement is not always satisfactory and when the device is not needed it is necessary to remove same and store it. Often there is no convenient storage space for such a device.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention comprises a faucet, receiving water from a supply pipe. The faucet has a discharge nozzle from which the normal water from the supply pipe is discharged. There is, also, a separate nozzle for the discharge of conditioned or filtered water. Within the faucet body there is a chamber in which a movable valve member, shown as a ball, is disposed, the ball being movable between a normal seat so that the water from the supply pipe flows through the valve chamber and, thence, to the discharge nozzle for discharging such conditioned or filtered water.
As long as the main valve controlling flow to the faucet from the water supply conduit or pipe is open, the ball valve will remain in the position for diverting water to the filter.
It is to be noted that, after the plunger has moved the ball valve to the diverting position, the pressure of water in the valve chamber will move the plunger to its normal, inoperative position. When the valve controlling the flow of water through the main supply conduit or pipe is closed, a spring unseats the ball valve and moves same to the opposite seat, where it is maintained by a spring.
OBJECTS AND ADVANTAGES OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the invention to provide a faucet, incorporating a diverter valve therein, movable to a diverting position by a simple plunger arrangement.
It is another object of the invention to provide a faucet, or apparatus, wherein the plunger is moved to its normal, inoperative position by water pressure.
It is still another object of the invention to provide apparatus of this character wherein a movable diverter valve is maintained in the diverting position by water pressure.
It is a further object of the invention to provide apparatus of this character wherein the movable diverter valve remains in the diverting position, as long as water is supplied from a supply conduit.
It is a still further object of the invention to provide apparatus of this character wherein a spring moves the movable valve member to the normal position when the flow of water from the water supply conduit is cut off.
Another object of the invention is -to provide apparatus of this character having a separate discharge nozzle for discharging conditioned or filtered water from a filter to which water has been diverted.
The characteristics and advantages of the invention are further sufficiently referred to in connection with the following detailed description of the accompanying drawings,'which represent one embodiment. After considering this example, skilled persons will understand that many variations may be made without departing from the principles disclosed andl contemplate the employment of any structures, arrangements or modes of operation that are properly within the scope of the appended claims.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Referring to the drawings, which are for illustrative purposes only:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of apparatus embodying the present invention with portions shown in section to show the interior construction thereof, the movable valve member being shown in the normal position and the plunger for moving said movable ball valve, or member, being in the normal, inoperative position;
FIG. 2 is a similar view of the interior of the apparatus, showing the ball valve member in the diverting position and the plunger in the normal inoperative position;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken on line 3-3 of FIG. 1; and
FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken on line 44 of FIG. 2.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring more particularly to the drawings, there is shown, FIG. 1, a water supply conduit or pipe 10 having a connection with a source of water such as, for example, a city water supply system, there being a valve 12 for controlling the flow of water through said conduit. The supply conduit 10 has a downturned end 14 with an externally threaded portion 16 on which the upper end of a valve body 18 is screwed, there being an O-ring 20 which provides a seal between the end of the conduit and the bottom of an inlet chamber 22.
Within the valve body 18 there is a valve chamber 24 having a laterally extending spring chamber 26. Spring chamber 26 is closed at its outer end by a wall which is part of the valve body. At the opposite open end of the spring chamber 26 there is a valve seat 28.
The valve chamber has an extension with a tapped outer end portion 32 in which is threadably received an externally threaded portion 34 of a plunger guide 36. The plunger guide has a valve seat 40 at its inner end, said valve seat 40 being in axial alignment with the valve seat 28 and spaced therefrom. Plunger guide 36 has an external flange 42, between which and an inwardly extending flange 44 is a gasket 46 which provides a seal between the plunger guide and the valve body. An annular external groove 48 is provided in the plunger guide for reception of a seal 50, shown as an O- ring, to provide a second seal between the plunger guide and the valve body.
Plunger guide 36 has a longitudinally extending bore 52 from which there is a cross bore 54 which communicates with a passage 56 which, in turn, communicates with the interior of a conduit 58 which has a connection 60 with the inlet of a water conditioner and/or filter, the connection 60 being a hose or other suitable conduit. 1
' Downstream of the valve seat 28 there is an outlet passage 64 from the spring chamber to an outlet chamber 66, there being an aerator 68 having a part 70 screwed into a tapped outlet portion 72 downstream of the chamber 66. The aerator is of any well-known type on the market.
