US 3695347 A
Corrugated dissipator for tube and dissipator radiator cores wherein said dissipator has continuous areas for support on adjacent tubes, folded straps connecting the continuous areas being alternately bent to be successively imbricated by each other.
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Chartet' CORRUGATED DISSIPATOR FOR TUBE AND DISSIPATOR RADIATOR CORE AND PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME  Inventor: Andre Chartet, Meudon, France  Assignee: Societe Anonyme des Usines Chansson, Asnieres, France Dec. 1, 1970 211 Appl. No.: 94,238
 Foreign Application Priority Data Dec. 3, 1969 France... ..6 94l7l4 [52 u.'s. cr. Mus/ 152, 29/1573  Int. CI...' ..F28b 1/10  FieldofSearch ..l65/l48-l53,l70'-l86  7 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,899,080 2/l933 Dalgliesch ..'...;.;.165/l59 X 1 51 Oct. 3, 1972 2,652,233 9/l953 3,24l,6l0 3/1966 Przyborowski 165/ l 53 Kritzer 165/1 82 Primary Examiner-John J. Camby Assistant Examinerlheophil W. Streule Attorney-[mine & Smiley s71 ABSTRACT Corrugated dissipator for tube and dissipator radiator cores wherein said dissipator has continuous areas for support on adjacent tubes, folded straps connecting the continuous areas being alternately bent to be successively imbricated by each other.
Process for manufacturing corrugated dissipator for tube and dissipator core wherein parallel sets of slots are made lengthwise in a thin strip and delimit straps which are alternatively and oppositely fold. The strips are corrugated at the level of continuous areas separating each set of straps and are advancing while being retained in the corrugated portion,
7 Claim, 9 Drawing Figures PATENTEDnm m2 3.695347 SHEET 1 OF 3 Fiea.
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PATENTEDflm I972 SHEET 2 0F 3 INVENToR CHARTET ANDRE PATENTED 5m 3 I97? SHEET 3 BF 3 IINVENTOR ANDRE CHARTET CORRUGATED DISSIPATOR FOR TUBE AND DISSIPATOR RADIATOR CORE AND PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME This invention relates to radiators for cooling 5.
fluids,and radiators provided particularly for vehicles with a core of tubes between which are placed dissipators constituted of corrugated intercalaries.
It is known that the main quantity of the heat which is dissipated by a radiator of that type is dissipated through dissipators. In the radiator manufacturing technics, which have already reached a high degree of perfection, an attempt is made to form, in the sections of the dissipators which are located, between the consecutive'tubes wall or row of a core, disturbers with punctures, whereby the air passing through the core has to follow complex passages which improve the heat dissipation.
The invention has came from-the surprising facts which have been found that the heat dissipation of a corrugated intercalary is at a maximum at the level of the leading edge or said dissipators and then decreases rapidly. Besides it has become apparent that it would be possible to substantially reduce the dissipator thickness if it was possible to multiply the leading edges but without restricting the contact surface between the dissipator and the tube wall. It has also become apparent that the disturbers formed up to now into the dissipators, excessively increased the loss of the air load passing through the core, whereby the air volume, that is the air mass, passing through the core is thus reduced of course to the prejudice of the quantity of the dissipated heat. This invention embodies a new disturber in taking the above conditions into consideration and allowing to appreciably increase, the heat dissipation for a radiator having a specified weight of metal constituting the dissipators, or to appreciably reduce the weight of metal constituting said dissipators for a same heat dissipation capacity of the radiator.
According to the invention, the dissipator has continuous supporting areas on the tube wall between which it is placed, said continuous areas being connected to each other by folded straps, alternately bent in one way and in the other way, the straps of same bend of each fold stretching in parallel to each others whereby the straps coming next are respectively imbricated by each other.
The invention also relates to a process for manufacturing the above mentioned dissipator. According to this second arrangement, parallel and lengthwise set of slots are made, said slots being separated by a continuous section, in the lengthwise way of a thin strip to delimit parallel straps, the delimited straps are performed bya same lot of slots to fold them alternately one way and to the other, the straps, in line, made from two successive sets of slots having their curve opposite, the strip is corrugated at the level of each continuous section separating each set of straps and the so-corrugated strip advances while being retained in the undulated section thereof, which causes the straps of successive set of straps to become imbricated between each other.
Other characteristics of the invention are shown in the following detailed description.
Embodiment of the invention is shown by way of non-rectrictive example in the accompanying drawing.
FIG. 1 is a front view of a radiator of which the core is provided with dissipators of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic perspective view illustrating a manufacturing step for the intercalaries of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a diagrammatic elevation view at a smaller scale than FIG. 2 and illustrating another manufacturing step.
FIG. 4 is a sectional perspective view of the finished dissipator.
FIGS. 5 and 5a are lengthwise sectional views of same dissipator section, FIG. 5a showing a modification.
FIG. 6 is a end view partly in section along line Vl- Vlof FIG. 5.
FIG. 7 is a slightly enlarged sectional view and shown along line VII-VII of FIG. 5.
FIG. 8 is a diagrammatic view illustrating a development of the invention.
FIG. 1 shows a radiator in which 1 and 2 designate two water boxes provided with connection tubes 3 and a filling flange 4. The water boxes overlap collectors 5 and 6 in which run the ends of the core tubes 7. Dissipators 8 are placed between each tube or row of tubes 7 to form exchange secondary surfaces between the fluid circulating into tubes 7 and the fluid passing through the core.
To form the dissipators 8, a very thin metallic strip 9 is utilized, as thin as some hundredths of millimeters, for instance made of copper, brass or aluminum, and sets of slots 10, 10a, etc of a similar length are made in the lengthwise way on said strip. Each set of slots is separated by a solid portion 11 designed to form the supporting surface for the dissipator on the wall of tubes 7 of the core, this supporting surface being continuous from one to the other lateral edges of strip 9, as shown in FIG. 2.
