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Publication numberUS3696565 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 10, 1972
Filing dateDec 30, 1970
Priority dateDec 30, 1970
Publication numberUS 3696565 A, US 3696565A, US-A-3696565, US3696565 A, US3696565A
InventorsRonald Claeys
Original AssigneeWheelabrator Frye Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for deflashing ceramic materials
US 3696565 A
Abstract
This invention is addressed to a new and improved method for deflashing unfired ceramic materials by centrifugal blasting wherein the ceramic materials are subjected to an airless barrage of rubber particles.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Claeys 51 Oct. 10, 1972 [54] METHOD FOR DEFLASHING [56] References Cited ERAMI T C C MA ERIALS UNITED STATES PATENTS [72] Inventor: Ronald Claeys, Mishawaka, Ind.

2,426,072 8/1947 Wallet a1. ..5l/320 1 Asslgneez wheelabrator-Frye New York, 2,624,988 1/1953 Vander Wal ..51/320 NY. 2,996,846 8/ 1961 Leliaert ..51/320 X [22] Flled: 1970 Primary Examiner-Lester M. Swingle [21] Appl. No.: 102,762 Attorney-McDougall, Hersh & Scott [57] ABSTRACT [52] US. Cl. ..51/320, 51/14, 264/67,

264/l61 425,806 ThlS invention is addressed to a new and improved [51] Int Cl 6 1/00 method for deflashing unfirecl ceramic materials by [58] Field of Search 51/320 9, 13, 14, 15; 264,67, centrifugal blasting wherein the ceramic materlals are subjected to an airless barrage of rubber particles.

6 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure PATENTEDucnmsn 3.696.565

INVENTOE j 2011 41/01 lae lgs g a CY/Zys METHOD FOR DEFLASI-IING CERAMIC MATERIALS This invention relates to a method for deflashing unfired ceramic materials.

In US. Pat. Nos. 2,204,633, 2,204,634, 2,819,562, 2,909,870, 2,918,758, 2,996,846, 3,137,101, 3,352,064, and 3,513,597, description is made of the use of centrifugal blasting wheels for cleaning and/or deflashing articles formed of metal, molded rubber, etc. Briefly described, a centrifugal blasting wheel includes a plurality of throwing blades radially mounted between a pair of laterally spaced side wall-forming disc members, which is mounted for rotational movement at high speeds on a shaft.

The blades extend radially inwardly from the periphery of the wheel for a short distance from the axis of rotation to define a central opening or space therebetween for the introduction of abrasive which is centrifugally thrown from the periphery of the wheel. Directional control of the abrasive is usually achieved by feeding the abrasive onto the blades over a predetermined portion of their rotation. For this purpose, use is made of a central cage in the form of a tubular member having a discharging opening in the periphery thereof and which is stationarily fixed in the opening with means for adjustment to predetermine the location of the discharge opening through which the abrasive is fed onto the blades.

The abrasive thrown from the periphery of the wheel is directed to the articles to be cleaned and/or deflashed in the form of an airless barrage of abrasive projectiles traveling at high speeds whereby the abrasive particles serve to remove flashings, fins and the like from such articles. As described above, the centrifugal airless blasting technique is most frequently used with articles formed of metal or molded rubber, and the abrasive is usually inthe form of sheet shot, aluminum shot, steel girt, soft girt, quartz sand, as well as a variety of other abrasive materials.

Many ceramic parts also require deflashing and final forming prior to firing. However, since the surfaces of unfired ceramic materials, such as unfired porcelain, are soft and fragile, it was thought that airless centrifugal blasting techniques could not be readily adapted for use in deflashing ceramic materials. Many types of abrasive media have been attempted in an effort to adapt airless centrifugal blasting for use with unfired ceramic materials but without success. As a result, many ceramic parts require hand deflashing and final forming prior to firing.

It is accordingly an object of the present invention to provide a method for airless centrifugal blasting adapted for use in deflashing unfired ceramic parts.

It is a more specific object to the present invention to provide an airless centrifugal blasting method suitable for use with unfired ceramic parts or articles in which damage to the ceramic article is substantially avoided, and which is capable of providing a clean, completely deflashed article in a simple and efficient manner.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention will appear more fully hereinafter, and, for purposes of illustration, but not of limitation, an embodiment of the invention is shown in the accompanying drawing in which the FIGURE shows a schematic diagram of an air centrifugal blasting method embodying the concepts of this invention.

It has been found, in accordance with the concepts of the present invention, that ceramic articles and parts, and particularly those formed of unfired ceramic materials, can be simply and efficiently deflashed by airless centrifugal blasting by the use of small particles of rubber as the blasting media. The use of small particles of rubber has been found to completely deflash such unfired ceramic parts without damage or injury to the body of the parts.

As used herein, the term rubber is intended to refer to and include natural rubber and the synthetic rubber including butadiene-styrene rubber, neoprene rubber, isoprene rubber, chloroprene rubber, isobutyl rubber, EPDM rubbers, polysulfone rubber and like elastomeric polymers and copolymers. One source of rubber particles which are particularly advantageous in the practice of the present invention are particles formed by grinding rubber automobile floor mats.

The size of the rubber particles. employed in the practice of the invention is not critical, and depends upon the nature of the ceramic material treated as well as the diameter and speed of the blasting wheel, In most applications, it is preferred to make use of rubber particles having sizes within the range of 4 to 30 mesh, and most preferably 10 to 16 mesh.

