|Publication number||US3694693 A|
|Publication date||Sep 26, 1972|
|Filing date||Nov 5, 1970|
|Priority date||Nov 5, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3694693 A, US 3694693A, US-A-3694693, US3694693 A, US3694693A|
|Inventors||George E Holz|
|Original Assignee||Burroughs Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (4), Classifications (8), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Holz  CIRCUIT FOR OPERATING MULTIPLE POSITION DISPLAY TUBES  Inventor: George E. Holz, North Plainfield,
 Assignee: Burroughs Corporation, Detroit,
Filed: Nov. 5, 1970 Appl. No.: 87,058
U.S. Cl. ..3l5/167, 315/169 TV, 340/336 Int. Cl. ..H05b 37/00 Field of Search .3l5/l67, 169, 169 TV; 340/336 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 9/l967 Pahlavan ..3l5/169R 9/1968 Blank ..340/336X [451 Sept. 26, 1972 Primary Examiner-Roy Lake Assistant Examiner-Lawrence J. Dahl Attorney-Misegades and Douglas, Keith Misegades and George R. Douglas, Jr.
[5 7] ABSTRACT The circuit of the invention is adapted for operation with a display device which includes a plurality of side-by-side groups of display cathode segments, each group having an anode electrode, and there being an auxiliary electrode common to all of the groups of electrodes for electrically isolating each group of display segments and preventing spurious glow between groups. In the circuit, means are provided for providing current flow to the auxiliary electrode in proportion to the total number of display cathode segments glowing at any instant.
3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PAIENTmsmsmz 3.694.693
sum 1 BF 2 Fig.1
INVENTOR, George E. Holz wam ATTORNEY CIRCUIT FOR OIERATING MULTIPLE POSITION DESFLAY TIMES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to display devices known as multiple character or segment devices which include a plurality of groups of cathode electrodes in the form of bars or segments which can be combined in different arrangements to represent different characters. The devices are operated in such a way that a plurality of characters appear to glow at one time. In one form of device described and claimed in copending application of Harvey and Levine, Ser. No. 78,045 filed Oct. 5, 1970, (now abandoned) and in their continuation application Ser. No. 217,781, filed Jan. 14, 1972, each group of electrodes includes a plurality of cathode segments and an anode electrode, and, in addition, an auxiliary electrode common to all of the groups of electrodes is provided for preventing spurious glow from developing between groups. The prior art provides no teaching of such a device or of circuits for operating such a device.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Briefly, in operating a display device having a plurality of groups of cathode electrodes, an anode for each group, and an auxiliary control electrode, the invention comprises providing a control arrangement for permitting current to flow in the auxiliary electrode in proportion to the total cathode current flowing at any instant, this current biasing the auxiliary electrode at such a potential that spurious glow between groups of electrodes is prevented.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a display device with which the circuit of the invention can be used;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the device of FIG. 1', and
FIG. 3 is a schematic representation of the device of FIG. l and the circuit of the invention.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The principles of the invention are particularly applicable to the type of display device described and claimed in the above-mentioned application, and reference is made to that application for a detailed description of the device. Only portions of such a display device It are shown schematically in the drawings. The device It] includes a gas-filled envelope having a base plate 16 and a face plate 18 (FIG. 2). The envelope contains a plurality of groups of cathode segments 20 (A,B,C,D,E,F,G) and an anode electrode for each group. In this type of device, the cathodes are segments or bars arrayed in the form of a figure 8, as is well known in the art. Additional segments could also be included, as could decimal points and commas or the like. For purposes of illustration, the anode electrode 30 for each group of cathodes is shown as a metal ring surrounding each cathode group; however, it may take any other shape. The anodes have leads 34. In addition, the display device 10 includes an auxiliary electrode 40 in the form of a screen which covers all of the groups of cathodes and anodes and includes walls 50 which extend downwardly between each group of electrodes. The screen 4b has a lead 44l.
In actual construction, a common connector electrode 60 (A,B,C,D,E,F,G) is provided for each corresponding cathode in each group of segments so that connector 60A is coupled to all cathodes 20A, connector 60B is coupled to all cathodes 208, etc. The cathodes are secured to their connectors by means of short tabs 64, and the connectors are suitably supported on base plate 16. An insulating mica plate 66 (FIG. 2) is provided positioned between the segments 20 themselves and their connectors 60 so that, if a conductor glows when its cathodes glow, this spurious glow is not seen.
Referring to FIG. 3, display device 10 and its electrodes are shown schematically with its electrodes also shown schematically, in order to simplify the drawing and the description of the circuit. In addition, only five cathodes 20 are shown. The operating circuit includes a separate driver 70 for each anode 30, the drivers being adapted to apply a suitable positive potential to each anode in turn through a suitable sequencing circuit 80. A separate driver is also provided for each cathode, and each driver includes an NPN transistor (A to G) having its base or input electrode connected to a suitable source of electrical information signals. Such source might include a computer and its associated circuit elements. The collector of each cathode driver 90 is connected to its appropriate segment connector 60. In addition, it is customary to provide a prebias voltage for the cathode drivers so that the actual turn-on signals applied are smaller than they might be without such a prebias arrangement. In one suitable arrangement, each collector is connected through a resistor to a bias voltage source.