A plunger 76 is slidably disposed in the bore 52 of the plunger guide, said plunger having an inner end part 78 normally disposed adjacent a ball valve 80 in the valve chamber. The ball 80 comprises a movable valve. member held on a seat 40 by spring 82 in the spring chamber 26. Plunger 76 has an annular groove 84 defined at the inner slide by a flange 86, from which there is an inwardly extending, reduced diameter body portion 88 which extends through a valve stem return stop 90 which is secured in the bore 52 by any suitable means, such as, for example, brazing or the like. The reduced diameter part 88 of the plunger extends inwardly beyond the valve stem return stop, and the part 78 is disposed on the inner end of said plunger by means of press-fitting, brazing, or the like. Part 78 has an annular, radially extendingflange 93 adapted to engage the valve stem return stop and, thereby, limit outward movement of the plunger underthe influence of pressure in the valve chamber 24.
A conduit 96 carries conditioned and/r filtered water from the filter to a passage 98 which leads to a chamber 100. A filtered water spout 102 is disposed in a bore 104 in which anupper end portion 106 of the filtered water spout 102 is secured by press-fitting, brazing, or other suitable means. -Within the water spout 102 there is a flow rectifier 108.
Normally, the plunger is at its outer position, shown in F IG. 1, and the movable ball valve member 80 is held on the seat 40 by the spring 82.
I Normal, unconditioned water is secured by opening a valve 12 of the water supply conduit 10, this water flowing into the valve chamber 24 by way of a passage 110. From the chamber 24 the water will flow into the spring chamber 26, thence through passage 64 and into chamber 66. From the chamber 66 the water will flow through the aerator 68, from which it is discharged.
Should conditioned and/or filtered water be desired, the outer headed end 114 is pushed inwardly, thereby pushing the movable ball valve 80 to the right to seat it on the valve seat 28 against the force of the spring 82. Water pressure on the leftward side of the ball valve 80 V will maintain the ball valve on the seat 28 against the force of the spring 82, as long as water is supplied from the conduit to said chamber 24. The water pressure in this part of chamber 24 will also act on the flange 86 of the plunger and force said plunger to its outermost position, whereat the flange 92 abuts against the valve stem return stop. It is to be noted that water from the chamber 24 at the left side of the ball valve 80 when the latter is seated on the valve seat 28 will flow through an annular passage 116 between the part 88 of the plunger and the interior opening of the valve stem return stop.
With the ball valve seated on the seat 28, water will flow from the chamber 24 through the passage 56 and conduit 58 to the water filter or conditioning device and will return by way of the conduit 96 and chamber 100, from whence it will be discharged by wayof the filtered water spout 102.
To cut off the flow of filtered and/or conditioned water the valve 12 is closed, whereupon the'spring 82 will move the ball valve member onto the seat 40, so that unfiltered and/or unconditioned water will flow through the normal path above described and be discharged from the aerator 68, or from the chamber 66, should the aerator be removed.
Thus, the present invention provides a pressure valve system. The plunger is returned to its normal position by water pressure and the movable valve member or ball is retained on its diverter seat by water pressure. The spring returns the free floating valve member or ball to its normal position when the water supply to the apparatus is cut off.
The arrangement also eliminates variables in seal drag and,.by having a separate nozzle or water spout, back pressure created by the aerator does not affect proper operation of the apparatus.
The invention and its attendant advantages will be understood from the foregoing description and it will be apparent that various changes may be made in the form, construction and arrangement of the parts of the invention without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, or sacrificing its material advantages, the embodiment hereinbefore described being merely for the purpose of illustration.
l. Diverter valve apparatus comprising:
a body having a valve chamber for a movable valve member, there being a fluid inlet to said chamber for supplying fluid under pressure to said chamber;
an inlet valve for controlling the flow of fluid into said chamber;
a pair of fluid outlets for said chamber;
separate discharge spouts for said fluid outlets;
a valve seat for one of said outlets;
a second seat for the other of said outlets;
a movable valve member in said valve chamber, said valve member being movable between said valve seats;
yielding means for yieldingly urging said movable valve member to a normal position seating on the first mentioned valve seat to cut off the flow of fluid from said valve chamber through said valve seat when the inlet valve is closed said valve member remaining on said first mentioned valve seat until moved to the other valve seat;
and a manually operable plunger separate from the movable valve member for moving said movable valve member into seating engagement with said second valve seat to cut off the flow of fluid through the second valve seat, said movable valve member being maintained on the second seat by fluid pressure in said chamber when the inlet valve is open sufficiently to provide fluid pressure in said chamber greater than the force of the yielding said device and be conditioned when the ball valve member is seated on the second valve seat the conditioned fluid being discharged at the outlet of said fluid conditioning device, said outlet of the conditioning device being connected with one of the discharge spouts.
4. The invention define by claim 3, including means for limiting fluid pressure actuated movement of the plunger to its normal, inoperative position.
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|U.S. Classification||239/447, 239/428.5, 137/625.5|
|International Classification||E03C1/04, E03C1/046|