The slots 10, 10a, etc. are for instance made with roller 12 (FIG. 3) but said slots could also be made by a press or by any other means.
Upon completion of slots, the strip 9 is performed for example with a second set'of rollers 13 (FIG. 3) working successively on two pre-slotted sections of strip, that is, with reference to FIG. 2 on the two pre-slotted sections 10 and 10 This preforming causes the lengthwise pre-corrugations of successive straps delimited by slots 10, 10a. Thus, two successive straps, such as 14 and 14a are respectively preformed to turn their concavity up and down, and the two next straps such as 15 and 15a are formed in the opposite direction, while the space 11 separating the two slots 10,, 10 is not preformed. Thus, are delimited, with the successive straps, approximately alternate sinusoids all along the strip 9. The bend of straps can be not continuous,-said straps being then folded at a median section and thus delimiting two sections obviously linear on each side of the folding line.
Further to forming these pre-corrugations, it has been found advantageous to curve each strap in the cross-section way, for example by forming a median fold 16a which can be easily obtained by the same rollers as those performing the above described preforming or before this operation, with the rollers making the slots 10, 10a. The transversal curve given to each strap is also alternated. As an example, with reference to FIG. 7, we see that the strap 14 is curved in a way opposite to the one of the adjacent strap 15. The result of said curve is first to slightly. separate the adjacent lateral edges of two successive straps as shown for edges a and b of straps Hand 15. Said curve also makes possible a folding of the straps more important than the one shown on FIG. 2 but only in one way. The curve also makes the straps more rigid and finally is designed to create a turbulence in the fluid fiow running through the core in the direction of the arrow f 1 of FIG. 7 and consequently to increase the quantity of the dissipated heat for a same surface of metal.
An additional operation consists of corrugating the pre-formed strip, exactly as it is made upon the manufacturing of corrugated dissipators, which is most of the time performed with a set of rollers, such as rollers 16. Said corrugation has the effect to alternately bend in opposite directions the solid portions 11 separating each set of pre-corrugated straps.
When the corrugated strip is discharged from rollers I6 and because the preforming of strips 14 and 15 between portions 11, each section has bowed portions 17 defining said straps. The so-corrugated strip passes on a guide 18 and is directed under a block 19 which reducesthe advance thereof in the way indicated by the arrow f said advance being caused thereto by the rollers. The height of block 19 is adjusted in such a way that the successive folds formed by the strip be partly crushed as the advance of the strip is reduced. Thus the pre-corrugation of the straps is increased, said straps being folded in the way they are pre-corrugated or prefolded and the straps of a fold being imbricated by those of next fold. For example, the strap 15 of FIG. 2 is thus brought between the straps 14a and 14b as well shown in drawing of FIGS. 4 and 5. On FIG. 4 it is shown that straps l4 and 14a which were oppositely folded are set in parallel to each other, it is the same for straps 15, 15a which are folded in the other way. It is also noticed that two continuous sections are respectively set on one and the other of the two sides of the formed dissipator, which is especially noticed for sections 11 and II of FIG. 2 which respectively appear at upper and lower sections of two successive folds of the dissipator shown on FIG. 4.
FIG. a shows a case where the straps, instead of presenting a continuous bend, are pre-folded substantially at their median section, to form angles 20, thus each of them defining appreciably linear segments 21, 22.
The way the straps overlap each other depends on the height of the free passage between guide 18 and block 19 of FIG. 3. By sufficiently reducing this passage, it becomes possible I that each strap corresponds to more than two successive folds of the constituted corrugated dissipator. When the friction made by the block is substantially the same as the one made by the guide 18, it can then be obtained that the section 1 1 be shifted by half-a-pitch in comparison with section 11,, that is be placed just at the median section of the space separating the two sections 11 and 11 of FIG. 5.
On the contrary, if the friction made by block 19 is different of the one made by the guide 18, it is then obtained, as shown in FIG. 8, an additional deformation which can be set as desired and which can allow if desired that the section 11 be strictly in line with the section 11,, whereby said solid surfa ces of the dissipators can rest on sections, in line, 0 two consecutive tubes or rows of tubes 7.
The invention is not restricted to the embodiment shown and described in detail for various modifications thereof can moreover be applied to it without departing the scope of the invention. More particularly the length of the straps can be different according to needs, for example it can progressively change in the direction of the air circulation, whereby the convection coefficient is modified depending on the air heating.
1. A grille for a heat exchanger having spaced parallel tubes for conveying a fluid heat transfer medium comprising an elongate member of heat conducting material having a generally zig-zag configuration to be disposed between two parallel tubes of an exchanger and including alternate angular and intermediate portions therebetween, the angular portions at the opposite sides of said grille constituting supporting areas for engagement with the respective tubes, and the intermediate portions having longitudinally extending slits dividing said portions into a plurality of side by side longitudinally extending straps which alternatively extend in opposite directions relative to the plans of said portions, the straps of adjacent intermediate portions being interleaved.
2. A grille as set forth in claim I wherein the straps are longitudinally arcuate.
3. A grille as set forth in claim I wherein the straps are longitudinally angular.
4. A grill as set forth in claim 1 wherein the supporting areas on two opposite sides of the grille are uniformly spaced so that each area on one side is intermediately spaced between two adjacent areas of the other side.
5. A grille as set forth in claim 1 wherein the supporting areas on two opposite sides of the grille are uniformly spaced so that the areas on the opposite sides are aligned transversely of the grille.
6. Av grille as set forth in claim 1 wherein the straps are equal in width.
7. A grille as set forth in claim 1 wherein the straps have different widths.