According to the invention, a circuit is provided including an NPN transistor having its base connected both to the bus 120 and through a diode and resistor to ground. The emitter of the transistor T40 is connected through a resistor to ground, and the collector is connected to a suitable biasing arrangement and to the screen electrode 40, by lead R80.
Briefly, the tube 10 is operated in a mode which is called multiplexing. In this mode of operation, information signals are applied to each of the cathode input terminals from a suitable data source, and, at the same time, each of the anodes has operating potential applied to it, in turn. As each anode is energized, the appropriate information signals are applied to the cathodes so that, at each position, the proper information is displayed. This mode of operation is now well known to those skilled in the art. In the circuit of the invention, as each anode is energized and its corresponding selected cathodes glow, current flows through the cathode driver transistors and through the circuit including transistor 140. This circuit samples the total current flowing through all of the cathodes at each position at any instant and provides a current flow in lead I80 to the screen 40 which is a fraction of and proportional to the total current. This current flow to the screen appears to prevent spurious glow from developing between an energized anode and cathodes in adjacent groups which have operating potential applied to them.
The theory of operation of the invention is that the current to the screen 40 makes the screen cathodic by an amount proportional to the number of cathodes which are glowing, and this action tends to hold the screen at a constant voltage which gives it the proper contact screening action independent of the number of cathodes which are glowing.
The circuit of the invention has the advantage that it is stable and responds well and accurately as the number of cathodes glowing changes from position to position. It is also particularly advantageous in circuits which include high impedance anode drivers such as integrated circuit drivers. In such circuits, there is no readily obtainable reference potential with respect to which the screen 40 can be driven, and, in this situation, the circuit of the invention would be particularly effective.
What is claimed is:
1. A circuit for operating a display tube comprising a gas-filled envelope containing a plurality of groups of electrodes arrayed in spaced-apart relationship, each group including a plurality of glow cathodes spaced apart in a plane and an associated anode positioned for electric discharge therewith, the cathodes in each group being so arrayed that they can be energized in different combinations to represent different characters and each group having cathodes which correspond in location to the cathodes of said other groups, and an auxiliary electrode common to all of said groups of electrodes and shielding said groups of electrodes from each other, said circuit comprising:
means for applying a first energizing potential to said anode electrodes from a source of operating potential,
a common cathode conductor interconnecting the corresponding cathode electrodes of the different groups of cathodes,
means for applying a second operating potential to each common cathode conductor, there being a current path from each anode through each cathode and the source of operating potential, and
a circuit module coupled to all of said current paths and to the common auxiliary electrode for receiving the total current flowing in each group of cathodes as each is energized, said circuit module including means for conducting a current proportional to said total current and coupling it to said common auxiliary electrode.
2. The circuit defined in claim 1 wherein said means for applying a second operating potential to each common cathode conductor includes a transistor having emitter, base, and collector electrodes, each base electrode being connected to a source of information signals, each collector electrode being connected to one of said common cathode conductors, and each emitter electrode being connected to a bus common to all of said current paths, and
said circuit module being coupled to said common bus and to said common auxiliary electrode.
3. The circuit defined in claim 1, wherein said circuit module includes a transistor having emitter, base, and collector electrodes, the base electrode being connected to the means for applying operating potential to each of the cathode conductors, the emitter electrode being connected to a source of reference potential, and
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. @694 ,693 Dat d September 26, 1972 lnventol-(s) George E. Holz It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below: I
On the cover sheet the names for Attorney, should read:
-- Kenneth L. Miller, Robert A. Green, George L. Kensinger and Charles S. Hall Signed and sealed this 20th day of March 1973.
EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK Attesting Officer .Commissioner of Patents ORM PO-IOSO (10-69) USCOMM-DC 60376-P69 u,s. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: I959 0-356-33L
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3343155 *||Jan 6, 1964||Sep 19, 1967||Pahlavan Marcel A||Display apparatus|
|US3400388 *||Sep 17, 1965||Sep 3, 1968||Gen Telephone & Elect||Binary to alpha-numeric translator|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3849686 *||May 17, 1973||Nov 19, 1974||Nippon Electric Co||Plasma display panel comprising a first external electrode for each digit and a second external electrode for each segment|
|US3891983 *||Jun 20, 1974||Jun 24, 1975||Burroughs Corp||Multi-position character display panel having display cathodes and auxiliary cathodes and circuits for operating the same|
|US3947976 *||Mar 10, 1975||Apr 6, 1976||Eric F. Burtis||Mathematical problem and number generating systems|
|US4089124 *||Dec 22, 1976||May 16, 1978||Eric F. Burtis||Arithmetic training apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||315/167, 345/42, 445/24, 313/517, 315/169.1|
|Nov 22, 1988||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: UNISYS CORPORATION, PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:BURROUGHS CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:005012/0501
Effective date: 19880509
|Jul 13, 1984||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BURROUGHS CORPORATION
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:BURROUGHS CORPORATION A CORP OF MI (MERGED INTO);BURROUGHS DELAWARE INCORPORATEDA DE CORP. (CHANGED TO);REEL/FRAME:004312/0324
Effective date: 19840530