The centrifugal blasting equipment is generally similar to that described in the foregoing patents which is modified to accommodate the flow of the rubber media. A schematic illustration of such equipment is shown in the drawing. As shown, the articles 10 formed of unfired ceramic materials are advanced along a foraminous conveyor 12, which is preferably a wire mesh endless belt carried by rollers l4, l6, l8, and 20. The parts 10 are advanced to an airless barrage of rubber particles 22 which are centrifugally thrown from the periphery of one or more centrifugal blasting wheels 24 and 26 which are of the type described in the aforementioned patents. As is shown in the figure, the particles from wheel 24 located above the mesh screen 12 are thrown down onto the parts 10, and the rubber particles thrown from wheel 26 positioned below mesh screen 12 pass up through screen 12 to the articles 10.

The inter-related factors of the diameters and speeds of the blasting wheel or wheels 24 and 26depend upon the severity of blasting desired, with greater wheel diameters and/or greater rotational speeds favoring greater severity in blasting. In general, the wheel diameters and rotational speeds employed in the practice of this invention are somewhat less than those usually employed in centrifugal blasting operations as applied to metal parts and the like. It has been found in accordance with the preferred practice of this invention that use can be made of wheels having diameters within the range of 8 to 21 inches, and which are rotated at speeds within the range of of 800 to 2,600

r.p.m. For example, excellent results have been obtained using wheels having 15-inch diameters running at 1,400 r.p.m. for electrical parts formed of unfired porcelain.

While the method of the invention has been described above using two blasting wheels, one above and the other below the conveyor screen, it will be understood that use can also be made of a single wheel or a plurality of wheels located above or below the conveyor screen or conveyor.

It will similarly be understood that it is possible and of particles of rubber. frequently desirable to recover the rubber media and 2. The method-of claim 1 wherein the articles are flashing, segregating the reusable media and recycling formed of unfired porcelain. the latter to the blasting wheels for reuse. 3. The method of claim 1 wherein the particles have It will be apparent that various changes and modifi- 5 sizes within the range of 4 to 30 mesh. cations can be made in the details of equipment, The method of Claim 1 Where!!! e {1111658 barrage procedure and use without departing from the spirit of 15 Created y at least centrlfuga! blastmg Wheelthe invention, especially as defined in the following The method of 4 the wheels have a l i diameter within the range of 8 to 21 inches.

What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by 10 The method of Letters patent f the United States 4 wherein the wheels are driven at a speed within the 1. A method for deflashing unfired ceramic articles range of 800 to 3,600 comprising subjecting the articles to an airless barrage UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent Noo 3,696,565 Dated October 10, 1972 Ronald Claeys It is certified that error appears in the above identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 4, line 10, after "of" insert claim o Signed and sealed this 10th day of April 1973.

(SEAL) Attest:

ROBERT GOTTSCHALK Commissioner of Patents EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. Attesting Officer

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2426072 *Jul 17, 1945Aug 19, 1947Du PontBlast cleaning
US2624988 *Feb 1, 1950Jan 13, 1953Wagner Brothers IncPolishing or buffing composition and method of using the same
US2996846 *Jul 29, 1959Aug 22, 1961Bell Intercontrinental CorpMethod and means for deflashing or trimming molded rubber parts
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3921336 *Jul 31, 1974Nov 25, 1975Showa Denko KkMethod and apparatus for blasting
US4513597 *Jul 15, 1982Apr 30, 1985Nippon Steel CorporationApparatus for reducing the watt loss of a grain-oriented electromagnetic steel sheet
US4659391 *Mar 29, 1985Apr 21, 1987B & U CorporationMethod and apparatus for removing excess material from sand cores
US4877638 *Jun 13, 1988Oct 31, 1989Usbi CompanyCrack detection in coated articles
US5063015 *Jul 24, 1990Nov 5, 1991Cold Jet, Inc.Method for deflashing articles
US5203124 *May 3, 1991Apr 20, 1993Pangborn CorporationWire mesh conveyor abrasive machine and abrasive return system therefor
US5218791 *Mar 13, 1992Jun 15, 1993Davidson Textron Inc.Deflashing molded urethane articles: directing a blast of vinyl polymer particles at flash
US5360486 *Sep 2, 1993Nov 1, 1994Blast Cleaning Products Ltd.Cleaning metal surfaces
US6273790 *Dec 6, 1999Aug 14, 2001International Processing Systems, Inc.Method and apparatus for removing coatings and oxides from substrates
US7261617 *Apr 28, 2006Aug 28, 2007Youth Tech Co., Ltd.Semiconductor wafer regenerating system and method
US8512102 *Nov 25, 2010Aug 20, 2013Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.Sandblasting apparatus
US20120064807 *Nov 25, 2010Mar 15, 2012Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.Sandblasting apparatus
CN101077499BMay 26, 2006Jun 9, 2010韩国思飞株式会社Semiconductor chip regeneration system
Classifications
U.S. Classification451/39, 451/87, 451/98, 425/806, 264/161, 451/80, 451/94
International ClassificationB24C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10S425/806, B24C1/00
European ClassificationB24C1/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 31, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: SIGNAL APPLIED TECHNOLOGIES INC., A CORP OF DELAWA
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:WHEELABRATOR-FRYE INC.;REEL/FRAME:004530/0016
Effective date: 19850329
Owner name: WHEELABRATOR CORPORATION, THE, INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SIGNAL APPLIED TECHNOLOGIES INC.;REEL/FRAME:004530/0026
Effective date: 19860115