US 3694296 A
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p 11972 J. E. ONTINO 3,694,296
THREE DIMENSIONAL AR TIC DESIGN CONSTRUCTION AND METHOD OF PRODUCING SAME Filed Feb. 9, 1970 INVENTOR JOHN E. FRONTINO ATTORNEY United States Patent 3694296 THREE DIMENSIONAI. A RTISTIC DESIGN CON- STRUCTION AND METHOD OF PRODUCING SAME John E. Frontino, 61--35 98th St., Rego Park, NY. 11374 Filed Feb. 9, 1970, Ser. No. 9,827 Int. Cl. B44f 7/00 US. Cl. 161-18 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The invention encompasses a construction and method of production of a three dimensional and irregular design as an artistic creation and involves utilization of a base panel and a superposing molded panel of moldable sheet material secured to the base panel, said molded panel being in the formation of any haphazard or irregular design. The design is made from a hand or machine molding of said sheet material and results in at least an outer surface which affords highlighting and shaded areas to create an artistic work. When the design is hand molded, artistic and orignal creations result.
The invention relates to artistic design constructions and the method for producing the same.
An object of the invention is the provision of a design construction having a base panel and an attached three dimensional configuration molded from sheet material into any irregular, haphazard or desirable design to afford at least to the outer surface of said molded material highlighting and shaded areas for creation of original and artistic appearing works.
A further object of the invention is the provision of a method for producing said design constructions as both artistic creations and for commercial utilization.
These objects and other ends and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear in the progress of the disclosure and as pointed out in the appended claims.
Accompanying this specification are drawings in which illustrative embodiments of the invention are shown.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a view in perspective showing a crumpled sheet of moldable material for effecting folds and irregularities and utilized when in normally extended form and secured to the base panel as the artistic element of the design construction.
FIG. 2 is an elevational view illustrating said crumpled sheet of material in normally extended position and having the undersurface treated with an adhesive also serving as a wetting or softening agent to enable hand or other type of molding thereof against the base panel.
FIG. 3 is a partial view in section of the design construction showing the base panel, the sheet adhering thereto in wrinkled condition by the dried adhesive, said sheet also optionally serving as a substrate for other desirable surface treatment for purposes including coloring, pigmentation and preservation.
FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 3 wherein the molded sheet material affixed to the rigidifying base panel is preformed as by vacuum drawing of a thermoplastic sheet and wherein surface treatment has been applied to the molded sheet material.
FIG. 5 is a view in perspective showing various embodiments of the finished designed structure in side-byside relationship and illustrated as wall hangings.
In general, the method for producing the designed structure comprises the steps of selecting a moldable sheeting material 10, crumpling same as shown in FIG. 1, thereafter generally uncrumpling same as by extension as 3,694,296 Patented Sept. 26, 1972 shown in FIG. 2, applying an adhesive 11 to the undersurface, molding same as illustrated by hand against a rigid base panel 12, and finally permitting the adhesive to dry or harden against the panel 12. After the drying operation, the outer surface of the molded material 10 is preferably further treated as by applications of stain, pigment or other decorative materials. A protective coating may also be applied of any suitable composition including thermosetting or thermoplastic compositions. The decorative materials and the protective coating may be combined into a single treatment as by using colored protective coatings as indicated by numeral 13 in FIG. 3.
In connection with the embodiments shown in FIGS. l-3, sheeting material 10 desirably is of a Water absorbent substance such as flexible paper or cellulosic material of any suitable gauge and strength. Such material may be crumpled in any desirable manner and thereafter when in substantially fiat and extended position should show haphazard folds and creases. In connection with such sheeting material, it is also desirable to use an adhesive such as 11 having a viscosity which will impregnate the fibers of material 10 and yet maintain said material in a relatively stiff pliable condition during the formation of the design against the base panel 12 as by molding by hand (FIG. 2.) or otherwise. Moreover, the adhesive should solidify into a relatively hard condition so as to preserve the molded design when finished.
It has been found that cornstarch-based adhesives and which are water-based give best results. Other adhesives including animal, vegetable and mineral glues, plastic adhesives or adhesives which harden by addition of a proper catalyst may also be used.
In the embodiment of FIG. 4, the sheeting material 10a is of preformed shape and of any selective color or colors and if of plastic may be vacuum formed for creating any desirable three dimensional design. Sheeting 10a is applied to base panel 12 for attachment thereto as by any suitable adhesive 11a. The outer surface of sheeting 10'a may then be further processed as by applying color or dyeing materials 13a and thereafter a protective layer 14 applied as stated. The steps of applying color material 13a and protective layer 14 may be combined into a single operation by using a protective coating having color-inducing material therein.
Highlighting portions of the artistic design elements are generally indicated by numeral r15 while shaded areas are indicated by numeral 16. As seen in FIG. 5, high relief, highlights and multi-color effects are possible.
In connection with the invention illustrated in FIGS. 1-3, tools and other means may be used in the molding operation instead of the hands of the operator as previously mentioned. Sheeting material 10 extended along base panel 12 immediately after application of adhesive 11 to one side may be impressed with one or more molds for effecting duplicate or intricate three dimensional de- SlgIlS.
The product and method above described may be used commercially as for decorative wall facings and even for external use in the building trades by utilization of noneroding or hard transparent, translucent or opaque coatings of the sheeting material. Moreover, the component parts may be commercially supplied to hobbyists and tradesmen in the form of a kit containing as elements a base panel, sheeting material, an. adhesive and coatings for coloration and preservation all as above described.
It is understood that minor changes and variations in the material, integration, size of parts and method of production of the invention may all be resorted to Without departing from the spirit of the invention.
1. A three dimensional artistic design construction comprising a rigid base panel, a superposed hand-molded, in-
tegral and imperforate panel of water-absorbable cellulosic sheet material, and an intermediate adhesive layer adhering said respective panels together, forming a three dimensional design with, against and secured to the said base panel, said design consisting of a molding of irregular design from said superposed molded panel, said molding having at least an outer surface formation suitable for affording highlighting and shaded areas to create an artistic work.
2. A three dimensional artistic design construction as set forth in claim 1 wherein said superposed molded panel is further provided at the upper surface with at least one of a coloring means to afford contrasting colors and highlighting.
3. A method for producing a three dimensional artistic design construction comprising the steps of molding a design from a sheet of moldable material of water-absorbable cellulosic composition against a rigid base panel while in moistened and adherable condition, said base panel having thereon an adhesive layer, and allowing same to harden and adhere to the base panel to result in a permanent outer surface formation of the construction suitable for affording highlighting and shaded areas of an artistic creation.
4. A method for producing a three dimensional artistic design construction as set forth in claim 3 and including a separate step of applying coloring to the outer surface formation of the construction.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,219,735 11/1965 Iverson et a1. 161-19 X 3,427,176 2/1969 Moriya 1 61-19 X 2,184,121 12/1939 Henriksen 16118 3,057,099 10/1962 Fruchter 16118 3,447,274 6/ 1969 Davidson 16l18 X 3,537,930 11/1970 Anderson l6119 X PHILIP DIER, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.