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Publication numberUS3692022 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 19, 1972
Filing dateDec 30, 1970
Priority dateDec 30, 1970
Publication numberUS 3692022 A, US 3692022A, US-A-3692022, US3692022 A, US3692022A
InventorsEwing Dean E
Original AssigneeEwing Dean E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Digital splint
US 3692022 A
Abstract
A digital splint adapted for use with a finger of a human wearer. The splint includes a generally cylindrical, substantially rigid hollow member in which the finger is inserted, and at least one spring clip member which engages the finger through a pair of mutually opposed slots in the hollow member, and which thereby secures the hollow member to the finger.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 151 3,692,022 Ewing 1 Sept. 19, 1972 [54] DIGITAL SPLINT 3,421,761 1/1969 Grant 128/87 A X 7 I t E. N. i 2] nven or g g filtf s mz g Primary Examiner-Richard A. Gaudet Assistant Examiner-J. Yasko [22] Filed: Dec. 30, 1970 Attorney-Harry A. Herbert, Jr. and Arsen Tashjian [21] Appl. No.: 102,584 [57] ABSTRACT [52] U S Cl 128/87 A A digital splint adapted for use with a finger of a [51] In} .Cl "$6M 5/04 human wearer The li i l de a generally cylin- [58] Fie'ld A 89 81 drical, substantially rigid hollow member in which the f finger is inserted, and at least one spring clip member [56] References Cited which engages the finger through a pair of mutually opposed slots in the hollow member, and which thereby secures the hollow member to the finger.

1 Claim, 4 Drawing Figures PAIENTEDSEP 1 m2 3.692.022

TIEJ

INVENTOR. v 29:4 i. EMA 6 This invention relates to splints and, more particu larly, to a splint for a finger, i.e., a digit.

Although the invention will be discussed asadapted for use as a splint for a finger of a human, this is by way of illustration only, and not by way of any limitation.

Additionally, the term finger," as used herein, is intended to mean the terminating members of a hand, including the thumb in humans.

Splints, as such, are old inthe medical and healing arts. The basic purposes of a finger splint are toprotect the injured finger from further injury, to immobilizeit, and to support the finger. These purposes all aid and promote the healing of the finger.

Unfortunately, conventionalfinger splints are painful in that a fair amount of pressure on the injured finger is required in applying and in removing the splint. Also, theuse of conventional finger splints requires that the injured finger by kept dry and,if wet, that the splintbe replaced. Further, if theinjured finger is to be soaked,

the splint must be removed; and, after soaking, the finger must be completely dried and the splint must be reapplied. As can be surmised, the removal and reapplication of the splint is not only painful to the user, but also is laborious and time-consuming to the person removing and reapplying the splint.

There has been, and there still is, therefore, a critical need for a finger splint which not only protects, supports and immobilizes the finger, but which also is painless .in application and in removal and which also permits soaking without removal, and adequate ventilation to aid healing.

I have made such an invention. lntaddition, my invention is inexpensive, in relation to conventional finger splints, and is reusable, unlike conventional finger splints.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a digital, i.e. a finger splint.

An object of this invention is to provide a novel digital splint which protects the injured finger from further injury, which supports the finger, and which immobilizes it.

Another object of this invention is to provide a digital splint which is painless to apply and toremove.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a digital splint which will allow soaking of the injured finger, and adequate ventilation thereafter, without removal of the splint.

A further object of this invention is to provide a digital splint which is inexpensive and, therefore, may be disposed of after use, but which may be reused if desired or if necessary.

These objects, and still other and related ones, of this invention will become readily apparent after a consideration of the description of the invention and reference to the drawings.

DESCRIPTION OF THE. DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a major component of the preferred embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a side elevation view, of the major component shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. .3 is a front elevation view of another major component of the preferred embodiment of the invention; and 1 FIG. 4 is a rear elevation view of the preferred embodiment of the invention showing the positional relationship of the two major components shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Member 10 also has pairs of mutually opposed'slots,

such as l5.and 17, and 16 and 18, along its length. Here too the spacing is at regular intervals, but may be at random. :Perforations, such as .11, 12, 13 and 14, and

slots,such.as 15, 16, 17 and 18, are through the wall 19 of hollowmember 10. Member 10 is shown ashaving, but need not have, a tapered front end 20. Tapered frontend 20 is in the general form of a frustum of a cone and is hollow.

In FIG. 3 is shownanother majorcomponent 30 of the preferred embodiment of the invention. Component 30, which will be referred to hereinafter as spring clip,is shaped so that the principal portion 31 is generally in the form of a C withbends, 32 and 33 at 33Gb end, and extensions 34 and 35 therefrom. Attached-to each end of each extension 34 and 35 is a tab 36 and ,37 .Spring clip'30 ismade of a resilient material, preferablya plastic material, although metal may be used.

