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Publication numberUS3696439 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 10, 1972
Filing dateApr 1, 1971
Priority dateApr 1, 1971
Publication numberUS 3696439 A, US 3696439A, US-A-3696439, US3696439 A, US3696439A
InventorsDurham Roger Owen
Original AssigneeDurham Roger Owen
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Personal armor
US 3696439 A
Abstract
Personal armor for an individual wearing a safety helmet having a chin strap comprising:
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Durham [541 PERSONAL i- OR [72] Inventor: Roger Owen Durham, 3958 Marathon Street, Los Angeles, Calif. 90029 [22] Filed: April 1, 1971 [21] Appl. No.: 130,075

[52] US. Cl ..2/2.5, 128/90 [51] Int. Cl ..F41h 1/04 [58] Field of Search ..2/2.5, 6, 7, 8, 84; 128/89 R, 128/90, 91 R [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 932,880 8/1909 Meikle ..2/2.5 UX 1,269,019 6/1918 Szmyt ..2/2.5 1,269,930 6/ 1918 Hawley ..2/2.5 3,620,211 11/1971 Goodell 128/89 R 1,077,177 10/1913 Vagas et a1. ..'...2/84 1,276,200 8/ 1918 Flanagan ..2/2.5 X

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 359,578 11/1905 France .;..2/2.5

1,106,175 3/1968 Great Britain ..2/2.5

Primary Examiner-Alfred R. Guest [5 7] ABSTRACT Personal armor for an individual wearing a safety helmet having a chin strap comprising:

1. A substantially rigid, molded, torso-enclosing body portion, with openings for the hips, arms and head,

secured to the wearer by leg, pelvic,. and shoulder straps, and with cushions secured to the body portion at the hips and back of the wearer, the body portion having a front and rear skirt to protect the lower portion of the wearers torso.

2. A hood portion extending upward at the back and sides of the body portion and partially covering the wearers head.

3. A head-restraint strap extending from the hood portion to the back of the wearers safety helmet.

12 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTEDncI 10 I972 SHEET 1 OF 2 INVENTOR Rw /1 0.?Mm

P'A'TEN'TEDum 10 m2 SHEEI 2 0F 2 VINVENTOR PERSONAL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to personal armor, particularly for motorcyclists.

In the past the motorcyclist has been protected by his safety helmet, by heavy clothing, often of leather, by boots, and by goggles.

Additional protection has been needed to protect the body and its organs from contusion and to protect the spine from excessive bending and twisting.

The personal armor of this invention protects the body from contusion by providing a rigid exoskeleton which surrounds as much of the body as possible and extends over the back of the head.

Straps within the exoskeleton secure it to the wearer, transfer loads to the wearers body at strong points such as the shoulders and hips, and protect the spine by limiting its movement.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A personal armor for an individual wearing a safety helmet with a chin strap is comprised of a substantially rigid, molded, torso-enclosing body portion, a hood portion, and a head-restraint strap.

The body portion has openings for the hips, head, and arms. It is secured to the wearer by straps at the shoulders, legs, and pelvis. Cushioning is provided between armor and wearer at points of contact. The cushioning may take the form of soft pads, or of woven webbing.

The hood portion extends upward from the body portion at the back and sides of the wearers neck and over the back half of his safety helmet.

The head-restraint strap extends from the hood portion to the back of the wearers safety helmet.

A blow delivered to the body portion is spread over a wide area of the wearers body. A downward load delivered to the body portion or hood portion is delivered to the wearer through the shoulder straps. The hood portion at the sides and back of the wearers head prevents excessive sideways and rearward motion of the head and bending of the neck. The head-restraint strap prevents excessive forward bending of the neck.

Thus the wearer is protected from crushing, contusion, and abrasion. I-Iis spine and neck are protected from excessive bending.

The wearers movement and vision are not unduly limited.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front view of a cyclist wearing the personal armor of the invention in its preferred embodiment.

FIG. 2 is a side view of the personal armor and cyclist of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 show the upper portion of an alternate configuration of the personal armor of the invention wherein the hood portion is comprised of a welded tubular structure.

FIG. 5 shows a section taken along line 1-1 of FIG. 2, showing the arrangement of the padding at the back and showing the pelvic restraint strap.

