|Publication number||US369477 A|
|Publication date||Sep 6, 1887|
|Filing date||May 17, 1887|
|Publication number||US 369477 A, US 369477A, US-A-369477, US369477 A, US369477A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
H. SMEETON METALLIC SHINGLB.
N0. 3(9,4'77.- Patented Sept. 6, 1887.
UNITED STATES PATENT @rrion.
HENRY SMEETON, OF OTTAWVA, ILLINOIS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent 150369377, dated September 6, 1887.
Application filed May 17, 1887. Serial No.23SA'1I.
To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, HENRY Snnnron, of Ottawa, in the county of La Salle and State of Illinois, have invented a new and Improved Metallic Shingle, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
My invention relates to metallic shingles for covering the roofs or sides of buildings, and has for its object to provide an inexpensive and durable shingle of this character, which will be storlnproof and cannot be easily stripped off by winds, and maybe applied by ordinary workmen with economy of time and labor.
The invention consists in certain novel features of construction of the shingles, and in their combination in series with clip-fastenings to form a roofing or siding, all as hereinafter described and claimed.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings,forming a part of this specification, in which similar letters of reference indie-ate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure l is a plan view showing a few shingles as applied to a roof. Fig. 2 is an enlarged transverse section taken on the line :0 as, Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is an enlarged section at the horizontal jointof two shingles and taken on the line 3/ y, Fig. 1; and Fig.4 is a rear or under side view of one of the shingles partly broken away.
I will first describe one of the shingles in detail, and then explain the manner oflaying them together on a roof.
The shingle is made of or from a single piece or plate, A, of metal, which, near its upper end, is bent or doubled over and outward and downward to form a double-thick lip, B, and provide a horizontal recess or pocket, 0, between said lip and the main body of the plate, as most clearly shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings. At its left-hand edge or side the plate is bent upward at (Z, thence outward at d, thence downward at cl", and thence inward to form a pocket, D, which ineloses the locking lips and retainers at the right-hand edge or side of the adjoining shingle, and to also form an inwardly-extending lip, E, which looks with the adjacent shingle, as presently explained.
Theright-hand side of the shingleis doubled (No model.)
upon itself near its edge, to form an inwardlyextending lip, F, and provide between the lip and the body of the plate a pocket, G, to receive the lip E on the next shingle to the right hand and the extreme edge portion of the shingle beyond the lip F is bent upward at It, and then inward to form an overhanging lip or tongue, H, with which engage the hooked-end parts i of clips or cleats I, which are bent to lie closely to the parts H h of the shingle, and project to the right hand sufiicientl y at t" to receive nails J, driven into the roofing-boards K, as most clearly shown in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings.
At the lower edge or bottom of each shingle a hook or lip, L, is formed by bending the metal of the plate A over and upward,thereby allowing said lip L to be hooked into the pockets 0 of the next lower shingles, while the bent lips B on the lower shingles enter pockets M, formed between the lip L and the body of the shingle-plate, as most clearly shown in Fig. 3, said locking-lips L also being shownin dotted lines in Fig. 1 ofthe drawings.
Should the faces of the shingles be flat or plain, the lip L would extend unbroken clear across the shingles between the bends,forn1ing the opposite side locking-lips thereof; but in the instance shown the shingles are formed with an embossed or raised diamond-shaped ornament, the upper end, a, of which extends quite to the horizontally-ranging locking-lip B of the shingle; hence the lip L is cut away at the center at Z to accommodate this part a. of the next lower shingle as the shingles are being laid on the roof with the joints of one course or layer of them in alignment with the centers of the shingles of the nextlower course or layer, as will be understood from Fig. l of the drawings.
The upper ends or edges of the shingles are preferably bent outward, to form flanges N be tween the engaging side lips of the shingles.
The shingles are laid in the following nianner: Beginning at the left-hand side of a roof or structure to be shingled, the first shingle will be fastened to the roofing-boards, in any proper way, at its lefthand edge, and at the center of its overlapped top portion by a nail, O, driven into the boards, and its right-hand edge will be fastened by one or more clips, I,
preferably two of them, which are hooked at 11 lnto or beneath the lip or flange H, and are nailed to I the roofing-boards K at J, and whereby the shingle is held securely tothe roof. The next shingle to the right hand will simply be hooked by its left-handlip E under the lip F, or into the pocket G of the shingle first laid, and will be secured at its right-handedge by clips I and at its upper edge bya nail, O, and so on a complete first course of shingles will or may be laid across or along the roof. In laying the next upper course of shingles their hooks or lips L will be caught into the pockets 0 and beneath the hook-lips B of the first-laid course and so as to break the joints of the courses, as above stated, and the successive shingles toward the right hand are hooked into each other at the side edges, and secured by clips I and nails J O, as above described, until the second course is finished, and so on, course after course, until the roof is completely covered by the metallic shingles, as wil l readily be understood.
It is obvious that each shingle is locked at all four of its sides, or at both edges and top and bottom, and in a manner to wholly exclude storms of any kind and give little or no hold for winds on the roofing, and allow the roofing to be trampled upon Without injuring it or starting joints or seams and causing leaks, and as the shingles are not nailed through at the side edges, but are held by the clips I, hooking onto the lips H, which, with the lips F and the joint-pockets D, will yield somewhat to compensate for expansion or contraction of the metallic shingles or the roofing-boards to which they are fixed or held, tight joints at all four sides or edges of the shingles will be maintained and the shingles constitute a reliable, inexpensive, and durable roofing.
Dependence may be placed entirely on the clips I to hold the shingles to the roofingboards, and the nails 0 would then be dispensed with; but the use of both clips and nails, as above described, is preferred.
The shingles may be used for siding as well as for roofing buildings.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. A metallic shingle, A, formed at one side I edge with a pocket, D, and locking lip or flange E, and at its other side edge with locking-lips F H, in combination with the clip I, substantially as set forth.
2. A metallic shingle formed at one side edge with a pocket, D, and locking lip or flange E, and at its other side edge with lookinglips F H, substantially as described, for the purposes set forth.
8. A metallic shingle formed at one side edge with a pocket, D, and lockinglip E. and at its other side edge with locking-lips F H, and formed near its upper part with afront pendent lip and at its lower part with a rear upbent lip, substantially as described, for the purposes set forth.
4.. A metallic shingle made of one piece of metal bent to form a pendent locking-lip, B, at its upperpart, and a rear upbent lip, L, at its lower part, and also bent to form a pocket, D, and locking-lip, E, at one side edge,and locking-lips F H at its. other side edge, substantially as described, for the purposes set forth.
5. Roofingv or siding comprising series of metallic shingles, each formed with a pocket,- D, and lip E at one side edge, and locking. lips F H at the other side edge, a front pendent lip, B, at its upper part, and a rear upbent lip, L, at its lower part, said lips interlooking at all four sides of the shingles, and clips I, hooked upon the lips H and fastened to the roofingboards, substantially as described, for the purposes set forth.
DAVID B. SNOW, H. H. CooLEY.
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