US 3693063 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
2/ 1970 Cook ..240/2. 14
United States Patent 1 3,693,063 Sillano [4 Sept. 19, 1972 4] SPEED CONTROL DEVICE FOR 2,774,925 12/1956 Wagner ..318/3 37 SEWING MACHINES 72 Inventor: Pietro Sillano, Pavia, Italy T if E ssistant amineromas ger  Asslgnee' Need! Pavia Italy Attomey-Stevens, Davis, Miller & Mosher  Filed: April 6, 1971 211 App1.No.: 131,606  ABSTRACT A speed control means for a motor of the commutator  Foreign Application Priority Data type and 1s parttcuIarly Intended for such motors as A 23 1970 Ital 42906 A/70 applied to sewing machines. The speed control means y is arranged to rotate the brush axis while simultaneously cutting in or cutting out a diode from the motor  U.S. Cl ..3l8/337, 318/361 circuit,  Int. Cl. ..H02p 5/44  Field of Search ..3l8/337, 360, 361, 491; 240/214  References Cited 1 Claim, 2 Drawing Figures UNITED STATES PATENTS 7 P'ATE'NTEDSEHQ I912 3,693,063
INVENTOR PIETRO C. SILLANO TTORNEYS SPEED CONTROL DEVICE FOR SEWING MACHINES The present invention relates to a speed regulator device for commutator electric motors applied to household sewing machines.
Speed control of sewing machines of the type mentioned, when made frequently and for long time periods by means of the starting rheostat incurs several drawbacks such as that of the rheostatic resistance heating up and the consumption of the electric energy which is turned into heat, a harmful rise in temperature occuring in the rheostat if operated for a long time with a portion of its resistance in the circuit, and difficulty in realizing a uniform speed control. In household sewing machines, it is often necessary to operate at a reduced speed value relative to the nominal one and to effect variations, even if small, of the speed relative to said nominal value and at a pre-arranged reduced value.
An object of the present invention is to provide a speed control device for a sewing machine suitable to effect the aforementioned operating conditions through an easy to perform maneuver of the operator, independently of the rheostat.
In order to achieve this object, the technical problem to be solved was that of providing a single control member, in a handy position, suitable to control the speed of the machine continuously and to reversibly modify the normal circuit arrangement in order to obtain a reduced motor speed in addition to the nominal one.
The resolution of such technical problem is characterized in that a disc knob is provided in the base of the sewing machine, connected .by means of a usual drive system to the motor brush holder in a manner so as to be able to rotate the brushes around the motor shaft axis. Said knob, at the same time, in correspondence to a predetermined angular position thereof, actuating the plunger of a microswitch provided to connect and disconnect a rectifier diode in series in the electric driving circuit of the motor.
The invention will be best understood by'reference to the accompanying drawings showing the preferred form of construction, and in which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the device of the invention, and
FIG. 2 is a graph showing the relationship between motor speed and angular displacement of the adjusting disc knob.
In FIG. 1, a household sewing machine is shown schematically and is indicated at provided with a handwheel 11, a plate 12 and a base housing 13.
Electric motor 14 of the commutator type is positioned usually in the base housing 13 and is fed in series through commutator 15 and brushes 16. Brushes 1 6 are mounted on a brush holder not shown in the figure, which is connected, through usual drive members also not shown, to a disc knob 17 freely rotatably mounted on housing 13, as shown in US. Pat. application Ser. No. 885,829.
Two stops l9 and 20, fixed to housing 13, delimit rotation of the disc knob 17.
A cam 21 fixed coaxially with and to disc knob 17 is rotatable together with it. The camming surface acts against the upper end of a rod-shaped plunger 22 whose opposite end rests on a coil spring 23, fastened at one end to an electrically conductive mounting 24, supported within housing 13, and at its other end to a blade 25 seated in the same mounting 24 in such a way as to be able to oscillate to either side of a contact line of mounting 24 in a manner well-known in the art of microswitches.
Said blade 25 forms the movable contact of a switch having two fixed contacts 26 and 27.
Fixed contact 27 is a rest contact, while the fixed contact 26 is insertable into the motor feed circuit which comprises an alternating electric current source 28, a starting rheostat 29, an inductor winding 30 for motor 14 and finally a rectifier diode 31.
Plunger 22, actuated by cam 21 against the urging of coil spring 23 which is arranged so as to be always under tenxion, can move vertically between two extreme positions in correspondence to the extreme angular positions of disc knob 17.
By varying of the vertical position of plunger 22, the pull force exerted by coil spring 23 onto blade 25, changes its direction.
Said blade 25 can therefore be in either of two positions: leaning against fixed contact 27 or against fixed contact 26.
When blade 25 leans against fixed contact 26, as shown in FIG. 1, it permits the usual feeding of the electric motor. Namely, current flows through the resistance of rheostat 29 with a limited intensity in the starting phase of the motor when back electromotive force is small relative to the main voltage and the rheostat produces the necessary limitation of said current. Rheostat 29 is then short-circuited little by little so as to increase the motor speed. Current flows from the motor windings, back to electric source 28 through blade 25 and fixed contact 26 without passing through the diode 31 which is short-circuited in this condition.
Supposing now that the rheostat foot pedal is depressed to short-circuit the rheostatic resistance and that the disc knob 17 is made to rotate slowly clockwise; the surface of cam 21 will permit plunger 22 to move upwards and thereby decrease its pressure against coil spring 23.
At the same time, brushes 16 are rotated together moving away more and more angularly relative to the commutating axis. By this operation, owing to a phenomenon well-known in the art of electric machines, the motor torque decreases and so does its speed, as shown in the graph of FIG. 2 having motor revolution speeds indicated on the ordinate and the disc knob angular rotation indicated on the abscissa. From this graph, it can be seen that the motor speed decreases continuously along segment a up to about half of the disc knob rotation. In this angular position of disc knob 17, rod 22 has moved upwardly and has modified the direction of pull of coil spring 23 upon blade 25 so that said blade 25 can now rotate to move against rest contact 27. Thus rectifier diode 31 is inserted into the feed circuit. The half-waves of alternating current now feeding the motor, is of reduced value thereby providing a speed much lower than the nominal one: about equal to half thereof.
The speed drop is represented by vertical segment b.
Rotating disc knob 17 further to bring finger 32 against stop 19 provides a further continuous reduction of the motor speed, as represented by segment 0.
What is claimed is:
l. A speed control means for a sewing machine, comprising a drive motor of the commutator type having a rotatable brush holder, an electric circuit for driving said motor comprising in series a starting rheostat, an
induction coil, and a rectifier diode, and a device forshort-circuiting said diode, an operator actuable means for rotating said brush holder and for actuating said short-circuiting device in correspondence to such rotation whereby said diode is either included in said circuit or short-circuited out of it in dependence upon the angular position of said holder relative to the commutator