FIG. 6 shows a section similar to that of FIG. 5 except that the back is supported by webbing rather than the padding of FIG. 5.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, a personal armor l includes a substantially-rigid, molded, torso-enclosing body portion 2 and a hood portion 3. The personal armor 1 is used by a cyclist in conjunction with a safety helmet 10 having a chin strap 11. A flexible headrestraint strap 12 is secured at one end to said hood portion 3 and at its other end to said wearers helmet 10.

Said body portion 2 has a hip opening 4, two arm openings 5, a neck and head opening 6, and a pair of strap openings 18.

A front apron portion 13 of said body portion 2 extends downward at the front of the wearer. An extended rear apron 11 of said body portion 2 covers the cyclists posterior.

A pelvic strap 8 is led through said strap openings 18, around the back of said body portion 2, and is secured at its ends by a pelvic strap buckle 116.

A pair of leg straps 9 are secured to said body portion 2 at said front apron 13 by rivets l5. Said leg straps 9 extend between the cyclists legs and are secured at the sides to said body portion 2 by a pair of snap fasteners 19.

A pair of shoulder straps 7 are secured to the back of said body portion 2 at the shoulder blades of the wearer and at the hips by rivets, or other fasteners, which are not shown.

A hip pad 14 is fixed to said rear apron 14. Similarly a back pad 17 is positioned at the wearers shoulder blades. Other pads could be provided at the sides or at the chest of the wearer. A U-bolt 23, located at the front of said body portion 2, provides an anchorage for a light strap (not shown) extending from the body portion 2 to the motorcycle itself, thus relieving the cyclists arms of any wind load and allowing him to lean comfortably back against the personal armor I.

Said hood portion 3 of said personal armor 1 extends upward at the back and sides of the wearers neck and over the back portion of his head.

In section, FIG. 5 shows hip pad 14 attached to said body portion 2, and said pelvic strap 8 threaded through said strap openings 18 and secured at its ends by said pelvic strap buckle 16.

In FIGS. 3 and 4, the hood portion 3 comprises a welded tubular hood cage means 20, including a crown tube 21 to which a rear support tube 22 is welded. The ends of both tubes are formed to lay against said body portion 2 and are secured to it by bonding or other means.

FIG. 6 shows an alternate to the section shown in FIG. 5 wherein said hip pad 14 is replaced by a hip-support web 30, which is led around the back of said body portion 2 and through said strap openings 18. Similar webbing could be used in place of said back pad 17.

MODE OF OPERATION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The personal armor l is put on over the wearers head and supported by shoulder straps 7. The wearers hips are secured against hip pad 14 by pelvic strap 8 and pelvic strap buckle 16. Leg straps 9 extend between the wearers legs and are secured by snap fasteners 19 to the sides of body portion 2. Head restraint strap 12 is connected between helmet l0 and hood portion 3.

During normal operation of the vehicle the wearers side vision is only slightly impaired. His head is free to turn. His arm movement is unimpaired, as'is that of his legs.

If a blow is delivered to the front of the body portion 2, the wearers chest moves forward and contacts the inside of the body portion 2. The hips are held back against the hip pads 14, thus preventing contact between the front apron 13 and the lower front portion of the wearers body. Head restraint strap 12 prevents the head from excessive forward excursion.

If a blow is delivered to the back of the wearer, it reaches him through the broad areas of the hip pad 14 and back pad 17. The wearers head moves back until his helmet contacts the hood portion 3, thus preventing excessive rearward excursion of the head.

If a blow is delivered to the side of the personal armor l, the wearers helmet 10 contacts the side of hood portion 3, thus preventing excessive sideways mo tion of his head. The wearers body bears against the inside of the body portion 2.

A downward blow to the hood portion 3 is delivered to the wearers shoulders through shoulder straps 7.

Should the motorcyclist fall from his machine, the personal armor 1 protects him from abrasion.

I claim:

1. A personal armor for an individual wearing a safety helmet with a chin strap comprising:

a substantially rigid, molded, torso-enclosing body portion, with openings for the arms, hips and neck of the wearer, the body portion having extended front and rear aprons;

a hood portion extending from the back of said body portion partially over the top of said wearers safety helmet;

a head-restraint strap secured at one of its ends to said hood portion and at its other end to the back of the wearers safety helmet;

strap means capable of securing the body portion to the wearer;

cushioning means capable of cushioning the body portion where it contacts the wearer.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said strap means comprises a pair .of shoulder straps extending over the wearers shoulders; a pelvic strap extending around the wearers pelvis; and a pair of leg straps extending between the legs of the wearer.

3. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said hood portion comprises a semi-rigid, molded hood integral with said body portion.