In FIG. 4 is shown the positional relationship of major components 10 (i.e. hollow member) and 30 (i.e. springclip)of the preferred embodiment of the invention. It is to be noted thatbends32 and 33 of spring clip 30 are positioned within and through, respectively, mutually opposed slots, suchas l5 and 17, of hollow member 10.

MODE OF OPERATION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT When it is necessary to placea finger in a splint, the finger is positioned within hollow member 10, FIGS. 1, 2 and 4,with the fingernail portion of the finger in the tapered front end 20, FIGS. 1 and 2. This positioning is accomplished by inserting the finger into hollow member 10, FIGS. 1, 2 and 4, while atthe sametime slipping the hollow member 10, FIGS. 1, 2 and 4, onto the finger. This is a quick and painless procedure.

Next, spring clip 30, FIGS. 3 and 4, is grasped by tabs 36 and 37, FIGS. 3 and 4. These tabs, 36 and 37, are moved toward each other, thereby moving bends 32 and 33, FIGS. 3 and 4, away from each other. Spring clip 30, FIGS. 3 and 4, is thenfitted over and onto hollow member 10, FIGS. 1, 2 and 4, with bends 32 and 33, FIGS. 3 and 4, inserted into and positioned through, respectively, mutually opposed slots, such as and 17, as shown in FIG. 4. Spring clip 30, FIGS. 3 and 4, thereby, engages, holds and secures hollow member 10, FIGS. 1, 2 and 4, to the finger within the said hollow member 10. The finger is, therefore, now protected from further injury, is supported and is immobilized.

It is here to be noted that, although reference has been made to the use of a, i.e. one, spring clip 30, FIGS. 3 and 4, a plurality of spring clips, such as 30, may be used to secure hollow member 10, FIGS. 1, 2 and 4, to the finger. The bends 32 and 33, FIGS. 3 and 4, of each spring clip, such as 30, would in that case be inserted into and positioned through a separate pair of mutually opposed slots, such as 15 and 17, 16 and 18, FIG. 2. In other words, a spring clip would engage slots 15 and 17, another spring clip would engage slots 16 and 18, and so forth.

It is also to be noted that the hollow member, such as 10, is not intended to fit snugly or tightly, or to cling to the finger. Therefore, hollow members, such as 10, are made in different diameters to suit the particular circumstance so that the hollow member, such as 10, fits loosely on the finger, but is adjacent the surface thereof.

It is further to be noted that the finger while in the splint may, nevertheless, be soaked without being removed from the splint. This is possible because of the perforations, such as 11 and 12, FIG. 1, which permit the ingress and the egress of the liquid and which, additionally, permit ventilation of the finger. The ventilation also promotes healing.

While there have been shown and described the fundamental features of the invention, as applied to a preferred embodiment, it is to be understood that various substitutions and omissions may be made by those of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention. For example: (1) the number and position of the slots, such as 15 and 17, FIG. 2, and of the perforations, such as 11 and 12, FIG. 1, may be varied, changed and otherwise modified; (2) the invention may be adapted for use with human limbs, e.g.

arms and legs, or for use by animals; and (3) hollow,

mutually opposed slots through said hollow member along its length thereof;

b. and, means, engaging said slots, to secure said hollow member to a finger of a human wearer thereof, wherein said means includes at least one spring clip member, of resilient material, which engages a pair of mutually opposed slots of said hollow member and the finger inserted within said hollow wli e b y tlie finger of the human wearer is protected, supported, and immobilized within and by said hollow member.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2528456 *Mar 7, 1949Oct 31, 1950Evergrip IncFixing splint for injured body appendants
US3421761 *Sep 21, 1964Jan 14, 1969Grant RichardBowlers finger brace
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4103682 *Sep 20, 1976Aug 1, 1978Franzl Gertrude KAnatomical digit and appendage-immobilizing device
US4644941 *May 15, 1985Feb 24, 1987Ogle Ii George BOrthopedic splint arrangement
US4860620 *Nov 24, 1987Aug 29, 1989Pirelli Coordinamento Pneumatici S.P.A.Device apt for cutting or for trimming the edges of rubberized fabrics
US5232436 *Jul 2, 1992Aug 3, 1993Janevski Peter KExtension block finger splint
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Classifications
U.S. Classification602/22
International ClassificationA61F5/04, A61F5/058
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/05875
European ClassificationA61F5/058H4C