4. Apparatus according to claim 3 wherein said strap means comprises a pair of shoulder straps extending over the wearers shoulders; a pelvic strap extending around the wearers pelvis; and a pair of leg straps extending between the legs of the wearer.

5. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said hood portion comprises a welded tubular hood-cage means, the ends of said tubular hood-cage means secured to said body portion.

6. Apparatus according to claim 5 wherein said strap means comprises a pair of shoulder straps extending over the wearers shoulders; a pelvic strap extending around the wearers pelvis; and a pair of leg straps extending between the wearers legs.

7. A gersonal armor comprising:

a su stantlally rigid, molded, torso-enclosing body portion with openings for the arms, hips and neck of the wearer, the body portion having extended front and rear aprons;

a hood portion extending from the back of said body portion partially over the top of the wearers head;

strap means capable of securing the body portion to the wearer;

cushioning means capable of cushioning the body portion where it contacts the wearer.

8. Apparatus according to claim 7 wherein said strap means comprises a pair of shoulder straps extending over the wearers shoulders; a pelvic strap extending around the wearers pelvis; and a pair of leg straps extending between the wearers legs.

9. Apparatus according to claim 7 wherein said hood portion comprises a semi-rigid, molded hood integral with said body portion.

10. Apparatus according to claim 9 wherein said strap means comprises a pair of shoulder straps extending over the wearers shoulders; a pelvic strap extending around the wearers pelvis; and a pair of leg straps extending between the legs of the wearer.

11. Apparatus according to claim 7 wherein said hood portion comprises a welded, tubular hood-cage means, the ends of said tubular hood-cage means secured to said body portion.

12. Apparatus according to claim 11 wherein said strap means comprises a pair of shoulder straps extending over the wearers shoulders; a pelvic strap extending around the wearers pelvis; and a pair of leg straps extending between the wearers legs.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US932880 *Sep 30, 1908Aug 31, 1909Louis Sandcroft MeikleFireman's equipment.
US1077177 *Oct 28, 1913Andrew H VagasStorm-coat.
US1269019 *Apr 22, 1918Jun 11, 1918Franciszek SzmytWar protecting-suit.
US1269930 *Feb 6, 1918Jun 18, 1918Joseph Carter HawleySuit of armor.
US1276200 *Apr 3, 1918Aug 20, 1918Patrick C FlanaganIndividual protective armor.
US3620211 *May 7, 1969Nov 16, 1971Goodell AlbertExtrication back splint
FR359578A * Title not available
GB1106175A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3878561 *Feb 19, 1974Apr 22, 1975Tadeus Carl WinieckiArmored jacket for motorcycle riders
US3879761 *Apr 12, 1973Apr 29, 1975Bothwell P WHead and chest protectors, for example for motor cyclists
US4285336 *Oct 23, 1979Aug 25, 1981Orthomedics, Inc.Scoliosis orthotic system
US4299209 *Apr 27, 1979Nov 10, 1981Behrens James DVertebral immobilization and extrication support
US4735423 *Nov 28, 1986Apr 5, 1988Lynn FossSliding rump shield
US5398340 *May 5, 1993Mar 21, 1995Kibbee; Rick E.Bullet resistant vest and vest cover
US5495621 *Mar 17, 1995Mar 5, 1996Kibbee; Rick E.Body armor vest anchoring system and method
US5754982 *Nov 15, 1996May 26, 1998Gainer; C. MorganVest hold-down system for ballistic resistant vest
US6182288Jan 19, 1996Feb 6, 2001Rick E. KibbeeGarment anchoring system and method
US7748053 *Feb 2, 2006Jul 6, 2010Point Blank Body ArmorBullet-resistant back extender
US8448266 *Dec 9, 2011May 28, 2013Sports Maska Inc.Adjustable helmet shell
US20120144564 *Dec 9, 2011Jun 14, 2012Garnet AlexanderAdjustable helmet shell
DE102007048106A1 *Oct 5, 2007Apr 9, 2009Mehler Vario System GmbhBody armour for protecting e.g. male carrier, against shot wounds, has protective elements fastened to hip belt such that protective elements are supported at hip of carrier by belt by releasing shoulder and/or rear sections
DE102007048106B4 *Oct 5, 2007Apr 8, 2010Mehler Vario System GmbhSchutzweste
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/2.5
International ClassificationF41H1/00
Cooperative ClassificationF41H1/00
European ClassificationF41H1/00